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200607 USAV Referee Clinic RVA

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USA Volleyball Referee Clinic. 2006-07 USA Volleyball Referee Clinic. 1 ... and nationally by USA Int'l referees ... Review signals (with or without flags) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 200607 USAV Referee Clinic RVA


1
(No Transcript)
2
USAV Officials Division Referee Administration
Glenn Sapp Vice President Kathy Ferraraccio
AVP, Referee Commission Tom Blue AVP,
International Referees Steve Owen AVP, Outdoor
Volleyball Emi Vishoot Associate VP,
Administration Steve Thorpe National Indoor
Rules Interpreter Patty Salvatore National
Outdoor Rules Interpreter Ben Jordan Chair,
Rules Testing Commission Mary Blalock
Director, Evaluation Training for National
Referees Charles Ezigbo Director, Evaluation
Training for Jr National Referees Brian Hemelgarn
Director, RVA Referee Development
3
Agenda
  • Referee Uniform Equipment
  • Entering the Facility Pre-match Procedures
  • Duties During the Match
  • Ball Handling Calls Other Rulings
  • Match Administration Game Procedures
  • Sanctions
  • Officials, Their Duties Mechanics
  • Officiating Resources

4
Referee Uniform Equipment
5
Required Uniform
  • White (Certified Volleyball Official) long- or
    short-sleeved polo shirt
  • USAV referee patch recommend regionally,
    required nationally FIVB arbitre patch may be
    worn regionally and nationally by USA Intl
    referees
  • Dark navy blue slacks (NO jeans or faded pants)
  • Blue or black belt
  • Solid white shoes and white socks
  • Well-groomed and neat in appearance
  • Optional - Certified Official V-neck sweater
    (approved for on-court wear by either referee)
  • Optional white sweater vest (approved for
    on-court wear by either referee)

6
Referee Equipment
  • Whistle with lanyard
  • Watch (with second hand or timer)
  • Yellow and Red Cards
  • Coin for coin toss
  • Domestic Competition Regulations
  • Optional - net height measuring device
  • Optional - ball pressure gauge and pump

7
Entering The Facility
8
Entering the Facility
  • Arrive at least 30 minutes prior to start time
  • Locate event manager or tournament director
  • Determine format and protocols
  • With partner, introduce to coaches, spending
    minimal but equal time with both
  • Responsibilities begin with arrival courtside

9
Entering the Facility
  • Facility Court Inspection
  • Service zone Are sideline extensions present
    to define the service zone?
  • Are attack lines extended, if necessary?
  • Overhead obstructions
  • Playing vs. non-playing areas Adjacent courts?
    Pursuit? Sport Court or other portable surface?
    Safety issues? Location of spectators?

10
Match Equipment
  • Game balls color and pressure
  • Net height tautness exposed tensioning
    devices posts/supports and padding antennas
    vertical tape markers (if used)
  • Referee stand
  • Scoreboard or flip score
  • Timing device

11
Player Uniforms Equipment
  • Player uniforms
  • Matching shirts/jerseys and shorts
  • Differing manufacturer logos are permitted
  • Sleeve length may vary (short vs long)
    sleeveless shirts or tank tops not considered
    matching
  • Exposed undergarments
  • Number placement and visibility

12
Player Uniforms Equipment
  • The Libero uniform
  • Contrasting jersey
  • Re-designated Libero uniform
  • Differing shorts permitted

13
Player Uniforms Equipment
  • Player equipment
  • Splints, braces and casts
  • Allowed on hand or arm provided it does not give
    the player an artificial advantage or pose risk
    of injury may need to be covered or padded
  • Medical devices (insulin pumps, etc.)
  • Permitted provided such a device poses no risk of
    injury to player or other participants cannot
    give artificial advantage

14
Pre-match Procedures
15
Pre-match Procedures
  • Captains meeting
  • Introductions
  • Ground rules
  • Warm-up protocol match format
  • Jewelry
  • Libero replacements substitution procedure
  • Sanction procedure
  • Second referee input
  • Answer questions
  • Coin toss

16
Pre-match Procedures
  • Meet with scorekeeper and assistant scorekeeper
  • Review scorekeeper duties
  • Recording subs, time-outs and sanctions
  • Informing referees of subs, time-outs taken and
    illegal substitutions
  • Verify server before each serve
  • Ensure lineups are recorded correctly
  • End of set/match procedures.

