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Unlocking Beer HRT 315

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About the four basic ingredients used to brew beer ... You may see, smell, and taste beer samples in a range of color and flavor ... Hops impart bitterness to beer ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unlocking Beer HRT 315


1
Unlocking Beer HRT 315
  • The basics of ales and lagers,
  • from a home-brewing perspective

2
One of my key goals today is
  • To have each of you reexamine your perception
    about beer and beer consumers
  • Why? It depends

3
For Hospitality Majors
  • Some of your guests are beer drinkers
  • Some guests truly appreciate fine ales and lagers
  • You may be asked your opinion
  • By a guest
  • By someone revising a beverage list
  • Beer might be in a recipe

4
For Everyone Here Today
  • This course is an example of life-long learning
    development
  • Beer is fun!
  • Brewers are serious about the craft
  • Yet they are a humorous bunch
  • Beer pairs well with food
  • It is less cost-prohibitive to experiment

5
In Our Time Together
  • Introduction
  • Four ingredients and the role of each
  • Color and flavor
  • The Family Tree
  • Look, smell, taste
  • Eight Samples
  • Final thoughts
  • 10 minutes
  • 25 minutes
  • 10 minutes
  • 10 minutes
  • 10 minutes
  • 40 minutes
  • 5 minutes

6
By the End of the Day, You May
  • Have New Knowledge
  • About the four basic ingredients used to brew
    beer
  • The difference between ale styles and lager
    styles
  • That there are many styles - most quite
    different than the common light lager you see in
    commercials and on billboards

7
By the End of the Day, You May
  • Gain New Skills
  • You may have a new picture in your mind of what
    the raw products look like
  • You many know how some of the products feel in
    the raw state
  • You may know how some of the raw products smell
  • You may know how some of the raw products taste
  • You may see, smell, and taste beer samples in a
    range of color and flavor

8
By the End of the Day, You May
  • Change or Modify Your Attitude
  • What is your current perception of beer?
  • What is your current perception of beer drinking?
  • What is your current perception of a beer
    drinker?
  • At the end of the day, do you
  • Have new perceptions?
  • Have a new appreciation of beer (even if you
    still do not like it!)

9
What you know already
  • Fermentation
  • Aroma and bouquet
  • How to taste wine
  • How wine is made
  • Similarities between beer and wine
  • How is brewing beer different?

10
The Four Basic Ingredients
  • Water
  • Grain (usually barley)
  • Yeast (two main types)
  • Hops (many varieties)

11
Water
  • Well over 90 of the beers volume
  • If it tastes good, it is good for brewing
  • Natural spring water, artesian well water, or
    treated water (reverse osmosis)
  • In treated water, minerals (like calcium, sodium,
    chloride, magnesium) are added back
  • To affect taste positively
  • To match classic styles

12
Malted Grain
  • Usually barley, but can be any grain
  • 2-row, 4-row or 6-row barley
  • 2-row is preferred, due to higher starch/husk
    ratio it malts better
  • Malting is a process moving the grain to the
    highest possible soluble starch content
  • A natural enzyme converts starch to maltose
  • Process is controlled with heat and moisture

13
The Contributions of Grain
  • Primary role is food source for the yeast
  • Unmalted grain can be roasted from light to
    very dark this addition adds color and flavor
    to beer
  • Sugars in malted barley can also be crystallized
    this addition adds sweetness to the beer
  • Grain contributes sweetness to beer

14
Yeast
  • Convert sugar from malted grain into alcohol and
    CO2 this is fermentation
  • Two broad categories Ale Lager
  • Ale yeast 60oF - 75oF / 1-2 weeks
  • Lager yeast 32oF - 75oF / 3 weeks
  • Wild yeast is used for some styles

15
Hops
  • Green, cone-like flowers from a vine
  • Hops impart bitterness to beer
  • Generally the bitterness is to counter the
    sweetness of the grain
  • Also
  • Hops inhibit spoilage
  • Hops enhance head retention
  • Hops affect flavor and floral bouquet of beer
  • Boiling hops, finishing hops, dry-hopping

