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Chapter Six: Jerusalem and Early Christianity

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Chapter Six: Jerusalem and Early Christianity Culture and Values, 6th Ed. Cunningham and Reich Jerusalem and Early Christianity Biblical tradition + Graeco-Roman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Six: Jerusalem and Early Christianity


1
Chapter Six Jerusalem and Early Christianity
  • Culture and Values, 6th Ed.
  • Cunningham and Reich

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Jerusalem and Early Christianity
  • Biblical tradition Graeco-Roman Culture
  • Children of Israel, Israelites, Jews, Hebrews
  • Period of the Patriarchs
  • Period of the Exodus
  • Period of the Conquest
  • The United Monarchy
  • Divided Kingdom and Exile
  • The Return

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The Hebrew Bible and Its Message
  • Bible ? Byblos
  • The Law, the Prophets, the Writings
  • Hebrew canon (C.E. 90)
  • Septuagint
  • Moral guide, ethical and religious stability
  • Not a philosophical treatise

7
Basic Motifs of the Bible
  • Biblical Monotheism
  • God exists before the world
  • God pronounces creation as good
  • Humans are the crown of creation
  • God deeply involved in the world
  • Covenant (testament)
  • Renewed covenant New Testament

8
Basic Motifs of the Bible
  • Ethics
  • Moral code for individuals and society
  • Ten Commandments
  • Prohibitions, positive commands
  • Prophetic writings
  • Critics of social injustice, defenders of poor
  • Reminders of the covenant

9
Basic Motifs of the Bible
  • Models and types
  • Events, stories, characters as models
  • Contemporary impact of biblical tradition
  • Literature
  • Art
  • Social institutions

10
The Beginnings of Christianity
  • Life of Jesus
  • Gospels
  • Prophetic tradition of Jesus
  • Parables, Beatitudes
  • Jesus as Christ, the Messiah
  • Significance of resurrection

11
Christianity Spreads
  • Saul of Tarsus (Paul)
  • Tireless missionary
  • Non-Jewish converts
  • Theological letters
  • Social, religious factors for growth
  • Peace, facility of travel, koine, audience
  • Emphasis on salvation, freedom
  • No class distinction

12
Christian Persecution
  • Neros Circus
  • Claudius, Decius, Valerian, Diocletian
  • Christians as traitors to the state
  • Refusal to express pietàs
  • Apologists
  • Justin Martyr (100-165)
  • Emperor Constantine

13
Early Christian Art
  • Catacombs, underground cemeteries
  • Frescoes
  • Salvation Communion Virgin and Child
  • Glass and Sculpture
  • Christ as Good Shepherd, glass disks
  • Carved sarcophagi
  • Inscriptions
  • Name, date of death, decorative symbol

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Dura-Europos
  • Evidence of religious tolerance and coexistence
  • Religious buildings on Wall Street
  • Complex religious existence
  • Artistic mingling of Eastern and Roman styles
  • Precursor of Byzantine art

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Constantine and Early Christian Architecture
  • Emperor Constantine (C.E. 306-337)
  • Edict of Toleration
  • Basilica-Style Churches
  • Current site of St. Peters Basilica (Vatican)
  • Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)
  • Jesus burial site

22
Early Christian Music
  • From Jewish traditions
  • Chanting sacred texts
  • Professional Chorus vs. Single Cantor
  • Greek doctrine of ethos
  • Instrumental music unsuitable
  • Standardization of vocal music
  • Responsorial, antiphonal

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Chapter Six Discussion Questions
  • Discuss contemporary examples that illustrate the
    permeation of the biblical tradition in our
    culture.
  • Explain why Nero and other Roman emperors were
    unwilling to tolerate Christianity. From a
    political standpoint, was the severity of
    punishment inflicted on Christians warranted? Why
    or why not?
  • Consider the archeological findings of
    Dura-Europos. In what ways does history
    over-simplify past events? In two thousand years,
    what will future generations assume about our
    culture, religions, and religious tolerance?
    Explain.
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