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THAILAND CULTURE

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THAILAND CULTURE THAILAND CULTURE Dance From The North East A mixture of North Eastern dances which collectively express greetings and good luck. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THAILAND CULTURE


1
THAILAND CULTURE
2
The Thai greeting The Thai greeting referred to
as the wai consists of a slight bow, with the
palms pressed together in a prayer-like fashion.
It is very similar to the Indian Anjili
Mudra/namaste and the Cambodian sampeah. The
higher the hands are held in relation to the face
and the lower the bow, the more respect or
reverence the giver of the wai is showing.
3
The wai is also common as a way to thank someone
or apologise. The word often spoken with the wai
as a greeting or farewell is sawatdee .
Phonetically, the word is pronounced
"sa-wat-dee". This word was coined in the
mid-1930s by Phraya Upakit Silapasan of
Chulalongkorn University.
Phraya Upakit Silapasan
4
This word, derived from the Sanskrit svasti
(meaning "well-being"), had previously been used
in Thai only as a formulaic opening to
inscriptions. The strongly nationalist government
of Plaek Pibulsonggram in the early 1940s
promoted the use of the word sawatdee amongst the
government bureaucracy as well as the wider
populace as part of a wider set of cultural
edicts to modernise Thailand.
Jompol . Plaek Pibulsonggram
5
Origin The wai originated from an ancient
greeting that was done to show neither individual
had any Weapons. There exist multiple versions of
the greeting based on social class, gender, and
age. The gesture may come from Buddhism , which
sometimes involves prostration , or clasping the
hands together and bowing to the ground.
6
The Thai Language The Thai language is comprised
of 44 consonants, 32 vowels and five tones in
Thai pronunciation, along with a script that has
Indian origins. The Thai language, belonging to
the Tai family, is the main language in Thailand
although there are several regional dialects as
well.  
7
Other languages spoken in Thailand are Chinese,
Lao, Malay and Mon-Khmer, while English use is
becoming more prevalent in government and
commerce. English is also being taught as a
second language in secondary school and
universities, which enables the English speaking
visitor in Thailand to have little trouble
conversing. Information Provided by the Thai
Embassy
8
King Ramkhamhaeng the Great who ruled the
Sukhothai Kingdom from 1279-1298 initiated the
Thai inscription in 1292. The inscription is
considered to be a seminal source of Sukhothai
history as well as a masterpiece of Thai
literature.  Conservative and courteous social
behavior and dress are highly valued by the
Thais. The Thai pronouns for "I" are different
for male and female speakers.
9
Men will use 'phom' and women 'dee-chan' in
formal settings. However, it is common to drop
these formal pronouns in face-to-face
conversations or to use kin terms (e.g.,
elder/younger sibling aunt uncle) or first
names instead. Men will also show deference by
ending their questions and statements with
'khrap', a "polite particle" to show respect and
refinement. Women end their questions and
statements with 'kha'. In greeting, the Thais
normally "wai" rather than shake hands. To make
the "wai," place your hands together, bringing
them up just under the nose and bow the head
slightly. Because it is a sign of respect as
well, the younger person initiates the gesture,
but not the reverse. 
10
The Thais consider the head to be sacred and the
feet profane. Touching someone's head, other than
a child's, is taboo. A younger person or someone
of lower social status will even lower their head
in passing by a senior. In sitting too,
especially in the presence of monks or other
exalted persons, attention must be paid to head
level. Even more caution must be taken with the
feet because of their contact with dirt.
Similarly, the left hand is "polluted" in ritual
meaning.
11
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12
Religion in Thailand According to the last
Census (2000th) 94.7 of Thais are. Buddhists of
the Theravada tradition.
Muslims are the second
largest religious Group in Thailand at 4.6.
Thailand's Southernmost Provinces - Pattani,
Yala, Narathiwat and Songkhla Part of. Chumphon
have dominant Muslim Populations, consisting of
both Thailand and Ethnic Malay.
13
The TIP of Southern Thailand is mostly Ethnic.
Malays . Christians , mainly. Catholics ,
represent 0.8 of the population with higher
Percentages in the North. A Community of tiny
But influential. Sikhs in Thailand and some.
