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1
INDIAN WILDLIFE
FOR BETTER READING,THE SLIDES ARE PROGRAMMED ON
CLICKS.
2
INDIAN WILDLIFE
ASIATIC LION
  • India is home to a rich diversity of wildlife
    supplemented by an equally rich variety of flora
    and fauna. The sight and sounds of a majestic
    elephant, a peacocks dance, the stride of a
    camel, the roar of a tiger are unparalleled
    experiences in themselves. Watching birds and
    animals in their natural habitats is an
    experience in itself. There are about 17500 of
    flowering plants from India. The Indian Forest
    Act, 1927 helped to improve protection of the
    natural habitat.

3
The Himalayan Sub-Region
THE HIMALAYAS
  • The species in the high Himalayas show strong
    affinities with palaeartic region as some of the
    animals are found both in the oriental region as
    well as palaeartic region indicating the
    possibility of their migration from the other
    side of India. The region has accordingly been
    divided into three sub zones 
  • The forested area (Himalayan foot hills) of the
    Himalayas from Assam to the Eastern part of
    Kashmir.
  • The higher altitude of the western Himalayas from
    Kashmir including Ladakh to the hills.
  • The Eastern Himalayan sub-region.

4
The forested Area of Himalayas (Himalayan
Foothills)
INDIAN RHINOCEROS
  • The area covers, bhabar, tarai and siwalik ranges
    in the south. The area is covered with tropical
    forests. The dominant species is sal. The area is
    characterized by tall grassy meadows with
    adjoining river-beds and river rain forests of
    khair and sisoo. This is an area of big mammals.
    The elephant, sambar, swamp deer, cheetel, hog
    deer, barking deer, wild boar, tiger, panther,
    wild dog, black and sloth bear are found in this
    area. Hyena, and jackal are scavengers. The great
    Indian one horned  rhinoceros, which is
    considered a rare species is found in Assam.
    Other large bovid, wild buffalo shares its
    habitat with rhinoceros. Wild buffalo is also an
    endangered species . The brow-antlered deer, the
    dancing deer, which is one of the most threatened
    deer in the world is found in Manipur. The
    Gangetic gharial exists in the Himalayan
    tributaries. Bispid hare and pigmy hog which are
    on the verge of extinction and golden langur are
    found in Manas National Park in Assam.

5
The high altitude sub-region of Western Himalayas
HANGUL
  • The animals found in the high altitude region
    are, wild ass, wild goats, sheep and yak. The
    species of wild goat are thar, markhor and ibex.
    Thar roams in coniferous forests. Markhor which
    is considered to be the finest goat is found
    above the tree-line. A very agile goat with rich
    fur, it climbs the tree to browse its leaves. The
    Ibex live above the tree-line and below the
    snowline. The three species of wild sheep found
    here are nayan, bharal and oriel. These sheep
    feed on the Alpine meadows and grassy mountain
    slopes. The antelopes found are chiru and Tibetan
    gazelle.
  • Hangul or Kashmir's stag, shou and musk-deer, are
    the members of the deer family is in this zone.
    These rare deer require special attention for
    their protection. The small animals of the Zone
    are marmot, mouse hare and flying squirrel. Among
    mammals of the Zone is snow-leopard, the most
    beautiful animal hunted for its attractive skin.
    Wolf, fox, black and brown bear, palas, cats are
    other predators. A large number of pheasants,
    snow partridges, snow cocks, golden eagle are the
    birds of this sub-region. 

6
The Eastern Himalayan Sub Zone
RED PANDA
  • The Eastern Himalayan region differs from the
    western region. There is high rainfall and less
    snowfall confined to high altitude. The
    vegetation in this zone consist of oak, birches,
    magnolias, pine, fir, yew, rhododendron dwarf,
    bamboo and moss and fem. The typical species of
    the zone characterized by Indo-Chinese fauna are
    red pandas, badgers, porcupines, ferrests etc.
    The goats found in this area are serow goral and
    takin.
  • The National Park falling in this zone is
    Khangchandonga, National Park in Sikkim and Neora
    Valley and Singlila National Park in West Bengal.

