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Native American Indians


Learn about the Native American Indian Artist, Ramona Peters; ... The Wampanoag, W pan ak in their language, are a Native American people. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Native American Indians

Native American Indians
And now…
What do these two have in common?
They are both from the same tribe…
We know the Wampanoag tribe best because of the
Pilgrims. Our stories of Squanto who helped
the Pilgrims learn to survive in their new home
of America and Chief Massasoit who ate the first
Thanksgiving meal.
Ramona Peters
Coil Pot Artist
An American Indian of the Wampanoag Tribe
Of the Bear Clan on her mothers side and the
Deer Clan on her fathers side
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It has been said that artists are the visual hi
storians of the worlds cultures.
Although I was unconcious about this role when I
began my artistic experience, today I gladly
offer this gift to the Tribal Circle. As
children we are encouraged to discover and master
the special gifts planted inside us by the
Creator and through our ancestors. These gifts
are intentional and important to offer, as
adults, to the Tribal Circle. Each clan has a
place of expertise, each individual has a unique
and specialized gift appropriate of the
generational need of the people.
Ancient Lately
Cape Cod Bay Clay Sack
Cape Cod Style Wampanoag Cooking Pot
Clan Mothers Pot
Four Face Pot
Legend of Mashpee Pond
Sunburst Berry Pot
Night Guardian
Trail Step Clay Sack
Whale Oil Pot
White Gallon Clay Sack
Young Womans Lap Bowl
Our objective is to create our own clay sacks us
ing both the pinch pot and coil methods and fill
it with a story of our culture.
Vocabulary you will need to know
pinch pot method, coil method, score, slip,
blend, greenware, bisque, kiln, firing the clay,
glaze, 3-dimensional, form, 2-dimensional, shape
Connections Learn about the Wampanoag people and
some of their culture Learn about the Native Am
erican Indian Artist, Ramona Peters
Make a connection with our culture todaycreate
and write about it.
First we will make a pinch pot to form the
foundation of our clay sacks.
Next we will roll coils or snakes of clay.
It will be important to score, slip, and blend
the coils as you add them so they will stay
You can create designs…
Make patterns…
Plug holes…
Create your own CLAY SACK!!!
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Teacher information
The Wampanoag, Wôpanâak in their language, are a
Native American people. In 1600 they lived in
southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, in
an area also encompassing Martha's Vineyard,
Nantucket and the Elizabeth Islands. Their
population numbered about 12,000.
Wampanoag leaders included Squanto, Samoset,
Metacomet (King Philip), and Massasoit. Modern
Thanksgiving traditions are based on the
Wampanoags' interaction with the Pilgrims.
The Wampanoag were semi-sedentary, with seasonal
movements between fixed sites. Corn (maize),
beans and squash were the staples of their diet,
supplemented by fish and game. More specifically,
each community had authority over a well-defined
territory from which the people derived their
livelihood through a seasonal round of fishing,
planting, harvesting and hunting. Because
southern New England was thickly populated at the
time, hunting grounds had strictly defined
boundaries, and were passed on from father to
son. The Wampanoag way of life fostered a harmoni
ous relationship between the people and their
natural environment, both physical and spiritual.
Also, they respected the traditions and the
elders of their nation. The work of making a
living was organized on a family level. Families
gathered together in the spring to fish, in early
winter to hunt and in the summer they separated
to cultivate individual planting fields. Boys
were schooled in the way of the woods, where a
mans skill at hunting and ability to survive
under all conditions were vital to his familys
well being. The women were trained from youth to
work diligently in the fields and around the
family wetu. A wetu was the round or oval Wam
panoag wigwam. To build them, several posts were
placed in the ground, then bent in over a fire
and bound together at the top. They were covered
on the outside by grass or bark and had an exit
hole for smoke at the highest point. A summer
house like this was designed so that it could be
easily dismantled and moved in just a few
hours.1 The Wampanoag were organized into a con
federation, where a head sachem presided over a
number of other sachem. The English often
referred to the sachem as king, a misleading
concept, because the position of a sachem was in
no way like that of a king and allowed only
restricted authority and few privileges. It was
traditional, that if there was a lack of
appropriate male candidates, a woman could become
a sachem.2 "Wampanoags are a fishing, hunting,
and planting people. There was always enough
bounty for feasts throughout the year. With four
distinct prolific seasons, the Wampanoag
harvested different types of food each season.
The animal, fish, bird, and plant relatives of
the Native people have life cycles and migration
patterns which make this possible. Thanksgiving
is a commitment to all living things we accept as
food to sustain our lives.