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Values, symbols & celebrations. Local authorities and partners: community leadership ... of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland); At ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Conference:


1
Conference
  • Regeneration.
  • Economic Inclusion.
  • Cohesion.

2
Regeneration. Economic Inclusion. Cohesion.
  • Joy Warmington
  • (bRAP)
  • Adrian Passmore
  • (RegenWM)

3
Regeneration. Economic Inclusion. Cohesion.
  • Ted Cantle
  • (Institute of Community Cohesion)

4
  • Community cohesion
  • Regeneration and Change

5
  • Ted Cantle
  • Associate Director, IDeA
  • Professor, Institute of Community Cohesion
    (iCoCo)

6
  • After the Commission
  • A consolidation acceptance of conceptual
    framework
  • Evidential test met what works
  • Political test met issue top of the priority
    list and accepted by people in general, and many
    agencies.

7
  • .and before the Commission
  • 100 LAs with community cohesion officers,
    members, and strategies
  • Inspection regime in place CAA, LAAs etc
  • New school duty (and ofsted role)
  • Many partnerships signed up
  • Housing in the vanguard

8
  • .and new framework
  • Not at odds with previous work, eg on equalities
  • Development of international interest, all facing
    multiculturalism debate
  • Euro Year of Intercultural Dialogue 2008
  • Supportive academic work, eg contact theory

9
  • Recognition of a changing world, population
    movement and churn
  • In 1965 75m people lived outside the home
    country, now 180m
  • 25m tourists to UK, millions from UK to global
    destinations
  • Globalisation in many forms international
    students, brands, internet etc.
  • And neighbourhood churn impact on regeneration

10
  • And the era of super diversity
  • 300 languages in London schools 71 in 1 60 in
    Middlesbrough
  • Faith as an aspect of diversity
  • But age, sexual orientation,
  • travellers all difference

11
  • A set of new typologies
  • Rural and urban various configurations,
    reinforces inclusiveness of difference
  • Violent Extremism not included?
  • But avoid typecasting areas?

12
  • Settlement not presently well-managed
  • Managed migration in economic terms but little
    attention to social community
  • Resources conflicts are real and data limited
  • Structural social segregation
  • National benefits, but local expenditures
  • A New Agency proposed by the CIC

13
  • A new identity challenge
  • From fewer identifiable groups struggling to
    maintain heritage
  • To larger number of diaspora identities which
    compete with national identity
  • Premium on difference, little investment in
    commonalities Limited shared experiences
    values
  • Focus on Britishness and citizenship (again,
    CIC recommendations)

14
  • Recognising the complexity
  • Managing the interfaces
  • Between and within BME communities White
    rivalries continue
  • Conflict resolution and prevention
  • Continuing with equalities programmes and
  • Developing new agenda civil renewal, social
    capital, place-making, Respect etc.

15
  • Recognising the complexity
  • Managing the interfaces
  • New definition to include rights and
    responsibilities
  • And developing trust in local institutions
  • Role of social capital and apparent threat to
    it
  • CIC response- citizenship week, volunteering,
    emphasis on schools, eg twinning

16
  • How does regeneration respond to new
    multi-culturalism?
  • In terms of understanding changing popn dynamics
  • And social and psychological needs, including
    identity
  • Whether our multicultural model focussed on
    difference not commonalties
  • Tackling poverty and disadvantage and need to
    change attitudes values

17
  • The local challenge of cohesion
  • Need to break down segregated communities fear
    of difference
  • CIC emphasises social segregation
  • New emphasis on place making and local
    citizenship ie where you are, not where you
    are from
  • And create a sense of belonging

18
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19
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20
  • The role of Regeneration
  • Understanding impacts of regeneration race
    equality and community cohesion impact assessment
  • Avoiding competition between communities
  • Creating overall strategy which is open and
    transparent
  • But also using regeneration processes to unite
    communities, encourage interaction
  • Building sustainable social capital and civil
    society

