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Indian Initiatives in A

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Title: Indian Initiatives in A


1
Indian InitiativesinA R Networking, Grid
Computing ApplicationsS. Ramakrishnanramki_at_
cdac.in
Welcome
Presentation to Internet2 Worldbank
1
06-Sept-2005
2
Presentation Outline
  • Background
  • Indian Initiatives
  • ERNET
  • IQNET
  • PoC GARUDA
  • International Participation Framework
  • Opportunities Expectations

Presentation to Internet2 Worldbank
2
06-Sept-2005
3
Presentation Outline
  • Background
  • Indian Initiatives
  • ERNET
  • IQNET
  • PoC GARUDA
  • International Participation Framework
  • Opportunities Expectations

Presentation to Internet2 Worldbank
3
06-Sept-2005
4
Background
  • 21st Century Knowledge Society is going to be
    driven on the foundation of Information
    Infrastructure and ICT tools
  • India is moving towards enablement with a great
    urge by
  • Aligning with global and technologies
    developments
  • Identifying and addressing domestic problem and
    needs

5
Knowledge Paradigm (Contd)
  • High Performance Computing (Petaflop by 2010 and
    beyond)
  • Development, acquisition as well as creative use
    scaling up momentum
  • Petabytes of storages and beyond
  • From Remote Sensing Satellites, MST Radars
    Global Scientific mission forums demanding
    tremendous storage
  • High speed Networks (Terabits per second by 2010
    and beyond)
  • Key enabler to support engineering data and
    bandwidth intensive applications
  • Grid Computing - supporting distributing
    computing, Problem solving environments and
    collaboration tools
  • Already identified as an most important area and
    PoC Garuda under implementation by C-DAC

6
Knowledge Paradigm (Contd)
  • Data Centre and Web Services
  • Emergence of world class of telecom
    infrastructure and success of IT sector augurs
    well for a host of applications sector from
    Bio-informatics to E-governance
  • Knowledge Management tools
  • Host of with over 300 of Fortune 500 and all top
    Global ICT MNCs setting up development centers
    and increasingly positioning of research labs in
    India, as also BPO, KPO centers and VC funding,
    GRID Marketing and innovation is happening.
  • Secure Cyber Infrastructure
  • Demands for trusted and reliable infrastructure
    service is increasing.
  • Multilingual Computing
  • With 22 official languages touching over 90 of
    non-english speaking people
  • Broadband and mobile wireless
  • Fastest growing in India, permeating to villages

7
Knowledge Paradigm Indian Context
  • Indian Economy is moving towards new era
  • Driven by the service sectors
  • Information/communication sector is leading the
    surge
  • Reforms in the telecom sector and well
    established IT industry combined with
  • Growing size of academia (increasing of
    private) and one of largest network of R D
    labs
  • Gives new opportunites and begs opportunities for
    next generation information infrastructure
  • Strengthening links among local, national,
    regional, internatonal networks and applications
  • Education and Research lab linkages needs
    strengthening

8
Presentation Outline
  • Background
  • Indian Initiatives
  • ERNET
  • IQNET
  • PoC GARUDA
  • International Participation Framework
  • Opportunities Expectations

Presentation to Internet2 Worldbank
8
06-Sept-2005
9
Indian Initiatives
  • Networking, Grid Computing and applications/sector
    al domains
  • ERNET
  • IQNET
  • PoC GARUDA

10
ERNET Education Research Network
  • Started as a collaborative initiative of 8
    Premier Institutions (5 IITs, IISc, NCST, DOE)
    by Department of Electronics (Now Department of
    Information Technology), Government of India in
    1986 with UNDP funding
  • Research and development in computer networking
  • Built campus LANs, established WAN (terrestrial
    and satellite) and first connection from India to
    Internet (UUNET) in February 89.

