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Animals of the Great Lakes Region

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Animals of the Great Lakes Region. Animal characteristics to focus on are: Habitat ... Beaver Lodge. Track of the beaver. The Porcupine. Porcupine facts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animals of the Great Lakes Region


1
Animals of the Great Lakes Region
2
Animal characteristics to focus on are
  • Habitat
  • Behavior
  • Their importance to the ecosystem(niche)
  • Things that endanger the species
  • Economical benefit the animal provides
  • What the track of the animal looks like

3
Order Rodentia
  • Rodents

4
The Beaver
5
Facts about the beaver
  • Largest North American rodent(45-60 lbs)
  • Common around water where they make large dams
    and domed lodges
  • Tracks are often obscured by their tail
  • Large webbed rear foot
  • Valued for their fur
  • Beavers mate for life

6
Beaver Lodge
7
Track of the beaver
8
The Porcupine
9
Porcupine facts
  • Porcupines are nocturnal vegetarians
  • Porcupines eat the cambian(inner bark) of trees
    and can do extensive damage to mature forests
  • Have poor eyesight and usually climb trees to
    avoid predators but will defend themselves with
    quills
  • Love salt
  • Newborn porcupines weigh more than grizzly bear
    cubs

10
Porcupine
  • 24-35 inches long
  • 11-30 lbs
  • About 30,000 quills - 3 inches long
  • In winter, makes a den in a cave, log, or hollow
    tree
  • Predator - fisher
  • Unique courtship-

11
Tree girdled by a porcupine
12
Track of the porcupine
13
The Red Squirrel
14
Red Squirrel Facts
  • Rust Red to Grayish-red and weighs 7-12 ounces.
  • Abundant in any kind of forest.
  • Feeds heavily on pine seeds- buries green cones
    in moist soil during the fall.
  • Has a variety of calls to announce its home range
    or presence of intruders.

15
Red Squirrel Tracks
16
Muskrat
17
Muskrat Facts
  • One of the largest members of the rodent family
  • Naked tail
  • Hind feet are partially webbed
  • Uses a bank den made of mud and plants
  • Food aquatic vegetation, cattail, arrowhead,
    water lily, occasionally crayfish, mussels, small
    fish, turtles and frogs.
  • Humans are the major enemy trapping
  • Raccoon and mink are main predators.

18
Muskrat Track
19
Order Carnivora
  • Carnivores

20
The Raccoon
21
Raccoon Information
  • Found in a wide range of habitats and den up for
    colder months of year
  • Prints look like a human handprint
  • Often rest in trees
  • Omnivores
  • Known for their curiosity and mischievousness
  • Great night vision

22
Raccoon Tracks
23
The Bobcat
  • Active at any time but frequently hunt at night.
    They eat small animals but have taken animals as
    large as deer
  • Can range up to 50 miles during one day
  • Usually hunt from ground, but can pounce from
    trees
  • Four toes on front and rear tracks
  • Nails are not visible on track
  • Bobcats have short tails
  • They are born blind(during spring) and remain
    with mother until the fall

24
Bobcat Picture
25
Track of the Bobcat
26
The Coyote
27
Coyote Notes
  • Grizzled gray or reddish brown coat, prominent
    ears and yellow eyes, they weigh between 20 and
    40 lbs.
  • They used to live only in the prairies and out
    west, but now are widespread.
  • Man is their major enemy
  • Track closely resembles that of the dog, but
    usually follows a straight path.

28
Coyote Track
29
Timber Wolf
30
Wolf Notes
  • Color is grizzled gray to black and average
    weight is 55-130 lbs.
  • Prefer open tundra and forests. They once
    inhabited most of North America, but now only
    exist in Canada, Alaska and parts of the U.S.
    They have been wiped out in some areas because of
    human fear, superstition and hatred.
  • Wolves mate for life and live in packs.
  • Prey on large mammals- they hunt in packs by
    slashing tendons or driving prey towards awaiting
    pack members.

