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Adaptive Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities

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Title: Adaptive Technology for Students with Learning Disabilities


1
Adaptive Technology for Students with Learning
Disabilities
  • Mike Walker, Learning Strategist
  • Mark Giddens, Adaptive Technology Technician
  • Presented to Faculty of Education LD AQ
    CourseJune 2003

2
Presentation Outcomes
  • Create a context for this presentation
  • Why need we accommodate?
  • Accommodation, Modification Remediation
  • a student's experiences as a learner with a LD
  • Describe and demonstrate technology to help
    overcome these information processing deficits,
    including
  • speech to text, text to speech and OCR
  • spelling, editing and math
  • organization and creativity
  • memory and attention

3
Our Context the Premise
  • Our Desire - we want all of our students to be
    able to master the Three Rs and to develop
    normally physically, mentally and emotionally.
  • The Reality approximately 9.4 of our
    elementary and secondary students are
    exceptional (MET, 1997).
  • The Result - many of our students will not read,
    write or perform other academic tasks
    efficiently, despite our best effort and intense
    remediation.

4
Consequently
  • In order for many of these exceptional students
    to be successful their
  • skills must be remediated and/or
  • learning either modified or accommodated
  • Remediation may be needed for the student to
  • overcome performance deficits (reading, writing,
    speech, motor)
  • consolidate skills for future learning
  • Modification may be needed for the student to
  • experience academic success
  • maintain motivation to learn
  • Accommodation may be needed for the student to
  • maintain grade level standards
  • broaden future learning opportunities

5
However
  • Modifications are not an option at the
    post-secondary level.
  • Therefore, accommodation for severe disabilities
    may become more challenging and solutions, by
    necessity, more sophisticated.
  • Technology has provided many new tools which may
    be used to accommodate students with LDs.

6
Accommodation in Action
  • Putting Technology in Context

7
Kristens Story
  • Dyslexia dysgraphia
  • Reading (decoding) writing (encoding
    spelling, grammar, etc.) sequencing
  • Had to read everything 5 times
  • 1 hour exam took 3 hours to write
  • Always lost full spelling/grammar marks
  • Today would not pass Grade 10 literacy test

8
Kristen Today
  • Has to do her readings once
  • Writes exams in same time as other students
  • Maintains an 85 average
  • Uses technology
  • Kurzweil 3000
  • textHELP Read Write
  • Dragon NaturallySpeaking
  • Pocket PC, scanner, scanning pen, speaking spell
    checker

9
A Learning Disability is an Information
Processing Deficit
  • phonological processing
  • memory and attention
  • processing speed
  • language processing
  • perceptual-motor processing
  • visual-spatial processing
  • executive functions (e.g., planning, monitoring
    and metacognitive abilities)

10
As a result, learners with LDs may have
  • Difficulty with Alphabet/Penmanship
  • Problems Expressing what is Known and Understood
  • Problems in Personal Organization
  • Difficulty in Copying/Note-Making
  • Problems in Arithmetic
  • Problems in Reading
  • Slow Work Speed
  • Problems with Time and Sequence
  • Confusion in Spelling

11
A Tale from the Trenches
  • Adam (grade 4) reading disability (pre. board)
  • reading at grade 1 level, highly frustrated
    resistant to learning
  • resistant to resource, so accommodated in the
    classroom
  • up two levels, completed grade level work,
    independent research project, class leader
  • end of the year comment to John
  • now in Grade 5 back in resource, same phonics
    workbooks, etc. shut down
  • teachers, perhaps afraid of technology, but have
    also bought into the myth that if students learn
    differently, they wont make it in the real
    world

12
What Can Students with LDs Expect?
  • Typical accommodations available to students with
    learning disabilities at the post-secondary level

13
Test/Exam Accommodation
  • Common
  • extra time
  • spell checker
  • use of a computer
  • distraction-free environment
  • leniency towards spelling grammar
  • Less Common
  • reader
  • scribe
  • e-reader
  • voice dictation

