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Surrealism

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Others like Salvador Dali and Rene Margritte used realistic techniques to ... Salvador Dali. Salvador Dali (1904-89) Joined surrealists in 1928 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Surrealism


1
Surrealism PerceptionCreating Depth and
Illusion on a 2-d Plane
  • Surrealism An archaic term. Formerly an art
    movement. No longer distinguishable from everyday
    life. Brad Holland

By Joshua Grimes
2
Thesis
  • To explore techniques used to create
    3-dimensional depth and surreal dreamscapes in

Dalis Metamorphosis of Narcissus and Infinite
Enigma
M.C. Eschers Belvedere and Waterfall
3
Before Surrealism
  • Surrealism was the direct offspring of the Dada
    movement where artist painted absurd shapes and
    images to combat the madness of war.
  • The whimsical images changed the role of art in
    society by representing more than the physical
    world.
  • We spoke of Dada as a crusade that would win
    back the promised land of the Creative.

  • Jean Arp


4
Surrealism
  • Surrealism implies going beyond realism to
    express unreachable logic
  • Surrealism flourished in Europe and America
    during the 1920s and 1930s. The appearance of
    psychology and dream analysis caused new
    philosophies about art.

5
Surrealism Took Two Forms
  • Others like Salvador Dali and Rene Margritte used
    realistic techniques to present hallucinatory
    scenes
  • Some like Joan Miro and Max Ernst practiced
    improvised art to distance themselves from
    conscious control

Rene Margritte
Joan Miro
6
Creating Depth
  • 4 Principle Methods
  • Occlusion overlapping objects so the closer
    object overlaps another that is behind it
  • Size the further an object is from the viewer
    the smaller it will be
  • Shading representing lighting with shadows
  • World Knowledge an example is knowing that in a
    landscape with a warm climate if snow capped
    mountains are visible then they must be far away
    because such a climate change inquires distance.

7
Salvador Dali
  • Salvador Dali (1904-89)
  • Joined surrealists in 1928
  • Exploited his own neuroses for inspiration
  • Called his technique critical paranoia

8
Metamorphosis of Narcissus
9
Infinite Enigma
10
M.C. Escher
  • Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972)
  • Worked primarily in the media of lithographs and
    woodcuts
  • Although having had no training in mathematics
    Escher's work has a strong mathematical component
  • M ore than a few of the worlds which he drew are
    built around Impossible objects

11
Belvedere
12
Waterfall
13
Forbidden Knowledge
  • In Platos Allegory of the Cave viewers of the
    shadow objects except their world because it is
    all they have known.
  • Artist use the viewer's knowledge of the world in
    the same way.
  • Some surrealist like Escher and Dali do the same
    but then break reality with surreal images that
    represent a whole other dimension
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