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U.S. History and Government Regents Exam

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Title: U.S. History and Government Regents Exam


1
U.S. History and Government Regents Exam
  • Friday June 20, 2008
  • 915 AM

2
The exam has three parts.
  • Part 1-50 Multiple Choice Questions
  • Part 2-Thematic Essay
  • Part 3-Document-Based Question with Scaffolding

3
There are seven required units that all questions
will be derived from.
  • 1-Geography
  • 2-Constitutional Foundations for the United
    States Democratic Republic
  • 3-Industrialization of the United States
  • 4-The Progressive Movement Responses to the
    Challenges Brought About by Industrialization and
    Urbanization

4
  • 5- At Home and Abroad Prosperity and Depression,
    1917-1929
  • 6- The United States in an Age of Global Crisis
    Responsibility and Cooperation
  • 7- World in Uncertain Times 1950-Present

5
Specifications Grid Number of multiple-choice
items by unit
  • 1/ 0-2
  • 2/ 10-14
  • 3/ 4-8
  • 4/ 4-8
  • 5/ 4-8
  • 6/ 4-8
  • 7/ 4-8 (2-6 questions from 1980-present)

6
The 2 required essays are chosen from themes in
U.S. History
  • At least one essay must have a government theme.
    Some possible topics are
  • 1. Laws and social change
  • 2. Roles of the Supreme Court
  • 3. Checks and Balances
  • 4. Citizenship
  • 5. Equal Rights

7
6. Presidential Decisions
  • Throughout United States history, presidents have
    made decisions which have had significant impacts
    on American society.
  • Choose 3 of these decisions and
  • 1. Describe the problem which led him to the
    decision.
  • 2. Discuss an impact of the decision on American
    society.

8
Other themes to consider as possible essay
topics.
  • 1. Geographic Factors
  • 2. Intellectual Life and Reform
  • 3. Technology
  • 4. Twentieth Century Problems
  • 5. Tradition Versus Change
  • 6. Economic Policies and Systems
  • 7. Environmental Issues

9
Other themes to consider as possible essay
topics.
  • 8. Factors of Production and Growth
  • 9. Foreign Policies
  • 10. Human Rights
  • 11. Migration and Immigration
  • 12. Individuals and Groups
  • 13. Minorities
  • 14. Diversity and Intolerance
  • 15. Territorial Expansion

10
Sample Document Multiple Choice Questions
  • Judicial review, as practiced by the federal
    courts, resulted directly from
  • 1. the decisions of colonial governors
  • 2. the Articles of Confederation
  • 3. the Bill of Rights
  • 4. a Supreme Court decision

11
Sample Document Multiple Choice Questions
  • During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the
    Great Compromise resolved a conflict over
  • 1. presidential power
  • 2. the issue of nullification
  • 3. representation in Congress
  • 4. taxes on imports

12
Sample Document Multiple Choice Questions
  • John Lockes theory of natural rights, as
    reflected in the Declaration of Independence,
    states that
  • 1. government is the source of all individual
    rights
  • 2. power should be concentrated in the monarchy
  • 3. power to govern belongs to the people
  • 4. individual liberties are best protected by a
    strong government

13
Geography-Unit One Topics
  • A. The Physical / Cultural Setting in the
    Americas
  • B. Role/ Influence of Geography on Historical/
    Cultural Development
  • C. Geographic Issues Today
  • D. Demographics

14
Geography Multiple Choice Questions
  • Prior to 1850, what was the main reason the North
    developed an economy increasingly based on
    manufacturing while the South continued to rely
    on an economy based on agriculture?
  • 1. Protective tariffs applied only to northern
    seaports.
  • 2. Geographic conditions supported different
    types of economic activity.
  • 3. Slavery in the North promoted rapid economic
    growth.
  • 4. Manufacturers failed to make a profit in the
    South.

15
Geography Multiple Choice Questions
  • Acquiring New Orleans as part of the Louisiana
    Purchase was considered important to the
    development of the Mississippi and Ohio River
    valleys because the city
  • 1. provided protection from attacks by the
    Spanish
  • 2. provided migrant workers for river valley
    farms
  • 3. served as a port for American agricultural
    goods
  • 4. served as the cultural center for the nation

16
Geography Multiple Choice Questions
  • Which geographic factor had the greatest
    influence on early patterns of industrialization
    in the United States?
  • 1. scarcity of flat land on which to build
    factories
  • 2. shortages of timber and coal
  • 3. desire of workers to live in mild climates
  • 4. availability of waterpower to operate machines

17
Industrialization-Unit Three Topics
  • A. The Reconstructed Nation
  • B. The Rise of American Business, Industry, and
    Labor
  • C. Adjusting Society to Industrialism American
    People and Places

18
Industrialization Multiple Choice Questions
  • The growth of big business in the late 1800s
    resulted in
  • 1. a reduction in child labor
  • 2. the elimination of the middle class
  • 3. the widening of the economic gap between rich
    and poor
  • 4. a shift in transportation investment from
    railroads to canals

19
Industrialization Multiple Choice Questions
  • Constitutional amendments adopted during
    Reconstruction were intended to
  • 1. provide legal and political rights for African
    Americans
  • 2. end property and religious qualifications for
    voting
  • 3. correct problems with the electoral college
    system
  • 4. limit the number of terms of the president