17
Pre-match Procedures
  • Meet with scorekeeper and assistant scorekeeper
  • Review assistant scorekeeper duties
  • Use of tracking sheet for Libero replacements and
    substitutions
  • Handling illegal Libero replacements
  • Communication with scorekeeper.

18
Pre-match Procedures
  • Meet with line judges
  • Positioning on court
  • Prior to match
  • During time-outs (mid-point of endline)
  • Between sets (neutral area)
  • When server is within 4-5 of line judge (step
    behind server in line with sideline extended).

19
Pre-match Procedures
  • Meet with line judges
  • Calls and signals
  • Balls landing in or out
  • Foot faults by the server
  • Foot faults by players outside the court lines
  • Touches
  • Help with pancake digs near the floor

20
Pre-match Procedures
  • Meet with line judges
  • Calls and signals (cont)
  • Balls crossing over or outside an antenna
  • Ball touching an antenna
  • Implications of Pursuit Rule, if being used
  • Screened from viewing a play
  • Reporting rude remarks or inappropriate behavior
  • Review signals (with or without flags)
  • Signals should be held long enough to be seen by
    a referee

21
Pre-match Procedures
  • Referees pre-match communication
  • Rule changes
  • Ground rules
  • Assistance with judgment calls
  • how when to signal
  • Use of informal signals
  • Sanction procedures
  • Bench control

22
Pre-match Procedures
  • Referees pre-match communication
  • First referee determines who will conduct the
    deciding set coin toss
  • Post-match procedures
  • Toot-n-Scoot
  • Include scorekeepers and line judges in the
    post-match debrief when appropriate

23
Pre-match Procedures
  • Warm-up Procedures
  • First referee must supervise the warm-ups
  • May request second referee to time the segments
  • Ensure safety
  • Observe skill level of teams
  • Review teams for jewelry and uniform/equipment
    legality
  • Verify Libero jersey contrast

24
During The Match
25
During the Match
  • Signal teams to end lines or onto court
  • Check lineups
  • During service
  • Eight second violation
  • Five seconds for 14 Under
  • Re-serves not allowed
  • 14 Under a re-serve is allowed for each
    serve five seconds permitted per attempt

26
During the Match
  • During service (continued)
  • Foot faults by the server
  • Served ball contacting antenna or obstruction
  • Served ball contacting net
  • No requests after the beckon
  • Positional faults

27
During the Match
  • During service (continued)
  • Screening
  • Movement of players on serving team
  • Flight of ball
  • Separation of players
  • Players bending over
  • Server must be visible to receiving team

28
During the Match
  • During service (continued)
  • Blocking or attacking the serve
  • Attacking is illegal only if ball is attacked
    while the ball is in the front zone and
    completely higher than the top of the net
  • Player, other than server, off the court
  • A rally begins with the service contact

29
During the Match
  • Ball in or out of play
  • Ball is in when it lands in the court or on the
    lines
  • Ball must cross the net between the antennas
    (Pursuit Rule implications)
  • Ball is in if any part touches the line

30
During the Match
  • Ball in or out of play (continued)
  • Ball is out of play when
  • the ball lands completely outside the boundary
    lines
  • the ball contacts an object or person outside the
    playing area
  • the ball contacts the ceiling or overhead objects
    above opponent's court
  • the ball contacts the ceiling or overhead objects
    above team playing area and crosses into
    opponent's court
  • the ball contacts an antenna, or any part of the
    net system outside the antenna.

31
During the Match
  • Ball in or out of play (continued)
  • Ball is out of play when
  • the ball completely crosses the plane of the net
    outside the antenna (Pursuit Rule implications)
  • the ball contacts any object over non-playing
    areas.
  • The play ends with the referee's whistle.

