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Andrew Jackson Symbol for an Age


The student will understand how Andrew Jackson served as a symbol for the age in ... Emphasize Andrew Jackson's position as one of two Western presidential ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Andrew Jackson Symbol for an Age

Andrew Jackson Symbol for an Age
  • An Interdisciplinary Lesson for the Study of
    Jacksonian Democracy in Virginia United States
    History 11
  • Holly Zuger, Gloucester High School

Standard of Learning VUS.6.
  • The student will demonstrate knowledge of the
    major events during the first half of the
    nineteenth century by
  • identifying the economic, political, and
    geographic factors that led to territorial
    expansion and its impact on the American Indians
    (First Americans)
  • describing the key features of the Jacksonian
    Era, with emphasis on federal banking policies.

Additional Learning Objectives to Reinforce SOL
  • The student will understand how Andrew Jackson
    served as a symbol for the age in which he lived
  • identifying the characteristics of the distinct
    American culture that was developing on the
    Western frontier through the examination of
    primary sources drawn from American art, music,
    and literature produced during the Age of
  • drawing direct relationships between Jacksons
    political career as the Western champion of the
    common man and the natural themes of contemporary
    American art, music, and literature.

Present to Students the Textbooks Information on
the Jacksonian Era.
  • Emphasize the new democratic spirit in American
    politics and increased participation of the
    common man in the electoral process through the
    institution of universal white manhood suffrage.
  • Stress that Jackson distrusted the Bank of the
    United States as an undemocratic tool of the
    Eastern elite.

Overview of the 1824 Election
  • Emphasize Andrew Jacksons position as one of two
    Western presidential candidates and his emergence
    as the hero of Western voters after the alleged
    corrupt bargain between John Quincy Adams and
    Henry Clay resulted in Adams election by the
    House of Representatives.
  • Stress the western belief that Adams and Clay
    together had stolen the election from Jackson and
    thereby thwarted the will of the people.

1824 Election Results
Music as Historical Evidence The Hunters of
  • Inaccurately gives credit to the Kentucky hunters
    for the American victory at the Battle of New
  • Became a campaign song for Jackson
  • Prompt the students to identify how the Kentucky
    hunters represented the moral and democratic
    values of the American common man.

Literature as Historical Evidence
  • Through inquiry prompt students to explore the
    natural imagery in William Cullen Bryants
  • Connect Bryant to the Jacksonian movement through
    his career as editor of The New York Evening
  • Prompt students to draw similarities between the
    Kentucky hunters and the fictional Natty Bumppo
    in James Fennimore Coopers Leatherstocking

To A Waterfowl by William Cullen Bryant
  • WHITHER, midst falling dew, 
  • While glow the heavens with the last steps
    of day, 
  • Far, through their rosy depths, dost thou
  • Thy solitary way?  
  • Vainly the fowler's eye         
  • Might mark thy distant flight to do thee
  • As, darkly seen against the crimson sky,     
  • Thy figure floats along.

Art as Historical Evidence
  • The Hudson River School emphasized nature and
    Americans ability to conquer nature during the
    Westward expansion of the Jacksonian period.
  • The paintings of American Realists William Sydney
    Mount and George Caleb Bingham often depicted the
    common mans everyday life and participation in
    politics by virtue of Jacksonian democracy.

Asher Durands Kindred Spirits
  • Depicted the beauty of nature in Jacksonian
  • Included both the artist Thomas Cole and the poet
    William Cullen Bryant in the painting

The Oxbow by Thomas Cole
  • View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton,
    Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm
  • Note mans presence fields umbrella

George Caleb Bingham's The County Election
  • Depicts a Missouri election day. In that time and
    place, only white male property-owners could
    vote, and candidates and their representatives
    could solicit votes immediately before the
    voting. Alcohol flowed freely, and votes were
    cast by voice and recorded in public.

George Caleb Binghams Stump Speaking
  • Shows the common mans interest in American
    politics as a result of Jacksonian Democracys
    move towards universal white manhood suffrage

William Sydney Mounts The Horse Dealers 1835,
Everyday life of the common man
Mounts Cider Making
  • Remind students the temperance movement against
    alcoholic consumption originated in America as a
    social reform during the Age of Jackson.

The Irony of Jackson as the Symbol for his Age
  • Jacksons Nashville, Tennessee home The
    Hermitage contrasted sharply with the lifestyle
    of the common man.
  • Yet, it epitomized Jacksonian Democracys Go
    Ahead spirit and belief in the United States as
    the land of opportunity.

Student Assessment
  • Write an essay entitled Andrew Jackson, Symbol
    for an Age. In this essay discuss not only
    political and economic events that characterized
    Jacksonian democracy, but also feel free to
    include historical evidence drawn from art,
    literature, and music to support the idea that
    Americans view of Andrew Jackson mirrored their
    beliefs about what made the United States a
    democratic land of opportunity.
    (Please write your essay in third person.
    Neither first nor second person pronouns are