Getting Kids Physically Active - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Getting Kids Physically Active PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3581b-ZDJlN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Getting Kids Physically Active

Description:

Humane and efficient. Efficient equipment retrieval. Set up ... Is consistent with societies consequences. Is a place to 'Take a break', cool down, and reflect ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:79
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 50
Provided by: In51
Learn more at: http://www.in.gov
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Getting Kids Physically Active


1
Getting Kids Physically Active
  • Aaron Beighle, Ph.D.

2
The Beginning
  • University of SouthFlorida's Prevention Research
    Center
  • Community Based Prevention Marketing in Lexington
    Grant
  • After-school programs targeted by Tweens
    Coalition
  • Commissioned by the Director of the Coalition,
    Anita Courtney

3
The Evolution
  • Started with six hours over three evenings
  • Participant feedback
  • More activities for children
  • Fewer sessions
  • Created a booklet
  • Management ideas
  • Activity ideas

4
Workshop Organization
  • Part 1 Managing students in a physically active
    setting
  • Part 2 Understand physical activity promotion
    for youth
  • Part 3 Developmentally appropriate activities
    for youth

5
Part 1 Managing children in a physically
active setting
6
Part 1Key Concepts
  • Stopping and starting children
  • Consistent signals
  • Grouping children
  • Humane and efficient
  • Efficient equipment retrieval
  • Set up
  • Giving instructions and directions
  • Thorough and concise
  • Simple activities and games
  • Fun for all

7
Part 2 Understand physical activity promotion
for youth
8
Fitness, Exercise, or Activity?
  • Fitness A set of attributes that people have or
    achieve relating to their ability to perform
    physical activity (USDHHS, 1996)
  • Exercise Leisure time physical activity
    conducted with the intention of developing
    physical fitness.
  • Physical Activity Bodily movement that is
    produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle
    and that substantially increases energy
    expenditure (USDHHS, 1996)

9
Physical Activity
Dance
Recreation
Exercise
Leisure Activities
Others
Sports
10
Why physical activity?
  • Inactive people have twice the risk of developing
    heart disease
  • Inactivity is a primary risk factor for heart
    disease (so are smoking, high blood pressure, and
    high cholesterol
  • Reduces risk of cancer and diabetes
  • Improves posture and reduces lower back pain
  • Is as effective as psychotherapy for treating
    depression

11
Activity Is for All Youth
  • Regular activity for youth increases the
    probability of an active adult lifestyle Youth
    who are active at 3 or 4 years of age, are more
    active as adults
  • Moderate activity offers lifetime benefits
  • Activity helps those who need it most - unskilled
    and obese youth

12
Why the Concern about Inactivity among Youth?
  • A percentage of youth (15-30) are inactive.
  • Other reasons for concern are
  • The rapid decrease in activity among youth when
    they enter adolescence, particularly females
  • The increase in obesity among youth and adults

13
How active are they?
14
Steps across grade level
Mean steps/day for female and male students in
grades 1-12
Le Masurier, G., Beighle, A., et al, (2005)
Pedometer determined physical activity levels of
youth. Journal of Physical Activity and Health.
15
When are elementary school students active?
Morgan, C. F., Pangrazi, R. P., Beighle, A.
(2003). Using pedometers to promote physical
activity in physical education. Journal of
Physical Education Recreation and Dance, 74(7),
33-38.
16
Promoting Activity
17
Factors
  • Environment
  • Staff Managed
  • Motivation
  • Staff interaction
  • Appropriate Activities
  • Staff determined

18
Managing Children
19
(teacher anyone working with children)
What is a teacher?
20
A Friend?
  • Friends play favorites
  • Friends want to be liked
  • Friends pick who they wish to help

21
A leader?
  • Leaders care about all students and treat them
    all fairly
  • Leaders earn respect
  • Leaders help all students
  • Leaser are proud of what they do
  • Leaders are about people
  • Leaders want to make a positive difference in the
    lives of all children
  • Are you a leader?

22
Understanding Youth
  • Elementary Age Children
  • Love activityanything
  • Short attention spans
  • Concrete thinkers
  • Curious
  • Individuals
  • Self-centered

23
Understanding Youth
  • Late elementary to middle school
  • Peer acceptance is important
  • Success is extremely important
  • Activity may not be cool
  • Changing bodies
  • Can be emotional
  • Struggle for independence

24
Teachers Role in a Physical Activity Program
  • 1. Teach students to be good people
  • Teachers are agents of change for society
  • If we dont teach them to be better people who
    will
  • Make activity fun
  • Sell it

25
What is the most difficult part about working
with children?
26
Causes of misbehavior
  • Looking for attention
  • Low self-esteem
  • Confused
  • Bored/Not challenged
  • Dislikes the activity/program
  • Expectations different from home or school day