14
Classroom/Lecture Accommodation
  • Common
  • tape recorder
  • note-sharer/taker
  • use of overheads/ visual organizer
  • Alpha-Smart/lap-top computer/Pocket PC
  • Less Common
  • FM system
  • wait time when called upon
  • lecture notes on reserve/on web
  • lecture outline in advance

15
Personal Study Accommodation
  • master notebook
  • organizer
  • talking spell checker
  • texts on tape
  • tape/digital recorder
  • computer
  • scanner
  • e-reader/e-texts
  • voice dictation
  • reduced course load
  • study buddy
  • study carrels
  • mentor
  • academic skills
  • peer tutor
  • professional tutor
  • technology training
  • learning strategy training based on LD assessment

16
The Big Three
  • Kurzweil 3000
  • textHELP Read Write
  • Dragon NaturallySpeaking

17
Text to Speech Software
  • Kurzweil 3000

www.kurzweiledu.com
Also see WYNN 3.1, Premier Programming Scan
Read, TextAloud MP3, ReadPlease 2003
18
Text to Speech Definitions
  • Scan Read Software
  • converts printed word to electronic speech
  • typically uses a scanner in the process
  • Kurzweil 3000, WYNN, Read Write Gold, Premier
    Programming Scan Read
  • Reading Software ( screen readers)
  • converts e-text to electronic speech
  • TextHELP, ReadPlease, TextAloud MP3, WordQ,
    HELPRead

19
Kurzweil 3000 - Overview Scan Read (BW or
Colour)/Read Only
  • Used for reading, writing, test taking, research
  • For individuals with
  • learning disabilities
  • reading difficulties - print physically
    disabled
  • Improves reading speed and comprehension
  • Highlights tracks text as it is spoken aloud
  • Uses a multisensory approach to reading and
    writing
  • at school, at home, at work
  • Classic literature CD 1,100 titles!

20
Kurzweil 3000
  • Scan read print materials
  • scan in colour or black white
  • scan on flatbed or with ADF (Automatic Document
    Feeder)
  • save with page formatting or as text only
  • can open many formats (.doc, .rtf, .txt, .pdf,
    .tif)
  • Reading toolbar features
  • track print visually, on the page or in the
    magnifier box (change colour highlights)
  • vary voice, reading speed, reading mode
  • speak definitions, provide pronunciation guide
  • toolbars are customizable
  • Reading the web (integrates with Internet
    Explorer)
  • web reading toolbar

21
Kurzweil 3000
  • study skills toolbar features
  • navigate by page or to book mark
  • add text notes, sticky note, audio notes
  • highlight and extract notes
  • test taking features
  • scan read
  • write or speak responses to document
  • integrates with Dragon NaturallySpeaking
  • lockout various features, if required, for test
    taking

22
Kurzweil 3000
  • Writing skills toolbar features
  • word processor
  • dictionary
  • thesaurus (synonyms)
  • spell check
  • word prediction (create a custom word list)

23
Cost of Scan and Read Programs
  • Kurzweil 3000
  • Scan/Read, Colour
  • Scan/Read, Black White
  • Read Only
  • WYNN
  • Wizard
  • Reader
  • TextHELP Gold
  • Premier Prog. Scan Read
  • ReadPlease 2003 Plus Read only
  • ReadPlease 2003 Read only

Canadian s ? 2895 ? 1695 ? 549 ?
1699 ? 699 ? 680 ? 233 ?
78 FREE
24
Read Please 2003www.readplease.com
  • Text-to-speech (no scanning feature)
  • Developed in Canada
  • Free version
  • Supports ATT Voices
  • Very simple to use

25
Comparison
  • Kurzweil 3000 ScanRead, Colour
  • Sheet-feed Epson Scanner
  • ? 3544
  • ReadPlease 2003 (free download)
  • Canon Flatbed Scanner with OCR
  • ? 99