21
  • Developing mixed communities
  • Planning mixed communities existing areas new
    developments
  • Not just about tenure or facilities
  • Catering for social psychological needs
    understanding social capital
  • Developing shared spaces leisure, shopping,
    libraries, sports, arts, festivals
  • External internal spaces

22
  • Understanding our communities
  • Mapping community dynamics change in number
    settlement patterns the data problem
  • Understanding perceptions realities
  • Anticipating disaffection tensions
  • Community leaders gateways or gatekeepers
  • Structural changes funding regimes to encourage
    people organisations to co-operate

23
  • Linking with other work across communities
  • Examples such as school twinning, sports arts
    programmes, inter-faith networks, youth projects
  • All help to create shared experiences, shared
    spaces, to develop understanding, trust shared
    values

24
  • Building partnerships
  • Creating diversity advantage creative and
    entrepreneurial cities
  • Local employers
  • Local celebrities role models e.g. sports
    personalities
  • Public private sector agencies
  • Values, symbols celebrations

25
  • Local authorities and partners community
    leadership
  • Manage additional population services needed
    identity issues
  • Manage population churn
  • Respond to resource needs in schools, health
    housing
  • Manage settlement of new communities work with
    existing residents
  • Plan new communities and regenerate existing in
    new way
  • Prevent manage conflicts disputes Tension
    monitoring

26
  • As well as
  • Cope with extremism of all descriptions
  • Provide a sense of belonging
  • Initiate cross-cultural programmes
  • Understand social capital bridging
    relationships between communities
  • Leadership for partners bring together programmes
  • Requires vision political will (not available
    free with every copy of CIC report, but it helps!)

27
  • Ted.cantle_at_idea.gov.uk
  • Book Community cohesion a new framework for
    race and cohesion, published by Palgrave Macmillan

28
Regeneration. Economic Inclusion. Cohesion.
  • Vincent Wang
  • (Commission for Racial Equality)

29
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30
Introduction and Context
  • Why we launched the investigation
  • The nature of the investigation
  • Terms of reference
  • Race equality duty

31
Methodology
  • Call for Evidence
  • Questionnaire
  • Stakeholder Meetings
  • Case Studies

32
Key challenges
  • Understanding why it is important to get it right
  • Equality outcomes for regeneration
  • Including all sections of the community

33
Investigation findings
  • Vision and leadership
  • Promoting racial equality through regeneration
  • Partnerships and procurement
  • Measuring outcomes
  • Audit and inspection

34
Vision and leadership
  • Local authority level (senior officers and
    councillors)
  • Regional Development Agencies
  • National government

35
Promoting racial equality through regeneration
  • Race equality impact assessment
  • Ethnic monitoring and data collection
  • Community engagement
  • Training

36
Partnerships and procurement
  • Local strategic partnerships
  • Procurement
  • Publicly funded regeneration companies

37
Measuring outcomes
  • Ethnic monitoring
  • Measuring outcomes

38
Audit and inspection
  • Inspectorates and the race equality duty
  • Risk based assessment
  • The equality standard

39
Taking the recommendations forward
  • Regeneration practitioners
  • National government and national regeneration
    agencies
  • The equality and human rights commission

40
The report is available to download
http//www.cre.gov.uk/about/regeneration.html
41
Regeneration. Economic Inclusion. Cohesion.
  • Gerry Dawson
  • (Urban Living)

42
Gerry Dawson
  • Chief Executive
  • Urban Living
  • Housing Market Renewal Pathfinder

43
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44
70
45
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46
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47
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48
13 - 14th August 1969
49
14 -15th August 1969
50
15th August 1969
51
Bombay Street, 1970s
52
Bombay Street, 1982
53
Bombay Street Rebuilt (Today)
54
Bombay Street Rebuilt (Today)
55
Bombay Street Rebuilt (Today)
56
Bombay Street Rebuilt (Today)
57
The other side of Bombay Street (Today)
58
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59
Bombay Street Lessons
60
1.
  • The extreme opposite
  • of Community Cohesion
  • is Societal Breakdown

61
2.
  • The less cohesive a community becomes, the more
    difficult it is to demolish the barriers

62
3.
  • Community cohesion is (first second and third)
    about relationships

63
4.
  • Relationships take a long time to build they
    take even longer to rebuild

64
5.
  • The State has a critical (and proactive) role to
    play in promoting community cohesion.
  • Failure to do so carries with it a potentially
    enormous social economic cost.

