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POOR!

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POOR! Coffee problems due to worldwide overproduction Sugar/Sugarcane for rum, not enough flatlands and rain Local consumption: rice, corn, yams, vegetables ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POOR!


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POOR! Coffee problems due to worldwide
overproduction Sugar/Sugarcane for rum, not
enough flatlands and rain Local consumption
rice, corn, yams, vegetables, fruits,
mangoes Manufacturing shrunk since the 1970s
due to political instability and international
trade embargo Baseballs manufacture the most
baseballs Foodstuffs, beverages, household goods,
building materials are for domestic
consumption Cigarettes, detergents, bath soap
top three goods manufactured
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POOR!
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Mining ferronickel, bauxite, ore Sugar most
advanced farming techniques 4th largest
producer Coffee, cocoa beans, tobacco first
produced by Taino Indians Plantains Others -
Rice, corn, sorghum, plantains, beans, tubers,
bananas, peanuts, guavas, tamarind, passion
fruit, coconuts, tomatoes, carrots, lettuce,
cabbage, scallions, coriander, onions, and
garlic Nontraditional exports - ornamental
plants, winter vegetables, citrus and tropical
fruits, spices, nuts Livestock beef and
poultry Latifundios (large landholders),
Minifundios (small landholders), Campesinos (very
small landholders), tarea 0.15 acres
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Sugar main crop that declined after Soviet
Union fell Nickel 2nd largest
export Coffee Tobacco famous for
cigars Cattle Others rice, citrus fruits,
bananas, pineapples, potatoes, tomatoes, sweet
potatoes Fishing Must use animal power instead
of Soviet built farm machines for lack of spare
parts.
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Timber to agriculture and fishing Sugar biggest
export Bananas, oranges, pomelos, grapefruit,
cacao, seafood Marijuana Industry is agriculture
based flour milling, production of citrus
concentrate, animal feed Local consumption rice,
kidney beans, beef, pork, chicken, milk, eggs,
corn, beer, cigarettes, soft drinks, furniture,
construction material Fishing shrimp, lobster
tails, conch. Fishermen work in cooperatives
make more money than working for a company. Going
to farming fish because the sea has seen a
decline in the number of exportable fish due to
over fishing. Sugarcane cutting sugarcane is one
of the worst jobs in the world, since the cane
fields are full of snakes and rats, and the
leaves on the cane are razor sharp
7
Agricultural reform in 1960s Plantations of
bananas cacao, rice paddies, fruit orchards,
sugarcane fields, and cattle ranches prosper
inland. Largest Exporter of Bananas Fishing is an
important industry for towns and villages along
the Pacific coast. Oil discovery 1970s has
devastated the native peoples of the Amazon area
Domestic consumption Farmers work their own
small plots growing cassava, peanuts, bananas,
plantains, coffee, cacao, cotton, and corn.
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Coffee Cacao Lumber and forest products Oil and
oil exploration Cooperative farms or small plots
for farmers growing cotton, citrus fruits,
oranges, corn, rice and vegetables Fishing
anchovy which is ground to form fish meal and is
one of Perus bigger exports
9
Tin has been the mainstay of the economy for the
most of the 20th century but in the 1980s the
tin market collapsed Lowlands are rich in oil,
gas, iron, gold, and timber and are suitable for
agriculture East-facing slope of the Andes
produces forest goods, feathers and medicinal
plants. Coca (the leaves produce the drug cocaine
today) which is strictly controlled. Coca is
considered to be a sacred plant. Native Americans
chew the mildly narcotic leaves to stave off cold
and hunger and use specially selected leaves for
magic and divination. Oil and gas were discovered
and are now the most important source of income.
10
Crops include Cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn,
wheat, tobacco, and fruit 45 of the population
is involved in agriculture timber is cleared to
make way for more farmland Cattle ranches Cereals
and Milk products - Mennonites produce
Wine production is a growing business. Farmers
produce vegetables and many different types of
fruit, including grapes.
