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Why do we study English

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movie. relative. family member. friend. self. earth-quake. tornado. fire ... tape recordings of speeches under similar situations given by famous speakers. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Why do we study English


1
To experience life
To experience language
Why do we study English?
2
Death of a Dream

3
In-class research
Bingo !
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4
Basic drills for asking information
  • name of the subject
  • when and where the disaster happened
  • one proper adjective

tips
   Have you ever come across…? Have you ever
heard of …     Have you ever experienced …    
When did that happen?     Where did it
happen?     From whom did you get that?     How
did you feel about it?
5
  • Content Awareness and Produce 1
  • Who
  • Input (tips in-class reading)
  • Direct (words and expressions)
  • Indirect (questions, pictures)
  • Output (description of all the main characters)
    individual activity
  • The whole picture
  • Brother and sister
  • Husband and wife
  • Three medallists for womens single
  • Mother and daughters

6
Who Are Involved?
7
The 1961 US World Figure Skating Team
Patricia Dineen Robert Dineen (Dance bronze
medalists)
Laurie Hickox and William Hickox (Pairs bronze
medalists)
Ila Ray Hadley and Ray Hadley, Jr. (Pairs silver
medalists)
Maribel Y. Owen ( Pairs champions)
Laurence Owen (Ladies champion)
8
Things to do
For example Laurence Owen was a single skater.
She won the North American title for women two
days before she headed for Prague.
  • Ice skating pairs
  • Brother-and-sister team
  • Husband-and-wife team
  • Single skater
  • Dance bronze medallists
  • Pairs bronze medallists
  • Pairs silver medallists
  • Pairs champions
  • Ladies champion/ the North American title for
    women
  • 1961 National pairs figure skating championships

9
Use a phrase from the text to describe the
picture!
US Championships Ladies Singles medallists l-r
Rhode L. Michelson, (silver) Laurence Owen,
(gold) Stephanie Westerfield, (bronze)
If I were…, I would say…
10
The Owens
(l-r) Maribel Y. Owen, her partner Dudley
Richards,
Can you recognize…? Describe her position …
respectively. Who? Why? Where? How about the
elder girl?
11
Weve seen this pictures just now!
Lets check
Could you recall…?
Can you describe these three people?
12
picture was Laurence Owen. She was only 16
years old at hat time , but she had become the
brightest star of all singles skaters. Because
she had won the North American title for women
just two days before she headed to Prague. She
had great skill, dazzling grace, and a winning
smile. The old lady in the middle was Laurie s
mother, who had won the U.S. figure skating
championship nine times. The girl on the right
was Lauries elder sister who shared her mothers
name. She was 20. Although she was not quite as
strong as a skater as Laurie., she had just won
the U. S. senior pairs championship. Since all
three of the them had contributed a lot to the US
figure skating sport, people call them the Owens.
The girl on the left in the
13
Laurie Jean Hickox
14
William Holmes Hickox
15
  • Try to elaborate your description of Laurie Jean
    Hickox and William Holmes Hickox with the help of
    the epigraph on their gravestones.The following
    information should be included
  • Name
  • Birth date
  • Membership
  • Achievements
  • 5. Date of death
  • 6. Cause of death

16
Check your answer
17
Patricia Robert Dineen, 1961 US Dance Bronze
Medalists
18
Things to do
  • Imagine you are one of the couples friends, and
    describe them to the class,the following
    information should be concluded
  • Who are they
  • What were their membership
  • What was their specialty
  • What was their latest achievements before they
    died
  • Why did they die

The following information (imaginary)is highly
encouraged to be included 1. How long did you
know each other 2. When did they get married? 3.
What kind of person were they?
19
  • Content Awareness and Produce 2
  • What
  • Input (general content awareness) before class
    (self study)
  • Output
  • Questions and answers(checking content awareness
    and language awareness)(team racing) ????
  • Discourse (story-telling relay)(team-racing)????

20
What happened exactly?
?
?
?
21
(No Transcript)
22
Yes or No
WH-questions
Multiple Choices
True or False
23
1 point
1
2
3
4
5
3 point
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
2 point
1 point
1
2
3
4
5
24
Story-telling relay
????, ???????????250????????????????? ???????????
????????????,??????????? ???????????????,????????
???????????????
25
Death Of A Dream
  • In 1961 the 18 members of the US figure skating
    team boarded a plane with high hopes to travel to
    Belgium on their way to the world championships
    in Czechoslovakia. They are the best of
    Americans skaters and they are very excited and
    beamed for the camera. Among them was the
    brightest star of all, a girl of 16 with dazzling
    grace and great skill.
  • As the plane approached Brussels, there was no
    distress signal of any kind. But something must
    have gone wrong.