20
Industrialization Multiple Choice Questions
  • After 1880, a major new source of labor for
    American factories was
  • 1. western farmers who moved back to eastern
    cities
  • 2. young women who worked until they married
  • 3. formerly enslaved persons fleeing from the
    South
  • 4. immigrants from southern and eastern Europe

21
Reform-Unit 4 Topics
  • A. Reform in America
  • B. America Reaching Out

22
Reform Multiple Choice Questions
  • The photographs of Jacob Riis are most closely
    associated with the
  • 1. battlefields of the Civil War
  • 2. living conditions of the urban poor
  • 3. plight of sharecroppers in the South
  • 4. victims of the Dust Bowl on the Great Plains

23
Reform Multiple Choice Questions
  • Progressive Era reforms such as the initiative,
    referendum, and recall attempted to
  • 1. increase the power of citizens in state and
    local government
  • 2. reestablish the system of checks and balances
  • 3. provide low-interest loans to farmers
  • 4. expand voting rights to Native Americans

24
Reform Multiple Choice Questions
  • The Federal Reserve System helps to regulate
  • 1. the annual federal budget
  • 2. state sales tax rates
  • 3. Social Security payments
  • 4. the nations money supply

25
1917-1940 Unit 5 Topics
  • A. War and Prosperity 1917-1929
  • B. The Great Depression

26
1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions
  • The march of the Bonus Army and referring to
    shantytowns as Hoovervilles in the early 1930s
    illustrate
  • 1. growing discontent with Republican efforts to
    deal with the Great Depression
  • 2. state projects that created jobs for the
    unemployed
  • 3. federal attempts to restore confidence in the
    American economy
  • 4. the presidents success in solving social
    problems

27
1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions
  • The changing image of women during the 1920s was
    symbolized by the
  • 1. passage of an equal pay act
  • 2. drafting of women into the army
  • 3. popularity of the flappers and their style of
    dress
  • 4. appointment of several women to President
    Calvin Coolidges cabinet

28
1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions
  • In the years before the U.S. entered World War 1,
    President Woodrow Wilson violated his position of
    strict neutrality by
  • 1. secretly sending troops to fight for the
    democratic nations
  • 2. openly encouraging Mexico to send troops to
    support the Allies
  • 3. supporting economic policies that favored the
    Allied nations
  • 4. using U.S. warships to attack German submarines

29
1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions
  • The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s can best be
    described as
  • 1. an organization created to help promote
    African-American businesses
  • 2. a movement that sought to draw people back to
    the inner cities
  • 3. a relief program to provide jobs for minority
    workers
  • 4. a period of great achievement by
    African-American writers, artists, and performers

30
Global Crisis Unit 6 Topics
  • A. Peace in Peril 1933-1950
  • B. Peace With Problems 1945-1960

31
Unit 6 Multiple Choice Questions
  • A main purpose of government-ordered rationing
    during World War 2 was to
  • 1. increase foreign trade
  • 2. limit the growth of industry
  • 3. conserve raw materials for the war effort
  • 4. encourage women to enter the workforce

32
Unit 6 Multiple Choice Questions
  • The U.S. began a trade embargo against Cuba in
    the 1960s to
  • 1. encourage political change in Cuba
  • 2. promote domestic industries in Cuba
  • 3. motivate Cubans to immigrate to the U.S.
  • 4. end the domination of the banana industry by
    Cuba

33
Unit 6 Multiple Choice Questions
  • A goal of the Marshall Plan (1948) was to
  • 1. rebuild Japan after World War 2
  • 2. provide military aid to the Warsaw Pact
  • 3. establish a Pan-American military alliance
    system
  • 4. provide economic aid to European nations
    threatened by communism

34
1950 Present Unit 7 Topics
  • A. Toward a Postindustrial World Living in a
    Global Age
  • B. Containment and Consensus 1945-1960
  • C. Decade of Change 1960s
  • D. The Limits of Power Turmoil at Home and
    Abroad, 1965-1972
  • E. The Trend Toward Conservatism, 1972-1985
  • F. Approaching the Next Century 1986-

35
Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions
  • A major goal of President Lyndon Johnsons Great
    Society program was to
  • 1. control economic inflation
  • 2. end poverty in the U.S.
  • 3. repeal several New Deal social programs
  • 4. return the responsibility for welfare programs
    to the states

36
Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions
  • In Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) and Miranda v.
    Arizona (1966), the Supreme Court ruled that
    persons convicted of crimes had been
  • 1. denied due process of law
  • 2. denied a speedy and public trial
  • 3. victimized by illegal search and seizure
  • 4. sentenced to cruel and unusual punishment

37
Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed in an
    effort to correct
  • racial and gender discrimination
  • 2. limitations on freedom of speech
  • 3. unfair immigration quotas
  • 4. segregation in the armed forces

38
Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions
  • Population increases that resulted from the baby
    boom of the 1950s and 1960s contributed to a
  • 1. housing surplus
  • 2. drop in immigration
  • 3. reduction in government services
  • 4. rise in the demand for consumer goods
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