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Of the 2 gates, Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate, the former facing the Chandni Chowk ... The Lahore Gate faces to Lahore (now in Pakistan) and gives access to Chhatta ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: India

New Delhi
  • Indias Capital City

  • New Delhi, the capital and the third largest city
    of India is a fusion of the ancient and the
    modern. Standing along the West End of Gangetic
    Plain, the capital city, Delhi, unwinds a picture
    rich with culture, architecture and human
    diversity, deep in history, monuments, museums,
    galleries, gardens and exotic shows. Comprising
    of two contrasting yet harmonious parts, the Old
    Delhi and New Delhi, the city is a travel hub of
    Northern India.
  • The city that has served as the political,
    financial and cultural centre for generations.
    And to the several empires of ancient India, most
    notably that of the Mughals.

  • New Delhi lies in northern India, almost entirely
    in the Gangetic plains. Both Old and New Delhi
    exert a beguiling charm on visitors.
  • Narrating the city's Mughal past, Old Delhi,
    takes you through the labyrinthine streets
    passing through formidable mosques, monuments and
    forts. You will also discover lively and colorful
    bazaars that boast to cater all sorts of good and
    items at mind-blowing prices amidst a barely
    controlled chaotic ambience. The imperial city of
    New Delhi displays the finely curved architecture
    of British Raj.
  • It generates a mesmerizing charm reflecting
    well-composed and spacious streets under the
    shade of beautifully lined avenues of trees and
    tall and imposing government buildings.

  • New Delhi is structured around two central
    promenades called the Rajpath and the Janpath.
    The Rajpath, or King's Way, stretches from the
    Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate. The
    Janpath, formerly Queen's Way, begins at
    Connaught Circus and cuts the Shantipath at right
  • At the heart of the city is the magnificent
    Rashtrapati Bhavan (formerly known as Viceroy's
    House) which sits atop Raisina Hill. The
    Secretariat which houses various ministries of
    the Government of India, flanks out of the
    Rashtrapati Bhavan. The Parliament House,
    designed by Herbert Baker, is located at the
    Sansad Marg, which runs parallel to the Rajpath.

  • Public transport is an important feature
    in New Delhi. There are buses, auto rickshaws, a
    mass rapid transit system (otherwise called Delhi
    Metro), taxis and suburban railways.
  • Buses
  • Buses are the most popular means of
    transport catering to about 60 of the total
    demand. The state-owned Delhi Transport
    Corporation (DTC) is a major bus service provider
    for the city. Delhi Transport Corporation
    operates many routes not-only in Delhi, but also
    many inter-states routes. The mofussil buses
    operate around 34 depots, and the inter-state
    buses operate from the Three Inter State Bus
    Terminals in Kashmir Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and
    Anand Vihar.

Metro Delhi Metro,
operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
Limited. A world class metro system has been
instituted in New Delhi. In order to meet the
transport demand in Delhi, the State and Union
government started the construction of a mass
rapid transit system, including the Delhi Metro.
As of 2007, the metro operates three lines with
a total length of 65 km (40 miles) and 59
stations while several other lines are under
Auto Rickshaws Taxis
Auto rickshaws are one of the
most popular means of public transportation in
Delhi. Auto Rickshaws are popular in New Delhi,
and are popularly known as scooters. Since they
run on CNG, they are environmentally-friendly and
a quick way to get around. They are usually
green and yellow. A cost of a ride is in the
range of Rs.20 to Rs.75.Taxis are not as
prevalent in New Delhi as rickshaws, and tend to
be more expensive. However, both private taxis
and the state-permit Taxis.
  • New Delhi's capital status has amplified
    the importance of
  • national events and holidays. National events
    such as
  • Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi
  • (Gandhi's birthday) are celebrated with great
    enthusiasm in
  • New Delhi and the rest of India.
  • On India's Independence Day
  • (15 August) the Prime Minister
  • of India addresses the nation from
  • the Red Fort. Most Delhiites
  • celebrate the day by flying kites, which are
    considered a symbol of freedom.

