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The Info Search: Becoming a Super Searcher

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Searching for a keyword or phrase that could be found in ... 'No Child Left Behind' 'George Washington Carver' 'attention deficit disorder' 'war on terror' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Info Search: Becoming a Super Searcher


1
The Info Search Becoming a Super Searcher
  • Kristin Johnson, Meriam Library
  • CSU, Chico

2
99.9 of the time there is more than one way to
look up a topic on a computer.
3
What You Will Learn Today
  • Super Search Strategies
  • Keywords
  • Subject Headings
  • Truncation
  • Phrase Searching
  • Boolean Operators

4
Getting Started Keyword Subject Searching
  • Just beginning to research a topic
  • Need to narrow, broaden, or refine a research
    topic
  • Researching an unfamiliar topic

5
Keyword Searching What is it?
  • Searching for a keyword or phrase that could be
    found in anywhere in a library database
  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Body
  • Author
  • Citation
  • Subject Heading or Descriptor

6
Subject Searching
  • A search using a specific word that is part of
    the databases list of subject headings
  • The databases subject headings list is often
    contained in a thesaurus or subject index
  • Or, look in the subject or descriptor field of a
    record for official subject headings

7
Hands on Practice 1
  • In pairs, complete 1st half of green sheet Watch
    Your Language
  • Remember 99.9 of the time there is more than
    one way to look up a topic on a computer.

8
Juvenile Criminals
  • Juvenile Criminals works OK, but the Library
    Catalog prefers a different word be substituted
    for criminals

Juvenile Delinquents Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile
Justice
9
Fatherless Children
  • Fatherless Children finds some things, but there
    are a few better way to phrase this

Fatherless Families Absentee Fathers Children of
Single Parents
10
Corporate Crime
  • Corporate Crime works OK, but suggest a better
    search for this topic

White Collar Crime Employee Crimes Commercial
Crimes Corporations Corrupt Practices
11
Violence in the Media
  • Violence in the Media sort of works, but
    suggest a better search for this topic

Violence in Mass Media Violence on
Television Violence in Motion Pictures
12
Keyword Searching Using Phrase Searching
  • Phrase Searching
  • Guarantees that a string of words will appear
    together in the order typed
  • Use when you have more than 2 words in a phrase
    or name

13
Phrase Searching How?
  • Phrase Searching
  • Most search engines require quotation marks ( )
  • Examples
  • World Trade Center vitamin A
  • Columbine High School raisin in the sun
  • No Child Left Behind George Washington
    Carver
  • attention deficit disorder war on terror
  • not for profit

14
Keyword Searching Using Truncation
  • Looks for multiple forms of a word
  • Allows you to search for plurals and various word
    endings by using a symbol to represent a number
    of letters
  • Generally increases the number of results you find

15
Truncation How?
  • If available, most search engines use an asterisk
    () at the root of the word
  • e.g. terror
  • terrorist, terrorists, terrorism, terrorizing

16
Boolean Searching
  • Uses the words AND, OR, and NOT to expand or
    limit searches
  • Allows for combining search terms
  • AKA Boolean Operators

17
AND Why Use?
  • The Boolean Operator AND combines words and/or
    phrases ensuring both are present in the
    retrieved results
  • Vietnam AND protest AND students
  • Japan cooking (Google uses plus sign to ensure
    word is in results)
  • eagles habitat endangered

18
AND - Example
  • Im interested in information about knights and
    chivalry

19
OR Why Use?
  • The Boolean Operator OR broadens a search by
    including any of the terms in the retrieved
    results
  • It is used to capture synonyms or related words
  • car or automobile
  • coronary or heart

20
OR - Example
  • I want information about knights or chivalry

21
NOT Why Use?
  • The Boolean Operator NOT is uses to exclude words
    or phrases from a query
  • It eliminates possibilities that you suspect will
    cause problems
  • martin luther NOT king
  • eagles Philadelphia football (Google uses
    minus sign to exclude words)

22
NOT - Example
  • I want information about knights but nothing
    about chivalry.

23
When to Use Boolean Searching
  • Constructing a search using more than one keyword
  • Complex searches

24
I want to know about pythons the snakes, not
the Monty Python comedy group.
  • What are the keywords?
  • Python
  • Monty Python
  • What is the Boolean operator?
  • NOT
  • Draw the diagram
  • Construct the search strategy
  • Python NOT Monty python

25
I want to learn about cooking with herbs or
spices.
  • What are the keywords?
  • cooking
  • (herbs or spices)
  • What is the Boolean operator?
  • OR
  • AND
  • Draw the diagram
  • Construct the search strategy
  • cooking AND (herbs or spices)

26
I have to find information on the U.S. military
in Bosnia.
  • What are the keywords?
  • U.S. Military
  • Bosnia
  • What is the Boolean operator?
  • AND
  • Draw the diagram
  • Construct the search strategy
  • U.S. military AND Bosnia

27
Hands on Practice 2
  • In pairs, complete 2st half of green sheet
    Search Strategy Planner
  • Remember 99.9 of the time there is more than
    one way to look up a topic on a computer.

28
Please Answer Question on Green Sheet
  • …and turn into me.
  • What was the most significant or meaningful thing
    you learned during todays session with the
    librarian? (Feel free to include more than one if
    you like.)
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