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BI 32383338 WELCOME TO THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW

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Title: BI 32383338 WELCOME TO THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW


1
BI 3238/3338 WELCOME TO THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW
  • GOOD MORNING
  • January 12, 2006
  • Read the the entire Book of Matthew during the
    month of January. There may be a question on the
    first exam regarding this.
  • To make a descent grade in this class note these
    essentials on the following slides . . .

2
THREE THINGS THAT WILL DEFINITELY PRODUCE LOW OR
FAILING GRADES
  • PUT AWAY THESE IMMATURE HABITS WHICH CAUSE LOW
    ACHIEVEMENT
  • 1. CHRONIC ABSENTEEISM TARDINESS, WASTING TIME
    AND MONEY
  • 2. FREQUENT AND UNNECESSARY TRIPS OUT OF THE
    LECTURE ROOM.
  • 3. SLEEPING IN CLASS OR WITH HEAD DOWN ON THE
    DESK.
  • STAY ELSEWHERE IF YOU MUST SLEEP. YOU WILL BE
    COUNTED ABSENT FOR THIS OR WITH HEADS ON THE
    DESK. 2 POINT PENALTY FROM FINAL GRADE PER
    OCCASION.

3
Please observe these rules in this class
  • 1. ALL UNIVERSITY RULES APPLY.
  • READ THE STUDENT HANDBOOK.
  • 2. MEN, PLEASE REMOVE HEADWEAR IN CLASS.
  • THIS IS GOOD MANNERS IN THE SOUTH ---AND IN MY
    CLASS
  • .
  • 3. PLEASE BE QUIET WHEN OTHERS ARE SPEAKING,
    ESPECIALLY TO EACH OTHER WHEN THE INSTRUCTOR IS
    LECTURING.
  • THIS IS RUDE AND THE VERY ESSENCE OF DISRESPECT.

4
  • 5. HAVE A BIBLE, AND TAKE GOOD NOTES AT ALL CLASS
    MEETINGS.
  • NO NOTES MEAN POOR GRADES--
  • 6. MAKE NO FUTURE APPOINTMENTS FOR ANYTHING AT
    CLASS TIME EXPECTING AN EXCUSED ABSENCE. Tell
    your doctor your class hours.
  • 7. A two points penalty will be subtracted from
    the final grade for every unexcused absence.
    Remember two tardy equal
  • 7. IF YOU LEAVE THE CLASS EARLY WITHOUT
    RETURNING, YOU WILL BE COUNTED ABSENT.
  • REMEMBER---TWO TARDIES ONE ABSENCE.

5
  • 9. ONE UNEXCUSED ABSENCE WILL NOT VOID AN
    OTHERWISE PERFECT ATTENDANCE NOR RECEIVE THE 2
    POINT PENALTY OFF THE FINAL GRADE.
  • EACH ADDITIONAL UNEXCUSED ABSENCE WILL RECEIVE
    THE 2 POINTS PENALTY ON THE FINAL GRADE. THIS
    HURTS.
  • 10. BUT THIS HELPS.
  • 5 POINTS WILL BE ADDED FOR PERFECT ATTENDANCE.
  • PERFECT ATTENDANCE IS NOT HAVING ANY UNEXCUSED
    ABSENCES IN EXCESS OF ONE. SAVE YOUR ONE
    UNEXCUSED ABSENCE FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT

6
  • 11. THE UNIVERSITYS 25 RULE ON ABSENTEEISM, OF
    COURSE, APPLIES.
  • MORE THAN 8 ABSENCES OF ANY KIND WILL CONSTITUTE
    FAILURE.
  • 12. A DRINK IS O.K. and a small tidbit such as
    cheese crisps but NO SANDWICHES OR LUNCHES
    PLEASE!

7
  • 13. No additional work will be given at close of
    course for poor achievement. If you cant make a
    descent grade with the normal class work, extra
    work will be even more difficult. All students
    will be fairly graded and always given what they
    earn.
  • 14. Your attendance is posted on my web page
    after each class meeting. It is your
    responsibility to check this attendance chart to
    view your attendance record. If you feel there
    is an error, you may contest any absence up to
    two weeks later, after that it becomes final. To
    prove a mistake has been made you must show your
    class notes in order in your notebook for the day
    in question.