Festivals Holidays
  • The Republic Day Parade is a large cultural and
  • parade showcasing India's cultural diversity
    and military
  • might. Religious festivals include Diwali (the
    festival of light), Durga Puja, Holi, Lohri, Maha
    Shivaratri, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha and Buddha
  • The Qutub Festival is a cultural event during
    which performances of musicians and dancers from
    all over India are showcased at night with the
    Qutub Minar as the chosen backdrop of the event.

  • Other events include the Kite Flying Festival,
    the International Mango Festival and Vasant
    Panchami (the Spring Festival) are held every
    year in Delhi.


  • Parliament, the supreme legislative body of the
    country, comprises of the President and the 2
    Houses the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and
    Raja Sabha (Council of States). The President has
    the power to summon and prorogue either House of
    Parliament or to dissolve the Lok Sabha.
  • The Constitution of India came into force on
    January 26, 1950. The first general elections
    under the new Constitution were held during the
    year 1951-52 and the first elected Parliament
    came into being in April, 1952

Jama Masjid
  • The largest mosque in India, was built by
    the great
  • Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Begun in 1644 and
  • finally in 1658 at a cost of 10 lakh rupees, it
    has 3 gateways, 4 angle towers and two 40 m high
  • Situated on a rocky eminence in Old Delhi on the
    other side of
  • road to the Red Fort. One of the finest Specimen
    of Mughal
  • structure, its notable features
  • are its bold treatment in red
  • sandstone inlaid with black and
  • white marble, spacious courts,
  • massive pillars supporting
  • engrailed arches, elegant bulbous domes - all
  • proportioned with decorative manipulation.

  • Birla House
  • This is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was
    assasinated on January 30,1948. A 3 foot tall
    stone memorial has been erected at the site.
    Scenes from the Mahatma's life are painted on the
    walls and ceilings of the nearby red sandstone
  • Parliament House
  • Designed by Sir Herbert Baker, its foundation was
    laid by
  • the Duke of Connaught in 1921. With a diameter of
    125 yards and a height of 75 ft. it was completed
    in just 5
  • years. Located near the Central Secretariat, this
  • piece of architecture can be admired only from
    outside due
  • to security reasons.

Qutub Minar
  • About 15 km south of Delhi, in Mehrauli, this 238
    feet and
  • 1 inch high Minar has been referred to as "one of
  • wonders of world". This soaring tower of victory
    was built
  • immediately after the defeat of the last Hindu
    Kingdom in
  • Delhi. Qutb-ud-din Aibak laid its foundation in
    1200 A.D.
  • Iltutmish added 3 more storeys. After damaged by
  • lightning in 1368 A.D. Firuz Shah Tughlaq rebuilt
    the 4th
  • story, added the 5th and a harp
  • shaped cupola. As of now, upper
  • storeys are closed for visitors,
  • yet its a treat to watch this
  • Magnificent monument.

Red Fort
  • Built in almost 20 years (1639-1648), by the
    Mughal monarch
  • Shahjahan, who shifted his capital from Agra to
    Delhi had a great
  • significance in historical Delhi.
  • Built at a cost of Rs 100 lakhs, this imposing
    building in redstone has its walls that vary in
    height from 18 m on the river (Yamuna) side to 33
    m on the city side.
  • Of the 2 gates, Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate, the
    former facing the Chandni Chowk is more imposing.
    The Lahore Gate faces to Lahore (now in Pakistan)
    and gives access to Chhatta Chowk (the vaulted
  • Of the prime attractions in the fort are
    Diwan-i-Am (the
  • Hall of Public Audiences). It was in the
  • wherein a marble dais is said to have
  • supported Shahajahans famous Peacock throne
  • which was valued at some 6 million pound
  • sterling was taken away by Nadir Shah when
  • he looted Delhi in 1739.

