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United Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Europe

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National Review Workshops. CBD-COP-9. Side Event IUCN World Congress, Bracelona Oct 2008 ... Madagascar: Impacts of national trade measures (particularly non ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Europe


1

Division of Technology, Industry, and
Economics Economics and Trade Branch

Overview of Initiative Integrated Assessment of
Trade-related Policies and Biological Diversity
in the Agricultural Sector
26-28 November 2007 Geneva, Switzerland
2
BACKGROUND AND HISTORY
  • UNEP-ETB
  • PAST INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT INITIATIVES
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • ARTICLE 14
  • COP DECISION VI/5
  • COP 7 SPECIAL REPORT (COP/7/INF/15)

3
Integrated Assessment
Systematic process for obtaining, processing and
disseminating information on the environmental,
social and economic impact of a specific policy
or set of policies
Social
Sustainable Dev.
Economic
Environmental
Biodiversity
4
OVERALL AIM
Support African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP)
countries to assess, design and implement
trade-related policies in the agricultural sector
that safeguard biological diversity while
maximizing development gains from trade
liberalization.
5
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
  • Enhance capacities to assess environmental,
    social and economic impacts of agricultural
    trade-related policies, with emphasis on the
    protection of biological diversity
  • Enhance capacities to develop and implement
    integrated national responses to the outcomes of
    the assessment
  • Support implementation of the CBD through
    increased understanding of factors that lead to a
    loss in biodiversity and protection of
    biodiversity associated with trade-related
    policies
  • Enable ACP countries to integrate the sustainable
    management of biodiversity in the negotiation of
    the EU- ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)



6
MAJOR ACTIVITIES
  • 4-year project funded by EC and SIDA
  • Year 1
  • Development of trade and biodiversity manual to
    provide guidance for assessing trade-related
    policies in the agriculture sector.

  • Year 2 - 3
  • Country projects implemented in six ACP
    countries to assess environmental, economic and
    social impacts of agricultural trade-related
    policies in the agricultural sector.

  • Year 4
  • Elaboration and implementation of national
    policy responses.


7
Overview Activities 2005-2006
1st ISC
2005
July
Launching
- Development of draft manual- Pre-selection of
countries
Country Workshop
Capacity Building Workshop
2nd ISC
2006
May
Oct
Development of project proposals
Preparation of projects
8
Overview Activities 2007-2009
1st review meeting
2nd review meeting
2007 2008
Nov 07
Nov 08
Country projects (phase 1)Integrated assessment
studies
Final outcome meeting
Final draft manual
2009
Country project (phase 2)Implementation of
national action plans
9
Selection of Country Projects
May to October 2006 gt Development of project
proposals
Uganda
Jamaica
Cameroon
PNG
Madagascar
Mauritius
10
Capacity Building Workshop
  • 3 days October 2006
  • 3 reps of each country team
  • Trade-environment linkages
  • IA process
  • Stakeholder participation
  • Project implementation
  • National workshop preparation

11
Country projects agreements
  • Nov 2006 to Feb 2007
  • Signing of MOUs and LOAs with countries
  • Setting up of national institutions

12
Structure of Integrated Assessment Projects
Leading Government Ministries
At the national level - Facilitating project
- Performing analytical work
National Policy Research Institute
National Steering Committee
Stakeholder Consultations
International Advisory Group
At the international level - Providing advice
to projects - Suggesting methodologies
UNEP Team
13
Project Launching and Capacity Building
  • March to May 2006 National launching and
    capacity building workshops organized by country
    project teams
  • Presentation of project
  • Involvement of stakeholders
  • Outreach
  • Familiarization with IA process
  • Refining focus of the study
  • Building on experiences andmaterial of October
    workshop

14
Visibility-related Activities
  • Development and wide dissemination of project
    brochure
  • Articles in MEA bulletin and IAIA newsletter
  • Development of project website
  • Briefings at the WTO CTE
  • Submission of side-event proposals

15
Next Steps 2008
  • National Review Workshops
  • CBD-COP-9
  • Side Event IUCN World Congress, Bracelona Oct
    2008
  • Development of Discussion Paper
  • Refinement of Trade and Biodiversity Manual
  • Finalization of assessment studies
  • Second International Review Workshop (outcome
    first phase country projects)


16
Focus of Country Projects
  • Jamaica Impacts of reforms of the EU-ACP Sugar
    Protocol as part of the EU-ACP Economic
    Partnership Agreement negotiations (loss of trade
    preferences).
  • Cameroon Impacts of the national law
    (N2004/025) liberalising trade in the cacao
    sector
  • Mauritius Impacts of reforms of the EU-ACP Sugar
    Protocol as part of EU-ACP Economic Partnership
    Agreement negotiations (loss of trade
    preferences).

17
Focus of Country Projects
Madagascar Impacts of national trade measures
(particularly non-tariff measures) in the
aquaculture shrimp sector implemented as a result
of increase in regional and international trade
competition. Uganda Impacts of trade
liberalisation in the horticulture sector
following EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreement
negotiations. Papua New Guinea Impacts of
trade liberalisation measures (particularly
tariff reduction) affecting major export crops
(e.g. coffee and oil palm) on two major staple
food crops (taro and sweet potato).
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