32
Ball Handling Calls
33
Ball Handling Calls
  • Sets (overhand ball handling)
  • Double hits
  • Allowed on first contact
  • Caught or thrown
  • One-handed sets
  • Use same judgment as two-handed set
  • Judge contact, not technique
  • Concept of over-control vs under control

34
Ball Handling Calls
  • Passes or digs (underhand/forearm ball
    handling)
  • Allowable multiple contacts
  • Illegal multiple contacts
  • Contact with the ball made only by hair is
    ignored not a touch
  • Caught or thrown ball
  • Digs out of the net consistency with other
    calls
  • Judge contact, not technique

35
Ball Handling Calls
  • Tips and dumps
  • Duration of contact
  • Same latitude as sets
  • Direction of the ball before and after contact
  • Caught/thrown ball
  • Judge contact, not technique

36
Ball Handling Calls
  • Attacking
  • Point of contact in relationship to the rest of
    the body
  • Contact of ball must be made above that players
    own playing space reaching beyond net to save
    a ball is illegal if contact is made with ball
    above opponents playing space
  • Duration of contact
  • Judge contact, not technique

37
Ball Handling Calls
  • Blocking
  • Definition player reaching higher than the top
    of the net
  • Duration of contact
  • Directional blocks
  • Trapping the ball against the net
  • Illegal or legal blocker
  • Ball rolling down the body probably legal
  • Contacting the ball before the hitter
  • Reaching beyond the net when is it allowed?
  • Collective blocks only players who meet the
    definition of a blocker can be considered part of
    a collective block
  • Non-blocking back row setter in the area of the
    block may be 1st team hit or a block

38
Ball Handling Calls
  • Four Hits
  • Watch closely for blocking team contact after
    third team hit
  • Determine if part of the ball has touched the
    block along with the net
  • If third hit is not contacted by the block and
    ball is contacted again by the attacker, two
    hits" is called if the attackers teammate
    contacts the ball, four hits is called
  • Line judges do not assist in making this call

39
Ball Handling Calls
  • Back row attacks/blocks
  • Attackers foot/feet position in relation to the
    attack line
  • Position of ball above or (partly) below the top
    of the net as a factor for back row attacks
  • Position of player above or below the top of the
    net as a factor for back row blocks
  • Ball legally blocked back into an attacker
  • Ball legally blocked back into a setter trying to
    retrieve it from near the plane of the net
  • Simultaneous contact of a ball in the plane of
    the net by a back row player (setter) and an
    opposing player

40
Other Rulings
41
Other Rulings
  • Net play
  • Net driven into player
  • Contact with the net is not a fault unless the
    player is in the action of playing the ball or
    such contact interferes with play contacting the
    ball is not a requirement to be considered
    playing the ball
  • Contact with antenna by player (illegal)
  • Contact with net supports by player (legal)
  • Intentionally blocking through the net

42
Other Rulings
  • Center line
  • Hand or foot on or above center line (legal)
  • Hands or feet completely over the line, or other
    body parts in contact with opponents court
    (illegal)
  • Crossing under the net outside the sideline
    (including Pursuit Rule implications)
  • Interference with the opposing team
  • Penetration under the plane of the net without
    contacting the floor

43
Other Rulings
  • Potential play-over situations
  • Inadvertent whistles
  • Play ends and ball is out of play
  • Referee makes ruling not penalizing either team
  • Objects less than 2m (66) from the court
    interfering with ability to play the ball
  • Ball contacts overhead object less than 4.6m
    (15) above playing area
  • Ball contacts a person (referee, line judge,
    spectator) in free zone during legal attempt to
    play the ball

44
Other Rulings
  • Potential play-over situations
  • Ball comes to rest on an overhead object above
    team's playing area and is still playable
  • Simultaneous faults
  • Joust play is legal
  • Object coming onto the court and interfering with
    play
  • Play is stopped due to injury anywhere on court
    or free zone

45
Other Rulings
  • Whistles
  • Simultaneous whistles that occur just as whistle
    for serve is blown
  • First referee determines which occurred first
  • Either allow request or assess improper request
  • Simultaneous whistles that occur to end a play
  • First referee determines which fault occurred
    first
  • If referee cannot decide which whistle occurred
    first, award a play-over

46
Match Administration
47
Match Administration
  • Substitutions
  • Unlimited player entries
  • Twelve (12) substitutions per team, plus
    unlimited Libero replacements
  • Re-entry into the set must be in the same
    position
  • Substitution area between center line and attack
    line

48
Match Administration
  • Substitutions (continued)
  • Requested only by the head coach or captain
  • Location of coach(es) and substitutes
  • Substitute entering the sub zone constitutes a
    request
  • Players must wait until authorized by the second
    referee to enter the set
  • For multiple substitutions by the same team, each
    substitute must enter the substitution zone
    successively, on at a time
  • Subs may leave bench/warm-up area for medical
    reasons coach/captain must make every effort to
    notify referees of the departure