India Gate
  • This 42-metre high free standing arch, designed
  • by Lutyens was founded on February 10 1921 by
  • the Duke of Connaught. It commemorates the
  • 70,000 Indian soldiers who died during World War
  • Amar Jawan Jyoti, another memorial, added
  • under the arch in 1971 is the nation's
  • tribute to Indian Jawans, who laid
  • their lives during Indo-Pak War of
  • 1971. The names of the soldiers
  • are inscribed all along the walls
  • of the arch.

Jantar Mantar
  • Of the 5 astronomical observatories built by
  • Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743), Jantar
    Mantar, at
  • Delhi is one of them (others were erected at
  • Varanasi, Jaipur and Mathura).
  • Built in 1724, it contains 6
  • masonry instruments, the largest one
  • Samrat Yantra (Supreme Instrument)
  • is like a sun dial. Built for observing
  • the movements of the stars and the
  • planets, through these Yantras one
  • can learn about the shortest and the longest
  • day of the year, days of the week, months, time
    and other
  • astronomical data.

  • The Rupee is the currency of India. The issuance
    of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank
    of India. The most commonly used symbols for the
    rupee are Rs, ? and ??. The ISO 4217 code for the
    Indian rupee is INR. In most parts of India, the
    rupee is known as the rupee, roopayi, rupaye,
  • Credit Cards American Express, Master Card, Visa
    and Diners Club credit cards are generally
    accepted by large establishments including
    hotels, shops and airlines.

  • Summers are very hot, though the humidity
    levels are not much as in Calcutta and Bombay.
    Temperatures in the summer months can touch 45
    degrees Celsius with May and June being the
    hottest months.
  • Rains are spread over a month from early July and
    humidity levels at this time can cause
    uneasiness. The winter months October-end to
    February-end are cold and dry and the minimum
    temperatures can go as low as 3 degrees Celsius
    in late December and January.
  • Heavy woolens are ideal during this time and can
    give a sense of satisfaction and enjoyment.
    Weather bulletins and forecasts are given
    regularly over the television and in the
    newspapers and are normally accurate as they are
    based on satellite information.

  • Delhi is very much a mini India, attracting
    people from all parts of the nation. A perfect
    example of cosmopolitan culture. English, Hindi,
    Punjabi and Urdu are most commonly spoken.
  • In hotels and restaurants the staff speak English
    while the tourist guides are also well versed
    with the language. Indians being friendly can
    always help tourists who may not understand any
    other language than English.

  • You will find the choicest variety of Indian food
    in Delhi, a melting pot of the countrys myriad
    cuisine. From the many restaurants offering world
    cuisine to the delectable street cuisine, Delhi
    has something to satiate any palate. Most hotels
    serve continental food and the city offers a
    variety of fast food outlets as well.

  • Tipping is common for porters in hotels as also
    the stewards and bearers and tourist guides,
    though it is not the practice with taxi and auto
    drivers and other means of transport within the
    city. The standard tipping amount in hotels and
    restaurants is 10 of the total bill.

  • There is almost nothing that is not available in
    Delhi and within the very recent past outlets of
    big international names in fashion and retail
    have sprung up all over the city. And for one
    wanting to shop only for Indian goods the variety
    is almost mind-boggling. In fact as far as
    shopping is concerned, Delhi could well be termed
    the world within a city.

  • Smoking is banned in public places, public
    transport and government offices, inside cinema
    halls and theatres located in the state of Delhi.
    In several other places, boards prominently
    display the ban on smoking. Most hotels and
    restaurants have separate smoking zones.

Dos Donts
  • Delhi is a large city that has emerged through
    the confluence of many contrasting cultures and
    traditions. Hence, there is a lot to explore and
    experience. It can be a confusing place for
    newcomers, especially since it is always teeming
    with people from various communities. To make
    their visit a pleasant one, visitors should
    follow few general guidelines.
  • It is a good idea to make reservations for
    accommodation and transportation facilities well
    in advance, so that there is no last minute
    hitches when one arrives in the city.

