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Chapter%205.%20Silica-Fume%20Concrete%20Projects

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Resist chloride ion penetration. Minimize cracking. SI. Bridge Deck Construction ... Resist chloride ion penetration. 2,000 psi at 36 hours. 5,700 psi at 56 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter%205.%20Silica-Fume%20Concrete%20Projects


1
Chapter 5. Silica-Fume Concrete Projects
  • Bridge Decks
  • Parking Structure
  • High-Rise Columns
  • HPC Bridge
  • Shotcrete Rehabilitation
  • HPC Constructability

2
Bridge Decks -- New Construction and
Overlays (Fly Ash and Silica Fume Combination)
Chapter Outline
3
Project
  • Bridge Deck Construction
  • New York State DOT
  • High-Performance Concrete

Requirements
Resist chloride ion penetration Minimize
cracking
4
Concrete Mixture
  • Portland cement 500 lb/yd3
  • Fly ash 135 lb/yd3
  • Silica fume 40 lb/yd3
  • w/cm 0.40
  • Slump 3-4 inches
  • Air 6.5
  • Wet cure 7 days

5
Concrete Performance
Rapid chloride permeability lt 1,600
coulombs Compressive strength, 28 days
gt 5,400 psi

Results indicated that Class HP decks performed
better than previously specified concrete in
resisting both longitudinal and transverse
cracking.
6
Project

Bridge Deck Construction New York State DOT
High-Performance Concrete
Requirements
Resist chloride ion penetration Minimize
cracking
7
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement 300 kg/m3 Fly ash 80
kg/m3 Silica fume 25 kg/m3 w/cm 0.40
Slump 75-100 mm Air 6.5 Wet
cure 7 days
8
Concrete Performance
Rapid chloride permeability lt 1,600
coulombs Compressive strength, 28 days
gt 37 MPa

Results indicated that Class HP decks performed
better than previously specified concrete in
resisting both longitudinal and transverse
cracking.
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Bridge Deck Overlay (High Silica Fume Content)
Chapter Outline
15
Project
  • Bridge Deck Overlay, Ohio DOT
  • Beverly, Ohio

Requirements
Resist chloride ion penetration 4,500 psi at 28
days RCP lt 1,000 coulombs
16
Concrete Mixture
  • Portland cement, Type I 700 lb/yd3
  • Silica fume 70 lb/yd3
  • w/cm 0.36
  • Slump 4-8 in.
  • Air 6-10
  • HRWRA 20 fl oz/cwt
  • WRA, Type D 3 fl oz/cwt