Hindus also the country's Live in Cities, and are
heavily engaged in retail Commerce.
14
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15
Traditions Tradition is an activity that is the
continuous practice. Unique and important to
society as Composition body language culture
religion artistry law moral belief , etc.. Which
lead to various ethnic cultures of the society.
Become a national tradition and broadcast by each
sequence. If tradition is well preserved as it is
already the national culture. If it is not good
to change the circumstance. Are influenced
tradition come from environment external to
society.
16
Adopt an integrated practice into a variety of
lifestyles. It is known as traditional ways of
life of society, especially religion , which is
most influenced Thai culture. Various temples. In
Thailand reflects the influence of Buddhism with
Thai society. And indicated that the Thai focus
on Buddhism with Care for the artistic beauty
since antiquity as a religious ritual
17
Songkran The Songkran festival is celebrated
in Thailand as the traditional New Year's Day
from 13 to 15 April. The date of the festival
was originally set by astrological calculation,
but it is now fixed. If these days fall on a
weekend, the missed days off are taken on the
weekdays immediately following. If they fall in
the middle of the week, many Thai take off from
the previous Friday until the following Monday.
18
Songkran falls in the hottest time of the year
in Thailand, at the end of the dry season. Until
1888 the Thai New Year was the beginning of the
year in Thailand thereafter 1 April was used
until 1940. 1 January is now the beginning of the
year. The traditional Thai New Year has been a
national holiday since then.
19
The most obvious celebration of Songkran is the
throwing of water. Thais roam the streets with
containers of water or water guns (sometimes
mixed with mentholated talc), or post themselves
at the side of roads with a garden hose and
drench each other and passersby. This, however,
was not always the main activity of this
festival. Songkran was traditionally a time to
visit and pay respects to elders, including
family members, friends and neighbors.
20
Some people make New Year resolutions - to
refrain from bad behavior, or to do good things.
Songkran is a time for cleaning and renewal.
Besides washing household Buddha images, many
Thais also take this opportunity to give their
home a thorough cleaning.
21
Loy Krathong On the full moon night of the
twelfth lunar month, the tide in the rivers is
highest and the moon at its brightest, creating a
romantic setting ideal for lovers. The Thai
people choose this day to hold the 'Loy Kratong'
festival, or the 'festival of light.' Loy Kratong
is one of the two most recognized festivals in
the country.
22
Loy Kratong is probably the most picturesque
and beautiful of all Thai celebrations. 'Loy'
literally means 'to float,' while 'kratong'
refers to the lotus-shaped receptacle which can
float on the water. Originally, the kratong was
made of banana leaves or the layers of the trunk
of a banana tree or a spider lily plant. A
kratong contains food, betel nuts, flowers, joss
sticks, candle and coins. The making of a kratong
is much more creative these days as many more
materials are available.
23
The Loy Kratong ritual is a simple one. One
needs only to light the candles and the joss
sticks, make one's wishes and let it float away
with the current of a river or a canal.
Different legends surround the origins of Loy
Kratong. The most popular version is it was an
expression of gratitude to the goddess of water
'Phra Mae Kongka' for having extensively used,
and sometimes polluted, the water from the rivers
and canals. It is also in part a thanksgiving for
her bounty in providing water for the livelihood
of the people.
24
Loykrathong's lyrics
November full moon shines, Loi Krathong, Loi
Krathong, and the water's high in the river and
local klong,
Loi Loi Krathong, Loi Loi Krathong, Loi Krathong
is here and everybody's full of cheer,
We're together at the klong, We're together at
the klong,
Each one with this krathong, As we push away we
pray, We can see a better day.
25
Thai Culture on Stamps Thai folk games have
been directly and indirectly meaningful for the
life of Thai children in many aspects. in
joining the games, besides the benefit of doing
exercises which is vital for children's physical
development, they can also learn to observe the
rules of the games. And in so doing, they learn
how to compromise as well as how to be a good
winner and loser.
26
The children can be initiative in applying
surrounding environments to the games and they
are also expected to apply what they learn from
the games to their daily lives. Such a practice
can become a pattern or guideline for them when
growing up as adults.
