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National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala


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Title: National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala

National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala
  • School of Nano Science and Technology

  • SNST was established as an independent School at
    NITC in 2009
  • The School functions in collaboration with the
    other departments of the institute through
    academic courses, interdisciplinary student
    research projects and collaborative research
    with faculty members.
  • The school has ongoing collaborative research
    with prominent universities and institutes at the
    international level.
  • The School of Nano Science and Technology (SNST)
    at National Institute of Technology Calicut
    (NITC), India, fosters a scientific community
    dedicated to higher learning and research in

Academic Programs
  • Doctoral Degree Program
  • Candidates with Masters degree in various
    streams of science and engineering can perform
    research leading to Ph.D. degree at the School.
    The Doctoral research scholars are Masters
    degree holders in different Engineering branches,
    Materials Science, Nanotechnology, Physics and
    Chemistry. Being an interdisciplinary School,
    there is large flexibility in the background
    disciplines of the candidates. All selected
  • research scholars are entitled to fellowships
    from the Government of India.
  • Master of Technology Program
  • The Master of Technology (M.Tech.) program in
    Nanotechnology is designed to impart state-of the
    art knowledge, and has an objective of training
    the students to make them capable of addressing
    the challenges of the emerging technological
    field of Nanotechnology. The program consists of
    two semesters of course work and two semesters of
    project work. The study materials include
    subjects such as Physics of Materials,
    Thermodynamics of Nanomaterials and Systems,
    Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer, Nanosized
    Structures, Experimental Techniques in
    Nanotechnology,Computational Nanotechnology and
    MEMS. Laboratory courses dealing with production,
    characterization and application of
    nanoparticles, nanofluids and nanocomposits as
    well as giving exposure to discrete computational
    analysis of nanoscale phenomena are also offered
    as part of the curriculum.

Laboratories and Facilities
  • Nanotechnology Research Laboratory
  • Focuses on Nanofluids, Thermal engineering
    applications, Thermophysical property
    measurement, Carbon Nanotechnology.
  • Nanoscience Research Laboratory
  • Involved in research on Bio-sensors, Targeted
    drug delivery systems, Environmental problems.
  • Fuels and Combustion Research Laboratory
  • Dedicated to research on the application of
    nanotechnology in fuels, leading to efficient
    combustion and reduction of emission, Nano
    lubricants, Nanocoolants.
  • Nano and Display Research Laboratory
  • Carries out research in nanopatterning,
    Non-linear optics applications and Liquid crystal
  • Computational Nanotechnology Laboratory
  • Focuses on discrete computational methods for the
    simulation and analysis of nanoscale phenomena.
  • The Microscopy Center
  • Microscopy Center houses a high
    resolutionScanning Electron Microscope and an
    Atomic Force Microscope.

Nanotechnology Research Laboratory Nanofluids
and Engineering Applications
  • Research involves studies on convection loops
    with nanofluids, application of nanoparticles in
    lubricating oils and refrigerents, measurement of
    thermophysical properties of nanofluids,
    preparation of stabilized nanofluids and their
    characterization,heat transfer phenomena in
    nanofluids .
  • Molecular dynamic simulation and multi-scale
    modeling of thermal phenomena
  • Optical measurements
  • Microchannels and micro heat pipes,

Measurement of thermal conductivity of nanofluids
Carbon Nanotube Synthesis
  • The research work is primarily focused on
    optimizing the process of CVD synthesis, based on
    the results of the theoretical model.
  • Chemical kinetics modeling to predict the
    deposition parameters,
  • Molecular modeling to simulate the deposition
    process of CNT.

Chemical Vapor Deposition Of CNT
Nanoscience Research Laboratory
Development of Biosensors using Engineered Nano
particulate Systems
  • Research work is in progress to develop
  • reproducible, selective and low cost biosensor
    surfaces using different nanostructures like gold
    nanoparticles, gold nanorods, silver
    nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes.
  • A novel electrochemical sensor surface with
    enhanced sensitivity for the detection of
    hydrogen peroxide based on the layer-by-layer
    assembly of mercapto propionic acid cyclic
    bisureas, gold nanoparticle and Horseradish
    peroxidase has been developed.

Gold nanoparticles
Targeted Drug Delivery
  • Tumor targeting strategies, to target tumors and
    deliver therapeutics to specific locations in the
    body, are being developed and investigated,
    focusing on gold nanoparticle as vectors for drug
  • 3 different sized gold nanoparticles suitable for
    drug delivery applications, ranging from 10-60
    nm, have been obtained .

