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Our Ancestors In St Kilda, Scotland

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Title: Our Ancestors In St Kilda, Scotland


1
Our Ancestors In St Kilda, Scotland
By K. D.
2
Who am I?
  • My name is Kylie McQueen
  • I live in a suburb called St Kilda, it is in
    Melbourne
  • My family came from St Kilda, Scotland
  • I am going to find out all about our ancestral
    home for future reference

My house in St Kilda, Melbourne
Scottish flag
3
Where Is St Kilda?
St Kilda is the most remote part of the British
Isles. It lies 41 miles (66 kilometres) away from
Benbecula in the Outer Hebrides. It takes 3 hours
to get to by boat (from Benbecular). St Kilda is
a world heritage site. It is a tiny group of
islands in the Atlantic ocean.
Scotland
4
Sense Of Place
  • There have been people on St Kilda since
    prehistoric times. Although it is not clear when
    the first settlers came to St Kilda some stone
    tools were found from the Bronze Age on the main
    island Hirta.
  • A small population of about 180 people rented the
    land from a kind of landlord in Skye, he was
    called the Marquess of Bute, he later sold the
    islands to the National Trust for Scotland . They
    lived in a small Village Bay, depending on the
    sea for food. St Kilda is a sparsely populated
    very windy place where not much can grow but it
    has a long and interesting history.

St Kilda islands
5
General Information
  • St Kilda is a very isolated island a long way off
    the shores of Scotland. It has lots of stacs
    leading into the sea where many types of birds
    like to nest. The people who used to live on the
    island used to catch and eat them. The climate is
    cold and wet and in summer the midges come in off
    the sea. The island is prised for its mass of
    land and marine life.

great skua - these birds will dive bomb
researchers to protect their territory
6
Physical Factors
  • St Kilda is very rocky, with lots of steep slopes
    cliffs that the islanders used to climb. Though
    it also has some flat areas by Glean Mor. It has
    lots of stacks leading off into the sea. The
    climate is cold and wet as the island gets a lot
    of relief rainfall. Clouds often hover overhead
    and it can be very rare to see a sunny, warm day.
  • In summer the temperature reaches about 10
    degrees Celsius and all the midges come in off
    the sea (Atlantic ocean) if you are a visitor it
    would be wise to cover up!
  • St Kilda has one of the most important seabird
    colonies. It has the world's largest colony of
    gannets and fulmars in the British Isles, they
    nest on the many stacs. Two of those are the
    highest sea stacs in Britain. They are also home
    to many puffins.
  • Soay sheep, from the island of Soay, are a rare
    breed of sheep that are loved for their wool.
  • There were two kinds of mice called the St Kilda
    house mouse and the St Kilda field mouse. They
    used to be found on St Kilda but the house mouse
    became extinct after the islanders left.

Gannets
St Kilda House Mouse
Great Auk
Glean Mor
7
plants
  • Not many plants can be found on the open parts of
    Hirta as they are too exposed to the wind and
    sheep. But on the cliffs where the sheep cant
    eat them 152 different types of plants can found.
    They are fertilized by the bird droppings.

Plants like this roseroot flourish in
inaccessible places the sheep cannot reach.
Primroses on the lower slopes of Oiseval
8
!Splash!
  • The healthy, unpolluted marine life, underwater
    caves and clear waters make St Kilda a popular
    diving place. seaweeds, sponges, sea anemones,
    dead man's fingers, snails, sea slugs, crabs,
    starfish, herrings, seals, basking sharks and
    minke whales can all be found in the area.

A grey seal swims in St Kildan waters
Divers coming back From diving round the stacs.
Clear clean waters
9
Food Houses
  • The islanders main snack was the puffin that the
    men caught off the surrounding rocks. They would
    use every part of the bird, the fat for candles,
    the beak for nails and the feathers for blankets.
    In 1876 it was said that the islanders took
    89,600 puffins for food and feathers.
  • All of the houses are made of stone and slabs of
    rock that can be found around the island. Theres
    no wood on the island due to the lack of trees so
    the roofs are covered with turf.

                                               
                                               
puffin
The same street in the past
Old village street
10
Travel
  • There were no roads on any of the islands due to
    the fact that they had no cars. All the supplies
    and food that they had gathered, had to be
    carried on their backs.

No roads to be seen
Long distance walking to get to the food stores
11
Every Day Life
  • Every day life was hard on St Kilda, the men had
    the dangerous job of balancing on the stacs
    trying to catch the birds for their family so
    they could eat. The waves were strong and, if you
    lost your grip, you could easily be swept away.
    If the islanders were having a particularly bad
    and stormy winter they might not be able to get
    to the stacs at all, and if that happened they
    would almost starve to death. In times like this
    the St Kildans would be forced to send out a mail
    boat as a distress signal. A letter was sealed in
    a wooden container with a sheep's bladder acting
    as a float, many of these would wash up on the
    beaches and supplies would be sent to the island.
    The islanders each had little enclosures where
    they would try to grow some vegetables. These
    enclosures kept the sheep out.

