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PROFESSIONALISM, RESEARCH & WRITING Julia R. Miller, Ph.D.

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PROFESSIONALISM, RESEARCH & WRITING Julia R. Miller, Ph.D. Kappa Omicron Nu Leadership Conclave & Undergraduate Research Conference August 6, 2005 Chicago, Illinois – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PROFESSIONALISM, RESEARCH & WRITING Julia R. Miller, Ph.D.


1
PROFESSIONALISM, RESEARCH WRITINGJulia R.
Miller, Ph.D.
  • Kappa Omicron NuLeadership Conclave
    UndergraduateResearch Conference
  • August 6, 2005 Chicago, Illinois

2
  • PROFESSIONALISM
  • What is Your Definition?

3
DEFINITIONS OF PROFESSIONALISM
  • Expectation to demonstrate behaviors that reflect
    a commitment to continuous professional
    development, ethical practice, and a responsible
    attitude toward recipients, the profession,
    society. This includes abilities to
  • Demonstrate respect, compassion, integrity and
    altruism in relationships with students,
    colleagues and other stakeholders

4
DEFINITIONS OF PROFESSIONALISM (Cont)
  • Demonstrate sensitivity and responsiveness to
    gender, age, culture, religion, sexual
    preference, socioeconomic status, beliefs
  • Adhere to principles of confidentiality,
    scientific/academic integrity, and
    accountability
  • Recognize and identify deficiencies in personal
    and peer performance.
  • Professionalism. (2005).http//users.umassmed.ed/
    colin.swales/prof.htm

5
DEFINITIONS OF PROFESSIONALISM (Cont)
  • Maximizing knowledge
  • Being innovative
  • Showing constant improvement
  • Sharing knowledge
  • Ignoring distractions and losses
  • Producing quality work
  • Understanding the importance of communication,
    appearance, and mannerisms
  • Possessing a good attitude
  • Keeping up with ethics and legal issues
  • Comprehending programmatic thrusts
  • Withrow, S. (2005). Defining Professionalism in
    IT. http//uk.builder.com/manage/work

6
PROFESSIONAL GOALS
  • If you dont know where you are going, youll
    end up somewhere else.
  • Yogi Berra
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century. Thousand Oaks Sage
    Publications.

7
PROFESSIONAL GOALS
  • When Alice encounters the Cheshire Cat in
    wonderland, she asks, Would you tell me, please
    which way I ought to walk from here? That
    depends a good deal on where you want to get to,
    said the Cat. I dont care where said Alice.
    Then it doesnt matter which way you walk, said
    the Cat. so long as I get somewhere, Alice
    added as an explanation. Oh , youre sure to do
    that, said the Cat, if you only walk long
    enough.

  • Lewis Carroll

8
  • PROFESSIONALISM
  • What are Your Goals?

9
PROFESSIONALISM
  • How do professional goalschange over time?

10
RESEARCH AND PROFESSIONALISM
  • Guiding Principles for Researchers
  • Systematic Inquiry Researchers conduct
    systematic, data-based inquiries.
  • Competence Researchers provide competent
    performance to stakeholders.
  • Integrity/Honesty Researchers ensure the honesty
    and integrity of the entire process.
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century. Thousand Oaks
    Sage Publications.

11
RESEARCH AND PROFESSIONALISM (Cont)
  • Respect for People Researchers respect the
    security, dignity, and self-worth of
    respondents, program participants, clients,
    and other stakeholders with whom they
    interact.
  • Responsibilities for General and Public
    Welfare Researchers articulate and take into
    account the diversity of interests and values
    that may be related to the general and public
    welfare.

12
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Predict
  • Build general laws

13
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Add To The Knowledge Base
  • Confirm findings
  • Replicate others work
  • Reinterpret previously collected data
  • Clarify structural and ideological connections
    between important social processes
  • Strengthen the knowledge base

14
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Have a Personal, Social, Institutional,and/or
    Organizational Impact
  • Deconstruct/reconstruct power structures
  • Reconcile discrepancies
  • Refute claims
  • Set priorities
  • Resist authority
  • Influence change
  • Promote change
  • Promote questioning
  • Improve practice
  • Change structures
  • Set policy

15
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Measure Change
  • Measure consequences of practice
  • Test treatment effects
  • Measure Outcomes

16
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Understand Complex Phenomena
  • Understand phenomena
  • Understand culture
  • Understand change
  • Understand people

17
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Test New Ideas
  • Test innovations
  • Test hypotheses/objectives
  • Test new ideas
  • Test new solutions

18
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Generate New Ideas
  • Explore phenomena
  • Generate hypotheses/objectives
  • Generate theory
  • Uncover relationships
  • Uncover culture
  • Reveal culture

19
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Inform Constituencies
  • Inform the public
  • Heighten awareness
  • Public relations
  • Enlighten
  • Hear from those who are affected by
    treatment/program
  • Describe the present
  • Comply with authority

20
RESEARCH PURPOSES
  • Examine The Past
  • Interpret/reinterpret the past
  • Acknowledge past misunderstandings
  • Reexamine tacit understandings
  • Examine Social and historical origins of current
    social problems
  • Abbas, T. Teddlie, C. (2003). Handbook of Mixed
    Methods In Social Behavioral Research. Thousand
    Oaks Sage Publications.