Photocatalytic degradation of a textile dye using
titanium oxide nanoparticles under ultraviolet
Fuels and Combustion Research Laboratory
Application of Catalytic Nanoparticles in
Hydrocarbon Fuels
  • The aim of the research is to obtain results
    that will help in understanding the effect of
    nanoparticle additives on Diesel and Biodiesel in
    improving the energy conversion capability and
    reducing the level of harmful emissions from the
  • The use of certain oxide catalysts in the
    nanopowder form is found to enhance the
    combustion phenomenon, while considerably
    reducing emissions.
  • The extensive investigation involves preparation
    of the catalytic nanoparticles by chemical and
    physical synthesis methods, their
    characterization, blending and stabilization in
    fuels, quantification of the modified fuel in
    engines, fundamental analysis of the combustion
    flames using optical measurements, study on
    impact on engine parts, and toxicological effects
    on the emissions.
  • Major Equipment Dynamic Light Scattering system

Flame Pyrolysis of catalytic nanoparticles
Dynamic Light Scattering system
Nano and Display Research Laboratory
Investigations on Micropatterning and Liquid
  • The key areas of work in the laboratory are
  • Berkovich nano-indentation on polymer-
  • CNT nanocomposites to study the stress
  • strain behavior of thin films.
  • Miropatterning of transparent electrodes
  • using laser ablation for in-plane switching
  • liquid crystal displays
  • Development of thermotropic liquid
  • crystals for non-linear optics.
  • Investigations on pressure sensor based
  • Piezoresistive behaviour of Polysilicon
  • film on Si lt100gt for MEMS devices.

Polarized optical microscopy images of different
liquid crystals
Simulated results for stress analysis on
the diaphragm and fabricated array of
bulk micromachined diaphragms on silicon
Computational Nanotechnology Laboratory
Simulation of Nanoscale Phenomena
Our main area of work is to understand the
phenomenon occuring at nanoscale by employing
atomistic simulation techniques like Molecular
Dynamics and Monte Carlo. This helps in the
design and optimization of functional systems at
the molecular scale.
  • Direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) analysis of
    solid rocket motor (SRM) exhaust
  • Thermal modeling of carbon nanotube based
    electronic devices
  • Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation of gas-surface
    interaction at nanoscale
  • Molecular Dynamics simulation of transport
    properties, and transport through nanostructures
  • MD simulation of gas-surface interactions

MD simulation of Nanojets
MD simulation of gas-surface interactions
Scanning Probe Microscopy Centre
  • The centre is equipped with Park XE-100 Atomic
    Force Microscopy (AFM).
  • Specifications
  • Decoupled XY Z Scanners
  • Scan range of XY-scanner 5 µm and 100
  • Working distance of Z-scanner 12 µm or
    25 µm
  • Sample sizeUp to 100 mm 100mm, 20 mm
  • thick, and up to 500 g
  • Supported Modes
  • ? True Non-Contact Mode
  • ? Contact Mode
  • ? Force - distance Spectroscopy/F-d volume
  • ? Phase imaging of True Non-Contact, FMM, MFM
  • ? Conductive AFM
  • ? Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
  • ? Magnetic Force Microscopy
  • ? Electric Force Microscopy
  • ? Scanning Thermal Microscopy
  • ? Nanolithography
  • ? Nanoindentation

Scanning Electron Microscopy centre
  • The centre is equipped with Hitachi SU6600
  • Pressure Field Emission Scanning Electron
  • Electron gun Tungsten Schottky emission
    electron source
  • Resolution 1.2 nm/30 kV, 3.0 nm/1 kV
  • Probe current 1pA200nA
  • Specimen chamber pressure 10-4Pa (high
  • vacuum), 10300Pa (low vacuum)
  • Specimen Size Max 150 mm dia.40 mm H
  • Magnification 500,000 x
  • Secondary Electron Imaging (SE)
  • Backscattered Electron Imaging (BSE)
  • Environmental Secondary Electron Detector (ESED)
  • Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (Horiba, EMAX,
  • 137 ev) For analysis, mapping Point ID
  • The ESED mode allows the operator to change
  • Vacuum conditions in the sample chamber from high
    vacuum to low vacuum.

Major Equipments/Facilities
  • Dynamic Light Scattering System (DLS)
  • UV-VIS Spectrophotometer
  • Vacuum coating Apparatus
  • Chemical Vapour Deposition Apparatus (CVD)
  • Electrochemical Workstation
  • Rotek Fume exhaust hood
  • Trinocular Research Microscope
  • KD2 Thermal Property Analyzer
  • Rheometer
  • Fluke Infrared Thermometers
  • Deep freezer, Centrifuge,Oven
  • Interferometric/Schliern set up

Funded Research Projects
  • Holographic Studies on Mini Channels for Optimal
    Thermal Design of Microelectronic Systems,
    Department of Science and Technology, Government
    of India 20 lakhs - Completed
  • Experimental studies on convective heat transfer
    performance of water-based
  • nanofluids in liquid loops, Board of Research in
    Nuclear Science, Government of India 20 lakhs -
  • Design, development and optimization of miniature
    and micro heat pipes for
  • thermal management of avionic devices, Aerospace
    Research and Development Board, Government of
    India 10 lakhs - Ongoing
  • Development and application of waterbased
    nanofluids as coolants for steel
  • industry, Tata Steel, India 20 lakhs - Ongoing
  • Investigations on the application of catalytic
    nanoparticles as diesel and biodiesel additives
    Funded by Hindustan Petroleum Corporation,
    Government of India 120 lakhs - Ongoing
  • Multifunctional Plasmonic Nanoparticles and
    Nanocomposites for Targeted Drug Delivery
    Synthesis, Evaluation and Toxicological Studies,
    Department of Biotechnology, Government of India
    45 lakhs - Ongoing
  • Enhancement of the sensitivity of peptide
    nanotube based biosensors using metal
    nanoclusters, Department of Science and
    Technology, Government of India 19.14
    lakhs - Ongoing
  • DSMC Simulations of Solid Rocket Exhaust Plumes,
    Government of India, Aerospace Research and
    Development Board, Government of India. 20
    lakhs - Ongoing

