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Archaeology

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Archaeology. Riddles in the Dirt. Archaeology. ???a??????a? Ancient Discourse ... Firstly directed to Biblical Discoveries. Covers both the Magnificent and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Archaeology


1
Archaeology
  • Riddles in the Dirt

2
Archaeology
  • ???a??????a? Ancient Discourse
  • The science\art concerned with the material
    remains of mans past
  • Firstly directed to Biblical Discoveries
  • Covers both the Magnificent and the Mundane

3
Ancient Eras
4
Beginnings
  • Napoleon in Egypt 1798 Rosetta Stone, c.
  • Excavations in Mesopotamia, Paul-Emile Botta,
    1842
  • Excavations of Troy by Heinrich Schliemann, 1870

5
Levant (cont.)
  • John Garstang (1876-96)
  • Kathleen Kenyon (1906-1978)
  • William Foxwell Albright (1891-1971)

6
Archaeology in the Levant
  • Edward Robinson, 1838, 1852
  • His work led to further discoveries -
  • Moabite Stone, 1868
  • Siloam Inscription, 1880
  • Sir Flinders Petrie, Tell el-?esi, 1890

7
Dating Methods
  • Stratigraphy
  • Pottery
  • Numismatics
  • Paleography

8
Stratigraphy Mound Cross Section
9
Pottery Dating
  • Material
  • Manufacturing Technique
  • Shape
  • Decorations

10
Numismatics
  • Material
  • Image
  • Writing

Samaria, 4th cent. B.C.E. Silver 0.74g. 8-9mm.
Helmeted head of Athena Owl standing and facing
with open wings Aramaic letters "SN" in fields.
500.00.
John Hyrcanus I, 134-104 B.C.E. Bronze. 15mm.
Hebrew inscription, "Yehohanan the High Priest
and Council of the Jews," within wreath. Rv.
Double cornucopia with fillets pomegranate in
center. 200.00.
http//www.usask.ca/antiquities/coins/greek_coins.
htmlMinting
11
Paleography
  • Material
  • Handwriting Style

12
Early Genesis
  • Enuma Elish Babylonian Creation Account
  • Gilgamesh Epic Babylonian Flood Account

13
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
Tribute of Jehu, son of Omri. I received from
him silver, gold, a golden bowl, a golden
beaker, golden goblets, pitchers of gold, lead,
staves for the hand of the king, javelins.
http//www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/obelisk.html
14
Tel Dan Bet David Inscription
  • Stone inscription that contains the phrase House
    of David
  • http//www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/teldan.htm
    l

15
Mesha Stele
  • aka Moabite Stone
  • "I am Mesha, son of Chemosh, king of Moab... My
    father was king of Moab for thirty years and I
    became king after my father and I built this
    sanctuary to Chemosh in Qerihoh, a sanctuary of
    refuge for he saved me from all my oppressors
    and gave me dominion over all my enemies. Omri
    was king of Israel and oppressed Moab many days,
    for Chemosh was angry with his land. And his son
    succeeded him and he also said I will oppress
    Moab. In my days he said this, but I got the
    upper hand of him and his house and Israel
    perished for ever.... I have had the ditches of
    Qerihoh dug by Israelite prisoners..."

16
Cyrus Cylinder
  • Confirms the account in Ezra of Cyrus returning
    the Jews to Judea

http//www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/cyrus.html
17
Persepolis - Apadana of Darius (ca. 520 B.C.)
  • Stairway to the Palace depicts many foreign
    peoples in their traditional clothes and
    implements
  • http//oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/n15265_4.htm
    l

18
Joash Inscription
  • Matches the account in 2 Kings 12
  • http//www.orientalisti.net/ioash.htm

19
Qumran Manuscripts
  • Ante-dates Hebrew manuscripts by 1,000 years
  • Important to historical and linguistic studies

http//www.ibiblio.org/expo/deadsea.scrolls.exhibi
t/Library/psalms.html
20
James Ossuary
  • James, son of Joseph,
  • brother of Jesus
  • The James ossuary may be the earliest tangible
    evidence of Jesus of Nazareth, who until this
    point we knew only through literary texts.
  • Royal Ontario Museum
  • http//www.rom.on.ca/ossuary/ossuary_intro.html
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