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Feverfew

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Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) Kava-kava (Piper methysticum) St. ... Names: Klamath Weed, Amber, Touch-and-Heal, Rosin Rose,Tipton Weed. Parts used: whole plant ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Feverfew


1
Feverfew
  • Actions Anti-inflammatory, vasodilator,
    anti-pyretic, antispasmodic, bitter
  • Medicinal Uses Prophylaxis and treatment of
    migraine. Cough, colds, febrile diseases, nervous
    debility, worm infestation, dyspepsia.
  • Side effects low-medium
  • Doses 50-200 mg/day tincture 5-20 drops

2
Chemistry, Functions, Toxicity
  • Sesquiterpene lactons parthenolide, (and
    derivatives) canin, balchanin, volatile oils,
    flavonols.
  • Extracts inhibit the release of serotonin from
    platelets
  • Inhibits platelet aggregation
  • Inhibits arachidonic acid pathway,
    (prostaglandins and leukotrienes)
  • Inhibits release of granule contents from white
    blood cells
  • Contraindicated in pregnancy, inflammation of
    oral mucosa (ulceration)

3
Herb Drug Interaction
  • None documented
  • potential antithrombic effects
  • Potential interaction with nonsteroidal
    anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

4
Gingko
  • Names Gingko Biloba, Maidenhair-Tree
  • Parts used Leaves. In oriental herbalism the
    seed kernel is used extensively.
  • Constituents
  • Lignans, especially the ginkgolides.
  • Miscellaneous terpenes, tannins.
  • Flavonoids, mainly flavone glycosides including
    ginkgetin, quercetin and kaempferol derivatives.
  • Actions Anti-inflammatory, vasodilator,
    relaxant, digestive bitter, uterine stimulant.

5
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6
Indications Traditionally known as an
anti-microbial anti-tubercular agent, new
research has shown a profound activity on brain
function and cerebral circulation. Clinically
it is proving effective in a range of vascular
disorders.
7
  • Ginkgo has been suggested in the following
    conditions
  • vertigo, tinnitus, inner ear disturbances
    including partial deafness
  • diminished sight and hearing ability due to
    vascular insufficiency
  • impairment of memory and ability to concentrate
  • diminished intellectual capacity and alertness
    as a result of insufficient circulation
  • anxiety, depression, neurological disorders,
    dementia, Alzheimer's disease.
  • complications of stroke and skull injuries
  • intermittent claudication as a result of
    arterial obstruction
  • a sensitivity to cold and pallor in the toes due
    to peripheral circulatory insufficiency
  • Raynauds disease, cerebral vascular and
    nutritional insufficiency
  • hormonal and neural based disorders as well as
    angiopathic trophic disorders
  • arterial circulatory disturbances due to aging,
    diabetes and nicotine abuse
  • sclerosis of cerebral arteries with and without
    mental manifestations
  • arteriosclerotic angiopathy of lower limbs,
    diabetic tissue damage with danger of gangrene
  • circulatory disorders of the skin, as well as
    ulcerations caused by ischaemia.

8
Precautions and dosage Few, if any side effects
have been documented Gastric disturbance ,
headache and allergic skin reaction observed
after prolonged administration. Dosage Typical
daily dose is 120-160mg. Available in capsules
40,60 or 120 mg of a concentrated (501) leaf
extract. Tincture 1-2 ml.
9
Gotu Kola
Names Gotu Kola (Centella Asiatica) , Brahmi,
Indian Pennywort, Chi-hsueh, Tsao Parts used
The entire plant is used medicinally. Constituents
triterpenoids (asiaticoside, madecassoside,
madasiatic acid, terpene acetate, camphor,cineol,
glycerides,fatty acids, various plant sterols and
polyacetylene compounds. Actions Wound Healing
(topically applied) Anti-Scarring agent
(topically applied) Circulation
improvements Memory improvements Antipyretic
(fever reduction, antimicrobial) Varicose veins,
vein tone Anti-stress Chronic hepatic disorders
10
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11
Indications
Gotu Kola helps to combat stress, improve
reflexes, beneficial effect on circulation and
increase mental and physical power. In Ayurveda
Gotu kola is one of the chief herbs for
revitalizing the nerves and brain cells. Oriental
healers relied on gotu kola to treat emotional
disorders such as depression that may be rooted
in physical problems. Gotu Kola is used for high
blood pressure, senility, aging, and to help the
body protect itself against toxins. It improves
blood flow while strengthening the veins and
capillaries. As a mild diuretic can help to
shrink swollen membranes and aid in the
elimination of excess of fluid. Additionally it
is very useful for people who are inactive or
confined to bed due to illness. Gotu kola reduces
scarring when applied during inflammatory period
of the wound. It is also very effective with
burns if applied immediately after the accident.
Intramuscular injection with local application to
the effected area prevent infection and scar
formation
12
Precautions and dosage No health hazards or
side effects known in conjunction with the proper
administration. The fresh plant may have a low
potential for skin irritation. Dosage Typical
daily dose is 0.6 gm of dried leaves. Available
in capsules 10mg concentrated extract (3-6 times
daily). Tincture 1-2 ml.
13
Herbs used in depression Mugwort (Artemissa
vulgaris) California Poppy (Eschscholtzia
californica) St. Johns Wort (Hypericum
perforatum) Lemon Balm (Melissa
officinalis) Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Passion
Flower (Passiflora incarnata) Marijuana (Cannabis
sativa) Kava-kava (Piper methysticum)
14
St. Johns Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Names Klamath Weed, Amber, Touch-and-Heal, Rosin
Rose,Tipton Weed. Parts used whole
plant Constituents naphtodiathrones hypericin,
pseudohypericin, protohypericin, and
cyclopseudohypericin, phloroglucinol derivative
hyperforin flavonoids catechin, quercetin,
rutin, biapigenin, and hyperin tannins and
essential oils Properties anti-inflammatory,
bittersweet, cooling, astringent, nervine,
anti-microbial Medicinal use anxiety, nervous
tension, (mild sedative), menopausal
disturbances, PMS, inflammation of the skin,
wounds and burns. The antidepressive effect
mainly due to serotonin reuptake inhibition.
15
St. Johns Wort
  • Actions Antiviral, nervine, antidepressant,
    antiseptic
  • Medicinal Uses treatment for mild to moderate
    depression, neuralgia , sciatica, muscular
    rheumatism, menopausal anxiety, bruises, shingles
  • Side effects low
  • Doses 300 mg std ext 0.3 hypericin 3xd 3-6 ml
    liquid ext

16
Herb-Drug Interaction
  • St. John's wort may interact with oral
    contraceptives
  • protease inhibitors (such as indinavir and
    ritonavir, which are used to treat HIV infection
  • MAOIs and other antidepressants
  • immunosuppressant cyclosporine
  • Cardiac glycosides digoxin
  • iron supplements
  • the anticoagulant warfarin
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