11
MEAT! MEAT! MEAT! MEAT! Pampas became the
center of the international beef trade, quality
beef cattle and sheep, also an area of growing
crops Sunflower seeds and logging are important
on the northern border plains Mining iron ore,
uranium Sheep
12
Atacama Desert source of wealth for many years
at its heart is the worlds largest open-pit
copper mine, Chuquicamata, which employs about
eleven thousand miners by Chilean standards
these miners live well because of their
importance in the work force enabling them to
command good wages and benefits Sulfur mines in
the highlands Fruit and almonds are replacing
older crops in the central valley region Wines
Chile is the largest exporter of wine in Latin
America Trees many different trees in parts of
the country were the basis for a successful
timber and furniture trade
13
Agriculture is not the main economic
sector Manufacturing is the main economic sector
oil industry (began 1970s) products include
farm machinery, chemicals, clothing, iron
steel, processed foods, petroleum, beer, rubber,
wood pulp, paper, automobiles, railway cars with
available cheap skilled labor, Mexico is
industrializing at a rapid pace Mining Silver
worlds leading producer Petroleum one of the
worlds leading producers some of the largest
oil reserves in the Western Hemisphere (the size
of Saudi Arabias) a billion barrels each year
(operated by government) Tourism the industry
without chimneys 20 million visitors annually
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Sugar decline due to labor shortages Coffee
decline due to hurricanes and competition from
US Tobacco, Pineapples, Coconuts Poultry
increasing in production Rice Failed
Attempt Labor shortages and using land in
different ways
Coffee primary export and source of
income Cacao Indigo but Cotton was affected by
Civil War and economic conditions Sugar Shrimp
(farming) 3rd 4th largest exports Soya,
Cucumbers, Sesame - recent Tropical flowers and
ornamental plants
15
Bananas - 1 export Coffee - 2
export Beef Cotton, tobacco, pineapples,
sugarcane, vegetable, shrimp Forestry from
mahogany to pine Mining gold, silver, lead,
zinc, cadmium (richest in CA)
Bananas leading export Coffee Shrimp (1),
anchovies, herring, lobster Raw sugar, petroleum
products, sugar cane, rice, corn, coffee, beans,
tobacco, chicken, cattle, milk, eggs, and
fish Forestry Fishing
16
Bananas 2nd largest exporter (after
Ecuador) Coffee, sugar, cocoa, cotton, hemp,
livestock Nontraditional exports flowers,
ornamental plants and foliage, fish and shrimp,
melons, macadamia nuts, pineapples Domestic
beans, corn, plantains, potatoes, rice, sorghum,
onions, African palms (oil), cattle, pigs,
horses, mules, sheep, goats, chickens renowned
for environmental efforts although the laws are
often disregared
17
Traditionally the economy has been based on
agriculture Coffee major crop, but declining
due to workers being used for production in oil
and minerals Oil Minerals increased as an
export Emeralds high grade and the largest
producer Coal has the largest coal reserves in
South America Orchids claims to be the worlds
center for exporting these flowers Domestically
textile industry, steel mills, chemical plants,
and factories Sugar plantations, sugar processing
plants, cattle ranches, coffee, rice, tobacco,
cotton in the Southern highlands Timber trade,
gold mining, fishing, growing basic crops of
yucca, plantains, and beans in the Pacific
lowlands
18
Agriculture production 25 of population wine
production, coffee growing and plantations,
collecting nuts and palm oils, cattle ranches
Also oranges, rice, cotton, and soybeans are
grown in the area of Sao Paulo, Brazils
largest city Also corn, soybeans, mines, and
cattle ranches in the area of Brasilia Industry
25 of population factories producing
everything from canned orange juice to cars to
electronic equipment along the Amazon
river Service industries are where a majority of
the workers are such as in banks, or in the
government or army Mining iron ore Domestic
consumption cassava, sweet potatoes,
corn Along the Amazon river rubber was the boom,
but it collapsed
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1970s under direction of President Carlos
Andres Perez oil and iron industries were
nationalized 1980s everything fell because of
the overproduction of oil 1990 not yet
improved Highlands sugarcane, bananas, cacao,
cotton Latin American immigrants work as taxi
drivers, domestic servants, and in the
construction industry Factories produce
processed foods, leather and hides, glass,
chemicals, and pharmaceuticals Domestic crops
include potatoes, wheat, onions, carrots, garlic,
fruit such as oranges and mangoes, mustard,
orchids, dahlias, carnations
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Coffee 1st, produce more than any other country
in Central America, it has a smoky, spicy
flavor Sugar 2nd Bananas, cardamom (one of the
worlds major suppliers), cotton 3rd
Vegetables, fruit, flowers, sugarcane,
fishing Manufacturing industries food, tobacco,
sugar processing, pharmaceuticals, rubber
(tires), cement, paper, and textiles, petroleum,
mining of antimony, iron ore, and lead Cattle
plantations Domestic consumption corn, beans,
squash
21
Cotton and Coffee Most important crops Corn,
beans, sugarcane, bananas others Rice most
important crop raised for use in
Nicaragua Forestry hot in 1970s and beginning to
be profitable again Minerals are there but the
country is too poor to mine for them Trade with
other countries shrimps, lobsters, and fish
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