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Good Practice Guidance on TNA a background paper


Climate change teams of NA1 that are/will be conducting the TNA process; Stakeholders involved in the TNA process ... In-desk review of the 34 TNA reports, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Good Practice Guidance on TNA a background paper

Good Practice Guidance on TNA a background
  • Prepared by E.Fida R. Nayamuth
  • UNFCCC workshop
  • Sharing Good Practice in Conducting TNAs
  • Bangkok, 27-29 June, 2007

  • Background
  • Why this background paper on GPG on TNA?
  • Objectives
  • Scope
  • TNA under the UNFCCC
  • Targeted audience
  • Approach.
  • Status of the TNA
  • Synthesis of GPG of TNA by steps
  • Conducting TNAs
  • Reporting TNAs
  • Implementing
  • Cross-cutting issues
  • Next steps

Why the background paper?
  • Mandated by
  • SBSTA 25 UNFCCC sec in collaboration with EGTT
    to prepare a background paper on GP on TNAs
  • SBSTA 25 UNFCCC to organize a workshop on
    sharing GPs of NA1 in conducting TNAs in Bangkok,
    27-29 June, 2007
  • SBSTA 26 UNFCCC to organize a workshop on GP
    and experiences in conducting NCs in Cairo, 20-22
    September, 2007
  • SBSTA 26 UNFCCC make the paper available to
    SBSTA 27 for its consideration and to Parties
    along with synthesis report, newly completed TNAs
    and other relevant info.

Objectives of the paper
  • The overall objective of the paper is to
  • Compile and synthesize good practices from the
    TNAs completed so far
  • Inspire the discussions and serve as source of
    information for the participants of the workshop.
  • Help countries find ways of encouraging
    technology transfer through GP and lessons
    learned from those that are more advanced with
    this process.
  • The paper could be used to form the basis for
    preparing a technical paper on this matter at a
    latter stage.

Scope of the paper
  • Covers 34 TNA reports completed,
  • funded mainly by GEF Additional Financing for
    phase II/top-ups
  • Overview of How? did countries carry out the
    TNA process
  • overview of guidance on conducting, reporting and
  • experiences, lessons learned and challenges that
    have emerged from the TNA process
  • Build upon the existing work
  • Provides a How to guidance for improving TNA
  • One size does not fit all but generic issues are
  • Case studies provided.

TNA reports covered
Targeted audience
  • Participants of Bangkok workshop on sharing GP in
  • Climate change teams of NA1 that are/will be
    conducting the TNA process
  • Stakeholders involved in the TNA process
  • International organization and/or donor countries
    that are interested in the process of the
    technology transfer to NA1 countries.
  • Participants of the Cairo workshop on sharing GP
    in conducting NCs

  • Build upon a synthesis of the information
  • In-desk review of the 34 TNA reports,
  • Workshop presentations on country experiences and
    lessons learnt and breakout sessions discussions
  • Questionnaire survey on best/good practices in
    TNAs during the Bangkok workshop.
  • The questionnaire includes a set of 48 questions
    aiming to further clarify issues that could not
    be clarified by the in-desk review of the TNA
  • Interviews with coordinators of the TNA
  • In the course of workshop, and follow ups have
    been made by e-mails.
  • Inputs from stakeholders are key Comments and
    feedback on the draft paper from the participants
    of both workshops
  • Build upon a working definition on Good
  • Paper is structured under an activity/step-wise
  • Conducting, reporting and implementing.
  • Each step current guidance generic issues in
    country performances, GP, case study.
  • Consider both similarities and differences
    between mitigation and adaptation

TNA process main activities
Good Practice (GP) a definition
  • Good Practice has been previously used but no
    definition as part of KM system of UNFCCC
  • Workshop report on GP in PM in A1P held in
    Copenhagen, April 2000
  • Countries may approach GP in international and
    national context
  • Countries agreed that
  • Good Practice more appropriate in international
  • Best Practice is at a large extend country
  • Good Practice Wikipedia
  • as a management idea which asserts that there is
    a technique, method, process, activity, incentive
    or reward that is more effective at delivering a
    particular outcome than any other technique,
    method, process, etc
  • Good practice in the TNA process
  • the most efficient (least amount of effort) and
    effective (best results) way of conducting a TNA,
    reporting and implementing its results, based on
    repeatable procedures that have proven themselves
    over time for large numbers of users.
  • Good Practice involve a set of evaluation
  • Methodology, priority area/sector covered, links
    to dev goals, stakeholder involvement, barriers
    addressed, potential for follow-up, reporting,
    resorce utilization, replicability etc.

CONDUCTING Managing the TNA process
  • Findings from TNAs
  • Management process not properly described
  • Countries did not report on institutional
    arrangements for conducting TNAs
  • A few countries indicate scoping workshops, ToRs.
  • Lack of a proper focus (mitigation vs adaptation
    key sectors, key technologies) of some TNAs leads
    to the conclusion that they lacked a proper
    strategic management of the process.