11
ERNET Education Research Network (Contd)
  • Today
  • 13 Point of presence (POPs) at premier ER
    institutions in the country.
  • STM-1(155Mbps)Ready Fibre-Optic Backbone
  • Satellite Hub in C-band (Bangalore)
  • Beaming 3 Transponder of 36 MHz
  • IP Multicasting
  • Webcasting
  • Channel for Distance Learning / Video
    Broadcasting
  • Secure Infrastructure
  • Intrusion Detection Server
  • Firewall
  • Intruder Alert Manager
  • Gateway Antivirus Server
  • Anti Spam Control
  • Sniffer
  • Lab dedicated to Network education and training.

12
Internet connectivity being provided by ERNET
  • User Base
  • 172 Universities (250-300)
  • 245 RD Institutions ( 500)
  • 52 Engineering colleges (800)
  • 251 Navodya and Govt Schools
  • 274 ICAR Institutions
  • 322 Other educational users/organizations.
  • Installed Base
  • 559 TDM/TDMA and 77 SCPC and DAMA VSATs
  • 14 Radio Links and 173 Leased Lines.

13
INTERNET connectivity under various schemes
AICTE Net Connectivity to AICTE recognized colleg
es and regional centers. A total of 40
institutions connected. Very Large potential
UGC Infonet MOU signed on 4th April 2003 152 uni
versities connected over ERNET backbone.-
Scalable network Multimedia capabilities for vid
eo conferencing and distance learning
ICAR Net Network to be implemented in two phases.
A total of 274 institutions have been connected.
Network to support applications such as
VOIP,IP,FAX, Video conferencing.
NVS Net Connectivity provided by VSATS to NVS H
ead quarters at New Delhi,100 schools have been

14
ERNET - Geographical Distribution
15
Univ. of Jammu
Panjab Univ. Chandigarh
(DU)
Delhi
Univ. of Raj. Jaipur
IIT Guwahati
AMU
IIT Kanpur
CAT Indore
Kolkata
VECC
34 Mbps IPLC
Mumbai
IUCAA Pune
IOP
Bhubaneshwar
(TIFR,BARC)
Univ. of Hyderabad
Multi-Gigabit pan-European Research Network
Connecting 32 European Countries and 28 NRENs
Backbone capacity in the range of
34Mb/s-10Gb/s
IIT Chennai
ERNET PoPs
IISC Banglore
Universities / RD Institutions
proposed to be connected in
Ist Phase
Austria
Denmark
Croatia
Lithuania
Poland
AT
HR
DK
LT
PL
Additional Links Proposed
Belgium
Estonia
Hungary
Luxembourg
Portugal
BE
HU
EE
LU
PT
Switzerland
Spain
Ireland
Latvia
Romania
ERNET Backbone Links
CH
IE
ES
LV
RO
Cyprus
Finland
Israel
Malta
Sweden
CY
IL
FI
MT
SE
Czech Republic
France
Iceland
Netherlands
Slovenia
Turkey
TR
CZ
FR
IS
NL
SI
Germany
Greece
Italy
Norway
Slovakia
United Kingdom
UK
GR
DE
IT
NO
SK
16
ERNET
17
ERNET Future Directions
  • Move from ISP activities to connectivity of
    Educational Institutions
  • Vehicle for applications
  • Distance learning
  • Digital library
  • Educational Portal
  • Grid Computing
  • Research Development
  • QOS Test Bed
  • 4G Mobile
  • Support towards PoC Garuda and later GRID Main
    Phase

18
IQNET National QoS Test bed (2005-2007)
  • Collaborative effort between C-DAC, ERNET, IITs
    (Madras, Bombay, Delhi Kharagpur)
  • QoS Test bed for experimenting with research
    ideas
  • Research activities
  • Measurement Initiative
  • VoIP Initiative
  • Policy based QoS Initiative
  • Outcomes expected would include
  • Providing QoS in the Internet
  • Interplay with non QoS networked applications
  • Control and Management of QoS in IP networks