16
Look, Smell, Taste
  • Extract of Malted Barley
  • Malted Barley
  • Crystal Malt
  • Roasted Malt (Black Patent)
  • Hops pelletized (Cascade)
  • Look, Smell, Taste
  • Look and Taste
  • Look and Taste
  • Look and Smell (taste with caution bitter!)
  • Look and Smell

17
Spectrum of Beer Flavors
18
Tasting Beers General Judging
  • Look 15
  • Smell 20
  • Taste 50
  • Overall Impression 15

19
Coopers Sparkling Ale
  • Golden/Blond Ale
  • Regency Park, South Australia
  • Cloudy, golden-orange color
  • Subtle, fruity nose
  • Full-bodied with a soft, fruity character
  • Alcohol content 5.8 (by volume)
  • Coopers.com.au

20
Ayinger Brau-Weisse
  • Hefeweizen (wheat, ale)
  • Aying, Germany (35 miles SE of Munich)
  • Lemon and vanilla scented
  • Honey-colored and cloudy (with yeast)
  • Nose is fruity-spicy, herbaceous with lots of
    flowers and fruit
  • Slightly tart, refreshing taste
  • Alcohol content 5.1 (by volume)
  • Ayinger-bier.de

21
Karl Strauss Red Trolley Ale
  • American Amber Ale (ale)
  • San Diego, California
  • Red-amber color
  • Mild malt aroma
  • Sweet, full-bodied and smooth
  • Robust caramel finish
  • Alcohol content 5.6 (by volume)
  • Karlstrauss.com

22
Samuel Smiths Nut Brown Ale
  • Brown Ale (Northern English style brown)
  • North Yorkshire, England
  • Walnut-like color and palate of hazelnuts
  • Balance of roasted crystal malt and aromatic hops
  • Long clean finish
  • Alcohol content 5.0 (by volume)
  • No official website

23
McEwans Scotch Ale
  • Scottish Ale / Scotch Ale (ale)
  • Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England (Tyne Brewery)
  • Deep brown color
  • Full flavor and rich texture
  • Chocolate and caramel body with a lingering sweet
    finish
  • Alcohol content 8.0 (by volume)
  • Scottish-newcastle.com

24
Humboldt Nectar IPA
  • India Pale Ale (ale I.P.A.)
  • Arcata, California
  • A classic example of a English India Pale Ale
  • Brewers use the same English crystal malt, wheat
    malt, and add Carapils malt for a light toasted
    flavor
  • Slightly sweet with a malty aroma
  • Hopped with Chinook for bitterness, Willamette in
    the middle, with Mt. Hood and Cascade hops at the
    end of the boil
  • Alcohol content 5.3 (by volume)
  • Nectarales.com

25
MacTarnahans Cream Porter
  • Porter
  • Portland, Oregon (Portland Brewing Co.)
  • Called Black Watch
  • It was released in January 2001 and won a GABF
    gold medal
  • Rich, full bodied, creamy ale
  • Oatmeal is used in this porter a new style?
  • Alcohol 5.3 (by volume)
  • Portlandbrew.com

26
North Coast Imperial Stout
  • Imperial Stout (ale)
  • Fort Bragg, California
  • Called Old Rasputin
  • In 1995, a Gold Medal in the World Beer
    Championships, even before it was on the market
  • Very dark color with a roasted, yet fruit nose
  • Rich, intense brew with a robust palate and a
    warming finish - very complex
  • Alcohol content 8.9 (by volume)
  • Ncoast-brewing.com

27
Final Thoughts
  • Knowledge
  • Ingredients
  • Ale vs. Lager
  • Many Styles
  • Skills
  • Look, Smell, Taste
  • How to Taste Beer
  • Attitude
  • Has your perception of beer changed?
  • Has your perception of beer-drinking changed?
  • Thank you for your time and attention!
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