Dos Donts (contd)
  • The best months to visit Delhi are Feb.- March
    and Sept.- Nov. Between April and September the
    extremely hot weather can be very taxing. If one
    is visiting during that time, carrying a bottle
    of mineral water and sunscreen lotion is a very
    good idea.
  • The tropical sun is strong during summer months,
    so guard against sunstroke and dehydration. Wear
    a hat and dark glasses when you go out. Drink
    lots of liquids, water and fruit juice. Allow
    sweat to evaporate, wear loose cotton clothes.
    Use sunscreen lotions and talcum powder as a
    precaution against prickly heat rashes.

Dos Donts (contd)
  • One should keep a fair amount of the local
    currency, especially loose change with one while
    travelling through the city. This way one can
    avoid having to pay a bit extra at any point.
  • One should trust one's own judgment when it comes
    to shopping and should beware of touts and
    agents. Bargaining is often the norm here (except
    in the up-market areas, of course!), so it is a
    good idea to be aware of the prevailing rates
    before starting the actual shopping.
  • If you feel lost or confused approach the traffic
    policemen to guide you.
  • Beware of beggars and even mendicants or anybody
    who approaches you for alms or donations. Keep
    your wallets safe, as you would anywhere else.

Dos Donts (contd)
  • Stay away from so called Tourist Information
    Centres which are near New Delhi Railway
    Stations, as they are not tourist offices, but
    tourist agents out to fleece unsuspecting
  • Indian's take sport very seriously and especially
    relish cricket victories against the likes of
  • Delhi has a surprising amount of sporting
    facilities for the active traveller including
    cricket pitches and a beautiful golf course at
    the Delhi Golf Club.

Dos Donts (contd)
  • Bring a phrase book or phrase list with you.
    You'll get the most mileage out of a Hindu/Urdu
    phrase book in the north. You won't likely need
    it to get your point across, but it surely shows
    a lot of respect to give the language a try. If
    you have to learn one phrase, go for "Your child
    is beautiful." That will surely get you a lot of
    smiles and warm responses... )
  • The key is to keep the most valuable things
    closest to you. You shouldn't remove the security
    belt when you're out and about, so that's where
    you'll keep you money, passport, tickets (unless
    you're about to use them), medical prescriptions,
    and the like.

Dos Donts (contd)
  • For travel health, it is best to use your common
    sense. Take care what you eat or drink. It is
    best to carry your own mineral water. Hot tea and
    coffee are good alternatives. Indian travellers
    do not worry too much about water, because they
    are tuned to local conditions. Even so,
    contaminated drinking water remains the main
    reason for most stomach-related diseases.
  • Diarrhea (the English call it 'Delhi-belly') is
    the most common stomach ailment. Take a three or
    five-day course of anti-diarrhea tablets duly
    prescribed by a doctor. Along with medication,
    drink a lot of water with salt and sugar as
    diarrhea leads to dehydration. Alcohol, milk,
    meat, fried and spicy foods should be avoided.
    Porridge, stew and the local khichdi are easy to
    digest and, therefore, recommended.

At a Glance
  • Area 1483 sq. kms
  • Altitude 239 m above sea level
  • Density 9294 persons per sq. Km.
  • Languages Hindi, English, Urdu and Punjabi
  • Climate Extreme Hot in Summer and Cold in Winter
  • Maximum Temperature 46 Degree Celsius
  • Minimum Temperature 04 Degree Celsius
  • Winter December February
  • Spring March to mid April
  • Summer April end to August
  • Autumn September to November

At a Glance (contd)
  • Best time to Visit October to March
  • River Yamuna
  • Time Zone GMT/UTC 5.5
  • Daylight Saving Start End not in use
  • Currency Indian Rupee (Rs)
  • Electricity 230-240V 50HzHz
  • Electric Plug Details South African/
    Indian-style plug with two circular metal pins
    above a large circular grounding pin
  • European plug with two circular metal pins

  • Police 100
  • Fire 101     
  • Ambulance 102
  • Accident Trauma 1099