27
The most popular and well-known Thai folk games
are Kite flying, Wheel rolling, Catching the last
one in the lines, Snatching a baby from the
mother snake, Spider clutching the roof, Pebbles
tossing and picking, Hide and seek, Touching a
finger on the hands, Tug of war, Chase racing,
Hiding a cloth behind one's back, Monkeys
scrambling for posts, Trapping the fish, Humming
and tagging (Kabaddi), Blindfold pot-hitting,
Walking with coconut shells, Rope skipping,
Piggyback racing, Top spinning, and Banana rib
hobbyhorse riding.
28
Blessing a New Car
Although it is not common
these days because it's not really Buddhism, you
can ask a Brahman priest to come to your house to
bless a new car. In fact, the priest should be
consulted before you buy your car in order to
know the precise day and hour it is deemed
auspicious to bring your car to your house for
the first time. People who are often sceptical
about the powers of a blessing in protecting the
car and its occupant often rush out to get a
blessing after the car has been involved in an
accident. Although this is like locking the
stables doors after the horse has bolted, the
Brahman priest told us that none of the cars he
has blessed has been involved in a further
accident.
29
She gave the garlands to the priest and
received some advice for her future and what she
should do to maintain a safe and fruitful life.
The priest is putting some of those offered in
the car for saving her from an accident.
These garlands were offered to the guardian
spirits of the school at the special spirit house
and some of them were also for the car.
Then he lit a candle in order to make some
water sacred.
Then walked around the car sprinkling it
with the blessed water.
30
Whilst he was doing this, the car owner sat in
the front seat
The Brahman priest put an offering of a jasmine
garland on the review mirror, some colored pieces
of cloth and painted lucky symbols on the
steering wheel and ceiling of the car
31
Thai Village Cultural Show
Ordination Into The Monkhood In Thailand, young
men usually spend a period of time in the
Buddhist Monkhood. Buat Naag is the traditional
procession and ceremony for entry into the
Monkhood, and is attended by the man's relatives
and close friends who make the event into a
colorful, joyful and enjoyable occasion as the
young man embarks on a period of study and
meditation.
32
Fingernail Dance The Fingernail Dance is a
graceful dance which originated in the North of
Thailand and is usually performed as a gesture of
greeting and welcome.
33
Thai Boxing Thai-style boxing, accompanied by
its unique ritual and ceremony, is extremely
popular in Thailand. Fighters can use just about
everything-elbows, hands, feet, knees. It is an
art that demands a high degree of skill and
fitness.
34
Dance From The North East A mixture of North
Eastern dances which collectively express
greetings and good luck.
35
Sword Fighting A traditional and historical form
of combat-for both male and female.
36
Bamboo Dance Another North Thailand dance which
is usually performed when the moon is full. It
demands great skill, practice and timing-one slip
can be very painful.
37
Thai Wedding Ceremony Here you will have the
unique opportunity of seeing the traditional Thai
wedding ceremony performed in an authentic
manner. It is a ceremony of pageantry, humility,
joy and splendour with all the friends and
relatives of the newly-weds participating.
38
Kala Dance The Kala Dance comes from the
southern part of Thailand. This dance features
the use of coconut shells to emphasize the
importance of coconuts as part of Thai daily
consumption.
39
Yoey Dance From the Central Plains of Thailand,
a dance of flirtation and fun.
40
Elephants at Work
41
Literature in Thailand Literature in Thailand
was traditionally heavily influenced by Indian
culture. Thailand's national epic is a version of
the Ramayana called the Ramakien. A number of
versions of the epic were lost in the destruction
of Ayutthaya in 1767. Three versions currently
exist one of these was prepared under the
supervision (and partly written by) King Rama I.
His son, Rama II, rewrote some parts for khon
drama. The main differences from the original are
an extended role for the monkey god Hanuman and
the addition of a happy ending.
