Presents: History of Microbiology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 55
About This Presentation
Title:

Presents: History of Microbiology

Description:

History of Microbiology or How a Science Develops 1590 Janssen Principle of the microscope 1665 Hooke Cell Biology 1680 Leeuwenhoek Dutch merchant 1680 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:141
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 56
Provided by: canyonsEd
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Presents: History of Microbiology


1
PresentsHistory of Microbiology
BioSci 221
  • or How a Science Develops

2
1590
  • Janssen
  • Principle of the microscope

3
1665
  • Hooke
  • Cell Biology

4
1680
  • Leeuwenhoek
  • Dutch merchant

5
1680
  • Leeuwenhoek
  • Described animalcules

6
1680
  • Redi
  • Attacked the concept of abiogenesis (macro)

7
1750
  • Needham
  • Set back the concept of omne vivum ex vivo

8
1774
  • Spallanzani
  • vital force

9
1776
  • Spallanzani
  • Hermetically sealed flasks excluded oxygen

10
1836
  • Schulze
  • Use of acids bases

11
1837
  • Schwann
  • Use of heat

12
1850-1875
  • Pasteur
  • A chemist

13
1850-1875
  • Pasteur
  • Disproved abiogenesis (micro)

14
1850-1875
  • Pasteur
  • Proved microorganisms as causative agents in
    putrefaction and fermentation

15
1850 - 1875
  • Koch
  • Established isolation techniques

16
1850 - 1875
  • Koch
  • Proved the nature of a specific organism for a
    specific disease (Henles postulates)

17
1850 - 1875
  • Koch
  • Proved germ theory

18
1875-1915
  • Golden Age continues

19
1875-1915
  • Golden Age continues
  • Winogradsky
  • Soil

20
1875-1915
  • Golden Age continues
  • Soxhlet
  • Dairy

21
1875-1915
  • Golden Age continues
  • Burrill
  • Plant pathology

22
1875-1915
  • Golden Age continues
  • Iwanoski
  • Virology

23
1928
  • Fleming
  • Discovered Penicillin

24
1928
  • Griffith
  • Transformation

25
1932
  • Domagk
  • Sulfa drugs

26
1936
  • Stanley
  • Crystallized a virus

27
1938
  • Molecular Biology

28
1942
  • Beadle Tatum
  • One gene, one enzyme

29
1943
  • Electron Microscope

30
1944
  • Avery
  • Molecular genetics

31
1944
  • Avery
  • DNA heredity

32
1945
  • Chain Florey
  • Discovered effects use of penicillin

33
1946
  • Lederberg
  • Bacterial genetics

34
1950
  • Enders
  • Growth of viruses

35
1953
  • The War of the Worlds

Microbiology saves the world!
In the end, the Martians are defeated not by
science or the military, but by bacteria - or to
quote H.G. Wells, "the humblest things that God
in his wisdom has put upon the earth."
(Photo Source amazon.com)
36
1955
  • Salk
  • Polio vaccine

37
1955
  • Watson Crick
  • Double helix(DNA structure)

38
1960
  • Porter
  • Immuno-chemistry

39
1960
  • Porter
  • Elucidation of antibody molecules

40
1968
  • Niremberg
  • Synthesized a polypeptide

41
1970
  • Khorana
  • Synthesized a gene

42
1970
  • Functional aspects of a recombinant gene

43
1970
  • Isolation of restriction endonucleases

44
1972
  • Berg
  • Recombinant DNA

45
1975
  • Baltimore
  • Identification of reverse transcriptase

46
1976
  • Sanger
  • Rapid sequencing of bases in synthetic DNA
    production

47
1977
  • Gilbert
  • Synthesis of useful non-bacterial proteins
    (insulin interferon) by bacteria

48
1980
  • AIDS
  • Acquired ImmuneDeficiency Syndrome

49
1983
  • Eli Lily Co.
  • Marketing of human insulin based on recombinant
    DNA, biotechnology market

50
1987
  • Tonegawa
  • Genetic principle of antibody diversity

51
1989
  • Bishop Varmus
  • Genetic basis of cancer

52
1990
  • Anderson Blaese (NIH)
  • First approved gene therapy experiment

53
1996
  • Ho
  • Cocktail therapy for AIDS

54
1997-1999
  • Attack of the Clones

Hello Dolly... and Polly...               
and Molly... and Bonnie. (Photo
Source AP)
55
21st Century
  • Human Genome Project
  • Results
  • Genomics
  • Proteomics
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com