8
euaggelizo kata Matthaios THE GOSPEL OF
MATTHEW GOOD NEWS OR GLAD TIDINGS
9
Getting Started
  • Familiarize yourself with Matthew, the man and
    his Book
  • Learn the authors purpose, major theme,
    development , provenance and date.
  • In what way is it unique from other gospels?
  • Are there any climaxes reached in the book?
    Where?
  • Identify the three major divisions of Palestine
  • Identify the Jewish Institutions, Sects and the
    publican.
  • Identify the contemporary national and local
    civil rulers

10
Familiarize Yourself with the three Provinces of
Palestine
Capernaum
In The Time of Jesus
65-
The Great Sea
SYRIA
-200
MATTHEWGIFT OF GOD, RESIDENCE CAPERNAUM
11
MATTHEW THE MAN (gift of Jehovah)
12
1. HE WAS AN APOSTLE OF JESUS Matthew,10 2-4
Now the names of the twelve apostles are these
The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew
his brother James the son of Zebedee, and John
his brother 3. Philip, and Bartholomew
Thomas, and Matthew the publican James the son
of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was
Thaddaeus 4. Simon the Canaanite, and Judas
Iscariot, who also betrayed him. 2. HE WAS A
PUBLICAN A TAXCOLLECTOR FOR THE ROMAN GOVT.
13
  • 3. Matthew was also called LEVI
  • Luke 527. And after these things he went
    forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at
    the receipt of custom
  • 4. His Fathers name was Alphaeus
  • Mk. 214. And as he passed by, he saw Levi the
    son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom.
  • 5. He may have been the brother of James
  • Luke 615. Matthew and Thomas, James the son of
    Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

14
  • 6. He practiced his business in Capernaum
  • Mk. 21. And again he entered into Capernaum,
  • 7. He was called by Jesus to be an apostle in
    this city.
  • Mk. 214. And as he passed by, he saw Levi the
    son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom,
    and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose and
    followed him.

15
  • 8. On the evening of his call, he gave a party
    for Jesus and invited his publican friends which
    drew criticism from the Jewish intelligentsia.
    NO further personal mention is made of him.
  • LK. 527. And after these things he went forth,
    and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the
    receipt of custom and he said unto him, Follow
    me. 28. And he left all, rose up, and followed
    him.29. And Levi made him a great feast in his
    own house and there was a great company of
    publicans and of others that sat down with
    them.30. But their scribes and Pharisees
    murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye
    eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

16
Matthews Work Place
  • The
  • Telonion

17
Mt. 99 And as Jesus passed forth from thence,
he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the
receipt of custom and he saith unto him, Follow
me. And he arose, And followed him. Toll house,
or custom house, called the telonion, was for the
collection of taxes on fish, or duties on the
merchandise which passed along the great roads to
Jerusalem, Tyre, and Damascus, and the East,
which centered at at Capernaum. Cicero speaks
of the toll houses erected "at the approaches to
bridges, at the termination of roads, or in the
harbors," for the convenience of collection. It
is yet common in Oriental towns to find, just
inside of the gateway at the entrance to the
town, a sentinel standing on guard before a large
open room, in which is seated the collector of
the public revenue in company with other public
officials.
18
The toll house--telonion -- was a detested site
that bred intense hatred for the publican
  • 1. Endless interference by checking
  • 2. Extortion was common with no defense
  • 3. It was common to exact more than due
  • 4. Rabbis said their repentance was nigh
    impossible.
  • 5. Publicans and sinners were grouped together.
  • Taxes axels, wheels, pack animals, pedestrians,
    roads, entrance to markets, bridges, ships, ad
    valorem goods 5 12.5
  • Taxes set by local pagan officials Proverb Woe
    to the ship that sails without having paid the
    duty
  • Thus Contempt for publicans was high.