26
  • Twice the pilot lowered the wheels of the jet
    and appeared to be making a normal approach to
    land, but twice he pulled the plane up. It was
    the second time of trying to come in when the
    plane exploded and crashed to the ground. There
    was a scene of total destruction. All 72 people
    on the plane was killed. Debris was scattered
    over 200 yards.
  • The competition in Prague was canceled to honor
    the dead. Never before had such a terrible
    tragedy occurred in the sport of skating.

27
Death Of The Hopes Of A Nation
On April 27 1993, Flight no. AF 309 of the
Zambia Air Force carrying the Zambia national
football team to Senegal for a world cup
qualifying match crashed off the coast of Gabon
after a refueling stop killing all thirty
passengers and crew on board. It wasn't the
first time the team had had to use an air force
plane to cut costs. They were flying in a
out-dated transport because the cash-strapped
Football Association of Zambia couldn't afford to
fly the team commercially or to charter a Zambia
Airways plane.
28
They had become accustomed to making sacrifices
in the quest to bring glory to the nation. To
play for the country was a privilege and flying
the Zambian flag was incentive enough. The old
plane needed three refueling stops before it
could reach the destination. Just before midnight
the flight took off. A minute later flames
emerged from one engine and the plane was clearly
in trouble. Seconds later it blew up killing all
twenty-five team members and five crew instantly.
In that moment the hopes of a nation died
alongside its heroes.
29
Talk about a tragic event
Usable Expressions
Usable Sentence Patterns
Id like to tell about… It happened… Just
before… Shortly after… flame emerges from an
engine Its based on… There were … on the
plane Something was wrong with… There seemed to
be no cause for concern. …were killed / injured
air crash / shipwreck transport take off /
land refueling stop hit the ground explode /
crash catch fire blew up in trouble in a ball of
flames
30
  • Content Awareness and Produce 3
  • From what angle
  • Input (extended reading materials)
  • Output
  • Information gathering (team work)
  • Discussion(team work)
  • Simulation
  • Make a speech as the president of USFSA
    (assigned) (individual activity)
  • As a rescuer from ICRC (with more extended
    reading materials)

31
Activity 1 different reports on the same
event Activity 2 different reports on
different events
32
From What Angle?
33
18 U.S. SKATERS AMONG 73 DEAD IN A JET CRASH
A Sabena Airlines Boeing 707 jet crashed near
the Brussels Airport early today, killing
seventy-three persons, including the eighteen
members of the United States figure skating team.
The plane, enroute from New York, plunged to
earth after it had twice circled the airport. The
American figure skating team was on it's way to a
world championship meet in Prague. The crash was
the worst ever suffered by Sabena. It also marked
the first time any passengers had been killed in
a Boeing 707 accident. …
34
Of all the eighteen young American skaters who
scrambled aboard Sabena Airline's 707 Boeing jet,
none had greater prospects of winning fame and
glory than did 16-year-old Laurence Owen.  She
was bright-eyed, glowing with health and
excitement, and she was already near to achieving
the dream she had worked for all her life.  Only
a month ago, at Colorado Springs, she had won the
U.S. figure-skating championship then, on Feb.
12 she won the North American singles
championship at Philadelphia.  The next goal was
the world championship at Prague…
35
A memorial ceremony and dedication to mark the
40th anniversary of the loss of the 1961 U.S.
World Figure Skating Team took place on Saturday,
Feb. 10, 2001 in Belgium. On February 15, 1961,
Sabena Flight 548, traveling from New York to
Brussels, crashed in, Belgium, claiming the lives
of all 72 passengers on board. Included was the
entire 18 members of the 1961 U.S. World Figure
Skating Team plus 16 of their friends, family and
coaches en route to the 1961 World Figure Skating
Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia.The
ceremony featured the unveiling of a 5-feet-high
stone monument at a small farming town located
four miles northeast of Brussels.
36
??2????????????????????????????????????? ???????
??????,????????,???????? 1.?????? 2.?????????????
????(???????????) ???? 1.????????????????????????
????????? ??,?????? 2.??????,???? 1)????????????
, 2)????????????, 3)???????????????, 4)???????????
??, 5)????????????????
37
The Memorial to Sabena Flight 548 (2001, 2)
Ladies and Gentlemen Today we gather here to
remember those who lost their dreams and
beautiful lives in the most tragic event in the
U.S. figure skating history….
38
Assignment
  • Imagine you are the president of the USFSA (can
    you guess what this acronym mean?),and you are
    now on the ceremony of the The Memorial to Sabena
    Flight 548 and going to deliver a speech as you
    stand before the monument. What would you say?
  • Please look up in the library for a book of the
    collection of speeches of some celebrities in the
    world on different occasions.
  • Try to find at least one speech under the
    situation of the memorial for the dead.
  • Try to pick out all the phrases, expression and
    sentences that could be used in your speech.

