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Title: U.S. Cultural History


1
U.S. Cultural History
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  • Culture of the 60s

Baby Boom Counterculture Radicals Revolution Civil
Rights Activism
2
  • You did not have to lock your doors at night. You
    really didn't. Parents did not worry about their
    kids playing outside after sunset. But there were
    curfews reasonable ones. And no kid was out
    after midnight on a school night.
  • There were no metal detectors at the airports...
    or the schools. There were no warning labels on
    our records, no ratings necessary on the movies.
    And TV shows were fit for the whole family.
  • When you fell down at the store, you apologized
    for being careless, and went home... embarrassed.
    If you got hurt, you went to your doctor, and you
    paid the bill yourself. Sometimes, the doctor
    would even come to your house.
  • When you really messed up at school, you got sent
    to the principal's office. And then you paid the
    price... once then, and again when you got home.
    Your parent's word was the final word.
  • We knew what "shame" was back then.
  • We knew what a family was back then we knew what
    "responsibility" was back then and we knew the
    definition of the word "is.
  • Most families had one or two television sets, one
    or two telephones, and one or two cars. Few kids
    got a car when they turned 16.

3
  • Most homes, even those in the south, did not have
    air conditioning neither did most cars. In the
    summer, people opened their windows at home and
    used large fans they sat and entertained on
    screened-in porches they drove with the windows
    open. We used less than half the amount of energy
    (per person) than we do today.
  • About 40-60 of adults smoked. And they smoked
    everywhere... in restaurants, airplanes, movie
    theatres, offices, elevators, buses...
    everywhere. TV newscasters smoked on the air,
    Johnny Carson and his guests smoked on
    television. Cigarettes were advertised
    everywhere... TV, radio, magazines, ball parks,
    airports.... everywhere. Until the mid-60s, the
    manufacturers of cigarettes even suggested that
    their products might be good for your health
  • Our air, rivers, and open spaces were far more
    polluted. Some people threw trash out the windows
    of their cars or dropped it on the ground. But
    there were no plastic bags. Taking out the trash
    was an ugly chore.
  • There were virtually no drive-by shootings or
    guns in schools. You knew your neighbors and
    respected them. The language on television was
    much more tame.

4
  • There was not a fast food restaurant on every
    street corner. The menu at McDonald's consisted
    about about six items. There was no fast food
    breakfast. There were 30 brands of cereal at the
    grocery store, not 300. There were no microwave
    ovens. Hamburgers, fries and hot dogs were king.
    As a foreign dish, a lot of people ate ravioli -
    Chef Boyardee Ravioli. Milk was good for you.
    Coke and Pepsi were a treat. There were no diet
    sodas. Soft drinks came in 6-ounce, glass bottles
    that you had to return to the store. A
    quarter-pound burger was huge - and rare. There
    were no super-size fries or big-gulp soft drinks.
  • A favorite candy bar was the Clark Bar. But Baby
    Ruth, Milky Way, Snickers, Three Musketeers and
    PayDay were also popular. So was the standard
    Hershey Bar - plain or with nuts. "Sometimes you
    feel like a nut" - Peter Paul Almond Joy and
    Peter Paul Mounds candy bars. As with most foods,
    the candy bars were much smaller but they cost a
    nickel back then. At the movies we had popcorn,
    Cokes and Milk Duds. We chewed a lot of gum back
    then - bubble gum, too big wads of bubble gum.
  • Long before there was Tang, there were Fizzies.
    They were tablets about an inch in diameter. You
    dropped one in a glass of water, and it fizzed
    (or bubbled) for about a minute as it dissolved
    in the water. Fizzies came in several flavors.
    They were cool! Kool-Aid was cool, too.

5
  • Nation elected its youngest president, John
    Fitzgerald Kennedy-
  • Full of charm, intelligence, and energy, he
    inspired the nation.
  • first televised presidential debates in 1960
  • President Kennedy was killed. Americans across
    the country watched the assassination, and the
    later murder of the accused assassin, on
    television. In addition to causing many to take a
    closer, more critical look at their culture and
    values the event solidified television's central
    role in American society. The immediacy of the
    exposure brought the country together in a state
    of national mourning.

