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Good Practice Guidance on TNA a background paper

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Climate change teams of NA1 that are/will be conducting the TNA process; Stakeholders involved in the TNA process ... In-desk review of the 34 TNA reports, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Good Practice Guidance on TNA a background paper


1
Good Practice Guidance on TNA a background
paper
  • Prepared by E.Fida R. Nayamuth
  • UNFCCC workshop
  • Sharing Good Practice in Conducting TNAs
  • Bangkok, 27-29 June, 2007

2
Content
  • Background
  • Why this background paper on GPG on TNA?
  • Objectives
  • Scope
  • TNA under the UNFCCC
  • Targeted audience
  • Approach.
  • Status of the TNA
  • Synthesis of GPG of TNA by steps
  • Conducting TNAs
  • Reporting TNAs
  • Implementing
  • Cross-cutting issues
  • Next steps

3
Why the background paper?
  • Mandated by
  • SBSTA 25 UNFCCC sec in collaboration with EGTT
    to prepare a background paper on GP on TNAs
  • SBSTA 25 UNFCCC to organize a workshop on
    sharing GPs of NA1 in conducting TNAs in Bangkok,
    27-29 June, 2007
  • SBSTA 26 UNFCCC to organize a workshop on GP
    and experiences in conducting NCs in Cairo, 20-22
    September, 2007
  • SBSTA 26 UNFCCC make the paper available to
    SBSTA 27 for its consideration and to Parties
    along with synthesis report, newly completed TNAs
    and other relevant info.

4
Objectives of the paper
  • The overall objective of the paper is to
  • Compile and synthesize good practices from the
    TNAs completed so far
  • Inspire the discussions and serve as source of
    information for the participants of the workshop.
  • Help countries find ways of encouraging
    technology transfer through GP and lessons
    learned from those that are more advanced with
    this process.
  • The paper could be used to form the basis for
    preparing a technical paper on this matter at a
    latter stage.

5
Scope of the paper
  • Covers 34 TNA reports completed,
  • funded mainly by GEF Additional Financing for
    phase II/top-ups
  • Overview of How? did countries carry out the
    TNA process
  • overview of guidance on conducting, reporting and
    implementing
  • experiences, lessons learned and challenges that
    have emerged from the TNA process
  • Build upon the existing work
  • UNFCCC, EGTT, UNDP, UNEP, CTI, etc
  • Provides a How to guidance for improving TNA
    process.
  • One size does not fit all but generic issues are
    addressed
  • Case studies provided.

6
TNA reports covered
7
Targeted audience
  • Participants of Bangkok workshop on sharing GP in
    TNAs
  • Climate change teams of NA1 that are/will be
    conducting the TNA process
  • Stakeholders involved in the TNA process
  • International organization and/or donor countries
    that are interested in the process of the
    technology transfer to NA1 countries.
  • Participants of the Cairo workshop on sharing GP
    in conducting NCs

8
Approach
  • Build upon a synthesis of the information
    through
  • In-desk review of the 34 TNA reports,
  • Workshop presentations on country experiences and
    lessons learnt and breakout sessions discussions
  • Questionnaire survey on best/good practices in
    TNAs during the Bangkok workshop.
  • The questionnaire includes a set of 48 questions
    aiming to further clarify issues that could not
    be clarified by the in-desk review of the TNA
  • Interviews with coordinators of the TNA
  • In the course of workshop, and follow ups have
    been made by e-mails.
  • Inputs from stakeholders are key Comments and
    feedback on the draft paper from the participants
    of both workshops
  • Build upon a working definition on Good
    Practice
  • Paper is structured under an activity/step-wise
    approach
  • Conducting, reporting and implementing.
  • Each step current guidance generic issues in
    country performances, GP, case study.
  • Consider both similarities and differences
    between mitigation and adaptation

9
TNA process main activities
10
Good Practice (GP) a definition
  • Good Practice has been previously used but no
    definition as part of KM system of UNFCCC
  • Workshop report on GP in PM in A1P held in
    Copenhagen, April 2000
  • Countries may approach GP in international and
    national context
  • Countries agreed that
  • Good Practice more appropriate in international
    setting
  • Best Practice is at a large extend country
    specific
  • Good Practice Wikipedia
  • as a management idea which asserts that there is
    a technique, method, process, activity, incentive
    or reward that is more effective at delivering a
    particular outcome than any other technique,
    method, process, etc
  • Good practice in the TNA process
  • the most efficient (least amount of effort) and
    effective (best results) way of conducting a TNA,
    reporting and implementing its results, based on
    repeatable procedures that have proven themselves
    over time for large numbers of users.
  • Good Practice involve a set of evaluation
    criteria
  • Methodology, priority area/sector covered, links
    to dev goals, stakeholder involvement, barriers
    addressed, potential for follow-up, reporting,
    resorce utilization, replicability etc.

11
CONDUCTING Managing the TNA process
  • Findings from TNAs
  • Management process not properly described
  • Countries did not report on institutional
    arrangements for conducting TNAs
  • A few countries indicate scoping workshops, ToRs.
  • Lack of a proper focus (mitigation vs adaptation
    key sectors, key technologies) of some TNAs leads
    to the conclusion that they lacked a proper
    strategic management of the process.