39
  • Read through the article delivered by the USFSA
    on the occasion of the Memorial to Sabena Flight
    548, collect all the information that you think
    would be usable in you speech
  • Try to write a draft for your speech, and then
    make it into a speech outline
  • Listen to some tape recordings of speeches under
    similar situations given by famous speakers.
  • Try to imitate their intonation and pronunciation
    when delivering their speeches
  • Deliver your speech in the next class

40
The Kobe Earthquake, 1995
On the first anniversary of the moment magnitude
(MW) 6.7 1994 Northridge Earthquake, Kobe, Japan
was struck by an MW6.9 earthquake. Both
earthquakes struck in the pre-dawn hours, both
ruptured beneath densely populated areas, and
both caused horrible damage. Yet in Kobe there
were many more deaths, financial losses dwarfed
those in Northridge, and the amount of destroyed
building stock and infrastructure was far worse
in Kobe than in Northridge.
41
Epidemic in NA, 1917
The Spanish flu killed 21 million people
worldwide in 1918-1919, including some 50,000
Canadians. It was brought back to Canada by
returning troops and made its way into the
remotest communities. A number of villages in
Quebec and Labrador were almost totally
exterminated by the disease.
42
the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Disaster 
number 4 nuclear reactor at Chernobyl was torn
apart by a steam explosion that resulted both
because of serious human error and poor reactor
design. As a result, about 30 people died within
the first few months of acute radiation exposure
and thousands of others received dangerous levels
of radiation that would seriously impact their
long-term health. For example, approximately two
thousand people who were children at the time of
exposure have developed an aggressive form of
thyroid cancer associated with the Chernobyl
radiation release.
On April 26, 1986, the
43
The events of September 11th,2001 US
The events of September 11th were the product of
arrogance and stupidity. The collapse of the
World Trade Center buildings was a technological
disaster that should never have happened... The
failure of the WTC demonstrates a vulnerable spot
in America's soft underbelly that is clear for
all to see...
44
1. Form groups of four. 2. Each group member
will read one report of the previous four
disasters and take notes. 3. Then introduce the
setting and major information of that disaster to
the group. 4. Finally the group will choose one
of these disasters.
45
(No Transcript)
46
Table of Aid Items
47
Explain your decisions to the whole class. What
disasters took place? What items did you send?
Why? Every member of each group will have to
take part in the group presentation.
48
Model presentation
An earthquake in northern China in January
Student A It has been reported this morning that
a strong earthquake has destroyed towns
and villages in northern China. We think
that earthquake survivors now most
urgently need food. So we decide
to send them two boxes of canned food. Student B
Since the quake has destroyed almost every
building and houses in that area, people will
need easy shelter. So we also decide to
send them one box of tent. Student C
As many people are injure during the quake and
need immediate medical help, we are planning
to send to the disaster area bandages,
aspirin and other medicines in a
box. Student D We know that people in the area
now have to combat the severe January
cold in the North. A box of blankets
therefore could be extremely helpful.
49
  • Language Awareness and Produce
  • General input (all the new words, sentence
    structures, and translation) (before class) self
    study (pair work)
  • Parts of speech
  • Words in categories (teamwork)
  • Sentences (???)(team work)
  • Discourses (???????)(team work)

50
Get familiar with parts of speech
Look through paragraph one, write a short short
sentence for each of the following, underlining
the particular grammatical item as quickly as
possible.
51
  • 7 possessive pronoun
  • 8 superlative adjective
  • 9 conjunction
  • 10 clause
  • 11 phrase

1 preposition 2 definite article 3 indefinite
article 4 countable noun 5 uncountable
noun 6 personal pronoun
52
FOCUS ON LANGUAGE
Have a group of six, look for words and phrases
in the text
  • Find all the verbal phrases illustrate flight
    movement.
  • Find all the nominal phrases describing those
    skaters.
  • Find all the adjectives and classify them into
    positive ones and negative ones.
  • Find all the nominal phrases of places and
    organizations.
  • Find all the nouns relating to disasters.
  • Find all the participles used as modifiers.