6
Kennedys New Frontier
  • Chapter 31 Sect. 4
  • Civil Rights- rights of all Americans to vote and
    have a fair trial
  • 1962- desegregation of federal funded public
    housing projects
  • Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
  • Robert Kennedy as Attorney General- help southern
    blacks.
  • Blacks appointed as judges and ambassadors
  • Black Revolts- 1961-1963
  • 1961- Freedom Riders- desegregate Interstate
    busses.
  • 1962- James Meredith and the University of
    Mississippi.
  • Television- struggle, violence, sit-ins,
    demonstrations.
  • 1963- Sit-ins desegregate lunch counters, hotels
    and theaters.
  • 1963- Martin Luther King and Birmingham,
    Alabama.- Bull Connors, dogs, fire hoses,
    electric cattle prods, bombings.
  • 1963- Kennedy call for new Civil Rights laws.
  • 1963- Medgar Evers- NAACP in Mississippi
    assassinated.
  • March on Washington- August 8, 1963- I have a
    Dream and We shall overcome.

7
(No Transcript)
8
Prices in the 60s
9
Prices in the 60s
10
Prices in the 60s
11
LBJs Great Society
  • Chapter 32 Sect. 2
  • Great Society- abundance and liberty for all
    end to poverty and racial injustice every child
    can find knowledge renew contact with nature a
    challenge constantly renewed
  • War on Poverty forty programs that were intended
    to eliminate poverty by improving living
    conditions and enabling people to lift themselves
    out of the cycle of poverty.
  • Education sixty separate bills that provided for
    new and better-equipped classrooms, minority
    scholarships, and low-interest student loans.
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
  • Medicare Medicaid guaranteed health care to
    every American over sixty-five.
  • The Environment introduced measures to reclaim
    our heritage of clean air and water. Water
    Quality Act 1965
  • National Endowment for the Arts and the
    Humanities created with the philosophy that
    artists, performers, and writers were a priceless
    part of our heritage and deserve support.
  • Job Corps provided enabling skills for young men
    and women.
  • Head Start program for four- and five-year-old
    children from disadvantaged families that gave
    them a chance to start school on an even basis
    with other youngsters.
  • Appalachian Regional Development Act
  • Housing and Urban Development Act 1965
  • Immigration Act of 1965
  • Tax surcharge
  • Consumer Protection and Environment- Rachel
    Carson and Ralph Nader.

12
Television
  • 1960, Americans owned 85 million television sets
  • CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite- news of
    race riots in New York City and Los Angeles, and
    of the beginnings of troop escalation in Vietnam.
  • Among entertainment programs, westerns, detective
    and police shows, family sitcoms, medical shows,
    game shows, and variety shows were the most
    prevalent and popular genres. The Flintstones ,
    Rocky and his Friends, Alvin the Chipmunks ,
    the Jetsons , and Mr..... Magoo. The Andy
    Griffith Show , Beverly Hillbillies,Bewitched,
    The Addams Family, My Favorite Martian , I Dream
    of Jeannie, Star Trek, the Outer Limits , and the
    Twilight Zone.
  • There were only three television networks. There
    were no VCRs and, of course, no Internet.
    Accordingly, there were far fewer programs on
    television. But as a result, most of us watched
    the same programs. That tended to bring us
    together, whereas today's targeted programming
    tends to separate us.
  • Television also brought the Beatles into American
    homes. On February 9, 1964 the group appeared on
    the "Ed Sullivan Show," beginning the British
    Invasion with a rash of "Beatlemania.

13
Books
  • Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five.
  • Other books focussed on bringing about change in
    the present. Rachel Carson's Silent Spring
    (1962), Michael Harrington's The Other America
    (1962), and Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique
    (1963) brought about revolutions in the way
    people thought about social issues like
    environmental pollution, poverty and gender
    stereotypes.
  • The anti-war movement of the later sixties was
    anticipated by Joseph Heller's Catch-22 (1961).
    John Le Carré debuted his gritty, realistic view
    of espionage in The Spy Who Came In From the Cold
    (1963). His novels were in direct contrast to the
    glamorous James Bond, created by Ian Fleming,
    whose novels President Kennedy professed to
    enjoy.- Dr. No, From Russia With Love, and
    Goldfinger

