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Methamphetamine Recognition and Response

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Title: Methamphetamine Recognition and Response


1
Methamphetamine Recognition and Response
  • 2005
  • In Service Training

2
Training Objectives
  • Recognize common over-the-counter products that
    are used in methamphetamine production.
  • Identify standard and improvised lab equipment
    used in methamphetamine production.
  • List the correct procedures for dealing with
    reported or discovered methamphetamine labs.

3
Street Names for Methamphetamine
  • meth
  • speed
  • crank
  • crystal
  • zip
  • go-fast

4
The History of Methamphetamine
  • 1887 - Amphetamine first synthesized in Germany.
  • 1932 - First medical use "benzedrine inhaler.
  • 1937 - Amphetamine available in tablet form.
  • 1939 1942 - Used by Allied and Axis troops in
    WWII.
  • 1971 - Controlled Substances Act of 1970 included
    restrictions on amphetamine.
  • 1980 - P-2-P becomes a controlled substance
    contributing to switch to ephedrine reduction
    methods.
  • 1960-1980s - Methamphetamine distribution is
    controlled by biker gangs (P-2-P method used).
  • 1980-1990 - Red phosphorous (Red P) method starts
    taking over.
  • 1990-1991 - Ephedrine reduction method imported
    to Kansas City area by local dealers. Birch
    Reduction (Nazi) method discovered in local
    library - method spreads rapidly.
  • 1990-1993 - Mexican National Labs proliferate on
    the West Coast (Red P labs).
  • 1991-Today Red P and Birch Reduction (Nazi) Labs
    spread across the U.S.

5
Short-Term Effects of Methamphetamine Use
  • Euphoria
  • Increased alertness
  • Increased energy
  • Insomnia
  • Light and sound sensitivity
  • Shakes and tremors
  • Nervousness
  • Teeth grinding
  • Dry mouth
  • Jaw clenching
  • Enhanced sexual activity

6
Long-Term Effects of Methamphetamine Use
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Violent mood changes
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Calcium depletion
  • Weight loss
  • Meth psychosis

7
4 Years
8
What Are Crank Bugs?
9
(No Transcript)
10
Methamphetamine Cycle of Abuse
  • Rush Exhilaration after intake usually lasts
    4-5 minutes, but can last as long as 30 minutes.

  • High Can last 4-16 hours.
  • Binge Repeated use of meth may continue
    without sleep for 3-15 days.
  • Tweaking The "coming down" phase that can last
    up to 24 hours.
  • Crash Continuous sleep for 1-3 days

11
Beware of Tweakers
  • Keep a social distance.
  • Do not shine bright lights at him/her.
  • Slow your speech and lower the pitch of your
    voice.
  • Slow your movements.
  • Keep your hands visible.
  • Keep the tweaker talking.

12
Clandestine Labs
  • There are four main categories of clandestine
    labs
  • Extraction
  • Tableting
  • Conversion
  • Synthesis

13
Illegal Controlled Substances Produced in
Clandestine Labs
  • PCP
  • LSD
  • MDMA (ecstasy)
  • GHB
  • Cocaine/Crack
  • Methcathanone
  • Methamphetamine

14
Types of Methamphetamine Labs
  • Mexican National labs
  • Mexican National Super Labs
  • Mom and Pop labs

15
Where Are Clandestine Labs Found ?
  • Motels and hotels
  • Vacation rentals
  • Houses
  • Apartments
  • Trailers
  • Cars
  • Trucks
  • Recreational vehicles
  • Campgrounds
  • Parks
  • Forests
  • Farm fields
  • Orchards
  • Boats
  • Self-storage units
  • Outbuildings
  • Businesses

16
Lab Terminology
  • a) Precursor - Primary chemical that is changed
    into the finished product, i.e., ephedrine or
    pseudoephedrine to methamphetamine.
  • b) Reagent - Chemical used in reactions to
    convert precursor into the finished product, but
    does not become part of the finished product.
  • c) Solvent - Used to dissolve solid precursors or
    to separate chemicals in a reaction. Most
    solvents are highly flammable.
  • d) Catalyst - Substance that initiates a chemical
    reaction, i.e., lithium metal.
  • e) Exothermic - A chemical reaction producing its
    own heat.
  • f) pH Scale - Measure of acidity or alkalinity.
    The pH range is 1 to 14 with 7 as neutral. increases acidity, 7 increases alkalinity