CONDUCTING Managing the TNA process
  • Good Practice
  • Nominate the right person as coordinator of the
  • Set up a national team of experts with people
    previously involved in the national communication
  • Set up a stakeholders group with the involvement
    of high-level representatives from key relevant
  • Develop a detailed work-plan with clear
    objectives, outputs and activities and
    deliverables and validate it with stakeholders an
    the team.
  • Develop rules and procedures for write-ups and
    final deliverables.
  • Hold an inception workshop to present the
    objectives and expected deliverables and refine
    any arrangements, if needed.

CONDUCTING Managing the TNA process
CONDUCTING Methodological aspects
  • Findings from TNAs
  • Most of the TNAs were conducted before the
    completion and publication of the UNDP Handbook
  • All countries followed a process similar to that
    of UNDP handbook because
  • Used other available guidance (CTI, UNEP, IPCC)
  • UNDP Handbook preparation draw upon existing
  • Methods used by countries served as reference
    point for the UNDP handbook (workshops, feedback,
  • In most of the cases stakeholders were involved
    either through an inception/scoping workshop or
    questionnaire survey.
  • Majority of TNAs do not quote the methodology

CONDUCTING Methodological aspects
  • Good practice
  • Use the most current updated guidance as a
    methodological approach for conducting the TNA
  • Draw upon disseminated good practices and lessons
    learnt by other countries who conduced the TNA
  • Adopt/accommodate the selected methodological
    guidance in accordance to the national
    circumstances. There is no one size- fits-
    all type of guidance.

CONDUCTING Areas and sectors covered
  • Findings from the TNAs
  • All countries have passed through a preliminary
  • All focused their TNAs on sectors already
    identified under their FNCs
  • for their potential for GHG reduction and/or
    addressing vulnerability to climate change.
  • All countries (except of one) covered mitigation
    with focus on energy sector
  • Adaptation not covered at the same range as
  • Most of them lack the explanations on why do they
    focus on a certain area.
  • When providing explanations on highlight
    national circumstances, reference to the INC and
    availability of resources

CONDUCTING Areas and sectors covered
  • Good practice
  • Conduct a preliminary assessment and prioritize
  • Conduct an overview of data sources, information
    sources and data gaps
  • Conduct a scoping exercise (it might be a
    workshop) to define the scope of work and design
    TORs for each sector in the light of available
  • Involve stakeholders from the inception phase of
    the TNA (scoping phase)
  • Consider national circumstances and development
    needs in the prioritization of sectors.

CONDUCTING Areas and sectors covered
  • Case Study (ALBANIA)
  • Mitigation
  • Overview of the sector
  • Sector profile,
  • Legal framework
  • Policy framework.
  • Overview of the work done under the Albanias
  • GHG inventory
  • GHG mitigation.
  • Take the stock of the technologies currently in
  • Overview of technology options
  • Adaptation
  • Profile of the targeted area (Coastal area)
  • Overview of the vulnerability studies in the
    targeted area
  • Overview of national plans/programs in the
    targeted area
  • Overview of the work done under the Albanias FNC
    with a focus on coastal area
  • Vulnerability and adaptation section.
  • Take the stock of the technologies currently in

CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
  • Findings from the TNAs
  • In most of TNAs technologies were identified on
    basis of three factors (Development goals,
    contribution to CC, market potential)
  • A preliminary list of technologies has been
    identified through expert judgement and
    stakeholder consultation.
  • In some cases, priority technologies were simply
    listed by sector and sub-sector without any
  • Some countries provided detailed information on
    the selection process, criteria and methods.
  • Tools used by countries involve
  • Multi criteria analysis CB RB Analytical
    hierarchy, survey questionnaire etc
  • Weight and scoring
  • Those countries that did both mitigation and
    adaptation used the same selection /
    prioritization method
  • Explanations on the how stakeholders are involved
    under this step are missing in most of the cases.

CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
  • Good practice
  • Set clear criteria for selection which must be at
    least compatible with development objectives,
    contribute to climate change mitigation and have
    market potential.
  • Apply an inclusive process for criteria setting
    by involving expert judgment, policy makers
    judgment, and stakeholder consultation.
  • Decide on the tool of prioritization in
    accordance to the national circumstances.
  • Use a wide range of criteria, identify a small
    number of key sectors.
  • Build up a ranking matrix to evaluate
  • Conduct a barrier analysis for the
    selected/prioritized technologies.
  • Make plans to revisit the selected technologies
    in the light of future development and change.

CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
  • Case Study (CHINA)
  • Environmental concern global and local
  • GHGs mitigation
  • Improvement of local environmental quality
  • Technological concern
  • Mature degree of technologies
  • Advancement degree of technologies
  • Reliability of technologies
  • Penetration of technology application and
  • Easiness of wider use of technology.
  • Economic concern
  • Internal Return Rate (IRR) and the effect of
    pricing and fiscal policies on the IRR
  • Payback period
  • Mitigation and adaptation costs
  • Social concern
  • Social efficiency necessity of TT
  • Broader links with other sectors and groups
  • Employment and poverty alleviation

CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
  • Case Study (CHINA)
  • High efficiency boilers
  • Large thermal power generation (300-600 MW)
  • Cogeneration
  • High efficiency electric motors
  • Green lighting
  • Energy saving buildings
  • Coal-bed methane recovery and utilization
  • Biomass gasification
  • Wind energy
  • Solar thermal heat
  • Biogas
  • Waste heat and energy recovery
  • Village hybrid renewable energy (wind PV)
  • High efficiency cook stoves
  • Alternative fuel transportation for urban regions
  • Small-scale hydropower
  • Combined cycle natural gas power generation
  • Key technology needs
  • Thermal power generation,
  • High efficiency motors,
  • High efficiency boilers,
  • Wind energy and
  • Coal bed methane recovery.

CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
  • Case Study (CROATIA)
  • Development benefits
  • Job creation
  • Capacity building (production, know-how)
  • Economic structure change according to croatia
    export orientation
  • Agriculture security
  • Implementation potential
  • Marginal cost
  • Commercial readiness
  • Technology availability
  • Measure applicability
  • Contribution to climate change response goals
  • GHG emission reduction potential / enhancement of
    CO2 sinks
  • Indirect effect on the other air pollutants
    emission reduction
  • Conservation of energy

  • Key technology needs
  • Wind power plants
  • Biomass in heating plants
  • Energy efficiency in buildings
  • Biomass in cogeneration plants
  • Increase in bio-diesel use

  • Findings from the TNAs
  • Next steps, as from the identification of
    technologies, were not always covered by
    Countries .
  • Next steps reported varied among Countries.
  • Those who reported presented general actions such
  • improving access to information on these
  • awareness raising
  • improving human capacity.
  • Other Parties still proposed next steps for the
    respective technologies in the form of
  • implementation plans,
  • recommendations,
  • project proposals.
  • In some reports, it was difficult to distinguish
    between barrier removal and next steps.

  • Good practice
  • Next steps could aim at analyzing successful
    implementation of the TNA results.
  • Draw implementation plans to address the barriers
  • This could be done by formulating complete
    detailed project proposals for the transfer of
    the selected technologies.

CONDUCTING Develop project proposals
  • Findings from TNAs
  • Only a restricted number of Parties developed and
    included project proposals in their TNAs.
  • The proposals differed mainly in quality
  • did not include the same information
  • The remaining Parties presented project concepts
    or ideas ONLY

CONDUCTING Develop project proposals
  • Good practice
  • Set-up a multidisciplinary team to write up a
    detailed project proposal.
  • Adopt the UNFCCC practitioners guidebook
  • A good project proposal must reply to the
  • What is being proposed?
  • Where will be implemented?
  • Who will champion the proposal who else get
  • How will be implemented?
  • Why is it important (financial, social,
    environmental return)?
  • What if things do not go as planned?
  • To Whom is he proposal addressed?

  • Findings from TNAs
  • All countries produced TNA reports although they
    either completely lacked or had partial guidance
    on it
  • GEF Operational Procedures for top-ups do
    consider TNA as follow-up of the NC but do not
    ask for an official submission of the reports to
    the UNFCCC
  • TNA reports have been collected and analysed
    through the GEF Implementing Agencies
  • Available in their web pages and TT CLEAR
  • Most of the reports consist on a step-by-step
    description involving national circumstances and
    cross-cutting issues but the level of detail is
  • Countries used charts, tables, matrixes as part
    of reporting the TNA findings
  • Majority of countries do not explain the
    institutional arrangements and methodological

  • What a TNA report MUST contain
  • Objective of the TNA
  • Methodological approach
  • A description of the institutional arrangements
  • An overview of sectors, including GHG emissions
    and the potential for their reduction and/or
    adaptation to climate change
  • A preliminary summary of climate change
  • A statement on data gaps and constraints, and
    measures adopted to correct them
  • Description of criteria and process for
    technology evaluation
  • An overview of the assessment of technologies
    according to the agreed priorities
  • List of priority sectors and key technologies for
    preliminary action
  • A review of key barriers and steps to overcome
  • A description of follow-up arrangements (in the
    form of a implementation plan if appropriate or
    project ideas/ notes/concepts/proposals)
  • A list of stakeholders and programme for
    continued stakeholder engagement. Matrices of

Next steps
  • Strategies for improvement of the TNA process
  • Integrating feedback from this workshop
  • Integrating feedback from the UNFCCC sec and
  • Draft final in mid-August, 2007

  • Thank you!