19
Major Jewish Institutions / Sects Make a note of
these And Keep them in mind!
  • 1. The Temple
  • 2. The Synagogue
  • 3. The Sanhedrin
  • 1. Sadducees
  • 2. Pharisees
  • 3. Herodians
  • 4. Zealots

20
The Temple
  • 1. Was built by Solomon, son of David. (2 Chron
    2)
  • 2. An elaborate replacement of the tabernacle
  • 3. Was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kgs. 25)
  • 4. Rebuilt by Zerrubabel (Ezra 3)
  • 5. Enlarged by Herod the Great (Jos. Ant. XV. XI)
  • 6. Destroyed by the Romans (70 A.D.)
  • 7.Located in Jerusalem. With its altar, it was
    the only place where sin sacrifices could be
    offered by priests.

21
The Synagogue
  • Arose during the days of the Babylonian captivity
    (586-516)
  • After their return it was continued throughout
    the dispersion where a town had at least 10
    Jewish families in it.
  • Presided over by a board of elders, or rulers.
  • Used as a center for religious teaching as well
    as for town hall meetings.

22
The Sanhedrin
  • Jewish supreme court. The recognized headship
    for judging and deciding matters concerning the
    law and Jewish tradition.
  • Consisted of 70 members plus 1 (the High priest
    who presided).
  • Composed mostly of priests, Sadducean
    aristocrats, few Pharisees, scribes and elders
    (tribal or family heads).

23
Sadducees
  • Originated sometime between the Testaments.
    Given to mostly secular considerations, they
    favored Greek customs. They were a priestly
    clique, and though religious officials of
    Judaism, they were in fact irreligious. They were
    the wealthy, conservative class with a lot of
    influence. They composed the majority of the
    Sanhedrin. They held to only the Pentateuch, and
    rejected the doctrine of the resurrection, angels
    and spirits. (Acts 238)

24
The Pharisees
  • Believed to have originated in the 3rd century
    B.C. Generally less affluent than the Sadducees,
    and believed in angels, spirits and the
    resurrection from the dead. (Acts 238)
  • During the Greek occupation they opposed
    hellenization of the Jews and bound the
    tradition of the elders upon Jews. Others were
    considered sinners. They developed into
    hypocritical formalists and was soundly condemned
    by Jesus. (Matt. 23)

25
Herodians
  • A political party believed to be formed by Herod
    the Great. Backed Herods claim to the Jewish
    throne.
  • These Jews, although in difference to, aligned
    themselves with the Pharisees and Sadducees to
    keenly oppose Jesus. They are mentioned only in
    Matt. 2216, Mk. 36 and 1213.
  • With the Pharisees they tried to entrap Jesus on
    the subject of whether to pay taxes to Caesar or
    not. (Mark 1214)

26
Zealots
  • A Jewish patriotic party also known as
    Nationalists. They were fanatical defenders of
    the Jewish theocracy, who took vengeance of those
    who wronged it, but themselves also being guilty
    of great excesses. (Ungers Dict.)
  • Fanatics among themselves were known as the
    Sicarii
  • Leaders in a rebellion against Rome for Jewish
    independence in 68 A.D., after the fall of
    Jerusalem in 70 A.D., they fled to the Masada
    where they under siege committed total suicide
    rather than surrender.
  • Simon the apostle, was called Zelotes to
    distinguish him from Peter. (Mt. 104)

27
The Civil Government When Jesus Was born the
Roman Emperor was Augustus Caesar (Luke 21)
  • Emperor Augustus of Rome was born with the given
    name Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 B.C. He
    took the name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
    (Octavian) in 44 B.C. after the murder of his
    great uncle, Julius Caesar. (Caesarian) In his
    will Caesar had adopted Octavian and made him his
    heir. The senate conferred upon him the title of
    Augustus in 27 B.C. 1st Roman Emperor.
    Instituted emperor worship.
  • Octavian Augustus


28
During Jesus Ministry and Death, Tiberius Caesar
was the Roman Emperor Luke 31)
  • TIBERIUS Born BC42/11/16 Tiberius Claudius Nero.
    Father Tiberius Claudius Nero, fought against
    Augustus in civil war in BC40 Mother Livia
    Drusilla (later Julia Augusta). 2nd Roman
    Emperor AD14/08/19 Tiberius Caesar Augustus.
    Died AD37/03/16 smothered by Macro in his bed
    at or near Micenum.

