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Jacksonian Democracy

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Title: Jacksonian Democracy


1
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Chapter 12

2
Lewis Clark
  • When did Lewis Clark explore Louisiana the LA
    Territory?
  • What did the explorations prove?
  • Americans began to settle the southern portions

3
The argument over Missouri
  • 1819-MO petitions for statehood
  • - 1st state carved from LA purchase
  • - slave state
  • Northerners objected
  • - representation
  • - only consider admitting if free state

4
Missouri Compromise, 1819
  • Mass offered northern counties as new state of
    Maine
  • - satisfied representation fears
  • agreed to outlaw slavery above MO

5
  • Compromise reaffirmed
  • Souths commitment to slavery
  • Norths resentment of Southern power

6
Monroe Doctrine, 1823
  • Monroe Doctrine established (1823)
  • - US was opposed to European
  • colonization in the Americas
  • - John Q. Adams

7
Election of 1824
  • Crowed field of presidential contenders
  • - Jackson, Adams, Clay etc.
  • Andrew Jacksons appeal
  • Jackson wins pop electoral votes
  • - election went to House of Rep
  • Clay (House Speaker) promised Adams presidency
    in return for favor
  • Adams elected
  • Jackson supporters cry Corrupt Bargain

8
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9
Election of 1828
  • Adams miserable presidency
  • Jackson supporters form democratic party
  • - democracy, states rights limited govt
  • Adams campaign centered on Jacksons character
    wife
  • Smear Campaign
  • Jackson overwhelmingly elected (p 318)
  • - vague inaugural address

10
Indian issues
  • 60k Indians still resided in the SW
  • - protected by federal treaties
  • many states resented policy
  • GA, Al, MS defied federal policy
  • - began to regulate Indian affairs
  • Jackson sided with the states
  • - believed federal govt lacked the power to
    recognize sovereignty within a state

11
Indian removal act of 1830
  • Jackson- send Indians to federal land west of MS
  • Worcester v. GA (1823)- Court declared states
    extension of power over Indian land
    unconstitutional
  • Jackson refused to enforce decision
  • - allowed states to remove Indians

12
King Andrew
Marshall made his decision, now let him enforce
it!
13
Trail of Tears
  • 1838- remaining 18k Cherokees sent to Oklahoma
  • 4k died of disease starvation (p 320)
  • removal unconstitutional
  • gt violated supreme court decision
  • gt strengthened Jacksons commitment to state
    sovereignty

14
Age of Jackson
  • created spoils system
  • to the victor belong the spoils

15
Martin Van Buren
  • Whig party (1830s)
  • Van Buren elected (1837)
  • Panic of 1837
  • - many businesses close doors unemployment
    rises
  • What do the Whigs shout?

16
Election of 1840
  • Van Buren gets blame
  • William Harrison elected
  • Tippecanoe and Tyler Too (p 331)

17
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18
Second party system established
  • balanced budget (1833)
  • Whigs Democrats (1830-60)
  • Both candidates received nearly equal levels of
    support in slave free states
  • Parties could take no state for granted
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