Give Me Liberty! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Give Me Liberty! PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3ba927-ZjRiY


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Give Me Liberty!


Norton Media Library Chapter 18 Give Me Liberty! An American History Second Edition Volume 2 by Eric Foner I. Introduction Progressive era Surge in production ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:245
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 28
Provided by: ksuwebKen
Tags: give | liberty


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Give Me Liberty!

Chapter 18
Norton Media Library
Give Me Liberty! An American History Second
EditionVolume 2
by Eric Foner
I. Introduction
  • Progressive era
  • Surge in production, consumption, urban growth
  • Persistence of social problems
  • Progressivism
  • Broad-based elements
  • Loosely-defined meanings
  • Varied and contradictory character
  • New notions of American freedom

II. Urban age
  • Early-twentieth-century economic explosion
  • Golden age for agriculture
  • Growth in number and size of cities
  • Start contrasts of opulence and poverty
  • Popular attention to dynamism and ills of the
  • Painters and photographers
  • Muckrakers
  • Lewis Hines photography
  • Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Cities
  • Ida Tarbells History of the Standard Oil Company
  • Novelists
  • Theodore Dreisers Sister Carrie
  • Upton Sinclairs The Jungle

II. Urban age (contd)
  • Immigrants and Immigration
  • Height of new immigration from southern and
    eastern Europe
  • Immigration from agrarian to industrial centers
    as a global process
  • Volume and flows
  • Causes
  • Circumstances of immigrants
  • Ellis Island
  • Influx of Asian and Mexican immigrants in West
  • Immigrant presence in industrial cities

II. Urban age (contd)
  • Immigrants and Immigration
  • 6. Aspirations of new immigrants
  • Social and legal equality, freedom on conscience,
    economic opportunity, escape from poverty
  • Means to acquire land back home
  • Material property as central to freedom
  • 7. Circumstances of new immigrants
  • Close-knit ethnic neighborhoods
  • Social institutions
  • Preservation of native languages
  • Churches
  • Low pay, harsh working conditions

II. Urban age (contd)
  • D. The new mass-consumption society
  • Outlets for consumer goods
  • Department stores
  • Neighborhood chain stores
  • Retail mail order houses
  • Expanding range and availability of consumer
  • Leisure activities
  • Amusement parks
  • Dance halls
  • Theaters vaudeville
  • Movies nickelodeons

II. Urban age (contd)
  • E. Women in urban public life
  • Employment
  • Racial and ethnic stratification
  • Working woman as symbol of female emancipation
    Charlotte Perkins Gilmans Women and Economics
  • Leisure, entertainment
  • F. Fordism
  • Background on Henry Ford, Ford Motor Company
  • Production innovations
  • Standardized output
  • Lower prices
  • Assembly line

II. Urban age (contd)
  • F. Fordism
  • Strategies to attract and discipline labor
  • Five-dollar day
  • Anti-union espionage
  • Linking of mass production and mass consumption
  • G. Impact of mass-consumption ideal
  • Recasting American way of life, freedom
  • Challenges to material inequalities
  • Labor unionism
  • Critique of corporate monopoly
  • Doctrine of a living wage Father John A. Ryan

III. Changing ideas of freedom
  • Varieties of Progressivism
  • Industrial labor and the meanings of freedom
  • Frederick W. Taylors scientific management
  • Principles of
  • Mixed response to
  • Favorable as way to enhance efficiency
  • Unfavorable as threat to worker independence
  • New talk of industrial freedom, industrial

III. Changing ideas of freedom (contd)
  • Socialist party
  • High watermark of American socialism
  • Membership
  • Elected officials
  • Newspapers
  • Eugene V. Debs
  • Program
  • Immediate reforms
  • Public ownership of railroads and factories
  • Democratic control of economy

III. Changing ideas of freedom (contd)
  • Socialist party
  • 3. Breadth of following
  • Urban immigrant communities
  • Western farming and mining regions
  • Native-born intelligentsia
  • 4. Rising presence of socialism throughout
    Atlantic World
  • Labor movement
  • American Federation of Labor
  • Surge of growth
  • Boundaries of membership
  • Skilled industrial and craft laborers
  • White, male, and native-born

III. Changing ideas of freedom (contd)
  • Labor movement
  • American Federation of Labor
  • Moderate ideology ties with business
  • National Civic Federation
  • Collective bargaining for responsible unions
  • Alternative strain of rigid employer
  • Industrial Workers of the World
  • Inclusion of workers from all stations and
  • Trade union militancy
  • Advocate of workers revolution
  • William Big Bill Haywood
  • Support and guidance for mass, multiethnic strikes

III. Changing ideas of freedom (contd)
  • Labor movement
  • 3. High points of broad-based labor struggle
  • Lawrence Bread and Roses textile strike march
    of strikers children
  • New Orleans dock workers strike
  • Paterson silk workers strike Paterson pageant
  • Colorado Fuel and Iron miners strike Ludlow
  • 4. Suppression of labor radicalism and emergence
    of civil liberties issue

