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Title: TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS - RADHIKA - COUNSELLING


1
TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS
  • DONE BY
  • RADHIKA MENON

2
ERIC BERNE(1910-1970)
  • BOOKS
  • THE MIND IN ACTION(1947)
  • BERNES GAMES PEOPLE PLAY(1964)
  • A LAYMANS GUIDE TO PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHOANALYSIS
  • TA IN PSYCHOTHERAPY(1961)
  • THE PSYCHOLOGY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIP(1964)
  • THE PRINCIPLE OF GROUP TREATMENT(1966)

3
BASIC CONCEPTS OF TA
  • TA was developed by Eric Berne(1961)
  • A theory of personality and psychotherapy for
    personal growth and personal change.
  • It is an integrative approach that includes
    psychoanalytic, cognitive and hunanistic.
  • It gives a picture of how people are structured
    or organized psychologically.
  • It helps to analyse or understand individuals,
    relationship and communications.
  • It focus on the concept that every individual
    have their own choices in life.
  • It is used in every field for treatment of
    psychological disorders.
  • TA is a Neo-Freudian theory and is influenced by
    Freuds id ,ego and superego.

4
PHILOSOPHY OF TA
  • People are ok thus each person has validity,
    importance and responsibility.
  • Everyone has capacity to think and want to get
    freedom from maladaptations.
  • People decide their destiny and make decisions.
  • TA is goal oriented.

5
METHODS OF TA
  • STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
  • TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS
  • GAME ANALYSIS
  • SCRIPT ANALYSIS
  • SOCIAL CONTROL

6
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
  • EGO STATE It is a set of related behaviours,
    thoughts and feelings. They are
  • PARENT EGO STATE(EXTEROPSYCHE)
  • ADULT EGO STATE(NEOPSYCHE)
  • CHILD EGO STATE(ARCHEOPSYCHE) The
    way of understanding ego state are
  • BEHAVIOURAL DIAGNOSIS
  • SOCIAL DIAGNOSIS
  • HISTORICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • PHENOMENOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS

7
LIFE POSITIONS
  • I am ok, Youre ok
  • I am ok, Youre not ok
  • I am not ok, Youre ok
  • I am not ok, youre not ok
    EFFECTIVE MODES
  • NURTURING
  • STRUCTURING
  • COOPERATIVE
  • PLAYFUL

    INEFFECTIVE MODES
  • CRITICIZING
  • OVER INDULGING OR INCONSISTENT
  • RESISTANT
  • IMMATURE

8
PSYCHOPATHOLOGIES OF EGO STATES
  • STRUCTURAL PATHOLOGY
  • EXCLUSION
  • CONTAMINATION
  • FUNCTIONAL PATHOLOGY
    Fluctuation from one ego state to another.

9
TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS
  • Transactions are flow of communication, and more
    specifically the unspoken psychological flow of
    communication that runs in parallel. It requires
    both surface and non verbal learning. In short,
    it is a unit of measure in interpersonal
    relationship. It consists of transactional
    stimulus and transactional response.
  • Strokes are unit of recognition, attention or
    responsiveness that one person gives another.

10
TYPES OF TRANSACTIONS
  • RECIPROCAL TRANSACTION
  • CROSSED TRANSACTION
  • ULTERIOR TRANSACTION

11
GAME ANALYSIS
  • WAYS OF TIME STRUCTURING
  • WITHDRAWAL
  • RITUALS
  • PASTIMES
  • ACTIVITIES
  • GAMES
  • INTIMACY

    The objective of game analysis is the freedom
    to choose what games to play, how far to go, whom
    to play with, and when not to play.

12
SCRIPT ANALYSIS
  • Scripts are life plans. It is decisional, that is
    decided upon in childhood and responsive, that
    is respond to perceptions of the world.
  • Script analysis determine how one interacts with
    others, are based on interpretations of external
    events.

13
TECHNIQUES
  • TREATMENT CONTRACT
  • INTERROGATION
  • SPECIFICATION
  • CONFRONTATION
  • EXPLANATION
  • ILLUSTRATION
  • CONFIRMATION
  • INTERPRETATION
  • CRYSTALLISATION

14
GOALS
  • Identify and restore damaged ego states.
  • Develop the capacity to use all ego states.
  • Use adult ego state with its reasoning powers.
  • Alter inappropriate life scripts.
  • Adopt a life position I am ok, Youre ok

15
MERITS
  • It is goal oriented.
  • It is a way to understand yourself and others.
  • It is easily and effectively combined with other
    theories.
  • The terms are clearly defined and understood.
  • It helps to increase self awareness and to solve
    problems.

16
LIMITATIONS
  • It does not emphasize the authenticity of the
    counsellor.
  • It did not develop much after Bernes death.
  • It is less effective.
  • It did not bring anything new and it is very
    confusing.

17
THANK YOU
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