14
Movies
  • On the Beach (1960), West Side Story (1962), and
    To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). In 1963, Sidney
    Poitier won the Academy Award for his role in
    Lilies of the Field.
  • Butterfield 8 (1960), The Apartment (1960), Come
    September (1961), Lolita (1962), Irma La Douce
    (1963), and Gypsy (1963). Epics like Ben Hur
    (1960) and Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) and
    classic movies like Psycho (1960) and Breakfast
    at Tiffany's (1961) were released, as well as the
    first of the James Bond movies, Dr. No (1962).
    Disney scored several commercial triumphs,
    including four hits in 1961 The Parent Trap, The
    Absent-Minded Professor, Swiss Family Robinson,
    and 101 Dalmatians.
  • The Pawnbroker (1965) and Easy Rider (1969).
    Violence and horror were depicted more
    graphically than ever before, in such movies as
    Rosemary's Baby (1968) and The Wild Angels
    (1966). Heroes became passé, and anti-heroes
    became protagonists. Bonnie and Clyde (1967)
  • Westerns was replaced by more sardonic
    Italian-made Westerns, called "Spaghetti
    Westerns," such as The Good, the Bad, and the
    Ugly (1968). Beach movies like Beach Party (1963)
    were replaced by more rebellious biker movies
    like The Wild Angels (1966). Sex and
    relationships were explored in movies like The
    Graduate (1968) and Bob and Carol and Ted and
    Alice (1969). Issues of race and ethnicity
    appeared in movies like Guess Who's Coming to
    Dinner (1968) and Goodbye, Columbus (1969).
  • Some filmmakers brooded on the unpleasant side of
    life, such as Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf
    (1966) and Midnight Cowboy (1969). Others
    pondered the future of humankind in movies like
    2001 A Space Odyssey (1968) and Planet of the
    Apes (1968). Barbarella (1968) and The Producers
    (1968).

15
Sports
Super Bowl 1
Clemente
Maris
Rudolph
  • In sports, the New York Yankees won the World
    Series two years in a row, in 1961 and 1962.
  • The Summer Olympic Games of 1960 took place in
    Rome, Italy, and the Winter Games took place in
    Squaw Valley, California.
  • Roger Maris hit homer number 61, setting a record
    that wasn't broken until the September of 1998 by
    Mark McGwire.
  • Wilma Rudolph, a black American woman, received
    three Olympic gold medals in fast running. As a
    child, she was very ill with pneumonia and
    scarlet fever. She barely lived, and doctors said
    she probably would never be able to walk again.
    But she never gave up hope, and was not only able
    to walk again, but able to outrun everyone else
    in the Olympics to be rewarded with three gold
    medals.
  • In 1962, Jackie Robinson, the first black
    American to play in major league baseball, was
    placed in the Baseball Hall of Fame for his
    talent.
  • The first Super Bowl was played in 1967, with the
    Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs the
    Packers won.

Mantle and Dimaggio
16
Science and Technology
  • The big-three auto manufacturers (Ford, GM and
    Chrysler) owned the car market
  • In science and technology-
  • pacemakers and lasers
  • 1st birth control pill, Enovid, in 1960.
  • computer silicon chips were patented.
  • tranquilizer valium was developed
  • quasars, the most distant objects in the
    universe, were identified in 1963.
  • Research in ecology grew in response to reports
    of the environmental impact of pollution.
  • NASA scientists were hard at work trying to beat
    the Soviets in putting a man on the moon.
  • Fear of nuclear war came to a head with the Cuban
    Missile Crisis in 1962.
  • IBM introduced the System/360 family of
    compatible computers
  • improved strain of rice, which ushered in the
    Green Revolution in developing countries.
  • Surgeon General reported a link between smoking
    and lung cancer in 1964
  • soft contact lenses were developed in 1965.
  • Supertankers were introduced to transport oil.
  • The most famous technological event, however, was
    Apollo 11's moon landing on July 20, 1969, which
    was televised live to American homes.
  • Recordings were improved by the development of a
    Dolby device to filter out background noise.
  • In 1968, American cars were required to have
    anti-pollution devices to control emissions
    because of the newly understood dangers of
    automobile hydrocarbon emissions.

17
Fads
  • Twist and surfing, the Watusi replaced the twist.
    The Mashed Potato, the Swim, , the Monkey and
    the Jerk followed the Twist
  • Limbo and Pop Art à la Andy Warhol. Op art, with
    its thumb-nosing attitude toward established
    artistic norms of subject and style, became
    popular.
  • Barbie dolls and Troll dolls were the last word
    in toy chic.
  • For women, the miniskirt and Jackie Kennedy made
    pillbox hats and wraparound sunglasses important
    accessories. The "face of 1966" was Twiggy, the
    skinny Cockney model who popularized a unisex,
    nouveaux flapper look for women. Many women wore
    pierced ears, white boots and white stockings,
    with the more racy donning microminiskirts
  • Discotheques became popular.
  • Men wore longer hair, women wore pants
  • The hippie lifestyle was embraced by growing
    numbers in the Haight-Ashbury district of San
    Francisco.
  • "afro" hairdos and traditional West African garb.
  • Beach movies grew in popularity, "dry surfing,"
    or skateboarding, became a frequent pastime of
    young people.
  • 1968-Big Macs and quartz watches were first
    marketed.
  • Cashmere turtlenecks, especially when worn under
    Nehru jackets, became chic. The mod look of
    Dutch-boy caps, flamboyant wide ties, silk
    shirts, and bell-bottomed trousers was the style
    for men.. Teens wore granny glasses, while the
    children sported cartoon character watches.

