CATIA: Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – CATIA: Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 2cf0d-MDgzM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

CATIA: Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa

Description:

... managed by ATOS KPMG Consulting (AKC) and delivered by a strong, predominantly ... The AKC consortium is delivering on 6 components aimed at: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:147
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: ato82
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: CATIA: Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa


1
CATIA Catalysing Access to ICTs in Africa
  • www.catia.ws

2
What is CATIA ?
  • A three year programme of DFID other donors
  • A partnership of a range of stakeholders
  • A practical response to demands from Africa and
    the G8 DOT Force recommendations
  • 9 small scale but strategic activities that seek
    to improve access to ICTs in Africa from the
    Internet to community radio
  • A regional programme working across southern,
    eastern, central and western Africa

3
What are the aims of CATIA?
  • to enable poor people in Africa to gain maximum
    benefit from the opportunities offered by ICT
  • to act as a strong catalyst for reform
  • to improve affordable access to the full range of
    ICTs
  • to address the need for ICTs to address social
    and economic development issues
  • to build capacity across Africa to achieve
    sustainable change

4
How is CATIA being delivered?
  • CATIA is being managed by ATOS KPMG Consulting
    (AKC) and delivered by a strong, predominantly
    African consortium
  • CATIA is working in close coordination with the
    Canadian governments Connectivity Africa
    initiative
  • CATIA has an independent assessor and an
    implementation methodology which builds in
    measurable impact from the start

5
What will CATIA do?
  • The AKC consortium is delivering on 6 components
    aimed at
  • 1. Low-cost satellite Internet access widely
    available across Africa (TRASA, WATRA, EARPTO,
    GVF, Mike Jensen)
  • 2. Robust African Internet backbone with exchange
    points at the core and strong African ISP
    Associations (AfrISPA)
  • 3. Well-informed, lively and inclusive policy
    debates across Africa, shaping the local policy
    environment (APC)

6
What will CATIA do?
  • 4. An African-led network of institutions,
    actively strengthening the African expertise
    involved in setting ICT related policy
    (NetTel_at_Africa, hosted at Makerere)
  • 5. Increased capacity for African developing
    countries to participate in international ICT
    decision making
  • 6. Low-cost computer and open source software
    being developed and tailored to the African
    market

7
What will CATIA do?
The other three CATIA components are aimed at
  • 7. Positive policy environments for radio
    broadcasting across Africa led by Panos
    Institute in partnership with AMARC Africa
  • 8. Stronger network of community radio, FM and
    public service radio stations across Africa,
    offering good pro-poor radio programmes led by
    Amarc Africa in partnership with Panos and
    OneWorld
  • 9. A thriving African-based Open Knowledge
    Network (OKN), catalysing the creation and
    exchange of local content led by OneWorld

8
Component 1a Low Cost Satellite and Terrestrial
Wireless Technologies
  • Access to Internet by end users and rural poor,
    SMEs is key for national development, regional
    integration and participation in information
    society
  • Minimal access to infrastructure is crucial to
    achieve (MDG)
  • Information sharing and communication could
    uplift the poor out of poverty
  • Awareness of information society issues has
    increased need for infrastructure
    (e-education,e-health and e-business - low cost
    Internet a key

9
Background to problems
  • But
  • Limited rural infrastructure
  • Limited per capita buying power
  • Limits on high speed connection in urban areas as
    bandwidth continue to be shared among users
  • High fixed cost of infrastructure spread over
    limited number of users
  • Limited competition to allow private sector to
    deliver the services

10
Requirements
  • Rapid deployment of infrastructure particularly
    to rural areas, end users
  • Scalable infrastructure that address private
    sector entry into the market and make bandwidth
    available but affordable
  • Improved content delivery through advanced
    network- POTs are not capable of delivering most
    of the content
  • Regulation to facilitate rapid deployment of
    infrastructure

11
VSAT Networks could respond in short term
  • VSAT refers to a small fixed earth station
    directly linked to satellites to offer data
    transmissions and voice communication
  • VSAT Network Composed of
  • space segment geostationary satellite,
    amplifying and changing reception frequencies,
    providing bandwidth and power electromagnetic
    resources
  • central station or Hub and remote VSAT Terminals
  • Hub- centralizing, switching, and adapting
    communications and managing satellite resources
    by means of fixed allocation, or on demand
    communication channels, generating network
    signaling, network supervision and control,
    remote station configuration, statistical
    accounting and generation of reports
    corresponding to the access, traffic, alarms,
    maintenance parameters
  • Terminal - Outdoor Unit with antenna and a feed
    system Indoor Unit consists of a modem is used
    to convert the data, video, or voice generated by
    the customer application for transmission over
    satellite.