19
IQNET Envisaged Connectivity
  • Creation of Local test beds connected to the QoS
    WAN Test bed
  • QoS WAN Test bed will overlay on existing ERNET
    backbone
  • QoS test bed traffic and regular ERNET traffic
    logically separated by running them over two
    separate VPNs

20
IQNET Research Areas in the QoS Testbed
  • Development and deployment of technologies and
    solutions for distance education
  • Experiment to provide application QoS by
    providing priority, RSVP and IntServ
    architecture
  • Non Co-operative and Co-operative Measurement and
    Characterization
  • IP Telephony applications
  • Protocol support for Mobile Wireless Endpoints

21
IQNET Applications
  • Robotic control applications
  • Distributed simulation and CAD conferencing
  • Applications end point API support for QoS on
    IPv6
  • Telemedicine and Real Time guided clinical
    investigations
  • Deployment of IPTV, H.323 and SIP based telephony
    and Content Delivery Network

22
IQNET Status
Measurement Initiative PingER (Ping End-to-End
Reporting) Collaboration Associated with SLAC (S
tanford University Linear Accelerator Centre)
since May 06, 2004 Internet End-to-end Performanc
e Measurement (IEPM) project to monitor
end-to-end performance of Internet links
Metrics Measured response time (rtt(ms)) varia
bility of the response time both short term (time
scale of seconds) and longer,
packet loss percentages and the lack of reachabil
ity Content Distribution Initiative Planet-lab
Collaboration Experimentations explored MPLS f
or Linux is a open source effort to create a set
of MPLS signaling protocols and an MPLS
forwarding plane for the Linux operating system
Simulation of MPLS using NS-2
23
IQNET Status (Contd)
  • Started as a remote node and enhanced to
    monitoring node (ours is one of the 37
    monitoring nodes across the globe)
  • Monitoring 59 IPs across the globe
  • Sends 100 and 1000 byte icmp packets periodically

  • Statistics are stored at our location and reports
    are generated
  • SLAC maintains the central database

24
Indian Grid Computing Initiative
  • Proof of Concept (PoC) GARUDA phase
  • Precursor to the National Grid Computing
    Initiative (GRID Garuda)
  • Project Duration of 12 months (April 2005 upto
    March 2006), starting with Networking Fabric in
    Collaboration with ERNET, India
  • Major Deliverables
  • Technology Development Research in Grid
    Computing
  • Nation-wide high-speed communication fabric
  • Grid Resources
  • Deployment of Select applications of National
    Importance
  • Grid Strategic User Group
  • Implemented by C-DAC

25
About C-DAC - I
10 Locations 14 Labs 2000 members
26
About C-DAC IIRD areas
  • High Performance Computing Grid Computing
  • Scientific Engineering Applications
  • Multilingual Computing, AAI, Speech Processing

  • Software Technologies, OSS, Multimedia
  • ICT for masses
  • Digital Broadband, Wireless Systems
  • Network Technologies
  • e-Security Technologies and Services
  • Power Electronics, Real-Time Systems
  • Embedded Systems, VLSI/ ANSI Design
  • Geomatics, Health Informatics, e-Governance
  • Agri Electronics
  • Education Training
  • e-Learning Technologies Services

27
About C-DAC III Vision of Grid Computing
???
???
People
Gadgets (Sensors, )
Security Management Robustness Scalabil
ity
Inter-operability
Contents Data Engineering, Data Management
Generic Applications Tools
Device Electronics
Domain Specific Applications Tools
Distributed, Interconnected, Seemless,
Multi-vendor Computing Resources Fabric Hard
ware, Software, Tools, Data, Instruments
Wireless
Wireline
28
Indian Grid Computing Initiative
  • Proof of Concept (PoC) GARUDA phase (Contd..)
  • 17 locations till date, 100 Mbps connections with
    MPLS backbone, configured for peak load of 2.48
    Gbps
  • Planned for multidiscipline academic, research
    and Engineering applications with some visible
    demonstratable applications to trigger
    progression to main phase (Disaster Management
    and Bioinformatics)
  • Teraflops of Computing power (including existing
    1 Teraflop with C-DAC and planned 5 Teraflops
    early next year), 100s of terabytes data from
    various Institutions made available to Grid
    Parteners Community
  • Intended to migrate smoothly to the main Grid
    Project from 2006, to target/address to variety
    of sectors from basic sciences to major
    applications