53
Matching
  • Work with your group members, write as many
    sentences with these words as possible .
  • Write down these sentences, report these
    sentences to the class, You get five points for
    each sentence.
  • Other groups will listen to your sentences and
    if they can pick out something either illogical
    or grammatically incorrect, you will lose half
    point or one point, and they will gain half point
    or one point correspondingly.

54
Are you imaginative
instructions
Learn to establish connections between words
??????????,????schemata??
Write the passage in your Dialogue Journal.
Pair work
55
(No Transcript)
56
hear
see
smell
57
remains
ruin
debris
wreckage
a total destruction
scatter
or
strew
rescuers
comb through
devastating
tragic
stun
58
  • Assignments
  • Establish connections between words
  • Visit www.disastercenter.com (individual
    activity)
  • Focus on one disaster
  • Information gathering
  • Picture description
  • Put yourself in his/her shoes
  • Pay attention to a TV showSurvivor!

59
Assignment 1
instructions
Pick 10 words and expressions from the word-list
on page 181, combine them into a coherent
passage, you can talk about everything as long as
these words and expression are used logically and
grammatically correct. Write the passage in your
Dialogue Journal.
60
Assignment 2
Visit www.disastercenter.com to see
the 100 most expensive natural disasters of
the 20th century the 100 most deadly natural
disasters of the 20th century the 100 most
expensive technological disasters of the 20th
century the 100 most deadly technological
disasters of the 20th century
61
Assignment 3
Can you recognize these four pictures weve seen
just now? What are they about respectively?
62
THINGS TO DO ? information gathering
Work in pairs. Find one of the previous four
tragedies that astonish and interest you most.
Completely explore all the related reports,
picture, background information and afterwards
thoughts about it on the Internet. Focus on
three of the related reports and write down every
piece of important information you get from them.
63
THINGS TO DO ? description of a picture
Select one picture relating to the diaster, and
write down everything you see in the
picture(noun) For each noun you have written
down find a descriptive adjective.
64

THINGS TO DO ? if I were…
Now imagine you were there when the tragedy
happened, write about the event. You should
include but not be limited to the following
information Whom were you with? When did the
problem seem to get noticed? What did you see,
hear and smell? What did you do?


65
Survivor is a very popular TV show in the US, the
participants have to overcome various
difficulties, either physical or psychological,
it is cruel in a sense,but millions of people
love it and the winner will win a bonus of one
million dollars.
Assignment 4
  • Find the related information about the show on
    the internet, read articles about it, then work
    in a group four, discuss
  • Whats your idea about the show?
  • Why is it so appealing? Whats its charm?
  • Will you participate? Why or why not?

66
Facing
If you're going through hell, keep going. 
Winston Churchill
67
CHECKING
Go to page 91
68
Extra Background Knowledge
69
Figure Skating
competitive figure skating
70
individual skating
pairs skating
major types of competitive figure skating
precision skating
ice dancing
71
Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia was established in 1918, at the
end of World War I. It ceased to exist at the
beginning of 1993 when the country fractured into
its two main administrative divisions, the Czech
Republic and Slovakia.
72
Sabena Airlines
  • Sabena was founded in 1923, and opened its
    first scheduled service between Brussels and
    Strasbourg (France) in 1924. However on Monday,
    this bankrupt Sabena airline of Belgium was sold
    for 3.4 million euros (US3.8 million) to an
    anonymous buyer.The selling price was nearly a
    million euro (US1.12 million) more than the
    auctioneers had anticipated.

73
Air Traffic Control
Flight Rules
Air Traffic Controllers
Navigation Systems
VOR stations
(very-high-frequency omnidirectional range)
stations
74
  • Related movies show
  • Twister
  • The Lawnmower Man
  • (optional)

75
(No Transcript)
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