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Title: Lesson One: Current World Problems


1
Introduction and History of Terrorism
  • Chapters 5 6

2
What is Terrorism?
Journal Response
  • Define Terrorism.
  • How should we define Terrorism?
  • Who is a Terrorist?

3
Journal Response
  • Osama Bin Laden
  • Terrorist?
  • Freedom Fighter?

4
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • Terrorist?
  • Patriot?

5
Journal Response
  • Harry S. Truman
  • Mass Murderer?
  • Defender of freedom?

6
What is Terrorism?
  • Use of force or violence against persons or
    property for the purpose of
  • Intimidation
  • Coercion
  • Ransom
  • Use of violence (or threats of violence) to
    create fear among the public, to convince people
    that their government is powerless, and to get
    immediate publicity for their causes.

7
History of the Term
  • First popularized during the French Revolution
    (18th century).
  • Referred to a person who worked to establish the
    new revolutionary state.
  • A tool designed to consolidate the new
    governments power by intimidating enemies of
    the new state.

8
History of the Term
  • Closely associated with virtue and democracy.
  • Terror is nothing but justice, prompt, severe,
    and inflexible it is therefore an emanation of
    virtue Maximilien Robespierre

9
Commonalities of the Term
  • Acts of terror had and have specific targets and
    goals.
  • Acts of terror seek to create uncertainty and
    general fear (anyone can be a target).
  • The goal and justification of terrorism is a new
    and better society in place of a corrupt and
    undemocratic political system.

10
What is the Difference?
Activity
Page 102 Questions 1 2
  • War
  • Terrorism
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________
  • _____________

11
Terrorism Risk Factors
  • Poverty.
  • Closely linked with
  • Economic isolation.
  • Feelings of hopelessness.
  • Violation of human rights.
  • Example
  • Madrassas (Islamic Seminaries supported by
    charities).
  • Support (social, economic, religious).
  • Indoctrination (hatred of the west).

12
Terrorism Risk Factors
  • Globalization.
  • Terrorism is a product of resistance to change.
  • Resisting _____________ change.
  • Cultural.
  • Economic.
  • Political.
  • Religious.
  • Military.

13
Terrorism Risk Factors
  • Failure of Government.
  • Problems ignored by local governments.
  • What kind of problems?
  • Economic.
  • Religious.
  • Social.
  • Political.
  • Ethnic.
  • Example? Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

14
Terrorism Risk Factors
  • Violence by Government.
  • Violent suppression of minority groups.
  • People seek to escape violence and oppression
    through the use of violence.
  • Violation of human rights.
  • Example Egypt.

15
Terrorism Risk Factors
  • National or Cultural Humiliation.
  • People feel their nation is being oppressed or
    invaded by outsiders.
  • People feel their culture is under attack by
    outsiders.
  • Example
  • United States occupation of Iraq.

16
Terrorism Risk Factors
  • Foreign Policy.
  • Anger over foreign policy decisions of their
    nation or other nations.
  • Example Osama Bin Laden (Saudi Arabia bases
    during Desert Storm).
  • Example Palestinians.

17
Kinds of Terrorism
Journal Response
  • Domestic Terrorism (pg. 108).
  • Occurs within the borders of a country and is
    associated with extremist groups.
  • Ex ___________________.
  • Nationalist Terrorism (pg. 110).
  • Struggles for political autonomy and/or
    independence.
  • Ex ___________________.

18
Kinds of Terrorism
Journal Response
  • Religious Terrorism (pg. 115).
  • Extreme fundamentalist religious groups.
  • God endorses violence.
  • Often includes ritual (pg. 116).
  • Ex ___________________.
  • State Terrorism (pg. 117).
  • Government sponsored terrorism.
  • Ex ___________________.

19
Kinds of Terrorism
Journal Response
  • Global Terrorism (pg. 117).
  • Response to globalization.
  • Terrorism on a global scale.
  • Ex ___________________.

20
Goals of Terrorism
  • Social and Political Justice.
  • Overthrowing repressive governments.
  • Self-Determination.
  • Gain national independence.
  • Racial Superiority.
  • Preserving racial segregation and social,
    economic, and political power based on skin
    color.
  • Foreign Policies.
  • Influence other nations.

21
Goals of Terrorism
  • Publicity.
  • Draw public attention to their cause.
  • Demoralized Governments.
  • Undermine legitimate government policies by
    making governments look weak.
  • Create a Climate of Fear and Insecurity.
  • Undermine peoples confidence in their
    government.

22
Weapons of Terror
Journal Response
  • Kidnapping.
  • Car bombs.
  • Suicide bombers.
  • Air planes.
  • Internet (cyber-war).
  • WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction).
  • Chemical and Biological Weapons.
  • Nuclear Weapons.
  • Radiation Weapons (dirty bombs).

23
End of Lesson
  • Read Chapter 6
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