12

CONDUCTING Managing the TNA process
  • Good Practice
  • Nominate the right person as coordinator of the
    TNA
  • Set up a national team of experts with people
    previously involved in the national communication
    process.
  • Set up a stakeholders group with the involvement
    of high-level representatives from key relevant
    institutions.
  • Develop a detailed work-plan with clear
    objectives, outputs and activities and
    deliverables and validate it with stakeholders an
    the team.
  • Develop rules and procedures for write-ups and
    final deliverables.
  • Hold an inception workshop to present the
    objectives and expected deliverables and refine
    any arrangements, if needed.

13
CONDUCTING Managing the TNA process
14
CONDUCTING Methodological aspects
  • Findings from TNAs
  • Most of the TNAs were conducted before the
    completion and publication of the UNDP Handbook
  • All countries followed a process similar to that
    of UNDP handbook because
  • Used other available guidance (CTI, UNEP, IPCC)
  • UNDP Handbook preparation draw upon existing
    resources
  • Methods used by countries served as reference
    point for the UNDP handbook (workshops, feedback,
    inputs)
  • In most of the cases stakeholders were involved
    either through an inception/scoping workshop or
    questionnaire survey.
  • Majority of TNAs do not quote the methodology
    used.

15
CONDUCTING Methodological aspects
  • Good practice
  • Use the most current updated guidance as a
    methodological approach for conducting the TNA
    study
  • Draw upon disseminated good practices and lessons
    learnt by other countries who conduced the TNA
    studies
  • Adopt/accommodate the selected methodological
    guidance in accordance to the national
    circumstances. There is no one size- fits-
    all type of guidance.

16
CONDUCTING Areas and sectors covered
  • Findings from the TNAs
  • All countries have passed through a preliminary
    assessment
  • All focused their TNAs on sectors already
    identified under their FNCs
  • for their potential for GHG reduction and/or
    addressing vulnerability to climate change.
  • All countries (except of one) covered mitigation
    with focus on energy sector
  • Adaptation not covered at the same range as
    mitigation
  • Most of them lack the explanations on why do they
    focus on a certain area.
  • When providing explanations on highlight
    national circumstances, reference to the INC and
    availability of resources

17
CONDUCTING Areas and sectors covered
  • Good practice
  • Conduct a preliminary assessment and prioritize
    sectors.
  • Conduct an overview of data sources, information
    sources and data gaps
  • Conduct a scoping exercise (it might be a
    workshop) to define the scope of work and design
    TORs for each sector in the light of available
    resources
  • Involve stakeholders from the inception phase of
    the TNA (scoping phase)
  • Consider national circumstances and development
    needs in the prioritization of sectors.

18
CONDUCTING Areas and sectors covered
  • Case Study (ALBANIA)
  • Mitigation
  • Overview of the sector
  • Sector profile,
  • Legal framework
  • Policy framework.
  • Overview of the work done under the Albanias
    FNC
  • GHG inventory
  • GHG mitigation.
  • Take the stock of the technologies currently in
    use
  • Overview of technology options
  • Adaptation
  • Profile of the targeted area (Coastal area)
  • Overview of the vulnerability studies in the
    targeted area
  • Overview of national plans/programs in the
    targeted area
  • Overview of the work done under the Albanias FNC
    with a focus on coastal area
  • Vulnerability and adaptation section.
  • Take the stock of the technologies currently in
    use

19
CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
prioritization
  • Findings from the TNAs
  • In most of TNAs technologies were identified on
    basis of three factors (Development goals,
    contribution to CC, market potential)
  • A preliminary list of technologies has been
    identified through expert judgement and
    stakeholder consultation.
  • In some cases, priority technologies were simply
    listed by sector and sub-sector without any
    explanation.
  • Some countries provided detailed information on
    the selection process, criteria and methods.
  • Tools used by countries involve
  • Multi criteria analysis CB RB Analytical
    hierarchy, survey questionnaire etc
  • Weight and scoring
  • Those countries that did both mitigation and
    adaptation used the same selection /
    prioritization method
  • Explanations on the how stakeholders are involved
    under this step are missing in most of the cases.

20
CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
prioritization
  • Good practice
  • Set clear criteria for selection which must be at
    least compatible with development objectives,
    contribute to climate change mitigation and have
    market potential.
  • Apply an inclusive process for criteria setting
    by involving expert judgment, policy makers
    judgment, and stakeholder consultation.
  • Decide on the tool of prioritization in
    accordance to the national circumstances.
  • Use a wide range of criteria, identify a small
    number of key sectors.
  • Build up a ranking matrix to evaluate
    technologies.
  • Conduct a barrier analysis for the
    selected/prioritized technologies.
  • Make plans to revisit the selected technologies
    in the light of future development and change.