31
Wolf Tracks
32
Red Fox
33
Red Fox Facts
  • Small, dog-like animal. Rusty-red coat with
    white underparts.
  • They prefer to live at the edge of fields, but
    can be found on farms, prairies, beaches and
    woodlands.
  • They are omnivores and have many enemies
    including the coyote, lynx and humans
  • Susceptible to rabies.

34
Red Fox Tracks
35
The Black Bear
36
Black Bear Info.
  • The smallest and most common North American
    bears-(200-600lbs)
  • Omnivorous and will eat almost anything
  • Nocturnal animals, but can be active during the
    day
  • Hibernate during winter months
  • They eat large amounts of roughage and hair
    before hibernation. This forms a plug which is
    eliminated when they leave the den
  • Popular to hunt, the meat is eaten and fur made
    into rugs

37
Black Bear Tracks
38
The Weasels
  • Family Mustelidae

39
The River Otter
40
Otter Info
  • Playful members of the weasel family
  • Can remain underwater for several minutes- they
    have valved ears and noses to keep water out
  • Fur is very thick and warm
  • Very good fishers, but will eat shellfish,
    amphibians and small mammals
  • Partially webbed feet
  • Intelligent animal

41
Otter Tracks
42
More Otter Tracks
43
The Marten
44
Marten Info
  • Dark brown to blonde in color and weigh between 1
    and 4 lbs.
  • Feed on squirrels, rabbits, birds, mice, eggs,
    berries, seeds and honey
  • Valued pelts and logging have led to extirpation
    in many parts
  • It prefers land to water

45
Marten Track
46
The Striped Skunk
47
Skunk Info
  • Skunks are about the same size as a house cat
  • Have the ability to spray a yellow, oily, musk up
    to 10 feet.
  • Omnivores that will eat wide range of vegetation,
    insects, grubs, small mammals and eggs
  • Chief predator is the great horned owl
  • Pigeon toed track, claws are usually visible

48
Skunk track
49
Mink
50
Mink Facts
  • Have a lustrous fur and long bushy tail. Usually
    weigh between 1 and 4 lbs.
  • Populations have been limited by pollution and
    trapping
  • Live along rivers, creeks, ponds, lakes and
    marshes
  • Feed on fish, muskrats, frogs, crayfish, eggs,
    insects and worms

51
Mink Track
52
The Badger
53
Badger Notes
  • Largest animal of the weasel family(7-25 lbs.),
    stout and shaggy. Has a white stripe from snout
    to shoulder.
  • They prefer farmlands, open fields and the edges
    of woods
  • Usually feed on squirrels, gophers, rabbits and
    mice which they dig out of their burrows.
  • Unharmed by rattlesnake venom, except when they
    are bit in the nose
  • Coarse hair is used to make high quality
    paintbrushes and shaving brushes
  • Changing habitats succession are limiting badger
    numbers.

54
Badger Tracks
55
The Fisher
56
Fisher Facts
  • Prefer mature coniferous forests and stay clear
    of open areas.
  • One of the few animals that will eat a porcupine.
    They will also eat rabbits, squirrels,
    chipmunks, birds, insects, seeds and berries.
  • It is a wide-ranging year-round hunter
  • Valued for its fur and has few enemies

57
Fisher Tracks
hind
Front
58
The opossum
59
Opossum Info
  • The only North American marsupial and the only
    animal in N.A. with a prehensile tail
  • Naked tail is used for climbing as well as for
    storing fat
  • Only non-primate with opposable thumbs that allow
    for grasping
  • When born they weigh about 1/200 of an ounce and
    are less than a half inch long(The whole litter
    can fit in a teaspoon)
  • They can play dead(play possum) when attacked.
    They also salivate and emit foul odor to repel
    predators

60
Opossum track
61
Whitetail Deer
62
Deer Info
  • The most common, widespread deer in the world.
  • Most common game animal in the U.S.
  • Active at night, and bed down during mid-day.
  • Social animals, found in herds. But, bucks with
    bucks and does with does.
  • Have keen senses and are very wary of people.
  • Can adapt to a wide range of habitats.

63
Deer Tracks
64
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