49
Match Administration
  • Libero replacements
  • Libero number on the lineup sheet at the
    beginning of the match
  • Libero may not serve as team or game captain

50
Match Administration
  • Libero replacements
  • Replacement of players
  • The Libero may replace any back row player
  • Replacements are unlimited, but one rally must
    occur between replacements
  • Libero must be replaced by player whom the Libero
    replaced (the replacement may then be substituted
    before the next play begins)
  • Replacements take place when the ball is out of
    play
  • Replacement location all replacements must
    occur over the sideline between the attack line
    and the end line
  • Late replacements (after beckon but before
    service contact)

51
Match Administration
  • Libero
  • Libero playing actions
  • Back row player only
  • May not complete an attack hit when the ball is
    entirely above the top of the net from anywhere
    on the court
  • May not block, attempt to block or serve
  • Restrictions on attack hits after Libero makes an
    overhand fingertip pass in the front zone

52
Match Administration
  • Libero
  • Re-designation of injured Libero
  • Injured Libero must first be replaced by the
    player s/he replaced
  • Re-designation does not have to happen
    immediately, but can occur at coachs discretion
  • Only a re-designated Libero may wear a bib or
    vest the number must be visible
  • Re-designated Libero may be any substitute
    (players not in set at time of re-designation)
  • Injured Libero may not return to the match once
    re-designation occurs

53
Match Administration
  • Timeouts
  • Requested only by the head coach or captain
  • Location of coach
  • Duration
  • 30 seconds no warning whistle
  • Two timeouts per team per set
  • Third time-out request is an improper request (or
    team delay if IR has already been assessed)

54
Match Administration
  • Timeouts (continued)
  • Location of teams during timeout
  • Players may remain on court or go to free zone
    near team bench during timeout coaches/subs may
    not enter court
  • Referees may direct teams to leave court for
    administrative purposes
  • Administered by second referee

55
Match Administration
  • Injuries
  • Stop play immediately, not just on playing area,
    but injury occurring anywhere
  • Allow up to 30 seconds for assessment of injury
  • If player is not ready to resume play after 30
    seconds, a substitution or timeout must result
  • Allow sufficient time for injured player to be
    safely removed from playing area
  • No other substitution request may be made until
    injury is resolved

56
Match Administration
  • Injuries (continued)
  • Special injury timeout
  • Only used when there are no legal substitutions
    available
  • Lasts a maximum of three minutes
  • Only one special injury timeout allowed per
    player per match
  • Regular timeouts may be used in conjunction with
    the injury timeout

57
Match Administration
  • Injuries (continued)
  • Priority of who may be an exceptional sub for an
    injured player
  • Person who has played in the same position as the
    injured player during that set or any player that
    has not already been in the set
  • Any player on the bench regardless of previous
    position played
  • Libero
  • An injured player replaced by exceptional
    substitution may not return to the match

58
Match Administration
  • Injuries (continued)
  • Blood issues
  • Stop play for blood on equipment
  • Stop play for blood on player and/or uniform
  • A bleeding player is treated as any other injury
    (30 seconds to resume play) if additional time
    is needed to address blood on equipment or the
    court, that time may be used to enable the
    injured player to return

59
Match Administration
  • Protest Procedures
  • Must be lodged by captain coach may act as
    captain for 14 Under competition
  • Time factors for lodging protests between sets,
    after match
  • No penalty for a protest that is not upheld

60
Match Administration
  • Crowd control
  • Event host or tournament management should
    resolve

61
Sanctions
62
Sanctions
  • Improper Requests
  • First improper request in a match
  • Signaled with a wave off and request is denied
  • On score sheet, slash the IR, note the team (A or
    B), the set, and the score at the time of the
    improper request
  • Second and subsequent improper requests in a
    match results in a team delay sanction
  • Improper request may be preceded by a team delay
    warning or penalty

63
Sanctions
  • Improper Requests (continued)
  • Examples of Improper Requests
  • A request during a rally or after the
    authorization for service
  • A request by someone other than the head coach or
    captain
  • A request for a 13th substitution
  • A request for a third timeout
  • A request for a substitution that would result in
    a wrong position entry