21
CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
prioritization
  • Case Study (CHINA)
  • Environmental concern global and local
  • GHGs mitigation
  • Improvement of local environmental quality
  • Technological concern
  • Mature degree of technologies
  • Advancement degree of technologies
  • Reliability of technologies
  • Penetration of technology application and
  • Easiness of wider use of technology.
  • Economic concern
  • Internal Return Rate (IRR) and the effect of
    pricing and fiscal policies on the IRR
  • Payback period
  • Mitigation and adaptation costs
  • Social concern
  • Social efficiency necessity of TT
  • Broader links with other sectors and groups
  • Employment and poverty alleviation

22
CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
prioritization
  • Case Study (CHINA)
  • High efficiency boilers
  • Large thermal power generation (300-600 MW)
  • Cogeneration
  • High efficiency electric motors
  • Green lighting
  • Energy saving buildings
  • Coal-bed methane recovery and utilization
  • Biomass gasification
  • Wind energy
  • Solar thermal heat
  • Biogas
  • Waste heat and energy recovery
  • Village hybrid renewable energy (wind PV)
  • High efficiency cook stoves
  • Alternative fuel transportation for urban regions
  • Small-scale hydropower
  • Combined cycle natural gas power generation
  • Key technology needs
  • Thermal power generation,
  • High efficiency motors,
  • High efficiency boilers,
  • Wind energy and
  • Coal bed methane recovery.

23
CONDUCTING Methodologies for selection /
prioritization
  • Case Study (CROATIA)
  • Development benefits
  • Job creation
  • Capacity building (production, know-how)
  • Economic structure change according to croatia
    export orientation
  • Agriculture security
  • Implementation potential
  • Marginal cost
  • Commercial readiness
  • Technology availability
  • Measure applicability
  • Contribution to climate change response goals
  • GHG emission reduction potential / enhancement of
    CO2 sinks
  • Indirect effect on the other air pollutants
    emission reduction
  • Conservation of energy

24
  • Key technology needs
  • Wind power plants
  • Biomass in heating plants
  • Energy efficiency in buildings
  • Biomass in cogeneration plants
  • Increase in bio-diesel use

25
CONDUCTING Next steps
  • Findings from the TNAs
  • Next steps, as from the identification of
    technologies, were not always covered by
    Countries .
  • Next steps reported varied among Countries.
  • Those who reported presented general actions such
    as
  • improving access to information on these
    technologies,
  • awareness raising
  • improving human capacity.
  • Other Parties still proposed next steps for the
    respective technologies in the form of
  • implementation plans,
  • recommendations,
  • project proposals.
  • In some reports, it was difficult to distinguish
    between barrier removal and next steps.

26
CONDUCTING Next steps
  • Good practice
  • Next steps could aim at analyzing successful
    implementation of the TNA results.
  • Draw implementation plans to address the barriers
    identified.
  • This could be done by formulating complete
    detailed project proposals for the transfer of
    the selected technologies.

27
CONDUCTING Develop project proposals
  • Findings from TNAs
  • Only a restricted number of Parties developed and
    included project proposals in their TNAs.
  • The proposals differed mainly in quality
  • did not include the same information
  • The remaining Parties presented project concepts
    or ideas ONLY

28
CONDUCTING Develop project proposals
  • Good practice
  • Set-up a multidisciplinary team to write up a
    detailed project proposal.
  • Adopt the UNFCCC practitioners guidebook
  • A good project proposal must reply to the
    questions
  • What is being proposed?
  • Where will be implemented?
  • Who will champion the proposal who else get
    involved?
  • How will be implemented?
  • Why is it important (financial, social,
    environmental return)?
  • What if things do not go as planned?
  • To Whom is he proposal addressed?

29
REPORTING
  • Findings from TNAs
  • All countries produced TNA reports although they
    either completely lacked or had partial guidance
    on it
  • GEF Operational Procedures for top-ups do
    consider TNA as follow-up of the NC but do not
    ask for an official submission of the reports to
    the UNFCCC
  • TNA reports have been collected and analysed
    through the GEF Implementing Agencies
  • Available in their web pages and TT CLEAR
  • Most of the reports consist on a step-by-step
    description involving national circumstances and
    cross-cutting issues but the level of detail is
    different.
  • Countries used charts, tables, matrixes as part
    of reporting the TNA findings
  • Majority of countries do not explain the
    institutional arrangements and methodological
    approach.

30
REPORTING
  • What a TNA report MUST contain
  • Objective of the TNA
  • Methodological approach
  • A description of the institutional arrangements
  • An overview of sectors, including GHG emissions
    and the potential for their reduction and/or
    adaptation to climate change
  • A preliminary summary of climate change
    technologies
  • A statement on data gaps and constraints, and
    measures adopted to correct them
  • Description of criteria and process for
    technology evaluation
  • An overview of the assessment of technologies
    according to the agreed priorities
  • List of priority sectors and key technologies for
    preliminary action
  • A review of key barriers and steps to overcome
    them,
  • A description of follow-up arrangements (in the
    form of a implementation plan if appropriate or
    project ideas/ notes/concepts/proposals)
  • A list of stakeholders and programme for
    continued stakeholder engagement. Matrices of
    evaluation.

31
Next steps
  • Strategies for improvement of the TNA process
  • Integrating feedback from this workshop
  • Integrating feedback from the UNFCCC sec and
    EGTT
  • Draft final in mid-August, 2007

32
  • Thank you!
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