29
Herod the Great 37 4 B.C. (Matt. 21)
  • 1.  Herod the Great, tetrarch of Judea, B. C. 41
    King of Judea, B. C. 37-4 liberal, yet
    tyrannical and cruel.  Issued murderous edict
    against children of Bethlehem (Matthew 216). 
    He was the pro-Roman king of the small Jewish
    state in the last decades before the Christian
    era. He started his career as a general, but the
    Roman statesman Mark Antony recognized him as the
    Jewish national leader. During a war against the
    Parthians, Herod was removed from the scene, but
    the Roman Senate made him king and gave him
    soldiers to seize the the throne. As 'friend and
    ally of the Romans' he was not a truly
    independent king however, Rome allowed him a
    domestic policy of his own. Although Herod tried
    to respect the pious feeling of his subjects,
    many of them were not content with his rule,
    which ended in terror. He was succeeded by his
    sons. Murdered the Bethlehem babies

30
Herod Archelaus 4 B.C.6A.D . (ELDEST OF 3
SONS) (Mt. 222)
SON OF HEROD THE GREAT BY A SAMARITIAN WOMAN,
MALTHAKE,, AND, WITH HIS BROTHER ANTIPAS, BROUGHT
UP AT ROME. AT THE DEATH OF HEROD (B.C.4) THE
KINGDOM WAS DIVIDED BETWEEN HIS THREE SONS,
HEROD, ANTIPAS, ARCHELAUS AND PHILIP, ARCHELAUS
NEVER PROPERLY BORE THE TITLE KING, MATT. 222,
BUT ONLY THAT OF ETHNARCH. A COMPLAINT WAS ISSUED
AGAINST HIM IN THE 10TH YEAR OF HIS REIGN BY HIS
BROTHERS AND SUBJECTS ON THE GROUNDS OF TYRANNY.
HE WAS BANISHED TO GAUL WHERE HE DIED. AFTER HIS
BANISHMENT, AUGUSTUS MADE HIS TERRITORY A ROMAN
PROVINCE CALLED JUDEA RULED BY GOVERNORS, THE
MOST FAMOUS WAS PONTIUS PILATE 26-36 A.D.
31
Herod Antipas (Matt. 141)
  • Herod Antipas Jewish leader, ruler of Galilee
    and Peraea between 4 BC and 39 A.D. Herod Antipas
    -a nickname derived from Antipatros- was the son
    of  the Jewish king Herod the Great and his wife
    Malthace he was full brother of Archelaus and a
    half brother of Philip. With his brothers
    Archelaus and Philip, he was educated in Rome, a
    kind of honorable detention to guarantee his
    father's loyalty. In his father's testament,
    Herod Antipas was appointed tetrarch of Galilee
    and Peraea (the east bank of the Jordan). The
    Roman emperor Augustus confirmed this decision
    and Antipas' reign could begin (4 BC). Stole
    Philips (his brother) wife and murdered John the
    Baptist. LK. 1332 Jesus called him a FOX! King
    during the crucifixion of Jesus. Eventually
    banished by Caligula (Caesar) to Gaul, then Spain
    where he died.

32
  • THE BOOK OF MATTHEW

33
  • Matthew Was not the Original Title
  • Works were originally identified by first lines.
  • Euaggelion was soon added by
  • Papias, 130, Bishop of Heiropolis
  • Clement of Rome 140
  • Later, Kata Mattaion According to Matthew
    appeared
  • Vaticanus, 1209, Irenaeus, 185 used it
  • Tatian, included it in his Diatessaron
  • Didache 110
  • agion was attached agion evangelion kata
    Maqqaion
  • Today, most simply have Matthew

34
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES
  • Most Jewish of the gospels, but not exclusive
  • Most anti-pharisaic
  • 32 references To kingdom of heaven to only 4
    references To the kingdom of God
  • Only gospel to use the word church 1618
    1817
  • He exclusively relates scenes of the judgment
  • He exclusively relates the Sermon on the Mount