III. Changing views of freedom (contd)
  • Shadings of feminism
  • Appearance of term feminism
  • Lyrical Left
  • New cultural bohemia
  • Radical reassessments of politics, the arts,
  • Rise of personal freedom
  • Freudian psychology
  • Free sexual expression and choice
  • Pockets of open gay culture
  • Birth control movement
  • Emma Goldman
  • Margaret Sanger

IV. The Politics of Progressivism
  • Global scope of Progressive impulse
  • Common strains arising from industrial and urban
  • International networks of social reformers
  • Influence of European social legislation on
    American reformers
  • Shared premises
  • Commitment to activist government
  • View of freedom as a positive concept
  • Effective freedom power to do things
  • John Dewey, Randolf Bourne
  • Trans-Atlantic scope of Progressive impulse

IV. The Politics of Progressivism (contd)
  • Progressivism in municipal and state politics
  • Agendas
  • Curbing of political machines
  • Regulation of public utilities, railroads, and
    other business interests
  • Taxation of property and corporate wealth
  • Improvement and enhancement of public space
  • Humanizing of working and living conditions
  • Significant municipal and state Progressives
  • Mayors Hazen Pingree (Detroit) and Samuel Golden
    Rule Jones (Toledo)
  • Governors Hiram Johnson (California) and Robert
    M. La Follettee (Wisconsin)

IV. The Politics of Progressivism (contd)
  • Progressive democracy
  • Expansion and empowerment of electorate
  • Popular election of U.S. senators, judges
  • Primary elections
  • Initiatives, referendums, recalls
  • Womens Suffrage
  • Contraction and curtailment of electorate
  • Disenfranchisement of southern blacks
  • Spread of appointed city commissions or managers
  • Narrowing of voting rights for the poor
  • Preference for government by experts Walter
    Lippmanns Drift and Mastery

IV. The Politics of Progressivism (contd)
  • Women reformers
  • Challenge to political exclusion
  • Crusades to uplift condition of immigrant poor,
    women, and child laborers
  • Settlement house movement
  • Government measures to alleviate problems of
    housing, labor, health
  • Racist aspect
  • Leading figures
  • Jane Addams (Hull House)
  • Julie Lathrop (Childrens Bureau)
  • Florence Kelley (National Consumers League)

IV. The Politics of Progressivism (contd)
  • Revival of suffrage movement
  • Scattered progress at state and local levels
  • Gathering focus on constitutional amendment
  • Ambiguities of maternalist reform
  • Drive to improve conditions of working women
    while reconfirming their dependent status
  • Mothers pensions
  • Maximum working hours for women (Muller v.
    Oregon Brandeis brief)
  • Stamping of gender inequalities into foundation
    for welfare state

IV. The Politics of Progressivism (contd)
  • Native American Progressivism
  • Profile of Indian reformers
  • Intellectuals
  • Pan-Indian
  • Society of American Indians
  • Shared aims
  • Highlight plight of Native Americans
  • Promote justice for Native Americans
  • Differing aims
  • Endorsement of federal Indian polity
  • Full citizenship rights
  • Self-determination
  • Carlos Montezuma

V. Progressive presidents
  • Progressivism and the rise of the national state
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Succession to presidency reelection in 1904
  • Limits on corporate power
  • Good trusts and bad trusts
  • Northern Securities case
  • Mediation between labor and capital 1902 coal
    strike arbitration
  • Regulation of business
  • Hepburn Act
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Meat Inspection Act
  • Mixed reaction from business

V. Progressive presidents (contd)
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Conservation movement
  • Late-nineteenth-century antecedents
  • Early national parks
  • Sierra Club John Muir
  • Wildlife preserves and national parks
  • Balance between development and conservation
    Gifford Pinchot
  • Water as a key point of contention

V. Progressive presidents (contd)
  • William Howard Taft
  • Anointment as successor by Roosevelt electoral
    victory over Bryan
  • Partial continuation of Progressive agenda
  • Antitrust initiatives
  • Standard Oil case
  • American Tobacco case
  • Upholding of good trust/bad trust distinction
    by Supreme Court
  • Support for graduated income tax (Sixteenth
  • Conservative drift Pinchot-Ballinger affair

V. Progressive presidents (contd)
  • Election of 1912
  • Distinctive outlooks on political and economic
  • Woodrow Wilson (Democrat New Freedom)
  • Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive New
  • William Howard Taft (Republican conservative
  • Eugene V. Debs (Socialist)
  • Wilson victory
  • Wilsons first-term program
  • Underwood tariff
  • Labor
  • Clayton Act
  • Keating-Owen Act
  • Adamson Act

V. Progressive presidents (contd)
  • Wilsons first-term program
  • 3. Farmers Warehouse Act
  • 4. Supervision of economy
  • Federal Reserve System
  • Federal Trade Commission

Studyspace link
End slide
This concludes the Norton Media Library Slide Set
for Chapter 18
Give Me Liberty! An American History 2nd Edition,
Volume 2
by Eric Foner
W. W. Norton CompanyIndependent and