64
Sanctions
  • Team Delays
  • First team delay in a match is a team delay
    warning
  • Signaled with hand held against back of opposite
    wrist
  • On score sheet, slash the D in Warning column,
    note the team (A or B), the set and the score at
    the time of the TDW
  • Second and subsequent team delay in a match is a
    team delay penalty
  • Signaled with yellow card against back of
    opposite wrist
  • On score sheet, write D in Penalty column, note
    the team (A or B), the set and the score at the
    time of the TDP

65
Sanctions
  • Team Delays (continued)
  • Examples of Team Delays
  • Delay in completing a substitution
  • Prolonging a game interruption after either
    referee request play to resume
  • Request for illegal substitution
  • Second and subsequent improper request in a match
  • Delay of game by any team member

66
Sanctions
  • Individual Warnings
  • No further penalty is assessed with the hand
    signal or verbal warning
  • Assessed for minor unsporting conduct by an
    individual
  • First referee may call the player to the stand
    (This is your warning), or may whistle and
    signal (finger wag)
  • For a team member on the bench, the first referee
    may whistle and signal (finger wag), or may
    request captain to report the warning to the team
    member
  • Warnings are not recorded on the score sheet and
    have no further consequence

67
Sanctions
  • Individual Penalties (Yellow Card)
  • All penalties remain in force for the match
  • The team is sanctioned with a loss of rally
    (point for the opponent)
  • Penalties assessed for rude behavior include, but
    are not limited to
  • Rude, obnoxious behavior or profanity
  • Stomping feet, shouting or yelling at opponents
    during play
  • Deliberate contact with an opponent

68
Sanctions
  • Individual Penalties (Yellow Card)
  • A penalty does not require a previous warning
  • A referee may not give two individual penalties
    to the same team member in the same match.
  • Yellow card is held in the hand on the side of
    the net of the offending individual.

69
Sanctions
  • Individual Penalties (Yellow Card)
  • For a player on the court, the first referee must
    call the player to the stand and says, This
    penalty is for you for unsporting behavior.
  • For a team member on the bench, the first referee
    must call the captain to the stand, inform
    him/her of the sanction, and ask the captain to
    report the sanction to the team member. The team
    member must stand and raise a had to acknowledge
    the sanction.
  • On the score sheet, enter the players number (or
    appropriate code letter for other team members)
    in the Penalty column, note the team (A or B),
    the set, and the score at the time of the penalty.

70
Sanctions
  • Expulsion (Red Card)
  • Assessed for a second act of rude behavior or
    first act of offensive conduct in a match does
    not require previous warning or penalty
  • No other penalty is assessed at the time of
    expulsion
  • Offensive conduct includes but is not limited to
  • Offensive conduct
  • Defamatory or obscene words, insulting gestures
    or comments

71
Sanctions
  • Expulsion (Red Card)
  • For a player on the court, the first referee must
    call the player to the stand and says, You are
    expelled for offensive conduct.
  • For a team member on the bench, the first referee
    must call the captain to the stand, inform
    him/her of the expulsion, and ask the captain to
    report the expulsion to the team member. The
    team member must go to the Penalty Area.
  • In the absence of a Penalty Area, expelled
    players or subs remain seated on the bench other
    team members (coaches, etc.) must leave the
    playing, bench and warm-up areas for the
    remainder of the set. Expelled team members are
    subject to further sanction.
  • An expulsion is recorded in the Comments section.

72
Sanctions
  • Disqualification (Yellow Red Cards together)
  • Assessed for a repeated act of offensive conduct
    or a first act of aggression in a match does not
    require previous warning, penalty or expulsion
  • No other penalty is assessed at the time of
    expulsion
  • The individual is disqualified from the remainder
    of the match
  • Aggressive conduct includes but is not limited
    to
  • Intended aggression
  • Physical attack

73
Sanctions
  • Disqualification (Yellow Red Cards together)
  • Location of disqualified team member
  • Must leave the Competition Control Area, defined
    as playing area, bench and warm-up areas, and
    spectator areas, as a minimum.
  • A disqualification is noted in the Comments
    section of the scoresheet as
  • DQ or Disqualificiation, the individuals
    number (or coach, asst coach, etc.), the team
    (A or B), the set and the score at the time of
    the disqualification

74
Sanctions
  • General rules for sanctions
  • Only the first referee may issue sanctions the
    second referee may request a sanction from the
    first referee
  • A player on the court must approach the stand to
    acknowledge a sanction
  • The captain must approach the stand when
    requested to acknowledge a sanction given to a
    team member on the bench
  • No individual sanction requires a previous
    warning or sanction
  • All sanctions are in force for the duration of
    the match, including team delays