18
Popular Music
  • Chubby Checker's The Twist" (1962), Frankie
    Valli and the Four Season's "Walk Like a Man"
    (196?), and the Beach Boys' "Surfin' U.S.A."
    (1963) were among the top songs. Girl groups
    began releasing hits, such as the Shirelles'
    "Will you still love me tomorrow" (196?).
  • Sam Cooke and Aretha Franklin followed the lead
    of Ray Charles in creating the genre of Soul
    music
  • Bob Dylan's and folk singers like Joan Baez and
    Peter, Paul, and Mary.
  • Competing with the Beatles for the top song slots
    were the elegant Supremes.
  • In 1967, British and American musicians entered a
    new psychedelic sonic landscape with albums like
    Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (The
    Beatles), Are You Experienced? (Jimi Hendrix),
    Surrealistic Pillow (Jefferson Airplane), The
    Doors (Jim Morrison and The Doors), many of these
    musicians and their fans used mind-altering drugs
    to produce or enhance these effects. Whereas
    marijuana had been the most common drug among
    folk, RB, and rock musicians, LSD became popular
    among those of the acid rock, heavy metal, and
    psychedelic crowd.

19
Civil Rights
  • The black movement began peacefully, with Martin
    Luther King and Stokely Carmichael leading
    sit-ins and peaceful protests, joined by whites
    and Jews.
  • Malcolm X preached black superiority
  • Black Panthers were advocating black separatism,
    violence and anti-Semitism.
  • The term "blacks" became socially acceptable,
    replacing "Negroes."
  • The number of Hispanic Americans tripled during
    the decade and became recognized as an oppressed
    minority. Cesar Chavez organized Hispanics in the
    United Farm Workers Association.
  • American Indians, facing unemployment rates of
    50 and a life expectancy only two-thirds that of
    whites, began to assert themselves in the courts
    and in violent protests.
  • The Presidential Commission of the Status of
    Women (1963) presented disturbing facts about
    women's place in our society. Betty Friedan,
    Pauli Murray and Gloria Steinem, (National
    Organization of Women) questioned the unequal
    treatment of women, gave birth to Women's Lib, .
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was amended to
    include gender. The birth control pill became
    widely available and abortion for cause was
    legalized in Colorado in 1967. In 1967, both
    abortion and artificial insemination became legal
    in some states..

20
Black Revolt and Youth Rebellion
  • Summer Freedom Project- CORE -1964 to get blacks
    registered to vote in Mississippi. Three civil
    rights workers killed, homes and churches bombed
    and burned.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964- integration of public
    places.
  • 1964- Martin Luther King Jr. gets Nobel Peace
    Prize.
  • Selma Freedom March- 1964 march from Selma to
    Montgomery Alabama for freedom from the
    oppression. Gov. Wallace tried to stop it, but
    government troops protected the third march
    attempt and it was successful.
  • Malcolm X- Nation of Islam and assassinated.
  • Stokely Carmichael- Black Power
  • Riots- 1967- in major cities.
  • Youth Rebellion- Baby Boom and prosperity.
    Hippies and the counterculture. New Left- SNCC,
    SDS, Weathermen, Campus protest, and Anti-Vietnam.

21
Racism
  • Integration- Even after 1954 schools still
    segregated- private schools, movement of whites
    to all white neighborhoods large all Black
    neighborhoods New schools and district lines
    Court orders integration
  • Forced Busing- is the concept of achieving racial
    or economic integration in schools by
    transportation of schoolchildren by bus to
    schools outside their neighborhoods. Court
    ordered to provide a racial balance. Violence.
    Created new problem- long bus rides, parent and
    teacher communication suffered.
  • Affirmative Action- Affirmative Action levels the
    playing field so people of color and all women
    have the chance to compete in education and in
    business. Despite the enormous gains made by the
    civil rights and women's rights movements, women
    and people of color still face unfair obstacles
    in business and education.
  • Reverse Discrimination- Bakke Case- 1978 .
    Discrimination against members of a dominant or
    majority group, especially when resulting from
    policies established to correct discrimination
    against members of a minority or disadvantaged
    group.