Recent Publications
Patents filed
  • 1. Title of the patent applied A system for
    determining Material surface erosion caused by
    impingement of Nanofluids on pipes carrying
  • Inventors
  • Mr.Gibin George, NIT Calicut
  • Mr.Shijo Thomas, Asst. Professor, SNST, NIT
  • Dr.C.B.Sobhan, Professor, SNST, NIT Calicut.
  • Dr.Sajith.V, Asst. Professor, SNST, NIT Calicut.
  • Mr.Hanas T, Asst. Professor, SNST, NIT Calicut.
  • Mr.Krishna Sabareesh. R, TATA Steel Ltd, ,
  • Jamshedpur.Mr.Sumitesh Das, TATA Steel Ltd,

Patents filed
  • 2. Title of the patent applied A process for
    determining Lubricant composition in Vapour
    Compression Refrigeration System to enhance the
    Coefficient of Performance.
  • Inventors
  • Mr.Gopinath, NIT Calicut
  • Dr.Sajith.V, Asst. Professor, SNST, NIT Calicut.
  • Mr.Shijo Thomas, Asst. Professor, SNST, NIT
  • Dr.C.B.Sobhan, Professor, SNST, NIT Calicut.
  • Mr.Hanas T, Asst. Professor, SNST, NIT Calicut.
  • Mr.Krishna Sabareesh. R, TATA Steel Ltd, ,
  • Jamshedpur.Mr.Sumitesh Das, TATA Steel Ltd,

Faculty Development Programmes
  • 1. "Trends and Techniques in Nanotechnology",
  • July 4-17, 2010Sponsored by MHRD-AICTECoordinat
    ors Dr.C.B.Sobhan, Hanas T., Shijo ThomasNo
    of Participants 402. "Advanced Nanomaterials
    Process, Characterisation and Applications",
  • July 6-12, 2011Sponsored by MHRD-AICTECoordinat
    ors Dr.N Sandhyarani, Dr. Soney VargheseNo of
    Participants 70

  • C. B. Sobhan, Ph. D., Professor
  • Coordinator, Nanotechnology Research Laboratory
  • Ph. D. Mechanical Engineering (Heat Transfer),
    IIT Madras, India
  • Post Doctoral Research Purdue University, USA
  • Visiting Fellowships/Visiting Faculty Positions
    NTU Singapore, University of Wisconsin, USA,
    Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA, University
    of Colorado, USA, Georgia Institute of
    Technology, USA
  • Research Areas Microscale and Nanoscale Heat
    Transfer, Thermal Phenomena in Nanofluids,
  • Optical Measurements, Molecular Dynamics
    modeling, Carbon Nanotubes
  • N. Sandhyarani, Ph.D., Associate Professor
  • Coordinator, Nanoscience Research Laboratory
  • Ph. D. Chemistry (Nanomaterials), IIT Madras,
  • Post Doctoral Research University of Notre
    Dame, USA, Cornell University, USA
  • Visiting Fellowship Pohang University of
    Science and Technology, South Korea
  • Research Areas Surface Chemistry,
    Bio-nanotechnology, Nano-enabled Sensors,
    Targeted Drug
  • Delivery Systems

Sarith.P.Sathian, Ph.D., Assistant
Professor Coordinator, Computational
Nanotechnology Laboratory Ph.D. Aerospace
Engineering, IIT Madras, India Visiting
Fellowships RWTH, Germany, Russian Academy of
Sciences Research Areas Micro flows and nano
flows, Rarefied gas flows, Multiscale modelilng
Soney Varghese, Ph.D., Assistant
Professor Coordinator, Nano and Display Research
Laboratory Ph.D. Chemistry (Nanofabrication)
University of Eindhoven,The Netherlands Research
Areas Characterization, Nanopatterns, Liquid
Crystal Display, Conducting Polymers V. Sajith,
Ph.D., Assistant Professor Coordinator, Fuels and
Combustion Laboratory Ph.D. Mechanical
Engineering (Optical Measurements), NIT Calicut,
India Visiting Assignments Rensselaer
Polytechnic Institute, USA, University of
Colorado, Boulder, USA Research Areas Optical
Measurements, Microchannel flows, Nanofluids,
Nanotechnology in Combustion and Fuels, IC
Engines T. Hanas, Assistant Professor Ph.D.
Materials Science (ongoing), NIT Calicut,
India Research Area Polymer Nanocomposites Shijo
Thomas, Assistant Professor Ph.D. Mechanical
Engineering (ongoing), NIT Calicut,
India Research Areas Heat Transfer in
Nanofluids, Carbon Nanotube Synthesis
Contact us_at_
  • Dr.C.B. Sobhan
  • Head, School of Nano Science and Technology
  • E mail
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