26
Reading Writing
  • textHELP Read Write

www.texthelp.com
Also see WordQ, Aurora Systems
27
textHelp Read Writeoverview
  • Reading tools
  • Screen Reader
  • Read virtually anything on the screen
  • Text Reader
  • Read e-text
  • Read as you type
  • Read after you type
  • Read the internet
  • Writing tools
  • Use your word processor
  • Word Prediction
  • Dyslexic Spell Checker
  • Homonym Checker
  • Thesaurus
  • Word Wizard

28
RW Reading Tools
  • Read the screen applications (icons, menus)
  • Highlight and read e-text (docs html)
  • Track words in 4 different ways
  • In the document
  • Textreader window
  • Speech balloon
  • One word display
  • Change character, voice speed, voice pitch, and
    highlighting colours and size
  • Listen to text as you type by letter, word,
    sentence or speak punctuation
  • Find and listen to words and definitions in Spell
    Check and Word Wizard

29
RW Writing Tools
  • Listen to your writing
  • Check spelling as you type or after
  • Dyslexic (b p q d) and first letter errors -
    filosofy
  • Speaks back definition gives examples in context
  • By parts of speech noun, verb, adjective,
    adverb
  • Keeps spelling log errors and dates
  • Check homophones
  • Speaks back definition gives examples in context

30
RW Writing Tools
  • Word Prediction
  • Change prediction window size and colours
  • Find a word the word starts with an ele
  • Expand vocabulary learns as you type or import
    spelling lists
  • Personalize - learns your writing style and
    predicts for YOU
  • Program phonetic replacements (fone, filosofy)

31
RW Writing Tools
  • Word Wizard expands vocabulary
  • Look for alternative or linking words
  • example auto part of speech get a
    definition do a search more things like or
    different kinds of
  • For research president

32
RW Math Tools
  • Calculator listen to your math work
  • Talking calculator
  • Can change the size and colors
  • Can printout an audit trail
  • TextHelp Gold also contains a scientific
    calculator

33
textHelp - Helps!
  • Assists and motivates
  • Accommodates reading and writing difficulties
  • Helps build reading and writing skills
  • Probably the best all round LD tool for the money

34
RW targets skill deficits
  • Directly
  • reading (e.g., decoding, comprehension)
  • written language (spelling, written expression)
  • mathematics (e.g., computation, problem solving)
  • To a lesser degree
  • oral language (listening, speaking,
    understanding)
  • organizational skills
  • social interaction
  • social perception

35
RW aids processing deficits
  • Directly
  • phonological processing
  • language processing
  • visual-spatial processing
  • To a lesser degree
  • memory and attention (engages students)
  • perceptual-motor (keyboard/prediction)
  • executive functions (planning, monitoring and
    metacognitive abilities) (elaborating, editing)
  • processing speed

36
Read Write GOLD
  • All of Read Writes features plus
  • Scanning
  • Speech input (speech to text XP engine)
  • Research tools gather, organize, annotate info
  • Simple scientific talking calculator
  • Teacher Toolkit manage spelling and activity
    logs and student access

37
Voice Recognition Software
  • Dragon NaturallySpeaking

http//www.dragonsys.com
Also see IBMs ViaVoice, Microsoft Office XP
38
Dragon NaturallySpeaking
  • Benefits people
  • Physical disabilities
  • Fine motor problems
  • LDs who can verbalize but not write
  • Writing tool
  • Get the ideas down
  • Worry about grammar and sentence structure
    afterwards

39
Dragon NaturallySpeaking
  • Dictate directly into the computer
  • 5 to 15-minute training session
  • Patience!
  • Works with MS Word, WordPerfect, almost all
    Windows programs
  • Allows hands-free use of the computer
  • Have to memorize commands
  • Voice file is transferable
  • Reads back what you say
  • Beware the voice!