12
Source Maral VSAT communications
13
VSAT Technology
  • Bands C-band (4-6 GHz), Ku-band (10-20 GHz) and
    Ka-band (20-30 GHz) that require different
    licensing approaches.
  • Entities
  • a) the Space Segment operator b) the satellite
    network operator, who operates one or more
    Gateway Stations or Network Control Stations
    (HUBs) or other ground stations c) the Satellite
    Service Provider d) the subscriber who uses
    individual VSAT equipment
  • Types Oneway DTH and Two/way
  • Connectivity Point to Point (Mesh), Point to
    Multipoint (star, hub at centre), Multipoint to
    multipoint (hybrid)

14
Source Maral
15
Satellite Technology Presents an Opportunity in
short, medium terms
  • Reaching out to Africas inaccessible terrain
  • Rapid roll-out compared to traditional
    technologies
  • Good track record in reliability (99.5)
  • Scalability, speed and ease of bandwidth upgrade,
    one stop shop for voice and data
  • Asymmetry up/down link
  • Internet connectivity where there is no other
    high bandwidth infrastructure
  • Over 200 satellites to cover the planet
  • 69 countries with 60 of the population depend on
    Satellite
  • Cost not related to distance
  • building demand for terrestrial infrastructure
  • Terrestrial wireless extension of Satellite (e.g
    WiMax, WiFi) seamless connetion

16
Applications and issues
  • A snap-shot of typical VSAT services includes
  • Internet Via Satellite,Distance Learning
  • Rural Telecommunications, Telemedicine
  • Disaster Relief,Government Closed User Groups
  • National and Multi-National Networks, Broadband
    Data Communications
  • Multicast VSAT Services, Intergovernmental and
    Corporate Applications
  • PSTN Infrastructure Extension
  • Aeronautical Links
  • Land Mobile Communications
  • Maritime Services,News Distribution
  • Start up costs hubs
  • Lack of adequate coverage in some parts of the
    world
  • Severe regulatory restrictions
  • Latency 500 ms due to 36,000 KM
  • Rain fade
  • Skill issues

17
(No Transcript)
18
VSAT A Consistent Performer
160,000
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
-
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
19
Evolution Revolution of IP Satellite
1980 1990
2002 1st Generation
10-20K,
2nd Generation 5-10K,
3rd Generation
(1-10K, up 40 mbps,
Multimedia)
20
Regulatory Issues addressed by CATIA
  • Policies improve the use of low cost wireless
    technologies (unclear, restrictive)
  • Licensing fees -to reflect admin and other costs
    frequency fees, customs charges
  • Lengthy process for licensing terminals
    equipment, by requiring individual equipment
    license, even though equipment configured to meet
    a technical, safety criteria
  • Skills, understanding of VSAT and wireless
    technologies for development is limited

21
Component 1a Proposed Areas of Interventions
  • adoption policies that allow access to
    innovations in wireless and satellite
    technologies
  • A framework for mutual recognition agreement
    type-approvals
  • The creation of a one-stop-shop (OSS) for
    satellite service providers as a single point of
    contact to provide information about licensing
  • Policies, high licensing, customs duties (closed
    skies)
  • Lack of regional approach to Satellite/terrestrial
    wireless licensing, requirements for equipment
    type approvals
  • Logistical difficulty that satellite based
    service providers for licensing, non transparency

Capacity Building
22
Example - Blanket licensing, mutual recognition
of type approval in Europe
  • Regional consensus reached to allow terminals
    that meet the following criteria
  • health and safety requirements, 500m from
    airport, 2W, antenna 3.8m, emit 50db, spectrum
    not at risk
  • Issue single blanket license for identical
    terminals used in Europe
  • Benefits to Europe
  • Services pertaining to social and economic
    development are provided at lower cost with
    higher choice
  • Harmonization of regulation at regional levels
    improves rapid deployment of low cost VSAT

23
E.g. One Stop Shop in Europe
  • Deal with time consuming application procedure
  • Provide applicant with a one stop point for
    different national license (satellite operator,
    service provider, subscriber)
  • Central place for posting information
  • Provide electronic information and advice
  • Uphold sovereignty
  • Does not prevent applicant from direct contact of
    regulator
  • Not transfer sovereign rights
  • NRAs in charge of their data
  • Use electronics and paper formats
  • Generate a combined Application Form (CAF) by
    harmonizing needs of different countries
  • Provide of model regulations and licensing forms
  • Standardization of terminologies
  • Supports regulatory harmonization

24
CATIA activities (southern, eastern, west Africa)
  • Promote harmonization in licensing and
    regulation Regional guidelines
  • Improve understanding the role of different
    wireless technologies and how this affect
    Internet for development on ongoing basis
    workshops and background docs, courseware
  • Create a process for building the capacity of
    African institutions to deal with emerging
    regulatory issues that require regional consensus
    economy of scale and scope- infrastructure and
    technology, spectrum, competition, universal
    service, privacy and security issues, etc.

25
Conclusion
  • CATIA is working to
  • Catalyse access to ICTs in Africa
  • Address the need for ICTs to address social and
    economic development issues
  • We seek to work collaboratively (e.g. ARICEA) to
    help build capacity across Africa to achieve
    sustainable change
About PowerShow.com