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Antisocial Personality Disorder

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Antisocial Personality Disorder (http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n07/doencas/withoutconscience.jpg) Antisocial Personality Disorder: Also referred to as sociopathy or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Antisocial Personality Disorder


1
Antisocial Personality Disorder
2
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Also referred to as sociopathy or psychopathy
  • Individuals exhibit antisocial behaviour
  • Antisocial Behaviour
  • Verbally or physically harmful to others, animals
    and/or property
  • Seriously violates social expectations or norms
  • Two components
  • Presence of antisocial behaviour
  • Absence of prosocial behaviour
  • Natural for children to exhibit some antisocial
    behaviour during development
  • High levels of antisocial behaviour considered a
    clinical condition
  • Antisocial personality disorder is only diagnosed
    in adults, but bears resemblance to conduct
    disorder
  • Approximately 4 of the population suffers from
    antisocial personality disorder
  • 3 men
  • 1 women

3
  • Oppositional-Defiant Disorder
  • Sufferers Young children hostile towards
    authority
  • Can lead to conduct disorder
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Sufferers Older children who lie, steal and
    behave violently.
  • A small number of these children who do not
    improve with maturation develop antisocial
    personality disorder

4
  • Causes
  • Family problems unstable marriage,
    harsh/inconsistent discipline child abuse
    (physical or sexual), frequent changes in
    residence or primary caregiver, learning
    disabilities etc.
  • Neurological disorders, low IQ, low socioeconomic
    status and having a parent who suffers from the
    disorder or substance abuse increases the
    likelihood of developing antisocial personality
    disorder

Sources (pics, left to right) (http//www1.istock
photo.com/file_thumbview_approve/1639286/1/istockp
hoto_1639286_fun_cartoon_house.jpg) (http//www.cs
.princeton.edu/gfx/proj/sugcon/models/brain.png)
5
  • Symptoms
  • Non conformity to social norms
  • Deceitful and manipulative towards others, often
    to get something (ex. money, drugs)
  • Impulsive, long list of past residences and
    employments
  • Irritable, aggressive and engages in physical
    violence
  • A reckless disregard for the safety of themselves
    and others
  • Consistently irresponsible, inability to hold
    down or find a job, fails to do such things as
    pay bills
  • No conscience
  • Shows few feelings beyond contempt for others

6
  • Treatments and Therapies
  • Children and Adolescents
  • Possible if intervention is soon enough, though
    difficult
  • Primary treatment therapy
  • Goal to develop positive behaviour to replace
    negative ones
  • Systematic, designed to improve communication
    within a group, often the family or a group of
    similar children
  • Methods include modeling, role-playing,
    corrective feedback and reinforcement systems
  • Success is largely dependent on the cognitive
    capacity and emotional development of the
    individual
  • Most severe cases ? medication used to control
    behaviour
  • Adults
  • Extremely difficult to treat
  • Often a chronic condition
  • Some medications aid in controlling behaviour
  • However, non compliance and abuse prevent
    widespread use
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