Advanced Democracies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Advanced Democracies PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3b7d70-N2U5M


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Advanced Democracies


Advanced Democracies Defining Paths Freedom and equality States and sovereignty Social change and conflict Economic Change * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Quiz How are ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:45
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: shanestev
Learn more at:


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Advanced Democracies

Advanced Democracies
  • Defining
  • Paths
  • Freedom and equality
  • States and sovereignty
  • Social change and conflict
  • Economic Change

  • How are Postmodern values different from Modern
  • What is the major dilemma facing Advanced
    Democracies in regard to the welfare state and an
    aging population?

Defining Advanced Democracies
  • Which countries are these?
  • Past definitions first, second, third worlds
  • Problems with these terms democracy and
    capitalism, end of Cold War
  • Countries move between different categories!
  • Definition institutionalized democracy and high
    level of economic development

Paths of Advanced Democracies
  • How did they get to where they are today?
  • Various paths of democratization and
  • Early democratization and industrialization (US,
  • Late democratization, early industrialization
  • Late industrialization, late democratization

Freedom and Equality in the Advanced Democracies
  • All share
  • institutionalized liberal democracy
  • Private property and free markets
  • High level of economic development
  • Differences, though, in how freedom and equality
  • Civil liberties
  • Participation and competition
  • State role in the economy (liberal, social
    democratic, mercantilist)

States and Sovereignty
  • Hallmarks of modern politics
  • Changing in the advanced democracies?
  • Pull of authority upward Integration
  • Pull of authority downward Devolution
  • Both challenge state power

Integration and the European Union
  • Created after World War Two
  • Idea to prevent war through interdependence
  • Pool resources to have greater authority in
    international system (Cold War)
  • Slow development from 1951 to present
  • Transfer of sovereignty incrementally

Institutions of the EU
  • Bodies that reflect domestic political
    institutions, with some differences
  • European Commission representatives appointed
    from member states, make legislation
  • Council of Ministers ministers from member
    states cabinets, approve legislation
  • European Parliament directly elected members
    that approve legislation
  • European Court of Justice interprets EU law

From Intergovernmental to Supranational?
  • EU has gained more power over time
  • No longer intergovernmental
  • Now supranationallike a state of its own
  • Monetary Unionmost member states gave up own
    currency in 2002 for euro
  • Major loss of sovereigntycountries central
    banks lost many of their traditional powers
  • How good has been euro for EU members?

Enlargement of the EU
  • In 2004, took on ten new members
  • Most post-communist countries of Eastern Europe,
    former Soviet Union
  • How will this affect EU?
  • Decision making in a larger body
  • Costs of subsidies and benefits for poorer new
    members causes conflict
  • Former Soviet States Skepticism
  • Far from over

Rejection of the EU Constitution
  • Why?
  • - Fear of loss of Sovereignty (Too Liberal and
    too Socialist)
  • - Too long and too difficult to understand
  • - Democratic Deficit

Supranationalism and Democracy
  • Who controls the EU?
  • Absence of direct popular control
  • Notion of the democratic deficit
  • Recent rejection of EU constitution by some
    members has led to confusion over future of EU
    and what changes are needed

Devolution and Democracy
  • Power not just moving up, as with EU
  • Also moving down
  • Devolution powers and resources are transferred
    away from central state institutions and vested
    at a lower level

Why Devolution?
  • Counter public mistrust of distant government
    and state
  • Greater flexibility and local participation
  • Resolve ethnic or national identity conflicts by
    giving more power to discontent groups
  • Helps reinvigorate politics or simply undercuts
    state sovereignty?

Limits of Devolution
  • Post-September 11, move back toward
  • State power increased, devolution seen as a
    possible threat to security

Social Change and Conflict Postmodern Values
  • Changes at societal level as well
  • Traditional modern values
  • Rationality and science
  • Individualism and autonomy
  • Materialism
  • Growing skepticism of these values by 1960s
  • Environmentalism
  • Criticism of nationalism and patriotism

The Content of Postmodern Values
  • Less focused on idea of progress
  • Quality of life issues more central
  • Health
  • Environment
  • Leisure
  • Personal equality
  • Diversity
  • Hostility to centralized power (devolution,

Diversity, Identity, and the Challenge to
Postmodern Values
  • Are postmodern values really taking hold?
  • Affected in part by wave of immigration across
    advanced democracies
  • Large numbers
  • Diverse groups of peoples within and between
    advanced democracies

Identity and Migration
  • Assimilation or multiculturalism?
  • Will migration undercut postmodern values?
  • Will advanced democracies become more different
    from each other due to migration?

Economic Change Postindustrialism
  • Modern economies built upon industrialization,
    away from agriculture
  • Now moving from industry and toward service
    sector non-tangible goods
  • Finance, insurance
  • Communication, education
  • Legal, health care
  • Majority of people in advanced democracies now
    work in service sector

Postindustrialisms Effects
  • Greater devolution of industry?
  • Less hierarchical
  • More virtual
  • More international
  • More flexible and autonomous
  • Reinforces postmodern values?
  • Marginalization of those without education?
  • Shapes new political struggles?
  • How much of this is over-exaggerated?

Maintaining the Welfare State
  • Important element of most advanced democracies
  • Wide array of social expenditures enjoyed by
  • But problems as well
  • Increasingly expensive, such as health care,
  • Populations getting older!
  • Who will pay for this?
  • Migration as a way to solve? Will people accept?

Future Issues
  • States face integration and devolution
  • Societies face new values and old ideologies
  • Economies face changing workplace and aging
  • How will these areas in combination transform
    freedom and equality in the coming decades?