35
THREE MAJOR DIVISIONS MAY BE OBSERVED
  • 1. PRE-MINISTRY YEARS 1-416
  • 2. JESUS PUBLIC MINISTRY 417-2766
  • PART I. THE DISCOVERY PHASE --417-1620
  • WHO IS JESUS OF NAZARETH
  • PART II. THE PASSION PHASE-- 1621-2766
  • THE MESSIAH MUST SUFFER AND DIE.
  • 3. JESUS GLORIFICATION 281-20

36
PART I OF THE DISCOVERY DIVISION HAS FOUR
SECTIONS, EACH BEGINNING WITH A TRANSITIONAL
STATEMENT
  • 1 417-727 FROM THAT TIME
  • A period of early instruction culminating in the
    Sermon on the Mount
  • 2. 728-1042 IT CAME TO PASS
  • Further inst. to His disciples, culminating in
    the Limited Commission
  • 3. 111-1352 IT CAME TO PASS
  • Climax of unbelief. Intro. Of new teaching method
  • 4. 1353-1620 IT CAME TO PASS Peters
    confession, and end of part I

37
THE 2ND DIVISIOM HAS THREE SECTIONS, EACH
BEGINNING WITH A TRANSITIONAL STATEMENT
  • 1. 1621-1835 From that time.
  • Marks the beginning of the passion period
  • 2. 191-2546 He had finished these sayings.
  • Highpoints Israels obstinacy. The judgment of
    Jerusalem and the world.
  • 3. 261-28 It Came to pass. The last Passover,
    crucifixion and resurrection
  • SEVEN sections make up the two divisions

38
Mathew Has Several Groups of Sevens
  • 1. 7 petitions in the Lords Prayer.
  • 1. Thy kingdom come 2) Thy will be done 3)
    Give us this day our daily bread 4) Forgive us
    our debts 5) As we forgive our debtors 6) Lead
    us not into temptation 7) Deliver us from evil
  • 2. 7 parables in ch. 13
  • 3. 7 woes in ch. 23
  • 4. 3 sets of 14 generations in the genealogy
  • 117. So all the generations from Abraham to
    David are fourteen generations and from David
    until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen
    generations and from the carrying away into
    Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.

39
TWO DISTINCT THEMES AND CLIMAXES MAY BE OBSERVED
  • The themes of 1) belief and 2) unbelief running
    currently…some believed Jesus, some didnt him
  • 1. A Climax of unbelief in Jesus is reached at
    1224
  • 2. A Climax of belief Is reached at 1618

40
5 DISTINCTIVE FEATURES MAY BE OBSERVED
  • 1. Most Jewish of the gospels, but not
    exclusively so.
  • Most anti-pharisaic
  • 2. 32 ref. To kingdom of heaven to only 4 ref. To
    the kingdom of God
  • 3. He exclusively uses the word church
  • 4. He exclusively relates scenes of the judgment
  • 5. He exclusively relates the Sermon on the Mount

41
MATTHEW EMPHASIZES
  • JESUS IS THE LONG LOOKED FOR MESSIAH
  • Genealogy ends at Abraham
  • This formula that it might be fulfilled. 15
    X
  • Son of David 11x Mk.3x Jn. 0.
  • God as Father 45x MK. 4x Lk. 15x
  • Son of man 3x Mk. 14x Lk. 25 Jno. 13
  • JESUS AS TEACHER 10x to teach 10x
  • Refers to the SOTM as teaching (52 728,29)
  • Refers to Himself as Master 238
  • He taught with authority 729

42
ALSO EMPHASIZES
  • ESCHATOLOGY OR FINAL THINGS
  • 1. The 10 virgins, the talents, the sheep and
    goats, the tares, the dragnet.
  • 2. Weeping and gnashing of teeth
  • (4x to Lukes 1.---Mark has 0)
  • 3. PARABLES
  • MATTHEW 13FF
  • 4. LENGTHY DISCUSION IN CH. 24.

43
  • Look for this progressive development
  • Jesus authority supercedes the law of Moses which
    is proved by miracles of mercy of universal
    power. This mercy is extended to all in every
    nation who trust the word of Jesus as the son of
    God. The ruling Jews do not deny his miracles of
    mercy, but fearing his threat to Judaism
    stubbornly attribute them to the power of Satan.
    This sin Jesus says will never be forgiven.
    However, many ordinary people who behold the same
    miracles are lead to confess him as the Messiah,
    the Son of God.