29
Module and Cities
30
GRID GARUDA PoC Components
  • Technology Development and Research
  • Communication Fabric
  • Computational Resources
  • Applications

31
Technology Development Research
  • Technology Deliverables
  • Architecture Deployment,
  • Grid Access Mechanisms,
  • Application Frameworks,
  • Problem Solving Program
  • Development Environments,
  • Grid Middleware and Security,
  • Grid Management and Monitoring
  • Achievements so far
  • Research Initiatives of Integrated Development
    Environments,
  • Resource Brokers Meta Schedulers, Mobile Agent
    Framework,
  • Semantic Grid Services (with MIT Chennai)

32
Communication Fabric
  • An ultra-high speed multi services communication
    fabric connecting across 17 cities in the country
    to be deployed jointly by C-DAC ERNET.
  • Ethernet based High Bandwidth capacity, Scalable
    over entire geographic area with High levels of
    reliability, fault tolerance and redundancy.
  • Current progress L2 VPN at 100 Mbps Connectivity
    between C-DAC, Pune and C-DAC, Bangalore.

33
Grid Resources
Objective is to Provide heterogeneous resources
in the Grid including Compute, Data, Software and
Scientific Instruments Deploy Test facilitates
for Grid related research and development
activities Deliverables Grid enablement of C-DAC
resources at Bangalore and Pune, Aggregation of
Partner Resources Setting up of PoC Test Bed and
Grid Labs at Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad and
Chennai Aggregation of Resources Prospective par
tners for grid resources have been identified
Finalization of specific details under progress
Setting up of PoC Test Bed Grid Labs Grid Lab
equipment has been received and testing under
progress, C-DAC to also set up a grid lab at
SAC, Ahmedabad
34
Applications of Importance for PoC Garuda
Disaster Management Application on Garuda
  • Objective Enable applications of national
    importance.
  • TeraScale Applications
  • Weather and Climate modeling
  • Seismic Data processing
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Structural Mechanics
  • Basic Sciences
  • Grid-enabled Applications
  • Bioinformatics
  • Disaster Management
  • Data Integration Sharing
  • Earthquake Research
  • Cryptanalysis

35
Collaborators Partners PoC Garuda
Research Labs National Chemical Laboratory, Pune
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai Space
Applications Centre, Ahmedabad
Institute for Plasma Research, Ahmedabad
Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics / Variable
Energy Cyclotron Centre, Chennai
Regional Cancer Centre, Chennai
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Chennai
Institutions Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced
Scientific Research, Bangalore
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Pune
National Center for Radio Astrophysics, Pune
Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai
Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh
Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai
Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow
Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical
Sciences, Lucknow Government Collaborators ERN
ET India
C-DAC Centers (10 Locations) Centre for Developme
nt of Advanced Computing at -
Pune, Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai,
Chennai, Kolkata, Mohali, Noida, Thiruv
ananthpuram Academia Indian Institute of Science
, Bangalore Madras Institute of Technology, Chenn
ai University of Pune, Pune Central University,
Hyderabad Indian Institute of Technology at - K
haragpur Kanpur Delhi Mumbai Chennai Guw
ahati Guwahati University, Guwahati Motilal Nehr
u National Institute of Technology, Allahabad
Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu
University, Varanasi
36
Technical Affiliates PARAM
37
Technical Affiliates PARAM
38
Technical Affiliates PARAM
39
Technical Affiliates PARAM
40
PoC GARUDA Collaborations - In place..
  • SAC, Ahmedabad Collaboration on Disaster
    Management and Grid Middleware
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
    Collaboration with Centre for Atmospheric and
    Oceanic Sciences (CAOS) Department for
    Simulations on GRID Garuda with coupled
    atmosphere-ocean-land model
  • MIT, Chennai Collaboration on Grid Middleware
    Development, Development of Front End Tools for
    Grid Services
  • IIT, Mumbai Collaboration MoU for porting of
    CFD solution
  • University of Pune In application Areas of
    Quantum Chemistry, Materials Modeling,
    Bioinformatics
  • NCL, Pune Collaboration in the field of
    Multi-scale Modeling Simulation, Large-scale
    Data Analysis Mining, HPC Grid Tools

