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MEDICAL MAINTENANCE

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Prevent cold weather injuries. Drink water and warm fluids. Wear uniform properly ... Avoid standing directly on cold, wet ground ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MEDICAL MAINTENANCE


1
MEDICAL MAINTENANCE
  • SFC LEMIEUX

2
3 Reasons soldiers are vulnerable to disease
  • Harshness of the environment such as deserts,
    jungles and the artic
  • Reduced natural defense due to exposure and
    fatigue---climatic changes, sleep deprivation and
    irregular meals
  • Breakdowns in basic sanitation, such as the lack
    of clean water and proper waste disposal

3
Medical Threat to field forces
  • COLD INJURIES
  • Chilblain
  • Immersion Foot
  • Trench Foot
  • Frostbite
  • General Hypothermia

4
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Prevent cold weather injuries
  • Drink water and warm fluids
  • Wear uniform properly
  • Wear clothing as command directed
  • Keep clothing clean and dry (Avoid fuel spills)
  • Avoid overheating
  • Wear loose layers of clothing
  • Keep moving when possible (Exercise big muscles,
    toes, feet, fingers and hands)

5
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Avoid loss of body heat
  • Keep moving
  • Avoid standing directly on cold, wet ground
  • Avoid Smoking (Smoking decreases blood flow to
    the skin)
  • Eat all meals to maintain energy
  • Protect feet and hands by wearing gloves,
    changing socks frequently and avoiding skin
    contact with snow, fuel, or metal

6
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Use the buddy system to spot frostbite on exposed
    skin

7
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • ARTHROPODS(biting insects)
  • Mosquitoesmalaria, yellow fever, dengue fever
    and encephalitis
  • Sand fliessand fly fever
  • Diseases transmitted by insects assoc. with
    RODENTS!!!!!
  • Fleasplague and endemic typhus
  • Mites---scrub typhus

8
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Protecting against biting insects
  • Use insect repellent according to directions
  • Wear uniform properly
  • Follow medical advice, take antimalarial pills
  • Protect yourself at night
  • Use netting around bed or doorway
  • Protect yourself from Rodents
  • Keep a clean living environment, take out your
    garbage.

9
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Keep food in plastic containers and dispose of
    foods not being eaten
  • Use mice traps
  • Food/Trash Rodent Snakes

10
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • DIARRHEA, is contracted from contaminated food
    and water
  • Water-borne diseases
  • Typhoid fever
  • Cholera
  • Travelers diarrhea
  • Hepatitis A
  • Food-borne diseases
  • Travelers diarrhea

11
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Food-borne diseases cont.
  • Cholera
  • Salmonellosis
  • Hepatitis

12
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Protect yourself from diarrhea
  • Follow water sanitation guidelines
  • Follow food sanitation guidelines
  • Use approve food sources
  • WASH HANDS AFTER USING LATRINES and before
    touching food or food contact surfaces
  • PROPERLY DISPOSE OF WASTE to prevent spread of
    germs by flies

13
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • NOISE HAZARDS
  • Examples of noise hazards
  • Weapons
  • Aircraft
  • Most army vehicles and generators
  • Harmful effects of hazardous noise exposure
  • Temporary loss of hearinglast minutes to hours
  • Permanent loss of hearing
  • Blast over pressure effects

14
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Prevent noise hazard injuries
  • Use protective hearing devices
  • Use correct vehicle headgear, such as helicopter
    crew helmets and armored vehicle crew helmets
  • Keep hearing protection devices clean to avoid
    ear infections
  • Avoid noise and/or limit the time in noise
    hazardous areas

15
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • OTHER MEDICAL THREATS TO FIELD FORCES
  • Skin disease---common in extremely dry to humid
    climates
  • Use sunscreen, protect skin from elements, and
    keep skin clean
  • Altitude sickness---locations above 9,000 feet
  • Acclimatize to new elevations, increase aerobic
    exercise prior to exposure, follow medical advice

16
Medical Threat to field forces(cont.)
  • Tobacco use
  • Refrain from tobacco use
  • Poor medical threat intelligence
  • Harmful animals---poisonous reptiles, arthropods,
    and mollusks
  • Avoid habitats of harmful animals, do not attempt
    to capture or make pets

17
QUESTIONS ?????
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