21
RESEARCH PARADIGMSQUALITATIVE and QUANTITATIVE
  • Qualitative/Naturalistic Paradigm
  • Qualitative data (narratives, descriptions)
  • Naturalistic inquiry
  • Case Studies
  • Inductive analysis
  • Subjective perspective
  • Close to programs
  • Holistic contextual portrayal
  • Systems perspective focused on interdependencies
  • Dynamic, ongoing view of change
  • Purposeful sampling of relevant cases
  • Focus on uniqueness and diversity
  • Emergent, flexible designs
  • Thematic
  • Content analysis
  • Extrapolations

22
RESEARCH PARADIGMSQUALITATIVE and QUANTITATIVE
  • Quantitative/Experimental
  • Quantitative data (numbers, statistics)
  • Experimental designs
  • Treatment and control designs
  • Deductive hypothesis testing
  • Objective perspective
  • Aloof from the program
  • Independent and dependent variable
  • Linear, sequential modeling
  • Pre-post focus on change
  • Probabilistic, random sampling
  • Standardized, uniform procedures
  • Fixed, controlled designs
  • Statistical analysis
  • Generalization
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century Text. Thousand Oaks
    Sage Publications.

23
WRITING and PROFESSIONALISM
  • They say that figures rule the world.I do not
    know if this is true, but I doKnow that figures
    tell us if it is well or poorly ruled.
  • Goethe, German Philosopher and
    Author(1747-1882), 1814
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century Text. Thousand Oaks
    Sage Publications.

24
WRITING and PROFESSIONALISM
  • Unless one is genius,it is best to aim at being
    intelligible
  • Anthony Hope, British Novelist(1863-1933)
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century Text. Thousand Oaks
    Sage Publications.

25
WRITING and PROFESSIONALISM REPORTING OUTCOMES
/ RESULTS
  • Strive for balance when writing by providing
    multiple perspectives While focusing on
    simplicity in presenting information.
  • Be clear to reduce confusion, uncertainty or
    misinterpretation.
  • Make comparisons carefully and appropriately.
  • Write in a manner to assist stakeholders with
    statistical thinking and reasoning.
  • Interpret numbers and qualitative data to have
    meaning.
  • Interpret statistics and qualitative data with
    the understanding that there a varying degrees of
    error.
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century Text. Thousand Oaks
    Sage Publications.

26
WRITING and PROFESSIONALISM REPORTING OUTCOMES
/ RESULTS
  • Make sure to formulate well written, carefully
    derived recommendations and conclusions.
  • Ten useful and practical guidelines
  • Recommendations should clearly follow from and be
    supported by findings.
  • Distinguish different kinds of recommendations.
  • Multiple options rather than recommendations may
    be more useful.
  • Include benefits, costs of making changes and
    costs and risks for not making changes.
  • Focus on actions within the control of intended
    users.
  • Exercise political sensitivity in writing.
  • Be careful and deliberate with wording.
  • Allow time to write well.
  • Develop strategies for recom-mendations to be
    taken seriously.
  • Show future implications of recommendations.
  • Remember that outcomes and recommendations may
    have different meaning for different stakeholders.

Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
Evaluation The New Century Text. Thousand Oaks
Sage Publications.
27
SUMMARY
  • Research, Writing and Professionalism
  • Inform problem solving and decision making to
    maximize knowledge
  • Clarify options and assist with priority setting
  • Identify what is and what can be
  • Provides opportunities to exchange facts, ideas
    and innovations with colleagues
  • Influence and impact change
  • Provide information useful for stakeholders and
    policy makers within textual boundaries of time,
    place, values and politics

28
Friends To Adopt and Select When We Are Planning
and Analyzing Our Professionalism, Research, and
Writing

29
Six Honest Friends
  • Six Honest Serving Friends WhoTaught Me All I
    Know
  • What
  • Why
  • When
  • How
  • Where
  • Who
  • Patton, M. Q. (1997). Utilization-Focused
    Evaluation The New Century Text. Thousand Oaks
    Sage Publications.
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