41
Proposed more Collaborators Partners PoC
Garuda
Bangalore Centre for Mathematical Modeling and C
omputer Simulation Raman Research Institute ISRO
Satellite Centre (ISAC) National Institute of M
ental Health Neuro Sciences
National Centre for Biological Sciences
Chennai Structural Engineering Research Centre,
National Institute of Ocean Technology,
Entomology Research Institute Ramanujam Institu
te for Advanced Study in Mathematics.
Madras Medical College Hyderabad International I
nstitute of Information Technology
Indian National Centre for Ocean Information
Services National Remote Sensing Agency Centre f
or Cellular and Molecular Biology
Indian Institute of Chemical Technology
National Geophysical Research Institute
Pune Inter University center for Astronomy and As
trophysics Central Water and Power Research Stat
ion Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology Nat
ional Centre for Cell Science Armed Forces Medica
l College
Mumbai Tata Memorial Hospital, Institute of Oil
Gas Production Technology, ONGC.
University Of Mumbai, Air India, Delhi National
Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting,
Institute of Genomics and Integrative-Biology,
All India Institute Of Medical Sciences
Central Water Commission, National Physical Labor
atory Indian Meteorological Department Roorkee
National Institute of Hydrology,
Lucknow Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromat
ic Plants, National Botanical Research Institute,

42
Proposed more Collaborators Partners PoC
Garuda (Contd)
Chandigarh Postgraduate Institution of Medical Ed
ucation Research, National Institute of Pharma
ceuticals Education Research,
Punjab University, Central Scientific Instruments
Organization, Semiconductor Complex Ltd, (SCL)
Allahabad Indian Institute of Information Techn
ology, Jk Insitiute of Applied Physics and Techno
logy Kolkata Bose Institute, Jadavpur Univer
sity, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Ind
ian Statistical Institute, S.N Bose National Cent
re for basic Science, Indian Association for the
Cultivation of Science, Geological Survey of Ind
ia, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute,
Guwahati Gawahati Medical College, Dr.B.Borooah
Cancer Centre Thiruvananthapuram Regional Res
earch Laboratory Chitra Thirunal Medical Research
Centre, Centre for Development Studies, Indian
Institute of Information Technology and
Management, Centre for Earth Science Studies, Tr
ivandrum Engineering College,
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Biotechnology,
Centre for Development of Imaging Technology,
Trivandrum Medical College
43
Presentation Outline
  • Background
  • Indian Initiatives
  • ERNET
  • IQNET
  • PoC GARUDA
  • International Participation Framework
  • Opportunities Expectations

Presentation to Internet2 Worldbank
43
06-Sept-2005
44
Expectations and Opportunities
  • MoU between C-DAC ERNET India and Internet2
  • High Speed Network to be in place and
    establishment of connectivity
  • Accelerate Garuda and International Cooperation
    with Application Collaboration in identified
    areas
  • Visits of scientists and experts in the field of
    networking, applications and middleware
    (September to December)
  • Initiation of International Connectivity
    (December to March)

Presentation to Internet2 Worldbank
44
06-Sept-2005
45
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