44
TEXTUAL STUDY OF MATTHEW
45
Launches his Basic Theme Jesus is the Jewish
Messiah With a Detailed Genealogy
  • Any Messianic claim would be totally useless
    without proper Jewish genealogy.
  • 1) HE DEMONSTRATES THAT JESUS IS QUALIFIED BY
    LEGAL DESCENT AND BY PROMISE STIPULATIONS (A
    must to convince a Jew)
  • Title The Book of the Genealogy of
  • Jesus Christ the anointed of God (Ps. 456-7)
  • The Son of David the royal heir (Ps. 1321)
  • The Son of Abraham the promised seed (Gen.
    121ff)

46
MEMORIZATION WAS ESSENTIAL FOR INSTRUCTION IN
THOSE DAYS
  • MATTHEW USES TWO IMPORTANT METHODS
  • MNEMONIC EXERCISE
  • 14 NAMES, SEPARATED BY IMPORTANT HISTORICAL
    EVENTS.
  • PATTERN OF GEMATRIA
  • USE OF NUMERICAL VALUES DWD 464

47
Chapter one THE TITLE AND GENEALOGY
  • Verse 1. The book of the generation of Jesus
    Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
  • The Title to this section, --not to the book
  • as it appeared in Jewish records.
  • The tax collectors method of introducing Jesus
    of Nazareth, the Savior of His life.
  • Kata Matthion--According to Matthew was the
    title of reference by early church historians.

34\40
48
The Genealogy Serves Notice that Old Barriers Are
Down
  • 1) The Barrier between Jew and Gentile is down…
    Rahab of Jericho, Ruth the Moabite
  • 2) The barrier between male female is down.
  • 3. The barrier between Saint and Sinner is down.
    Rahab, Tamar Bathsheba (Mt. 913)
  • Here then, in the genealogy of Jesus, is a
    glimmer of the extent of Gods love

35/40
49
Matthew Intentionally Conveys the Virgin Birth
  • 15. And Eliud begat Eleazar and Eleazar begat
    Matthan and Matthan begat Jacob
  • 16. And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary,
    of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

36/40
50
THE BIRTH
  • 18. Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this
    wise When as his mother Mary was espoused to
    Joseph,
  • before they came together, she was found with
    child of the Holy Ghost. (Writes book to present
    this as fact)
  • Conceived in her is of … 120
  • The spoken word was the sown seed Lk. 81
  • Conception was by faith in the word Lk. 145
    Blessed is she who believed that there would be
    a fulfillment of what was spoken to her from
    the Lord.
  • By faith she miraculously conceived by the word
    (Heb. 1111)

37/40
51
THE ROLL OF JOSEPH
  • Joseph, her husband…
  • Being just, sought to spare her public
    humiliation
  • Righteous man in league with Abraham, Elizabeth
    and Zacharias
  • Joseph thou son of David the royal line
  • Be not afraid…this is Gods work.
  • She shall bear a son Not unto thee a son as
    in Lk. 113 and Gen. 1719
  • Thou shall call his name Jesus (yours, but not
    yours)
  • You shall be an foster father. God gives him his
    name, means God is His real Father.

38/40
52
JESUS NAME UNDERSCORES HIS MISSION
  • for he shall save
  • sosei from soter to save from the worst of
    mortal dangers
  • His people Who are they?
  • Not the unbelieving Jews 111 but those
    described in Mt. 12 48-49 But he answered and
    said unto him that told him, Who is my mother?
    and who are my brethren?And he stretched forth
    his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold
    my mother and my brethren Gal. 37 they which
    are of faith, the same are the children of
    Abraham.

39/40
53
Matthew Quotes Isaiah 714 as Typical to Jesus
Birth
  • Behold, a virgin (almah is rendered parthenos in
    The Septuagint) shall conceive, and bear a son,
    and shall call his name Immanuel.
  • Betrothal period as binding as marriage, so Mary
    is called the wife of Joseph.
  • If found with child during this period the
    husband (betrothed had a choicepunishing her
    publicly, or divorcing her privately.
  • IMMANUEL GOD WITH US..(Mt. 2819-20)
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