42
The most important poet in Thai literature was
Sunthorn Phu, who is best known for his romantic
adventure story Phra Aphai Mani and nine travel
pieces called Nirats. Kings Rama V and Rama VI
were also writers, mainly of non-fiction works as
part of their programme to combine Western
knowledge with traditional Thai culture. 20th
century Thai writers have tended to produce light
fiction rather than literature, but the Isan
region has produced two notably sociocritical
writers in Kamsing Srinok and Pira
Sudham. Thailand has had a wealth of expatriate
writers in the 20th century as well. The Bangkok
Writers Group is currently publishing fiction by
Indian author G.Y. Gopinath, the fabulist A.D.
Thompson, as well as non-fiction by Gary Dale
Cearley.
43
Ramakien The Ramakien is Thailand's national
epic, derived from the Indian Ramayana epic. A
number of versions of the epic were lost in the
destruction of Ayutthaya in 1767. Three versions
currently exist, one of which was prepared in
1797 under the supervision of (and partly written
by) King Rama I. His son, Rama II, rewrote some
parts of his father's version for khon drama. The
work has had an important influence on Thai
literature, art and drama (both the khon and nang
dramas being derived from it).
44
While the main story is identical to that of the
Ramayana, many other aspects were transposed into
a Thai context, such as the clothes, weapons,
topography, and elements of nature, which are
described as being Thai in style. Although
Thailand is considered a Theravada Buddhist
society, the Hindu mythology latent in the
Ramakien serves to provide Thai legends with a
creation myth, as well as representations of
various spirits which compliment superstitions
derived from Thai animism. A painted
representation of the Ramakien is displayed at
Bangkok's Wat Phra Kaew, and many of the statues
there depict characters from it.
45
Traditional Thai musical instruments are the
musical instruments used in the traditional and
classical musics of Thailand. They comprise a
wide range of wind, string, and percussion
instruments played by both the Thai majority as
well as the nation's ethnic minorities. In the
traditional Thai system of organology, they are
classified into four categories, by the action
used in playing 1. Plucking (plucked string
instruments) 2. Bowing (bowed string
instruments) 3. Striking (percussion instruments
and hammered dulcimer) 4. Blowing (wind
instruments)
46
String Plucked Jakhe - crocodile-shaped fretted
floor zither with three strings Phin -
three-stringed lute used in the Isan region of
northeastern Thailand Phin phia - chest-resonated
stick zither played by the Lanna of northern
Thailand Sueng - plucked lute from the Lanna
region of northern Thailand
47
Bowed Saw duang - higher two-string fiddle with
hardwood body used in classical music Saw sam
sai - three-string spike fiddle with coconut
shell body used in classical music Saw u - lower
two-string fiddle with a coconut shell body used
in classical music Salo - three-string spike
fiddle used in the Lanna region Struck Khim -
hammered dulcimer
48
Percussion Drums Taphon or klawng taphon - sacred
barrel drum played with the hands and used in
the piphat ensemble Glong thad - large drum
played with sticks usually played in a pair and
used in the piphat ensemble Rammana - frame drum
played with the hand Thon - goblet drum played
with the hand Glong yao - long drum played with
the hands Glong chatri - same Glong thad but
smaller than,played with sticks,use in the piphat
chatri
49
Gong chimes Khong wong lek - higher gong circle
comprises many small tuned bossed gongs mounted
in a rattan frame Khong wong yai - lower gong
circle comprises many small tuned bossed gongs
mounted in a rattan frame Khong mon - set of many
small tuned bossed gongs arranged in vertical
curved frame usually primarily in funeral
music Khong rang - set of eight tuned gongs
suspended horizontally in a straight frame
similar to the southern Philippine kulintang rare
50
Keyboard Ranat - trough-resonated keyboard
percussion instrument generally played with two
mallets and used in Thai classical and theater
music Ranat ek - higher xylophone, with bars
usually made of hardwood Ranat thum - lower
xylophone, with bamboo or hardwood bars Ranat ek
