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Ancient Rome


Ancient Rome By: Jenna Introduction My project is about Ancient Rome. Rome is the capital of Italy. It is in Europe. Ancient Rome was very different from Rome today. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome
  • By Jenna

  • My project is about Ancient Rome. Rome is the
    capital of Italy. It is in Europe. Ancient Rome
    was very different from Rome today. I am going to
    talk about ancient civilization in Rome.

  • Roman history is divided into three main periods
  • 1) Before the rise of Rome
  • 2) The Roman Republic
  • 3) The Roman Empire

Before the rise of Rome
  • Before the rise of Rome there was the Stone Age
    and the Bronze Age. During the Stone Age about 12
    000 years ago some people were living in caves in
    Italy. They left some stone tools and some
    engravings on bone. During the Bronze Age the
    people of Italy learned to use bronze from the
    people of West Asia. People lived in small towns
    and spoke Latin.

The Roman Republic
  • It was during the Roman Republic the rich people
    decided they didnt want to be ruled by kings
    anymore. Rich people wanted more power for
    themselves. But the rich people couldnt get rid
    of the kings all by themselves. They needed the
    poor men to fight for them. So they promised the
    poor men they could have a lot of power in the
    new government. In this time there were a lot of
    wars in the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar ran the
    government for about ten years.

The Roman Empire
  • During the Empire time people were getting tired
    of all the fighting and killing. Many kings ruled
    at this time such as
  • 1) Julius Caesar
  • 2) Augustus
  • 3) Tiberius

Roman Empire (continued)
  • In the year 410 AD the fall of the Roman Empire
    occurred. The city was destroyed and many people
    were killed. After the fall of the Roman Empire
    Italy was divided into 3 parts the Islamic
    South, the Papal Middle and the Holy Roman Empire
    in the north.

The Baths
  • In ancient Rome the public baths were extremely
    popular. Roman women and men tried to visited the
    baths at least once everyday. The baths had hot
    and cold pools, towels, slaves to wait on them,
    steam rooms, saunas, exercise rooms and hair
    cutting salons. These baths also had reading
    rooms and stores. People loved them. At one time
    there were as many as 900 public baths in ancient
    Rome. A trip to the bath was a very important
    part of ancient Roman daily life. Could kids use
    the baths? NO!! Could slaves use the baths? NO!!

The Colosseum
  • The Colosseum was a huge public entertainment
    center. It could seat 45 000 people. This is
    where the ancient Romans gathered for bloody
    fighting between men and wild animals. This is
    where they threw people to the lions. Many
    prisoners were thrown in with the lions. To see
    people being killed was very entertaining to the
    ancient Romans.

The Colosseum
The Forum
  • The Forum was the main marketplace and business
    center where the Ancient Romans went to do their
    banking, trading, shopping and marketing. It was
    also a place for public speaking. Ancient Romans
    loved to talk and argue. People in the Forum
    would stop and listen to arguments. The Forum was
    also used for festivals and religious ceremonies.

Gods and Goddesses
  • The Ancient Romans had gods for nearly
    everything. There were temples all over Roman
    Empire. There was a temple in the forum. Every
    home had a household god. The Ancient Romans
    brought offerings of meat and other items to
    temples. They honored their gods everyday.

Gods and Goddesses (continued)
  • Some Ancient Roman gods and goddesses were
  • 1) Gaea Mother Earth
  • 2) Uranus Father Sky
  • 3) Jupiter God of the sky
  • 4) Neptune God of the sea
  • 5) Juno Goddess of women

  • Children in Ancient Rome played with balls, board
    games, hobbyhorses, kites, tiny models of people,
    models of animals and hoops. The hoops were made
    of metal and had bells on them to warn people to
    get out of the way. Children also walked on
    stilts, played tic-tac-toe and knucklebones which
    is a lot like jacks only played with bones. Boys
    played war and girls played with rag dolls and
    dolls of wax or clay. The Ancient Romans loved
    games. They played ball games and lifted weights.

  • Dogs were the most common pets. The Ancient
    Romans also had many kinds of birds like pigeons,
    ducks, quail and geese. They also had monkeys for

  • Roman children studied reading, writing and
    counting. They read scrolls and books. They wrote
    on boards covered with wax and used pebbles to do
    math problems. They were taught Roman numerals
    and studied Latin, Greek, grammar and literature.
    School was not free so poor kids didnt go.

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  • Breakfast
  • Ancient Romans who were poor would have a
    breakfast of bread ( dry or dipped in wine ),
    olives, cheese or raisins. Rich Romans would eat
    meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, bread and honey.
    Romans ate with their hands.
  • Lunch
  • Lunch was usually a cold meal eaten about 1100
    A.M. It was bread, salad, olives, cheese, fruit,
    nuts and cold meat. After lunch the ancient
    Romans enjoyed a midday rest or siesta for 2 to 3
    hours. Everybody took a nap and the streets were
    deserted. Even the kids got a 2 to 3 hour break
    from school.

  • Most of the time the poor Romans had a dinner of
    porridge and vegetables. Sometimes they would eat
    fish, bread, olives, wine and meat. Rich Romans
    had large dinner parties with lots of wine. They
    spent hours at dinner. The men would lie on
    couches to eat and be entertained with music. The
    women and children had to eat in a separate room.

  • The very early Romans wore a toga. A toga is a
    sheet wrapped around the body. Later on the
    Romans wore tunics which looked like long
    tee-shirts. Tunics were made of cool linen for
    summer and warm wool for winter.

Clothing (continued)
  • Men
  • Roman soldiers wore armor. Men wore rings. Some
    men wore as many as 16 rings. They wore long
    hair and full beards. Men wore sandals on their
  • Women
  • Roman women loved necklaces, pins, earrings,
    bracelets and friendship rings. Pearls were their
    favorites. Women died their hair golden-red. They
    carried fans made of peacock feathers. Womens
    sandals were brightly colored. Children wore a
    locket around their neck given to them at birth
    called a bulla. They believed it protected them
    against evil.

  • Poor Romans lived in apartment houses called
    flats above their shops. In the flats an entire
    family might be all crowded into one room,
    without running water. They didnt have toilets.
    They had to use public toilets. The rich Romans
    lived in family homes. They were made of brick
    with red tile roofs with rooms around a central
    courtyard. The windows and balconies faced the
    courtyard. There were paintings on the floor.
    There was very little furniture and no carpeting.
    Great grandparents, grandparents , parents and
    kids usually live together.

House Plan
  • One of Italys famous inventors was Leonardo Da
    Vinci. He invented a flying machine. Our
    helicopter is based on his concept. H e was also
    a famous artist. The telescope was also invented
    in Italy as well as cursive hand writing, the
    thermometer, electric battery and liposuction.
    Opera also started in Italy.

Rome Today
  • Ancient Rome was very different from Rome today.
    The population of Rome today is 2 655 970. The
    cities are large and modern. There are no longer
    kings and emperors. The baths, the Colosseum and
    the forum are for tourists now. People live in
    modern houses and dress in modern clothes. Pasta
    is the most common food. After lunch Italian
    still enjoy the siesta.

(No Transcript)
What I Learned
  • I learned so much about Ancient Rome. I learned
    about the Colosseum and how they use to throw men
    into the arena with wild animals. I also learned
    about the Baths. I found out that the kids and
    slaves were not allowed to use the baths. I dont
    think that was fair!!

! The End !
  • Thank you for watching my show. I hope you liked
  • ! Jenna !
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