22
Woodstock 1969
  • No where was counterculture so celebrated as at
    the mass music festivals of the late sixties,
    culminating in the Woodstock festival in 1969. A
    ticket for one day cost 6-8 a 3-day ticket
    18-24.
  • Three days of Peace and Music." August 15, 16,
    and 17, 1969.
  • 450,000 kids
  • 100 miles from New York City
  • In a matter of minutes, the festival became a
    free event
  • People parked their cars as far as 20 miles away.
    Once you arrived, you had to stay there was
    nowhere to go. There was no place to sleep, no
    place to bathe, no place to eat... no place to
    nothin'.

23
Woodstock 1969
  • Woodstock hoped to draw a crowd of 150,000 for a
    celebration of a communal spirit and to hear some
    of the most popular rock acts of the day.
  • The festival started on Friday, August 15, 1969,
    and the crowds quickly grew to number over
    450,000, causing massive traffic jams, logistical
    nightmares, shortages of food and medical
    supplies, and potential problems of crowd
    control.
  • On Saturday, the gates were opened to accommodate
    the many thousands who arrived without tickets.
    The music was almost nonstop, the rains came,
    drug use was widespread, sanitary conditions were
    primitive, bad acid trips were a constant
    problem, yet somehow it all worked out.
  • Richie Havens Country Joe McDonald Jimi
    Hendrix John Sebastian Crosby, Stills, Nash
    Young Melanie Arlo Guthrie CCR, Janis Joplin
    Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead.
  • A few months later, a similar gathering was held
    at a racetrack in Altamont, California, and
    turned ugly when members of the Hell's Angels
    attacked and killed a man near the stage where
    the Rolling Stones were performing.

24
Rebellion and the Counterculture
  • Problems- escalating war in Vietnam, the
    incomplete success of the Great Society and the
    civil rights movement.
  • The pursuit of sex, drugs, and rock and roll
    became the preoccupation- Tune in, turn on and
    drop out. Communes arose.
  • The counter-culture lifestyle stressedfreedom,p
    eace,love tolerance,getting back to
    nature,the power of the group. You're either on
    the bus or off the bus. Do your own thing,
    Tell it like it is, and experimentation with
    drugs and more extensive sexual activity.
    Better living through chemistry.
  • San Francisco was a major hub. Young people
    across the country emulated aspects of the hippie
    lifestyle.
  • The hippie lifestyle appeared on television, in
    the movies, and on Broadway.
  • Americans became fascinated with everything from
    East Asian clothing to Hindu mysticism. Among the
    most eager consumers of mysticism were the
    residents of Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco.
  • The hippie counterculture came with a uniform
    long hair, tie-dyed shirts, jeans, protest
    buttons, long flowered skirts. Just as the hippie
    look was considerably more relaxed than
    prevailing standards, hippie sexual mores were
    generally looser than those of the general
    populace. Nevertheless, their actions made an
    impact on the larger society, changing the role
    of sex in American society. A hippie is someone
    who dresses like Tarzan, has hair like Jane, and
    smells like Cheetah."--California governor
    Ronald Reagan

25
Rebellion and the Counterculture
  • The Supreme Court decided in 1962 that prayer in
    the public schools was unconstitutional.
  • As the 1960's progressed, many young people
    turned from mainstream Protestant religions to
    mystic eastern religions such as Transcendental
    Meditation (Maharishi Mahesh Yogi) or Zen
    Buddhism.
  • Respect for authority declined among the youth,
    and crime rates soared to nine times the rate of
    the 1950's.
  • Marijuana use soared. Respected figures such as
    Timothy Leary encouraged the use of LSD as a
    mind-opening drug.
  • A number dropped out into communal living. One
    dictionary definition of a classic commune is 'a
    relatively small, often rural, community whose
    members share common interests, work and income
    and often own property collectively'. But the
    commune idea can take many forms

26
Rebellion and the College Campus- The New Left
  • The New Left was made up largely of college
    students.
  • Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), which
    was formed in Michigan in 1962. It attacked
    social injustice and the values of the so-called
    Affluent Society.
  • The New Left grew in 1964 with the onset of the
    free-speech movement at the University of
    California at Berkeley, which was a protest
    against restrictions on student involvement in
    political demonstrations on campus.
  • It also won followers by denouncing American
    involvement in Vietnam and deploring the failure
    of Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs to
    eradicate poverty.
  • Best known of the demonstrations took place at
    Columbia University in 1968, Harvard University
    in 1969, and Kent State University in 1970, when
    the National Guard killed four students after
    being called out to stop antiwar protests.
  • The New Left was also active in the
    counterculture of the 1960s.