Posting the mail boat in 1897
An old vegetable enclosure
Rough waves
12
Smallpox
  • In 1726 one of the islanders visited Harris
    caught smallpox. he died from it when His
    clothes were returned to St Kilda they brought
    the disease with them. Most of the islanders died
    and only one adult and 18 children survived the
    outbreak on Hirta, the main island. but three men
    and eight boys escaped the disease as they had
    been left on a Stac to collect gannets. The
    disease had spread while they were there and
    nobody could go to fetch them. They were
    eventually rescued by the Steward nine months
    later! The owner of St Kilda had to send people
    from Harris to repopulate St Kilda.

smallpox
13
Why Leave?
Girls left to live with their fathers
  • My family the McQueens left St Kilda In the 1850s
    with 42 other islanders. They emigrated to
    Australia. Many of the people died en-route, but
    a the rest settled in Melbourne, and thats why
    we live in a St Kilda in Melbourne today. I have
    come up with the push and pull factors that I
    think contributed to the McQueens leaving St
    Kilda Scotland.
  • Many young men where attracted to the busy life,
    women and jobs in the city.
  • The weather and life was hard on the island and
    many thought they would have an easier life on
    the mainland.
  • Many men went to war and they saw the outside
    world. They just didnt come back.
  • If the islanders left they would leave behind the
    home they had lived on all their life.
  • Many women had to stay with their fathers as
    there were no men to marry since they had all
    moved away.

14
Final Years
  • By the mid 19th century there was more contact
    from St Kilda. There were regular summer cruises
    to St Kilda from people who wanted to see real
    savages. The St Kildans primitive way of life
    got them a good deal of publicity and soon they
    became dependent on money and tourists. Whalers
    and fishing fleets worked in the surrounding
    waters and brought supplies to the islanders. The
    islanders started to produce items for their
    visitors such as sheepskins, tweeds, knitted
    gloves, stockings and scarves. Gradually the St
    Kildans lost their self- sufficiency, relying on
    imports of food, fuel and building materials and
    furnishing for their homes. The islanders felt
    very isolated from the outside world and didnt
    like the lack of regular communication. In 1930
    the remaining 36 islanders requested evacuation
    to the mainland.

                                                
      
A leaflet giving details of the cruises
15
Album
Islanders carrying their belongings to the jetty
at the evacuation
St Kilda field mouse
My ancestors
Cambir (a finger of land jutting out towards the
island of Soay)
Food storage
The village bay
16
For Future Reference
  • This is the story of your ancestors The McQueens.
    They travelled from St Kilda Scotland to St Kilda
    Melbourne and so where ever you live this is your
    past. We are very proud of where we come from and
    hope you will be to.

17
Us in St Kilda Melbourne
  • By S. W.

18
Where I live!
  • My name is Kyle McQueen.
  • I live in St Kilda Melbourne.
  • St Kilda Melbourne is a suburb in the state of
    Victoria.
  • It is on Port Phillip Bay and is 6 km south-east
    of Melbourne.

This is a map of Australia and of St Kilda.
19
Sense Of Place
  • There are roughly 3,000,000 people living in
    Melbourne.
  • It is a cheep and cheerful place with lots of
    tourists, especially from other parts of
    Australia.
  • In the last census there where 45,481 people
    living in St Kilda

Down Town Melbourne
20
Multicultural Melbourne
  • St Kilda was first set up by port Phillip bay so
    people could trade with Tasmania. But when gold
    was discovered in 1852, there was a huge rush of
    people from all over the world including Ireland,
    England and China. So you can find many different
    people in St Kilda today.
  • Melbourne is has lots leafy parks and gardens.
  • These are home to a wide variety of native
    Australian birds and animals.
  • Some of these include - red rumped parrots,
    European finches, sparrows and starlings, ducks,
    falcons, hawks and water rats!

A native bird
21
landscape
  • The landscape in St Kilda Melbourne is very flat.
    The climate is hot and often sunny. Many cafes
    have eat out spaces as the temperature is 22
    degrees all year round. There is no cold winter.
  • It is low lying coastal ground.

Flat land
Costal area
Sunny weather
22
Work Buildings
  • Most of the work in St Kilda comes from the
    tourist industry. These are things like cafes,
    hotels, bed and breakfasts, camp sites an
    amusement centres such as fun fairs and casinos.
  • Buildings consist of mainly hotels, theme parks,
    cafes, Gift and souvenir shops, houses, posh
    restaurants, pier side shops and public houses.

Local theme park
23
Why Leave?
  • My family the McQueens left St Kilda In the 1850s
    with 42 other islanders. They emigrated to
    Australia, and thats why we live in a St Kilda
    in Melbourne today. I have come up with the push
    factors that I think contributed to the McQueens
    leaving St Kilda Scotland.
  • Many young men where attracted to the busy life,
    women and jobs in the city of Melbourne.
  • The weather and life was hard on the island and
    it was good sunny weather in Melbourne.
  • There was the gold rush and people thought there
    was a chance of getting some money for their
    families.
  • To have more contact with the outside world.

Australia
Scotland
24
A Sporting End
  • This is the story of your ancestors The McQueens.
    They travelled from St Kilda Scotland to St Kilda
    Melbourne and so where ever you live this is your
    past. We are very proud of where we come from and
    hope you will be to.

The St Kilda Saints are a sports team. They play
a game that is a cross between football and rugby.
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