7
The Tropical Rain Forest Sub-Region
The Tropical Rain Forest Sub-Region
  • This sub-region comprises Arunachal Pradesh,
    Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Western
    ghats, West Bengal
  • and Andaman and Nicobar Islands which receive
    heavy rainfall. These areas are covered with
    evergreen forests. These forests have  three
    storeyed vegetation. The upper storey consisting
    of tall and magnetic trees forms the top canopy
    receiving most of the sunlight. Trees of lesser
    height form the middle storey. They prefer shade
    and require less height.  The thick, dense and
    rich environment is capable of providing food and
    shelter to a host of animals of all kinds-the
    ground dwellers as well as tree dwellers. In the
    south Nilgiris, Annamalai, Palani hills and other
    south Indian ranges have extensive grass land
    dotted with patches of dense evergreen forests.
    These grasslands are known as sholas. They
    provides shelter to elephants, gaur and other
    large animals. Himalayan animals such as tahr,
    pine marten and European Otter, live here. The
    Vegetation and animals of the region show
    affinity height with high altitude forests of
    Assam.

8
  • The other species found in this region are
    Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri brown mongoose,
    stripe-necked mongoose, lion-tailed macaque,
    slender toris, malabar civet and spring mouse. In
    north eastern part, hoolock gibbon and golden
    langur are found. Binturong, red-pandas, slow
    lories are the characteristics of this part.
    Giant squirrel, civets and bats also dwell in
    these tropical rain forests.

GOLDEN LANGUR
9
  • The forests of Andaman and Nicobar islands come
    under the equatorial belt of tropical rain
    forests. Due to their separation from the main
    land, most of the islands are free from human
    settlement. They carry one of the most beautiful
    forest in the world. There are about 200 species
    of trees of which Padauk, Gurjain, silver-gray
    etc are prominent. Some of the endemic species of
    the islands are wild pig, norcondum, hornbill,
    Nicobar-megapode, Andaman teal, Nicobar pigeon,
    white bellied sea eagle, Andaman Cat snake,
    Nicobar legless snake etc. There are 16 species
    of bats and 13 species of rats. Constituting
    nearly 3/4th of the total numbers of mammals. The
    representative of ungulates, squirrels,
    carnivores and larger mammals are absent. Deer
    species were introduced in the Island during
    1920s. All of them except Sambar have survived
    civet was also introduced which has multiplied to
    dangerous proportion. The fauna now found are
    macaque, palm civet, spotted deer, barking deer,
    hog deer, dugong etc. The marine life consist of
    crocodile, turtle, coconut-crabs, water monitor,
    green lizard and 40 species of snakes including
    cobra, viper, coral and sea snakes and pythons. 

PYTHON
10
  • The highest number of tigers are found in
    mangrove forest which are found in Sunderbans
    delta formed by the estuaries of Ganga and the
    Brahmaputra. The animal besides tiger are spotted
    deer, pigs, rhesus, monkey, lizard, water
    monitor, crocodile, crabs and fish . The fish-the
    mud skipper-can climbs trees. Weaver ants found
    here make their nest in the trees. The tiger here
    is the most interesting animal which swims in the
    creeks, preys on fish and crabs besides spotted
    deer and wild boar. The tigers here have the
    propensity of killing human beings. 

THE MUD-SKIPPER
11
The Indian Peninsular Sub-Region
  • This sub-region comprises the area from the base
    of Himalayas to Kanyakumari but excludes the
    Malabar coast. This is the true home of Indian
    fauna. The whole sub region can be divided into
    two broad zones.
  • 1) The desert region of Rajasthan lying on the
    west of the Aravali ranges and east of the Indus
    Valley also known as Thar, connected with salt
    flats of Little Rann of Kutch and
  • 2) the tropical deciduous wood lands covering
    peninsular India extending to the drainage basin
    of the Ganges river system.

The Indian Peninsular Sub-Region
12
THE DESERT CAT
  • The desert area of this sub-region consist of dry
    tropical, dry mixed deciduous, thorn forests,
    scrub forests and dry Savanna forests. The desert
    trees are thorny with reduced leaf surface Cacti
    and Succulents are the plant species in the
    desert area. The animals have also developed
    adaptations to face the scarcity of water and
    severity of high temperature.
  • The fauna found in this area are Asiatic
    wild-ass, blackbuck, desert cat, Caracal, desert
    fox, snakes, lizards and tortoises.