40
(No Transcript)
41
Dragon NaturallySpeaking
  • Dictation
  • Make corrections
  • Training note (for reading disabilities)
  • Test taking alone or in combination with
    Kurzweil or textHELP Read Write
  • Read back two modes
  • Newer version 7.0 claims 99 accuracy

42
Other Technology
  • More Technology for Students with Information
    Processing and Other Disabilities

43
Technology for Young Learners
  • WordQ (simpler tool similar to textHELP!)
  • www.wordq.com
  • Kidspiration
  • www.inspiration.com
  • IntelliTools Inc. (www.intellitools.com)
  • IntelliTalk II
  • IntelliMathics
  • IntelliPics Studio
  • MathPad
  • Accessibility Tools (for physical disabilities)

44
Premier Assistive Technologywww.readingmadeeasy.c
om
45
Premier Assistive TechnologyAccessibility Suite
  • Products to assist people with Low Vision
  • Scan and Read Lite
  • Scan and View
  • Products for Everyone
  • Text to Audio
  • Talking Calculator
  • Universal Reader
  • Products to assist the Blind
  • Text Cloner
  • Complete Reading System
  • Products to assist people with LDs
  • Talking Word Processor
  • Scan And Read Pro
  • Talking Web Browser

46
Premier Assistive Technology
  • Benefits
  • much more inexpensive than name-brand products
  • school can apply for a grant to get the
    software suite for free
  • 200 yearly maintenance fee on grant
  • Drawbacks
  • software isnt as efficient as name-brand
    alternatives
  • some of the programs functions still a bit
    quirky
  • however, they are upgrading regularly and adding
    new features

47
Creativity software
  • Inspiration Software
  • www.inspiration.com

MindManager www.mindjet.com
48
Inspiration MindManager
  • Features include
  • Integrated diagramming and outlining environments
  • Many pre-designed templates
  • 1,250 symbols
  • Create hyperlinks directly to the web
  • Useful for
  • Idea gathering
  • Brainstorming
  • Planning
  • Organization
  • Sharing Ideas

49
Inspiration
Demo
50
MindManager
Demo
51
Kidspiration
Demo
52
Pocket PCs
  • Runs on Windows
  • platform
  • Includes Microsoft
  • Word, Excel
  • Windows Media
  • Player (textbooks)
  • Note taker (keyboards)
  • Organizer
  • http//www.microsoft.com/mobile/pocketpc/learnmore
    /hardware/americas.asp

53
Palm Pilots
  • Original PDA
  • (Personal Digital Assistant)
  • Palm OS
  • Organizer
  • Good for note taking
  • 1000s of applications
  • http//www.palm.com/us/

54
TextAloud MP3http//www.nextup.com/TextAloud/inde
x.html
  • Another Text to Speech Program
  • Inexpensive
  • Reads text aloud or
  • Converts e-text to an audio file (MP3, .wav)
  • Listen to textbook or study notes on PocketPC,
    MP3 player, in the car, on a Discman, etc.
  • Adjustable voices speed and volume
  • ATT voices

55
TextAloud MP3
ATT
Crystal
Mike
Regular
Jane
56
Portable Note TakersAlphaSmart or Quickpad
  • Simple
  • Low cost
  • Extraordinary Battery LifeCan run over 700 hours
    on3 AA alkaline batteries.
  • A great investmentFar less expensive than a PC.
  • Lightweight, Rugged, Ergonomic DesignWeighing
    less than 2 lbs. and virtually indestructible,
    it's an indispensable tool in and out of the
    classroom.
  • www.alphasmart.com/ www.quickpad.com

57
Spell CheckersFranklin MWD-1450
  • Over 100,000 words, 500,000 synonyms
  • Full Merriam-Webster definitions
  • Instant phonetic spell correction
  • Learning exercises / vocabulary builders
  • Book card slot for additional Franklin titles.
  • Newer Models Have
  • Organizer with telephone book and world clock.
  • Calculator and Metric/Currency Converter for
    quick math
  • Download eBooks and eNews from the Internet.