65
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66
Community CohesionFirst Steps done a
  • Basics
  • Systems of measurement
  • Assuring project conformance
  • Governance
  • Small stand-alone projects
  • Strategic/ operational alignment

67
Community CohesionPlans
  • A more reflective workforce
  • Commissioning procurement
  • Enhanced accountability/ transparency in
    processes
  • Improved communication around regeneration
    projects

68
Community CohesionParadoxes
  • Two Paradigms
  • Humility the Audit Commission
  • Risk

69
Community CohesionParadox resolutions
  • Two Paradigms
  • Humility the Audit Commission
  • Risk
  • Nike paradigm!
  • To heck with the Audit Commission
  • Were a Pathfinder...

70
Community Cohesion(more interesting) Plans
  • Giving away the glory
  • Developing projects aimed at enhancing
    relationships
  • How is more important than What
  • Just doing it...

71
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72
Regeneration. Economic Inclusion. Cohesion.
  • Sarabjeet Soar
  • (West Midlands
  • Minority Ethnic Business Forum)

73
Conference RegenerationEconomic
InclusionCohesion
  • Sarabjeet Soar
  • 2nd October 2007

74
TO WHAT EXTENT DO MINORITY ETHNIC BUSINESSES
BENEFIT FROM REGENERATION?
  • Summary

75
Aim of Study
  • The purpose of the study was to inform the
    review of regional strategies underway especially
    the WM Regional Economic Strategy, the Spatial
    Strategy revision and improve the interventions
    for the delivery of the strategies such as Zones,
    the Regional Business Link, Corridors and
    Clusters.

76
Methodology
  • Desk research into the current polices and
    strategies
  • Literature Review on the state of the BME
    Business sector
  • Surveys (Supply and Demand Side)
  • Interviews
  • Workshop with Business Support Agencies

77
Structure
  • Literature, Policy and Strategy Review
  • Demand Side
  • Supply Side
  • Good Practice Models
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations

78
Context of Research
  • Asian minorities higher levels of self
    employment. Black African and Caribbean
    increasing.
  • BME Businesses in areas of high deprivation
  • Generally deprived but tentative move from low to
    high value activities
  • Strategies at the national level have a strong
    policy focus on addressing inclusion

79
Context of Research
  • National guidance strong for regional strategies
    in relation to consultation, participation and
    representation.
  • WMRES strategic intent in supporting BME Business
  • WMRSS is not adhering to the guidance
  • Sub-regional and local strategies do not reflect
    the WMRES

80
Supply Side
  • The key organisations involved in physical
    regeneration and economic development do not go
    beyond the stated intent or objective of
    inclusion.
  • Little monitoring of impact
  • No barriers to engagement-who to contact
  • LDFs slow in development

81
Demand Side
  • BME Business support agencies are not resourced
    in terms of capacity and capability to make a
    contribution to regional strategies.
  • Low level of knowledge of regeneration especially
    spatial planning
  • The Black Country Ethnic Business organisation
    model is more mainstream and inclusive
  • LDFs are important and should not become another
    missed opportunity.

82
Good Practice
  • US has strong legislation and compliance
    requirements the support is effective and forms a
    meaningful way of mainstreaming communities into
    the economy.
  • EU countries only beginning to value BME
    Business, networks are developing,
  • The UK in between US and EU, where although
    supported by legislation but weakness is
    compliance.