75
End of Set/Match Procedures
76
End of Set/Match Procedures
  • Procedures
  • Players do not go to end line if there is another
    set to be played a whistle and the signal to
    change courts is given immediately after
    signaling end of game
  • Players go to their team bench during the coin
    toss for a deciding set
  • Players change courts without delay at eight
    points in a deciding set
  • Players to end line at end of match

77
Officials Their Duties
78
Officials Their Duties
  • First referee
  • Has ultimate authority over the match
  • May overrule any other official
  • Inspects playing area and equipment
  • Conducts coin toss and captains' meeting (may
    request second referee to conduct deciding set
    coin toss)
  • Supervises team warm-ups (may request second
    referee to time each segment)

79
Officials Their Duties
  • First referee (continued)
  • Determines serving faults and screening
  • Whistles positional faults of the serving team
  • Whistles ball handling violations
  • Communicates with second referee during match
  • Assesses sanctions
  • Indicates which team scores points and serves
    next

80
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee
  • Assists first referee
  • Verifies lineups for each team before each set
  • Mimics all signals of first referee
  • Discreetly signals violations blocked from first
    referee's view
  • Works with scorekeeper and assistant scorekeeper

81
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee (continued)
  • Authorizes and controls timeouts and
    substitutions
  • Supervises injury situations
  • Verbally and visually notifies coach when 10th,
    11th, and 12th substitutions are used
  • Whistles player contact with the net and antennas
    (on both the R1 and R2 side of the court)

82
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee (continued)
  • Whistles player contact with any portion of the
    net in accordance with Rule 11.3.1
  • Whistles antennas on R2s side of court may also
    assist first referee with a ball crossing behind
    the first referee
  • Whistles center line violations
  • Whistles positional faults of the receiving team

83
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee (continued)
  • Whistles back row player faults (signal to R1
    first)
  • Whistles a ball contacting the floor (signal to
    R1 first)
  • Stops play for balls crossing the net outside the
    R2s antenna (Pursuit Rule implications)
  • Stops play when a ball contacts an
    object/equipment outside the antenna
  • Communicates with first referee during match

84
Officials Their Duties
  • Scorekeeper
  • Before the match
  • Records names of first and second referee, line
    judges and scorekeeper
  • May prepare the score sheets for the minimum
    number of sets to be played
  • Records starting lineups for both teams
  • Assists the R2 with lineup verification before
    the start of each set

85
Officials Their Duties
  • Scorekeeper (continued)
  • During the match
  • Records the score and ensures the serving order
    is followed correctly
  • Checks the eligibility of all substitutes before
    entering the court
  • Records timeouts and notifies referees of number
    of timeouts taken by both teams
  • After recording subs or at the end of a timeout,
    indicates readiness by raising both hands
  • Records all information if a protest is lodged

86
Officials Their Duties
  • Scorekeeper (continued)
  • Post-match
  • Verifies the score
  • Ensures all information is complete on the score
    sheet
  • Signs the score sheet

87
Officials Their Duties
  • Assistant Scorekeeper
  • Duties
  • Ensures that when the Libero leaves the court,
    the player originally replaced returns to the
    court
  • Ensures a rally has occurred between Libero
    replacements
  • Records regular team substitutions in addition to
    Libero replacements

88
Officials Their Duties
  • Line Judges
  • Duties
  • Ball in or out
  • Signal when view is blocked
  • Server or other player commits a line violation
    at time of service contact
  • Antennas (and Pursuit Rule implications)
  • Touches
  • Positioning during play also when server is
    4-5 from line judges position

89
Officiating Mechanics
90
Officials Their Duties
  • Hand Signals
  • Clear, visible and executed away from the body
  • Held long enough to convey the call
  • Complete each signal before displaying the next
    signal (indicate loss of rally/next team to serve
    before signaling fault, for example)
  • Establish a consistent tempo dont rush

91
Officials Their Duties
  • Hand Signals
  • First referee signal sequence when making a call
  • Whistle to stop play
  • Indicate next team to serve/loss of rally
  • Signal nature of fault (and player at fault, if
    necessary)

92
Officials Their Duties
  • Hand Signals
  • Second referee signal sequence when making a call
  • Whistle to stop play
  • Signal nature of fault (and player at fault, if
    necessary)
  • Mimic first referees indication of next team to
    serve/loss of rally