13
  • The peninsular India has a variety of wild
    animals such as elephant, muntjak, sambar, wild
    boar, guar, chettal, hog deer, swamp deer or
    barasingha, nilgai, blackbuck, wild dog, tiger,
    leopard, lion, hyena, jackal, jungle cat, common
    mongoose, wolf, squirrel, hare etc. The spotted
    deer, nilgai, blackbuck, four-horned antelope
    (chausingha) and sloth bear found in the
    triangular land bounded by the Vindhyas in the
    north and the western and eastern ghats on the
    other two sides, constitute the true Indian fauna
    which are not found anywhere else outside India.

NILGAI
14
PROTECTED AREA NETWORK IN INDIA
15
WILDLIFE PROTECTION
  • The country offers immense opportunities for
    wildlife tourism. The immense heritage of
    wildlife in India comprises of more than 70
    national parks and about 400 wildlife sanctuaries
    including the bird sanctuaries. The Indian
    government has established 14 Biosphere Reserves
    of India which protect larger areas of natural
    habitat and often include one or more National
    Parks and/or preserves.

ROYAL BENGAL TIGER
16
ASIATIC ELEPHANT
  • A paradise for the nature lovers, these forest
    areas are also crucial for the conversation of
    the endangered species like the Leopard, Lion,
    Asiatic Elephant, the Bengal tiger and Siberian
    Crane. Spread across the length and breadth of
    India, these reserves and forest areas, right
    from the Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan
    to the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary in Bihar,
    from the foothills of Himalayas, the Jim Corbett
    National Park to six national parks in Andaman
    the Indian Wildlife circuit is an Incredible
    treat, unmatched by any other experience.

17
  • Indian wildlife has its share of native birds
    along with the migratory birds. Several hundred
    species of birds can be spotted across India. The
    Himalayan region is well known to be the natural
    habitat for the Pheasant, griffon vulture and
    ravens.

18
WILDLIFE SANCTUARIESANDNATIONAL PARKS
19
FAMOUS NATIONAL PARKS IN-
  • NORTH INDIA
  • EAST INDIA
  • WEST INDIA
  • CENTRAL INDIA
  • SOUTH INDIA

CLICK ON THE REGION YOU WANT TO EXPLORE.
TO THE END
20
NORTH INDIA
  • Keoladeo Ghana or Bharatpur National Park
    Rajasthan
  • Corbett National Park Uttaranchal
  • Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan

BACK
CLICK ON THE NAMES OF THESE FAMOUS NATIONAL
PARKS TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEM..
21
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
  • Keoladeo Ghana National Park, one of the most
    spectacular bird sanctuaries in India, nesting
    indigenous water- birds as well as migratory
    water birds and waterside birds. Sambar, chital,
    nilgai and boar also inhabit it. More than 300
    species of birds are found in this small park of
    29 sq. km. of which 11 sq. km. are marshes and
    the rest scrubland and grassland. Keoladeo, the
    name derives from an ancient Hindu temple,
    devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the centre
    of the park. 'Ghana' means dense, referring to
    the thick forest, which used to cover the area.
    While many of India's parks have been developed
    from the hunting preserves of princely India,
    Keoladeo Ghana is perhaps the only case where the
    habitat has been created by a maharaja.

BACK TO NORTH INDIA
22
Corbett National Park Uttaranchal
  • It is India's first ever national park. The park
    was established in 1936 as the Hailey National
    Park, following the advice of the
    hunter-naturalist Jim Corbett. The park covered
    520 sq.kilometres in 1986, and a proposed
    extension of 588 sq. kilometers is under
    consideration. Project Tiger, which was set up
    with the help of the World Wildlife Fund, was
    launched at Dhikala, in the Corbett National Park
    on April 1, 1973. This project was aimed at
    saving the Indian tiger from extinction. Over 50
    mammals, 580 birds and 25 reptile species have
    been listed in the Corbett National Park. The
    insect life is also astounding, noticeably
    specially after the monsoons.

