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European Regulations (coal, CO2 emissions)

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Regional Office of Silesia in Brussels European Regulations (coal, CO2 emissions) Jerzy Buzek, Member of the European Parliament Member of the Industry, Research and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: European Regulations (coal, CO2 emissions)


1
European Regulations (coal, CO2 emissions)
Regional Office of Silesia in Brussels
Jerzy Buzek, Member of the European
Parliament Member of the Industry, Research and
Energy Committee Member of the Climate Change
Committee Rapporteur of the 7FP for RD in the
EU Rapporteur of the European Strategic Energy
Technology Plan (SET-Plan)
10.06.2008, Brussels
2
IPCC 4th Assessment Report (2007)
  • Continued GHG emissions at or above current
    rates would cause further warming and induce many
    changes in the global climate system during the
    21st century that would very likely be larger
    than those observed during the 20th century.

3
Predicted Future Global Warming
  • Global Temperature
  • Global CO2 Emissions
  • Source IPCC 2007

4
WEO 2007 Reference ScenarioWorlds Top Five CO2
Emitters
  • China overtook the US to become the largest
    emitter in 2007, while India becomes the
    third-largest by 2015

5
The Kyoto Protocol
  • The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement
    made under the United Nations Framework
    Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Rio de
    Janeiro in 1992
  • It concerns reducing Greenhouse gases that cause
    climate change
  • It was agreed on 11 December 1997 at the 3rd
    Conference of the Parties to the treaty when they
    met in Kyoto
  • It entered into force on 16 February 2005
  • The Kyoto Protocol now covers more than 170
    countries globally
  • Countries that ratify this protocol commit to
    reducing their emissions of carbon dioxide and
    five other greenhouse gases (GHG), or engaging in
    emissions trading if they maintain or increase
    emissions of these gases

6
The United Nations Climate Change Conference-
Poznan, December 2008 (COP14)- Copenhagen,
December 2009 (COP15)
  • Deadline for the negotiations of the Post
    Kyoto Protocol

7
Primary resources
Renewables, Fossil Fuels, Nuclear (coal,
oil, gas)
Energy demands doubling in 30 40 years
  • The goals for the EU
  • security of supply
  • environmental protection (climate change)
  • competitive costs (Lisbon Agenda)

8
UE- Leader in mitigating global warming
  • Presidency Conclusions, Council March 2007

Targets for 2020
20 share of renewable energy
20 energy savings
20 reduction of GHG emissions
9
Climate and Energy Package
  • PROPOSAL published 23 January 2008
  • Main components
  • Directive Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)
  • Decision Effort Sharing (non ETS)
  • Directive Carbon Capture Storage
  • Directive Renewable Energy Sources
  • Guidelines on State Aid for Env Protection

10
Climate and Energy Package
  • CONSEQUENCES
  • Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan)
  • Negotiations in the Council and European
    Parliament
  • 2008-2009
  • EC intension have it adopted before EP elections
    and new European Commission

11
Way of introduction
  • Carbon emissions costs
  • New low carbon technologies

12
Emission Trading System (ETS)
  • Successes of the EU ETS
  • Demonstrates EU leadership of climate change
  • Puts a price on carbon
  • Stimulated the development of JI/CDM and the
    resulting transfer of technology to
    developing/emerging countries
  • Problems with the EU ETS
  • Another cost of doing business in Europe
  • Indirect impacts, especially on energy
    intensive industries

13
How important is the long-term carbon price
(e.g. in 2020) for new investments in your
industry?
385 respondents all from companies
buying/selling/holding EUAs or CERs
14
FP 7 Proposed Priority Topics in Energy
Hydrogen and fuel cells
15
The Strategic Energy Technology Plan
  • Strengthening European energy research capacities
    through
  • European Industrial Initiatives
  • European Energy Research Alliance
  • Reinforced international cooperation

16
The SET-Plan an effective implementation needed
  • European Industrial Initiatives (EIIs)
  • European Wind Initiative
  • Solar Europe Initiative
  • Bio-energy Europe Initiative
  • European CO2 capture, transport and storage
    initiative
  • European electricity grid initiative
  • Sustainable nuclear fission initiative
  • EP proposition to include 12 CCS demonstration
    projects, the so-called
    EU-Flagship Programme

17
Technology Map for the SET-Plan
18
Carbon Capture and StorageFlagship Programme of
the EU
Capture
Transport
85-90
Storage
19
COAL IS THERE !
20
Integrated hydrogen genaration from fossil fuels,
biomass and wind
21
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22
The Energy and Climate Package
SUMMARY
  • Binding Targets20 renewables, 20 GHG
    reduction, 20 energy savings, biofuels
  • BenefitsLarge scale innovation in the energy
    sector
  • Energy security reduction of oil and gas import
    of 50 billion per year (at 61 per barrel of
    oil)
  • CostsDirect cost increased energy and non
    CO2 mitigation cost to meet both targets
    domestically 0.6 of GDP in 2020, or some 90
    billion
  • Way of introductionEmission costs new
    technologies

23
Regional Office of Silesia in Brussels
European Regulations (coal, CO2 emissions)
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !!!
Jerzy Buzek, Member of the European
Parliament Rapporteur of the 7FP for RD in the
EU Rapporteur of the European Strategic Energy
Technology Plan (SET-Plan)
10.06.2008, Brussels
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