17
Specialized Chemical Apparatus/Items
  • Triple neck flasks
  • Single neck flasks
  • Reflux columns
  • Distillation columns
  • Heating mantles
  • Separatory funnels
  • Buchner funnels
  • Rheostats
  • Vacuum pumps
  • pH paper
  • Gram scales
  • Plastic tubing

18
Triple Neck Flask
19
Reflux Tube
20
Distillation Tube
21
Heating Mantel
22
Separatory Funnel
23
Buchner Funnel
24
Rheostats
25
Improvised Lab Equipment
  • a) Canning jars
  • b) Water jugs
  • c) Crock pots
  • d) Blenders
  • e) Spice mills
  • f) Kitchen utensils
  • g) Coffee grinders
  • h) Coffee filters
  • i) Bed sheets
  • j) Turkey basters
  • k) Mop buckets
  • l) Hot plates
  • m) Cast iron skillets
  • n) Pressure cookers
  • o) Electric frying pans
  • p) Pyrex/Corning cookware
  • q) Thermoses or coolers
  • r) Propane tanks
  • s) Fire extinguishers
  • t) Plastic gas cans

26
Improvised Equipment
27
Methamphetamine Lab Hazards
  • Suspects
  • Weapons
  • Explosives
  • Booby traps
  • Chemicals and wastes
  • Contaminated syringes

28
Chemicals and Waste
  • Flammable
  • Combustible
  • Corrosive
  • Caustic
  • Reactive
  • Toxic

29
Classifications and Methods
  • Phenyl-2-Propanone (P-2-P/Methylamine)
  • P-2-P Method
  • Ephedrine Reduction
  • Red Phosphorous (Red P) Method
  • Anhydrous Ammonia (Nazi) Method
  • Thionyl Chloride Method

30
Red Phosphorous Method
  • The Red Phosphorous Method is also commonly
    referred to as the
  • Red P Method
  • HI Method
  • Iodine Method
  • Mexican National Lab Method

31
Thionyl Chloride Method
32
Phenyl-2-Propanone Method
  • P-2-P/Methylamine Method
  • Foil Method
  • Biker Method
  • Prope Dope Method

33
How to Start a Meth Lab Investigation
  • Informants
  • Researching a suspect's history
  • Surveillance of suspicious activities
  • Business and utility company records
  • Trash searches
  • Knock and talks
  • Other law enforcement or public agencies

34
Generating Leads for Investigators
  • Self-storage managers
  • Hotel/motel managers
  • Retail store managers
  • Patrol officers
  • Diversion agents
  • Regulatory agents
  • Neighbors

35
Trash Pulls/Garbology
  • During trash pulls, remember that
  • Trash must be off curtilage
  • Trash must be sitting at trash pickup location

36
Trash Evidence
  • SAFETY FIRST when digging in trash! Remember, you
    are searching for meth lab evidence that can be
    toxic, reactive, corrosive, caustic, flammable
    and explosive!
  • Do NOT transport these items in your vehicle
  • Do NOT take these items into your agency
  • Do NOT store these items in your evidence room
  • DO photograph items
  • DO retrieve latent prints (if possible)
  • DO assure that items are disposed of properly

37
Paper Evidence
  • IDs
  • Address book
  • Business cards
  • Library cards
  • Sketches/photos
  • Chemistry books, articles or catalogues
  • Meth recipes
  • Lab notes
  • Maps and written directions
  • Receipts

38
Sometimes You Just Get Lucky
  • Routine inspections
  • Process serving
  • Domestic disturbances
  • Fires and explosions
  • Medical emergencies
  • Traffic stops
  • Traffic crash

39
Meth Labs Are Crime Scenes and Hazmat Scenes
  • Limit the potential spread of contamination
  • Preserve evidence
  • Minimize exposure to hazards (physical and
    chemical)

40
Children at Risk
  • Abuse
  • Exposure
  • Relocation

41
First Responders Remember!
  • If not trained - DO NOT ENTER!
  • If not equipped - DO NOT ENTER!
  • If alone - DO NOT ENTER!

42
Training Objectives
  • Recognize common over-the-counter products that
    are used in methamphetamine production.
  • Identify standard and improvised lab equipment
    used in methamphetamine production.
  • List the correct procedures for dealing with
    reported or discovered methamphetamine labs.

43
(No Transcript)
44
Methamphetamine Recognition and Response
  • 2005
  • In Service Training
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