27
Rebellion and the Democratic Convention of 1968
  • Before the convention- King assassinated, RFK
    assassinated, and countless anti-war
    demonstrations.
  • For the Democratic party, Chicago '68 doomed the
    candidacy of Hubert Humphrey and set off shock
    waves of reform.
  • For the Left (antiwar), Chicago '68 hastened the
    demise of SDS and intensified the revolutionary
    fervor that would spawn street violence and
    bombings.
  • Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman- leaders of the
    Youth International Party (YIPPIES) came to
    Chicago
  • For the media, Chicago '68 created a deep
    suspicion of the state and its minions.
  • For Chicago, Chicago '68 weakened support for the
    last of the big-city bosses and fanned the flames
    of political reform.
  • In the end 8 police charged and 8 civilians
    charged (Chicago 8- later the Chicago 7

28
Rebellion and the Anti-War Movement
  • Quaker and Unitarian beliefs had long existed in
    the United States.
  • The escalating nuclear arms race of the late
    1950s- goal was to reduce.
  • Unwilling to settle for fewer nuclear weapons,
    students desired a wholesale restructuring of
    American society
  • At first the SDS and New Left focused on domestic
    reforms and supported Johnson and fought for
    Civil Rights and student Rights.
  • 1965-Bombing of North Vietnam -Anti-War
    demonstration. Teach-ins on campuses. March on
    Washington.
  • 1967- Alternative service suggestion and draft
    evaders.
  • Tet Offensive escalated anti war sentiment
  • 1969-1973 most powerful- second march on
    Washington and My Lai Massacre
  • 1970- Bombing of Cambodia, Kent State and the
    Pentagon Papers.

29
Rebellion and the Weathermen
  • The Weathermen, also known as the Weather
    Underground Organization,
  • "revolutionary organization of communist men and
    women" splintered from the Students for a
    Democratic Society (SDS).
  • Weathermen advocated the overthrow of the
    government of the United States and the system of
    capitalism toward that end, they carried out a
    campaign of bombings, jailbreaks, and riots.
  • In October 1969, the Weathermen organized their
    first event, called the "Days of Rage," in
    Chicago
  • n 1970, the group issued a Declaration of War
    against the United States government, changing
    its name to the "weather underground
    organization", adopting fake identities, and
    pursuing covert activities only. Broke Timothy
    Leary out of Jail.

30
Vietnam
  • Selective Service- The Draft
  • lottery drawing - the first since 1942 - was held
    on December 1, 1969, at Selective Service
    National Headquarters in Washington, D.C. This
    event determined the order of call for induction
    during calendar year 1970, that is, for
    registrants born between January 1, 1944, and
    December 31, 1950. Reinstitution of the lottery
    was a change from the "draft the oldest man
    first" method, which had been the determining
    method for deciding order of call.
  • There were 366 blue plastic capsules containing
    birth dates placed in a large glass container and
    drawn by hand to assign order-of-call numbers to
    all men within the 18-26 age range specified in
    Selective Service law

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RESULTS FROM LOTTERY FOR MEN FACING THE DRAFT IN
1972
  • The lottery drawing held August 5, 1971,
    determined the order in which men born in 1952
    were called to report for induction into the
    military.
  • How to read this chart This chart shows all the
    birth dates in a given year and the lottery
    numbers assigned to those dates. Read this chart
    like a multiplication table. At the top of the
    chart are the months of the year. On the far left
    are the dates of the month. The numbers in the
    center represent lottery numbers. For example To
    find the lottery number assigned to July 15, look
    down from "July" till it matches up with the
    number "15" on the left side of the table. The
    corresponding number in the middle is "088." This
    means that all men born on July 15, 1952, were
    assigned the lottery number 88.
  • The highest lottery number called for this group
    was 95 all men assigned that lottery number or
    any lower number, and who were classified 1-A or
    1-A-O (available for military service), were
    called to report for possible induction.

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