27
Dealing with Misbehavior
  • Productive and unacceptable behavior are learned
    and can change
  • Be assertive
  • Know the role of emotion
  • Deal with the behavior immediately
  • The longer you wait the more difficult it is to
    change a behavior
  • Reprimanding children after a class or day is not
    effective

28
More Dealing with Behavior
  • Always address the behavior, not the child
  • Sermons or lectures are ineffective
  • Work to shape one behavior at a time

29
Preventing Behavior Problems
  • Plan ahead. Know what you are going to do. How
    will you react?
  • Call attention to desirable behavior
  • Positive, specific feedback is very powerful
  • Identify your leaders and problems right away
  • Model your expectations
  • How?

30
Preventing Behavior Problems
  • Address behavior PRIVATELY
  • Understand how failure and frustration impact
    behavior
  • What do people that are failing do?
  • Clown around
  • Make negative comments
  • Stop trying
  • Disrupt others

31
Preventing Discipline Problems
  • Separate students who are having problems
  • Talk with appropriate adults early on
  • Parents??????
  • Supervisor
  • Never allow the least cooperative student to run
    the show

32
Changing Behavior
  • Get to know kids as individuals
  • What makes each of them tick?
  • Kids dont care how much you know
  • Reinforce desired behavior
  • Tell students what you expect and then when they
    give it to you, bombard them with SPF
  • Evaluate and modify what you are doing
  • Is it working? Why not?

33
What determines misbehavior?
34
Rules/Expectations
  • Rules should be general and concise
  • 3-5 rules at the most
  • Clearly stated in the positive
  • Rules should teach being a good person

35
Rules/Expectations
  • Rules reflect the values of the teacher and/or
    the organization
  • Rules must be observable
  • Rules must be reasonable for the age
  • Rules should be displayed prominently
  • For students, teachers, supervisors, etc.

36
Consequences(My suggestions)
  • First Warning
  • Second Warning
  • TO, child decides when to come back
  • Third Warning
  • Child out for rest of time
  • If you have kids for over 30 minutes, start over
    each half hour to 45 minutes
  • Severe Clause

37
Using Time Out
  • It is only effective if the program/activity is
    fun
  • Student must face away from the action
  • Eliminates teacher/student emotion
  • Is better than one child disrupting others
  • Is for everyday problems
  • Is consistent with societies consequences
  • Is a place to Take a break, cool down, and
    reflect
  • Why not TO for time?

38
Responding to Misbehavior
  • Avoid showing trigger points
  • Keep composed
  • Avoid internalizing the problem
  • Control your emotions
  • Do you have a plan?
  • Avoid taking it personally
  • The cause of the behavior is probably not you
  • Remember kids have bad days too

39
Dealing with Misbehavior
  • Do not feel threatened
  • Acknowledge your feelings
  • How are you going to feel when kids dont listen?
  • Do you have a plan?
  • Avoid arguments
  • Move away
  • Dont eyeball the child

40
Dealing with Deviant Behavior
  • Avoid asking questionsat the time
  • Avoid touching
  • Avoid cussing
  • Avoid sarcasm
  • Difficult to interpret
  • Avoid punishing a group for the actions of one

41
What are your options?
  • Ignore
  • Quiet Warning
  • Time out
  • Send to your superior
  • Explode???

42
Delivering consequences
  • Always privately, NEVER publicly
  • Always privately, NEVER publicly
  • Always privately, NEVER publicly

43
Delivering Consequences
  • If publicly, what could happen?
  • It works.
  • Tension
  • Fracture relationship between you and the child
  • Child becomes the hero
  • Class sees your trigger points
  • YOU NEVER KNOW WHEN YOU ARE GOING TO CRUSH A CHILD

44
Delivering Consequences
  • Buying time
  • Engages other children
  • Provides privacy
  • Avoids upsetting the other children
  • Not embarrassing
  • Doesnt punish the kids that behave
  • Doesnt place teacher on defense of kids talk back

45
Afraid of being the bad guy?
  • Its not a good guy/bad guy situation
  • Its not you against the child
  • Is it disciplining?
  • Our society rewards those that are disciplined
  • It is a system for correcting, shaping, and
    molding appropriate behavior
  • You are teaching children to be disciplined

46
Motivation
  • Success
  • Connection
  • Choice
  • Individuality
  • Support
  • Fun

47
Modifying Activities
  • Equipment
  • Scoring
  • Is it necessary?
  • Rules
  • If one kid dominates
  • To ensure success for all
  • Easy to difficult

48
Part 3 Developmentally appropriate activities
for youth
49
Key Concepts
  • Activity for all
  • Modified for success
  • Challenging
  • Appropriate
  • ENJOYABLE FOR ALL
About PowerShow.com