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Title:

Mobilization

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Government has to convince people to sacrifice goods for the war ... Shorter skirts were made and two-piece swimsuits. Sugar, coffee, and meat are scarce ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mobilization


1
Mobilization Preparing For War
2
The Depression Ends
  • America is beginning to come out of the
    Depression when WWII starts
  • Americans are eager to buy things
  • Government has to convince people to sacrifice
    goods for the war

3
Changes in Government and the Economy
  • FDR creates the Office of War Mobilization to
    oversee production
  • Auto industry produces bombers
  • Fords factories produce B-24 bombers using the
    assembly line
  • Encouraging business
  • Cost-Plus System - military pays development and
    production costs plus a percentage of the profits
  • Business executives go to work for the government
    for a token salary of one dollar a year

4
Changes in Government and the Economy
  • Coca-Cola sells soldiers soda for a reduced price
  • Unemployment ends
  • Businesses and workers agree to no strikes
  • Funding the war
  • 41 through income taxes
  • Borrowing from banks, private investors and the
    public
  • Bond drives
  • Deficit spending

5
Daily Life on the Home Front
  • People have money to spend but nothing to spend
    it on
  • They buy paper back books
  • Go to movies
  • Escapist movies such as love stories, adventures
    and comedies
  • Go to baseball games
  • 4,000 to 5,700 players are in the military
  • Start the All-American Girls Baseball League
  • Buy popular music such as Praise the Lord and
    Pass the Ammunition and White Christmas

6
Daily Life on the Home Front
  • Shortages and Controls
  • Many items are unavailable
  • Metal from zippers was used to make guns
  • Rubber for girdles went into tanks and trucks
  • No more, patch pockets or cuffs were allowed
  • Shorter skirts were made and two-piece swimsuits
  • Sugar, coffee, and meat are scarce
  • FDR creates the Office of Price Administration
  • They start rationing goods
  • They use advertisements to promote the war effort

7
Campaigning at Home
  • In a democracy the government has to maintain
    high public morale
  • They tried to make rationing fun
  • Government organized metal and rubber drives
  • Encouraged Americans to save cooking fat for
    gunpowder
  • Encourage Americans to buy war bonds
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