17
Concrete Performance
  • Rapid chloride
  • permeability 600 coulombs
  • Compressive strength,
  • 28 days 7,000 psi

18
Project
Bridge Deck Overlay, Ohio DOT Beverly, Ohio
Requirements
Resist chloride ion penetration 31 MPa at 28
days RCP lt 1,000 coulombs
19
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 415 kg/m3 Silica fume
41.5 kg/m3 w/cm 0.36 Slump
100-200 mm Air 6-10 HRWRA 1.3L/100
kg WRA, Type D 165 ml/100 kg
20
Concrete Performance
Rapid chloride permeability 600
coulombs Compressive strength, 28 days
48 MPa
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Parking Structure
Chapter Outline
28
Project
Parking Structure General Mitchell Airport
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Requirements
Resist chloride ion penetration 2,000 psi at 36
hours 5,700 psi at 56 days
29
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 565 lb/yd3 Fly ash, Class
C 100 lb/yd3 Silica fume 39
lb/yd3 w/cm 0.35 WRA 12 fl oz/yd3 Slump,
maximum 9 in. Additional WRA and HRWRA in SF
slurry
30
Concrete Performance
Compressive strength, 36 hours gt 2,000
psi Cores taken at 2 - 10 months averaged lt
1,000 coulombs Slump used 6 - 7.5 in.
31
Project
Parking Structure General Mitchell Airport
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Requirements
Resist chloride ion penetration 14 MPa at 36
hours 40 MPa at 56 days
32
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 335 kg/m3 Fly ash, Class
C 60 kg/m3 Silica fume 17
kg/m3 w/cm 0.35 WRA 440 mL/m3 Slump,
maximum 230 mm Additional WRA and HRWRA in SF
slurry
33
Concrete Performance
Compressive strength, 36 hours gt 14 MPa
Cores taken at 2 - 10 months averaged lt 1,000
coulombs Slump used 150- 90 mm
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High-Rise Columns
Chapter Outline
41
Project
Key Bank Tower Cleveland, Ohio
Requirements
High ultimate strength, gt 12,000 psi High
modulus, gt 6,800,000 psi Pumpable, 57 stories
42
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 685
lb/yd3 GGBFS 285 lb/yd3 Silica fume
80 lb/yd3 w/cm
0.24 Slump, minimum 10 in.
HRWRA 30-50 fl oz/cwt WRA, Type A
4 fl oz/cwt
43
Concrete Performance
Modulus gt 7,000,000 psi Compressive
strength, 28 days gt 14,000 psi
56 days gt 15,000 psi
44
Project
Key Bank Tower Cleveland, Ohio
Requirements
High ultimate strength, gt 83 MPa High modulus,
gt 47 GPa Pumpable, 57 stories
45
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 406
kg/m3 GGBFS 169 kg/m3 Silica fume
47 kg/m3 w/cm
0.24 Slump, minimum 250 mm
HRWRA 2.0-3.3 L/100 kg WRA, Type A
260 mL/100 kg
46
Concrete Performance
Modulus gt 48 GPa Compressive strength,
28 days gt 97 MPa 56 days gt
103 MPa
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HPC Bridge
Chapter Outline
54
Project
I-25 and Yale Bridge, Colorado DOT Denver,
Colorado
Requirements
Reduced number of spans with shallow
superstructure depth Compressive strength
10,000 psi
55
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 730 lb/yd3 Silica fume
35 lb/yd3 w/cm 0.29 HRWRA 44-131
fl oz/yd3 WRA 15-58 fl oz/yd3
56
Project
I-25 and Yale Bridge, Colorado DOT Denver,
Colorado
Requirements
Reduced number of spans with shallow substructure
depth Compressive strength 69 MPa
57
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 433 kg/m3 Silica fume
21 kg/m3 w/cm 0.29 HRWRA 1.7-5.1
L/m3 WRA 0.6-2.2 L/m3
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60
Shotcrete Rehabilitation
Chapter Outline
61
Project
Seismic Retrofit Littlerock Dam, California
Requirements
Provide adequate seismic stability for maximum
credible earthquake Compressive strength of 6,000
psi at 28 days in a 4-in. thick overlay
62
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 682 lb/yd3 Silica
fume 70 lb/yd3 Steel fibers 100
lb/yd3 w/cm 0.45 Slump 2-4 in.
63
Concrete Performance
Compressive strength, cores, gt 21 days,
average 7,300 psi Pulloff testing of cores
satisfied project requirements of 150
psi Average shotcrete thickness 4.7 in.
64
Project
Seismic Retrofit Littlerock Dam, California
Requirements
Provide adequate seismic stability for maximum
credible earthquake Compressive strength of 41
MPa at 28 days in a 100-mm thick overlay
65
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 405 kg/m3 Silica fume
41 kg/m3 Steel fibers 60
kg/m3 w/cm 0.45 Slump 50 - 100 mm
66
Concrete Performance
Compressive strength, cores, gt 28 days,
average gt 50 MPa Pulloff testing of
cores satisfied project requirements of 1.0
MPa Average shotcrete thickness 119 mm
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HPC Constructability
Chapter Outline
74
Project
Canister Storage Building Hanford Nuclear
Site, WA
Requirements
Ease of placement Temperature control of mass
concrete High early strength for stripping High
durability
75
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 391 lb/yd3 Fly ash,
Class F 150 lb/yd3 Silica
fume 60 lb/yd3 w/cm 0.37 Slump 8
in. HRWRA 150 fl oz/yd3 Mid-range WRA
60 fl oz/yd3
76
Concrete Performance
Concrete temperature, as delivered lt 70
deg F in place lt
100 deg F Compressive strength, 28
days gt 6,300 psi 90 days gt
7,500 psi
77
Concrete Mixture
Portland cement, Type I 232 kg/m3 Fly ash, Class
F 89 kg/m3 Silica fume
36 kg/m3 w/cm 0.37 Slump 200
mm HRWRA 5.8 L/m3 Mid-range WRA
2.3 L/m3
78
Concrete Performance
Concrete temperature, as delivered lt 21
deg C in place lt 38
deg C Compressive strength, 28 days gt 43
MPa 90 days gt 52 MPa
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End of Chapter 5
Main Outline
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