58
Talking Spell CheckersFranklin LM-6000B
  • Speaking Language Master
  • 130,000 words
  • 300,000 definitions
  • 500,000 thesaurus entries
  • 8-line display
  • AC adapter jack
  • Contrast control
  • Adjustable font size
  • Phonetic Spell Correction
  • Grammar Guide
  • 12 word games

www.franklin.com
59
Handheld Scanners
  • IrisPen
  • Easy to use
  • Faster than manual retyping
  • Easy transfer to computer
  • Reads 6 to 22 points size
  • Recognizes up to 56 languages
  • Recognizes up to 1000 characters per second
  • Reads wavy and distorted characters
  • Reads text, numbers, and bar codes
  • http//www.irispen.com/

60
Handheld Scanners
  • Quicktionary Reading Pens
  • Various versions available
  • Scanning dictionary that reads definitions
  • Scan up to 1000 pages of text
  • Translate different languages
  • http//www.wizcomtech.com/index.php3

61
Tape Recorders Digital Cameras
  • Tape recorder
  • Record lecture notes
  • Relatively inexpensive
  • Pop-up microphone
  • Counter for note taking
  • Auditory learners
  • Digital Camera
  • Take photos of boards, overheads,
    slides, etc.
  • Transfer to notes
  • Use with PocketPC
  • Visual learners

62
FM System
Auditory Processing Attention
  • Wireless transmission from teacher to student
    within the classroom
  • Focus on the teachers voice
  • Background noise is minimized
  • Lightweight
  • Student controls volume
  • Integrates with hearing devices

http//www.phonicear.com/
63
Organization WatchMinder
  • Reminder training modes
  • 75 pre-programmed messages
  • 16 daily alarms
  • Also silent vibration alerts
  • Invented by a child psychologist
  • ADD/ADHD chronically disorganized
  • People with chronic diseases
  • LD's, memory disorders, brain injury, and stroke
  • www.watchminder.com

64
Free Software
  • Screen Magnifier (Lens Magnifier)
  • http//www.markuswelz.de/freeware/index.html
  • Talking Calculator (P.P. Talking Calculator)
  • http//www.premier-programming.com/downloads.htm
  • Talking Web Browser (Simply Web 2000)
  • http//www.econointl.com/sw/
  • Text Reader (ReadPlease 2003)
  • www.readplease.com
  • Screen Reader (textHELP Screen Reader v4)
  • http//www.simtel.net/pub/pd/15213.shtml

65
Other Technology for LDs
  • Web tech for people with disabilities
  • Great accessibility tool
  • Brings world into the home
  • communication
  • learning
  • research
  • resources
  • advocacy information
  • Project Gutenberg free books online
  • http//promo.net/pg/

66
A Bit About Computers
  • The basics
  • Multimedia system
  • Lots of RAM is good
  • Monitor LCD is best for disabled students
  • CDRW (burner)
  • Scanner (sheet feed is nice) with OCR
  • Keyboard mouse
  • Other input devices
  • Microphone
  • Track ball
  • Touch screen
  • Writing tablet
  • Scanner
  • Digital camera
  • Bliss Board

67
More Info . . .
  • On learning disabilities
  • www.schwablearning.org
  • www.ldonline.org
  • www.ldpride.net
  • www.ldao.on.ca
  • www.ldrc.ca
  • http//specialed.about.com/cs/learningdisabled
  • Nipissing University ESP site
  • www.nipissingu.ca/documents.cfm?smocid1352
  • Mikes Learning Resources Page
  • www.nipissingu.ca/faculty/mikew/resource

68
Demo CDs
  • Kurzweil 3000
  • http//www.kurzweiledu.com/products_k3000win_demo.
    asp
  • TextHELP Demo
  • http//www.texthelp.com/interactivedemo.asp
  • TextAloud MP3
  • http//nextup.com/TextAloud/download.html
  • Premier Programming
  • http//www.premier-programming.com/content/Downloa
    ds/Downloads.html
  • Other
  • http//www.thecanadianteacher.com/links/CDs/

69
Questions?
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