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Ancient Civilizations: Greece

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Title: Ancient Civilizations: Greece


1
Ancient Civilizations Greece
  • As our travellers moved westward across the Silk
    Road and Asia, many of them ended up in cities
    along the Mediterranean Sea in what is now
    Lebanon, Turkey, and Greece.
  • As the cultures and dynasties of China had
    developed, so too were civilizations around the
    Mediterranean.

2
Ancient Greece and Mediterranean
Sourcewww.mead.k12.wa.us/.../ancient_greece_maps.
htm
3
Greece Today
4
Ancient Civilization Greece
  • Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western
    civilization about 2,500 years ago. The
    magnificent achievements of the ancient Greeks in
    government, science, philosophy, and the arts
    still influence our lives.

5
Greek Art
6
Greek Architecture
7
Ancient Greek Timeline
  • 2000-1400 BC Minoan Age
  • 1600-1100 BC Mycenaean Age
  • 1100-750 BC The Dark Ages
  • 750-500 BC Archaic Period
  • 500-336 BC Classical Period
  • 336-146 BC Hellenistic Period

Source http//www.ancientgreece.com/html/history_
frame.htm
8
Ancient Civilization Greece
  • It was during the Archaic and Classical periods
    of Greek Civilization that critical developments
    took place which formed the basis of the Greek
    civilization.

9
The City State
  • Greek civilization developed chiefly in small
    city-states. A city-state (polis) consisted of a
    city or town and the surrounding villages and
    farmland. The Greek city-states were fiercely
    independent and often quarreled among themselves.
    But their small size and constant rivalry had
    certain advantages.

10
City States in the Archaic Period
550 BC was during the Archaic Period of Greek
History. During this period of time the Greeks
began exploration for agricultural land. Sea
trade increased substantially throughout the
Mediterranean, and colonization of new regions
began. It is estimated that around this time
period, there were nearly 700 different city
states of Greek population. The trade with other
nations changed the Greek culture as reflected in
the artwork, pottery, statues, and by the
adoption of coinage. Source www.ibrary.thinkquest
.org/10805/greekmap.html
11
Athens and Sparta
  • Citizens of a city-state were strongly patriotic,
    and many citizens took part in public affairs.
    The most advanced city-states established the
    world's first democratic governments. The
    best-known city-states were Athens and Sparta.

12
The City State
  • The ancient Greek city-state never became united
    into a nation. However, a common language,
    religion, and culture, bound the people together.
  • The Greeks called themselves Hellenes and their
    land Hellas. They thought of themselves as
    different from all other peoples, whom they
    called barbarians.

13
Characteristics of Ancient Greece
  • The ancient Greeks prized their freedom and way
    of life. This way of life stressed the importance
    of the individual and encouraged creative
    thought. Greek thinkers laid the foundations of
    science and philosophy by seeking logical
    explanations for what happened in the world
    around them.

14
Greek Contributions
  • Greek writers created new forms of expression,
    which explored human personalities and emotions.
    Greek civilization reached its height in Athens
    during the mid-400s BCE, a period of outstanding
    achievement known as the Golden Age.
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