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Cyber Terrorism

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Cyber terrorism is generally understood as the crossing over of terrorism ... is more commonly used by Electro hippies and hacktivists than hackers since it ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cyber Terrorism


1
Cyber Terrorism
  • Rob Felsburg

2
Class Participation
  • What do you think cyber terrorism is?

3
Cyber Terrorism
  • Cyber terrorism is generally understood as the
    crossing over of terrorism and cyberspace. This
    leads to unlawful attacks and threats of attacks
    against computer, networks and the info stored
    therein.
  • In order to qualify as cyber terrorism an attack
    results in violence against person or property,
    or at least causes enough harm to generate fear.
  • Many of these attacks are done using powerful
    software applications made readily available
    across the world wide web.

4
Cyber Terrorism
  • Open war is upon you whether you would risk it or
    not
  • Cyberspace is constantly under attack, be it from
    spies, thieves, saboteurs or thrill seeking 11
    year olds. DOS attacks are launched, data is
    sabotaged, inboxs are flamed. Not to mention the
    countless viruss that are released, many make
    use of fraudulent transactions and harass
    workers, companies, and home users.
  • These attacks are serious, and costly.

5
Cyber Terrorism
  • Examples -
  • 1996, a computer hacker allegedly associated with
    a white supremacist group, temporarily disabled
    an ISP and damaged part of their record keeping
    system. This was due to them trying to deny him
    service because he was sending out worldwide
    racist messages under their name.

6
Cyber Terrorism
  • Examples -
  • In 98, Spanish protestors swamped the Institute
    for Global Communications (ICG), with bogus
    e-mails, tying up users accounts due to mail box
    quotas, and phone lines due to user complaints.
    All of this was due to ICG hosting Euskal Herria
    Journal, a New York based publication for Basque
    independence. It was claimed that this journal
    was supporting Terrorism because a section of the
    page talked about a group, ETA, which claimed
    responsibility for assassinating Spanish
    political figures. Under threat of similar
    tactics being employed on other ICG companies,
    the page was removed.

7
Cyber Terrorism
  • Examples -
  • The first known attack against a coutrys
    computer system was employed against a Sri Lanken
    Embassy, in which Tamil guerrillas swamped the
    inboxes with over 800 mail messages a day over
    two weeks. The message written was simpleWe
    are the Internet Black Tigers and were doing
    this to disrupt your communications.

8
Cyber Terrorism
  • Examples -
  • Web defacement is also very common, when the
    Chinese embassy was accidently bombed in
    Belgrade, Chinese hactivist posted messages acros
    US government web sites saying We wont stop
    until the war stops

9
Cyber Terrorism
  • Examples -
  • During the war in Kosovo in 99 NATO computers
    were spammed with e-mail bombs and DOS attacks by
    hacktivist protesting the bombings.

10
Cyber Terrorism
  • Examples -
  • Since 97 THE Electronic disturbance Theatre,
    EDT, has been conducting web sit-ins, in which
    thousands of protestors against various sites in
    support of Mexican Zapatistas using software
    designed to flood a website with rapid request
    for downloads. This is more commonly used by
    Electro hippies and hacktivists than hackers
    since it is dependent on mass support.

11
Cyber Terrorism
  • In order for Cyber Terrorism to work two things
    must happen, there must be targets that are
    vulnerable to attack which could lead to violence
    and harming someone and also somebody to carry
    out these threats.
  • In a study by NSA red groups, it was found that
    911 systems and power grids, could be hacked by
    publicly available tools.
  • It is impossible to correct all of the
    weaknesses since many are dependent on suer
    configurations, and are always at the scrutiny of
    peopole using them which leads to someone helping
    a hacker who has access to the system to begin
    with

12
Cyber Terrorism
  • This is especially true about consultants and
    contractors who often have root or super user
    access.
  • This past March, Japans Police reported that a
    software system had been bought to track 150
    police vehicles including unmarked cars. This
    software had been sub-contracted out to Aum
    Shinryko cult, the groups had already received
    classified information on about 115 vehicles. It
    was then discovered that this cult had employed
    this tactic to develop software four over 80
    Japanese firms, and 10 government agencies.

13
Cyber Terrorism
  • We can clearly see that the infrastructure is
    weak and can be manipulated by various meanbut
    what of the people who have the ability to do
    thisis there motive. This is why Cyber Terrorism
    is so dangerous, most hackers do posses the
    knowledge, but lack the motivation to create such
    violence and severe disruption. However many
    terrorist pride themselves on his ability.
  • Despite the many actions of the few, there are
    few indications that this is going to become a
    widespread tactic of terrorists.

14
Cyber Terrorism
  • In 1999, the center for the Studyt of Terrorism
    and Irregular Warfar at the Naval Postgraduate
    School in Monterey California issued a report
    titled Cyberterror Prospects and Implications.
    It was concluded that the barrier for entry for
    anything beyond annoying hacks is quite high, and
    that terrorists generally lack the wherewithal
    and human capital needed to mount a meaningful
    operation. Cybertterorism it has been concluded
    is a thing of the future.

15
Cyber Terrorism
  • We can clearly see that the infrastructure is
    weak and can be manipulated by various meanbut
    what of the people who have the ability to do
    thisis there motive. This is why Cyber Terrorism
    is so dangerous, most hackers do posses the
    knowledge, but lack the motivation to create such
    violence and severe disruption. However many
    terrorist pride themselves on his ability.
  • Despite the many actions of the few, there are
    few indications that this is going to become a
    widespread tactic of terrorists.

16
Cyber Terrorism
  • Three groups have been defined
  • Simple unstructured Conduct basic hacks against
    individuals using tools created by someone else.
    Little command and control.
  • Advanced structured (2-4) Conduct more
    sophisticated attacks against multiple systems or
    networks and possibly the ability to create or
    modify tools. Elementary command and control.
  • Complex coordinated(6-10) Capability for
    coordinated attacks causing mass disruption,
    integrated defenses including cryptography,
    Ability to create sophisticated hacking tools.
    Highly capable command and control.

17
Cyber Terrorism
  • 5 Terrorists group types
  • New Age
  • Religious
  • Ethno-nationalists-separatists
  • Revolutionary
  • Far right extremists
  • Only religious likely to seek Complex coordinated
  • New age or single issue pose immediate threat

18
Cyber Terrorism
  • Drawbacks -
  • Systems are complex, and thus harder to control
    an attack.
  • Unless people are injured there is less drama and
    emotional appeal
  • Terrorist close minded, and less likely to switch
    from old means of attack unless inadeuqate

19
Cyber Terrorism
  • In conclusion at the present cyber terrorism to
    the extreme is not as much of a burden, however
    general cyber crime is very much a part of
    todays cyberspace and cyber terrorism is very
    likely to be a few years in the future but
    nevertheless coming.
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