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Creativity Creative Thinking

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Creativity Creative Thinking & Creative Problem-solving 2 Models of Creative Problem Solving plus The Incubation Model of Teaching: 13 Additional Creative Qualities – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Creativity Creative Thinking


1
CreativityCreative Thinking Creative
Problem-solving
  • 2 Models of Creative Problem Solving
  • plus
  • The Incubation Model of Teaching
  • 13 Additional Creative Qualities

2
Creativity is not
  • The domain of a few individuals
  • Not known to be linked to specific factors or
    traits
  • Exclusive of many individuals
  • Shared by all, varies by many factors
  • Exclusively world-altering
  • Personal vs Cultural creativity
  • Importance of distinguishing between these 2
  • Need to develop Personal to achieve Cultural

3
Creativity is
  • Universal
  • All people have this capacity, as with
    intelligence
  • Continuous
  • Varies by degree, type, as with intelligence
  • In Potential (subject to training)
  • Identifiable via types of performances
  • Performance competencies can be developed

4
2-Factor Model
  • Novelty Unique, distinct, original responses
    to environment, experience, circumstances
  • Usefulness Serves a purpose responds to
    perceived need solves identified problem/s

5
4 Factor Model
  • Fluency
  • Frequency of response actual total number of
    responses to a stimulus
  • Flexibility
  • Frequency of categories of responses actual
    total number of types of responses
  • Originality
  • Statistical infrequency of response for a given
    individual in a given group at a given time
  • Elaboration
  • Development of responses
  • Completion of ideas
  • Integration across ideas
  • Marketing ideas/alternatives

6
Application of Models
  • Working in your group, do the following
  • Identify a situation in a curriculum (content to
    be taught/learned) in which you could apply these
    models
  • Briefly describe the instructional situation
  • Who, what, when, why, how long, whats expected
  • Plan/state an activity that would develop each
    step of the 4 factor model

7
The Incubation Model of TeachingGetting Beyond
the Aha!E. P. Torrance H. T. Safter (1990)
  • What is the aha?
  • Moments of insight intuition revelation
  • Moments of wholeness or oneness uniting with
    everything
  • Rational vs Supra-rational view of Creativity
  • Non-linear sequence/-ing of creative events

8
The Incubation Model of Teaching
  • Creative indicators beyond the big 4 factors
    13 additional qualities
  • Highlighting the essence (abstract titles)
  • Keeping open (resist premature closure)
  • Emotional awareness
  • Putting ideas into context
  • Combining synthesizing
  • Visualize richly, colorfully
  • Using fantasy
  • Using movement sound
  • Unusual visual perspective/s
  • Internal visualizations
  • Extending/breaking through boundaries
  • Using humor
  • Getting glimpses of infinity

9
The Incubation Model of Teaching3 Additional
Issues
  • Problem-finding
  • Pervasive impediment Assuming the problem is
    known, therefore, focus on finding the solution
  • Producing Alternatives
  • At all levels of problem-solving, increased
    fluency supports the processes the more
    alternatives, the greater the probability of
    creative solution/s
  • Originality Acceptance of being different
  • Adequate time
  • Play with ambiguity/uncertainty
  • Heightened awareness of importance
  • Make legitimate

10
The Incubation ModelInformation Processing
Strategies for Creative Teaching Learning
  • Stage 1 Heightening Anticipation
  • Stage 2 Deepening Expectations
  • Stage 3 Keeping it Going

11
The Incubation ModelCreative Teaching Learning
  • Stage 1 Heightening Anticipation (see p.9)
  • Create desire to know
  • Heighten anticipation/expectation
  • Get attention
  • Arouse curiosity
  • Tickle imagination
  • Give purpose/meaning

12
The Incubation ModelCreative Teaching Learning
  • Stage 2 Deepening Expectations (see p.10)
  • Digging deeper
  • Looking twice
  • Listening for smells
  • Crossing out mistakes
  • Cutting holes so see through
  • Cutting corners
  • Getting in deep water
  • Getting out of locked doors

13
The Incubation ModelCreative Teaching Learning
  • Stage 3 Keeping it Going (see pp.11-12)
  • Having a ball
  • Singing in ones own key
  • Building sand castles
  • Plugging in the sun
  • Shaking hands with tomorrow

14
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Highlighting the essence
  • Retaining sense of importance
  • Staying focused
  • Discriminate relevant from irrelevant information

15
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Elaboration
  • Add details
  • Develop a plan
  • Implement/sell a solution

16
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Keep Open
  • Resistance to premature closure
  • Need for use of time
  • Practice with ideas in variety of circumstances
    w/o time constraints

17
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Emotional Awareness
  • Acknowledge role/significance of affective
    experience/s
  • Adds to, not replaces, rational-cognitive
    experience/s
  • Personal insight/s

18
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Putting Ideas into Context
  • Meaningful synthesis of ideas experiences
  • Personal, individual
  • Abstract analysis/synthesis
  • Part-part relationships
  • Part-whole relationships
  • Generalizations across concepts

19
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Combine Synthesize
  • Combine types modes of information acquisition,
    processing retrieval
  • Brain laterality Right- vs Left-brained
  • Visualize Richly Colorfully
  • Alternative perceptions

20
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Using Fantasy
  • Future possibilities
  • Varying point-of-view
  • Feeling comfortable with the unknown
  • Unconstrained by reality

21
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Using Movement Sound
  • Experience via multiple modalities deepens
    concept learning
  • Kinesthetic auditory experiences Natural
    modalities for children ( experienced adults)

22
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Unusual Visual Perspectives
  • Ability to see in different ways heightens
    experiences of innovation inventiveness
  • Internal Visualizations
  • Seeing the insides of objects, events, people,
    experiences can lead to new, deeper insights
    seeing multiple perspectives

23
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Extending/breaking through Boundaries
  • Confronting the whats given limitation/bias
  • Recognizing that new possibilities always exist
  • Acknowledging the potential for ambiguity of
    the incomplete idea, object, etc, continuing
    problem-solving work

24
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Using Enjoying Humor
  • Integrates or synthesizes physiological,
    psychological social processes
  • Accepting/understanding perceptual, conceptual
    incongruities
  • Recognizing unusual, unexpected combinations,
    surprises

25
The Incubation Model of Teaching13 Qualities
  • Glimpses of Infinity
  • Open-ended environment
  • Positive focus on the future
  • Actively engaging ones self as part of perceived
    future for ideas to transcend the present
  • Developing anticipation for an open-ended,
    multi-possibility future

26
The Incubation Model of Teaching
  • Creative indicators beyond the big 4 factors
    13 additional qualities
  • Highlighting the essence (abstract titles)
  • Keeping open (resist premature closure)
  • Emotional awareness
  • Putting ideas into context
  • Combining synthesizing
  • Visualize richly, colorfully
  • Using fantasy
  • Using movement sound
  • Unusual visual perspective/s
  • Internal visualizations
  • Extending/breaking through boundaries
  • Using humor
  • Getting glimpses of infinity
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