BACK TO NORTH INDIA
23
Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan
  • Ranthambore National Park is an outstanding
    example of Project Tiger's efforts at
    conservation in the country. The forests around
    the Ranthambore Fort were once, the private
    hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur. The
    desire to preserve the game in these forests for
    sport, was responsible for their conservation,
    and subsequent rescue by Project Tiger. The entry
    point to the Park, goes straight to the foot of
    the fort and the forest rest house, Jogi Mahal.
    The latter boasts of the second-largest banyan
    tree in India. As a result of stringent efforts
    in conservation, tigers, the prime assets of the
    Park, have become more and more active during the
    day.

BACK TO NORTH INDIA
24
EAST INDIA
  • Sunderban National Park Calcutta - West Bengal
  • Chilika Lake South West of Puri - Orissa
  • Manas National Park Guwahati - Assam
  • Kaziranga National Park East Of Guwahati - Assam

BACK
25
SUNDERBANS NATIONAL PARK
  • Located in the Ganga delta in West Bengal,
    spanning the Hooghly in the west and Teulia river
    in the east, Sunderbans was declared a National
    Park in 1984. The park covers a vast stretch of
    mangrove swamp, lush forested islands and small
    rivers near the Bay of Bengal. Sunderbans is home
    to the magnificent Royal Bengal tiger. Crocodiles
    and the gangetic dolphin are to be found aplenty
    in the Raimgangal river. The Sajnakhali
    sanctuary, famous for its rich avian population,
    is regarded as a part of the Sunderbans National
    Park.

BACK TO EAST INDIA
26
Chilika Lake South West of Puri - Orissa
  • Chilika Lake situated southwest of Puri a
    distance of 100 km from Bhubaneshwar. It attracts
    a large number of migratory birds, like the
    flamingo, teal, bar headed goose, shoveller and
    white - bellied sea eagle. One can enjoy boating,
    fishing with 150 variety of fishes. Bird lovers
    can enjoy by visiting here in winter because
    migratory populations wing in from places as far
    as Siberia. Chilika is easily accessible from
    both Bhubaneshwar and Puri.Prominent fauna is
    Flamingo, teal, bar headed goose, shoveller and
    white - bellied sea eagle and Gangetic dolphins.

BACK TO EAST INDIA
27
Manas National Park Guwahati - Assam
  • Manas is situated in Assam spread over an area of
    391 sq km, earlier it was known as North Kamrup,
    declared as a sanctuary on December 01, 1928. It
    was accorded the status of World Heritage Site in
    1985. Manas houses 19 of India's most endangered
    animal populations. It has the largest population
    of tigers among Indian reserves. It is a home to
    the rare golden langur . The prominent fauna here
    are the rhino, wild buffalos, elephants, gaur,
    swamp deer, capped langur and clouded leopard. .
    The main highlight of the park is the giant
    hornbill, two subspecies of which, the pied and
    grey varieties are to be found here. Butterflies
    and reptiles are also found aplenty in Manas.

BACK TO EAST INDIA
28
Kaziranga National Park Assam
  • The Park was first established in 1908, as a
    reserve forest with only about a dozen rhinos and
    was declared a National Park in 1974. Kaziranga
    is famous for the great One-Horned Rhinos.
    Tigers, which are natural enemies of rhinos, are
    also there in sizable numbers in this area. Other
    attractions of this national park include the
    wild buffalo, magnificent swamp deer, hog deer,
    wild boar, , capped langur (badger). A wide
    variety of snakes including the rock python and
    the monitor lizards also found here. Many birds
    like pelican, teal etc. are found.

BACK TO EAST INDIA
29
WEST INDIA
  • THE MOST FAMOUS WILDLIFE PROTECTION AREA IN THE
    WEST IS-
  • GIR NATIONAL PARK

BACK
30
Gir National Park Sanctuary Gujarat
  • The Gir wildlife sanctuary and national park,
    collectively referred to as the Gir Protected
    Area (PA), is located in the Saurashtra peninsula
    of Gujarat in western India. The Gir national
    park is a heaven to about 300 Asiatic lions. The
    Lion, Panther Leo, inhabits the forest of Gir in
    the Saurashtra peninsula, attracting sixty
    thousand visitors to this sanctuary of Gujarat
    every year. Gir today is the only place in the
    world, outside Africa, where the lion can be seen
    in its natural habitat.