lek - higher metallophone Ranat thum lek - lower
metallophone Ranat kaeo - crystallophone very
rare Pong lang - pentatonic log xylophone used in
the Isan region
51
Gongs Khong chai , also called khong hui or khong
mui - huge hanging bossed gong used for
indicating time Khong mong or mong - medium-sized
hanging bossed gong used in Thai
ensembles Clappers Krap - clapper Krap phuang -
bundle of hardwood and brass slats, tied together
at one end Krap sepha - pair of bamboo or
hardwood sticks
52
Cymbals Ching - pair of small, thick cymbals
joined by a cord used to mark time Chap - pair
of flat cymbals joined by a cord Chap lek -
smaller Chap yai - larger Shaken bamboo Angkalung
- set of tuned bamboo tubes mounted in a frame
and shaken generally played by a group. comes
from Indonesia. Bronze drums Mahorathuek - bronze
drum dates back to the Dong Son culture of
antiquity and today very rare
53
Wind Flutes Khlui - vertical duct flute made of
bamboo, hardwood, or plastic Wot - circular
panpipe used in the Isan region of northeast
Thailand Free-reed Khaen - mouth organ used in
the Isan (northeastern) region
54
Oboes Pi - quadruple- or double-reed oboe Pi
chanai - possibly derived from the Indian
shehnai Pi chawa - used to accompany Muay Thai Pi
mon - large double-reed oboe with detachable
metal bell used for funeral music Pi nai -
standard leading instrument used in the piphat
ensemble Pi nok Horns Trae - metal horn Sang -
conch shell horn also called trae sang (????????)
55
Northeast Huen - This drum is shaped like a drum
that is used in the puangmangkog set. It is
always played with a piphat ensemble. Khaen -
mouth organ Wot - a circular panpipe made of 6-9
various lengths of small bamboo pipes (mai-ruak
or mai-hia, mai-ku-khan) Phin - a fretted,
plucked lute Pong lang - log xylophone played by
two players with hard stick. Its shape is like a
xylophone consisting of 15 wooden bars stringed
together Jakhe (Kabue) - one of the important
instruments in the mahori khamen ensemble. It has
three strings
56
Grajabpi - The krachappi is a plucked stringed
instrument. Its turtle shape sound box is made of
jackfruit wood Saw kantruem - a bowed string
instrument with a wooden soundbox, the head of
which is covered with snakeskin. Glong kantruem -
a single-headed drum Pi salai - a double-reed
oboe accompanied with kantrum ensemble Krap khu -
a pair of hard wooden bars two pairs made a set,
played with both hands as percussion in "Kantruem
ensemble".
57
North Salo - a bowed fiddle with three strings
and a free bow. The resonator is made of coconut
shell cut off on one side. Sueng - is a plucked
string instrument, made of teak or hardwood. A
round sound hole is cut on the top
soundboard. Khlui - The same as the Central Thai
khlui. Pi chum (called pi so in northern
Thailand) - a free reed pipe made of bamboo, with
a single metal reed Pi nae - a double reed oboe
that resembles the saranai or chani but larger in
size it is made of wood and usually accompanies
the large gong.
58
Phin phia - or sometimes simply called "pia" or
"phia". The body is made from a coconut
shell. Glong teng thing - Klong Teng-thing is a
two faced tabular drum and used as one of
percussive instrument. Talotpot - or Malotpot is
a two-faced tubular drum of 100 centimeters
long. Glong tingnong - The biggest and longest
drum with one face made of hide about 34 metres
long. Glong sabat chai - The most famous drum in
northern, hanging on the double wooden bars
carried by men
59
South Thap - The goblet-shaped drum used for
providing the changes of rhythm and also for
supporting rhythm of the Nora (Southern dance
drama). Glong nora - Klong nora or Klong nang a
barrel-shaped drum used to accompany the Nora
dance or the Nang talung (Shadow puppet)
performance
60
Mong ching - Mong and Ching two important
percussion instruments used fo accompanying the
Nora dance (dance drama) and the Nang talung
(shadow puppet) performance. Khong khu - pair of
small bossed gongs suspended horizontally in a
wooden box used in theater music and music of
southern Thailand Pi - a quadruple-reed oboe type
with six finger holes producing at least three
octaves of pitches range. Trae phuang - Trae
phuang or Krap phung a percussion used to
provide rhythmic punctuation of the Nora ensemble.
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