93
Officials Their Duties
  • Whistle technique
  • Clear, sharp and authoritative
  • Reaction time should result in whistle blown
    promptly
  • Each interruption request requires a separate
    whistle, including simultaneous requests by
    opponents during the same dead-ball period

94
Officials Their Duties
  • Whistle technique (continued)
  • Tones may vary for different purposes (timeout,
    fault, substitution, injury, etc.)
  • Separation of service whistle and signal to
    authorize service
  • Separation of whistle and loss of rally signal
    (first referee)
  • Separation of whistle and fault signal (second
    referee)

95
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee mechanics
  • Focus on receiving team at service
  • Transition to blockers' side during rally
  • Recommended procedure After play, step away
    from post to side of net of the team at fault,
    then mimic first referee
  • If second referee whistles the fault, the step
    must be to the side at fault

96
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee mechanics (contd)
  • Scan both benches during dead balls to be
    attentive to timeouts, substitutions or other
    needed communication
  • Serve and protect the first referee, especially
    as first response to coaches concerns do not
    delay the match to entertain questions or
    comments regarding judgment decisions

97
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee mechanics (contd)
  • Substitution procedure
  • Administer the substitution from the normal work
    area of the second referee in a location that
    allows the scorekeeper to clearly view the
    players involved in the substitution
  • In-coming and out-going subs meet within the
    substitution zone (in succession, one sub at a
    time for multiple subs by same team) and must see
    the authorization to enter signal from the
    second referee prior to entering

98
Officials Their Duties
  • Second referee mechanics (contd)
  • Substitution procedure (contd)
  • Technique for administering simultaneous
    substitution requests from both teams (requires a
    whistle for each teams request)
  • After releasing substitutes, repeat substitute
    numbers to scorekeeper as needed
  • Signal to first referee to indicate that play may
    begin, i.e., ready signal

99
2006-07 Technique Review
100
Signal Mechanics Review
  • Official Hand Signals
  • Illegal Attack/Back Row Attack

Raise the arm, hand open, on the side of the net
of the offending player and make a downward
motion over the net, palm down. Indicate the
player at fault, if necessary, by pointing with
an open hand.
101
Signal Mechanics Review
  • Official Hand Signals
  • Penetration into Opponents Court/Ball Crossing
    the Lower Space
  • When a ball completely crosses beyond the
    centerline in the space below the net, or when a
    player illegally contacts the opponents court,
    the referees will indicate the fault by pointing
    to the centerline with the index finger of the
    hand on the offending teams side of the net.
    (It may also be necessary to indicate the player
    at fault by pointing with an open hand.)

102
Signal Mechanics Review
  • Official Hand Signals
  • Double Contact and Four Hits
  • Double contact Signaled when a player hits the
    ball twice in succession or the ball contacts
    various parts of his/her body in succession.
    This includes plays in which the same player
    makes the third and fourth team hits.
  • Four hits a team hits the ball four times
    before returning it to the opponent. This
    includes plays in which the player who makes the
    fourth team hit is not the same player who made
    the third team hit.

103
Signal Mechanics Review
  • Official Hand Signals
  • Substitution Signal
  • Make a circular motion, hands closed, around the
    forearms. Two rotations is sufficient.

104
Referee Resources
105
Referee Resources
  • www.usavolleyball.org
  • The USA Volleyball website
  • Includes links to
  • USA Womens Mens National Volleyball Teams
  • 40 USAV regions
  • national competitions for juniors and adults
  • USAV Officials Division resources
  • Downloads rule book, casebook, rule
    interpretations and related officiating documents

106
Referee Resources
  • www.fivb.org
  • The International Volleyball Federation website
  • Includes links to
  • All FIVB world competitions, including World
    League, World Grand Prix, the Olympic Games
  • FIVB rulebook, casebook and refereeing guidelines
  • Links to confederations, i.e., NORCECA (USA,
    Canada, Mexico, Caribbean), CEV (Europe), etc.
  • FIVB programs, goals, history and future

107
Referee Resources
  • www.pavo.org
  • Professional Association of Volleyball Officials
  • Includes links to
  • Collegiate officiating information
  • Training Certification for collegiate officials
  • Rule interpretations and bulletins
  • PAVO Convention details
  • OTP Clinics sites and hosts
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