TO CENTRAL INDIA
31
CENTRAL INDIA
  • THE MOST FAMOUS WILDLIFE PROTECTION AREA IN THE
    WEST IS-
  • KANHA NATIONAL PARK

BACK
32
CENTRAL INDIAKanha Madhya Pradesh
  • The Kanha National Park, in Madhya Pradesh, forms
    the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve created in
    1974, under Project Tiger. Stretching over 940sq
    km, the vegetation, chiefly made of Sal and
    bamboo forests, grasslands and streams, this park
    is the sole habitat of the rare hard ground
    barasingha. Kanha boasts of about 22 species of
    mammals. Some of the inhabitants of this park are
    the gaur, the largest of the world's cattle The
    Sambar, The Largest Indian Deer And The
    Chausingha, The Only Four-Horned Antelope in the
    world. Some 200 species of birds inhabit the
    park that includes the Cattle Egret, Black Ibis
    etc. But for all the astonishing diversity in its
    wildlife population, Kanha is best known as the
    habitat of the Tiger. Sighting and photographing
    this magnificent animal from Elephant back, is an
    unforgettable experience

TO SOUTH INDIA
33
SOUTH INDIA
  • Periyar / Thekkady Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala
  • Silent Valley National Park Kerala

BACK
34
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala
  • Between Trivandrum and Munnar is Thekkady, the
    home of one of India's oldest and best-known
    wildlife sanctuaries. remains largely undisturbed
    by visitors who must observe it from special
    boats which glide across the surface of the lake.
    although the stars of the sanctuary are the
    families of wild elephants that often gather near
    the water's edge, other inhabitants include
    bears, sambhar, bison and spotted deer, as well
    as many screeching monkeys. The sanctuary was one
    of the first to come under the centeral
    goverment's successful Project Tiger. The bird
    life is rich and varied and Periyar attracts
    dedicated bird- watching enthusiasts.

BACK TO SOUTH INDIA
35
Silent Valley National Park Kerala
  • The Park is the house to the elephants, tigers,
    wild dog, flying squirrel and lioned tailed
    macaque. The river Kuntipuzha flows through the
    valley and make it a beautiful place to see.
    Admission to the park is restricted. The park has
    a huge variety of wildlife, with over a 100
    species of Butterflies and 400 species of Moths
    and other animals like the Ceylon Frog Moth,
    Great Indian Hornbill, the Nilgiri Laughing
    Thrush and the Lion-Tailed Macaque. The park has
    around 26 species of mammals and 120 species of
    avifauna, many of them considered endangered.
    Apart from these, there are 11 species of snakes,
    19 species of amphibians, and nine species of
    Lizards in the park. The Silent Valley has over
    110 plant species of medicinal value, and seven
    new plant species have been discovered here.

BACK TO SOUTH INDIA
36
THE END
  • butremember
  • Nature has always helped in flourishing the
    mankind. But this isn't about what nature gives
    to you, its what you, as a human being give back
    in return. Are you concerned about nature? Does
    saving the endangered species and taking
    necessary actions for those who are on the brink
    of extinction means something to you? Then lets
    join hands to save mother Earth!!!

37
  • The most beautiful gift that God has given to
    nature are the wild creatures, they embellish
    the natural beauty by their unique way of
    existence. But due the growing impact of
    deforestation, few concerned animal lovers are
    making continuous efforts to save the endangered
    species as well as those who are on the verge of
    extinction and save the world from loosing its
    green heritage.
  • SO WE ALL SHOULD ALL HELP THEM AND SAVE THE GODS
    WONDERFUL CREATIONS..BECAUSE EVERY SINGLE PERSON
    MAKES A DIFFERENCE.

38
BY-
  • MANI MAKKAR
  • ST. MARKS SR. SEC. PUBLIC SCHOOL
  • NEW DELHI
  • INDIA
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