83
Main Conclusions
  • Strong national agenda in terms of strategy and
    guidance for regional engagement
  • WMRSS development does not adhere to national
    guidance on engagement
  • The WMRSS does not recognise significant
    demographic changes which affects elements of the
    strategy such as the movement and concentration
    of ethnic communities
  • Sub regional bodies promote enterprise but not
    BME business specifically.

84
Main Conclusions
  • The Forum is a key mechanism to provide a
    platform of engagement between the supply and
    demand sides.
  • The Forum to take up the sub-regional and wider
    regional advocacy using this research
  • Local authorities working with Local business
    support networks needs to be strengthened
  • Business Link could also be a valuable partner in
    developing agency networks where there are gaps

85
Key Recommendations
  • The Forum, through the WM Business Council, could
    achieve influence and lobbying at the West
    Midlands Assembly
  • During the course of this study, a positive
    relationship has been developed with the Regional
    Assembly Secretariat
  • It is clear that there is a lack of public sector
    leadership on this issue. The Forum should
    develop with AWM a mainstreaming guidance
    package

86
Key Recommendations
  • New communities could have great effect on
    spatial and economic growth.
  • The Centres of Expertise should be a repository
    of this research - the Forum should use to
    promote its work.
  • The LAs need to recognise the impact of planning
    decisions on local businesses.
  • LAs need to keep local BME businesses informed
    about the progress of LDPs.

87
Regeneration. Economic Inclusion. Cohesion.
  • Derrick Campbell
  • (Race Equality Sandwell)

88
The Effect of Economic Migration on Communities
  • BY
  • Dr. DERRICK CAMPBELL
  • CEO of Race Equality Sandwell National Advisor
    on the Criminal Use of Guns, Knives and Gangs.

89
Britain's Statistics!
  • Size 83,698 sq miles 216,777 sq km.
  • Coastline 12,429 km.
  • Climate temperate moderated by prevailing
    southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current
    more than one-half of the days are overcast.
  • Terrain mostly rugged hills and low mountains
    level to rolling plains in east and southeast.
  • Natural resources coal, petroleum, natural gas,
    iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt,
    clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate,
    arable land.
  • Natural hazards winter windstorms floods.

90
POPULATION
  • Population 60,776,238 (July 2007 est.)
  • Age structure 0-14 years 17.2 (male
    5,349,053/female 5,095,837) 15-64 years 67
    (male 20,605,031/female 20,104,313) 65 years and
    over 15.8 (male 4,123,464/female 5,498,540)
    (2007 est.).
  • Median age total 39.6 years male 38.5 years
    female 40.7 years (2007 est.)
  • Population growth rate 0.275 (2007 est.)
  • Birth rate 10.67 births/1,000 population (2007
    est.)
  • Death rate 10.09 deaths/1,000 population (2007
    est.)
  • Net migration rate 2.17 migrant(s)/1,000
    population (2007 est.)
  • Life expectancy at birth total population 78.7
    years male 76.23 years female 81.3 years (2007
    est.)

91
Ethnicity?
  • Ethnic groups white (of which English 83.6,
    Scottish 8.6, Welsh 4.9, Northern Irish 2.9)
    92.1, black 2, Indian 1.8, Pakistani 1.3,
    mixed 1.2, other 1.6 (2001 census).
  • Religions Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic,
    Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6, Muslim 2.7,
    Hindu 1, other 1.6, unspecified or none 23.1
    (2001 census)

92
LANGUAGES
  • Languages English, Welsh (about 26 of the
    population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic
    (about 60,000 in Scotland) At least three
    million people living in the United Kingdom were
    born in countries where English is not the
    national language.
  • In London alone there is 7.6 million people with
    over 300 different languages spoken.

93
EMPLOYMENT
  • Labour Force 31.1 million (2006 est.)
  • Unemployment rate 2.9 (2006 est.)

94
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