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Chapter 7 section 3

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Jackson's New Style. Jackson appealed to the common man. Won in a land ... People had one of two views: Move the Native Americans away. Absorb them into ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 7 section 3


1
Andrew Jackson
  • Chapter 7 section 3

2
Main Idea/Key Terms
  • Andrew Jacksons policies spoke for the common
    people but violated Native American rights
  • Andrew Jackson
  • Democratic Republican Party
  • Spoils system
  • Indian Removal
  • Trail of Tears

3
  • SSUSH7 Students will explain the process of
    economic growth, its regional and national impact
    in the first half of the 19th century, and the
    different responses to it.
  • a. Explain the impact of the Industrial
    Revolution as seen in Eli Whitneys invention of
    the cotton gin and his development of
    interchangeable parts for muskets.
  • b. Describe the westward growth of the United
    States include the emerging concept of Manifest
    Destiny.
  • c. Describe reform movements, specifically
    temperance, abolitionism, and public school.
  • d. Explain womens efforts to gain suffrage
    include Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Seneca
    Falls Conference.
  • e. Explain Jacksonian Democracy, expanding
    suffrage, the rise of popular political culture,
    and the development of American nationalism.

4
The End of an Era
  • Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on July
    4th, 182650 years after the Declaration of
    Independence was approved by Congress
  • This was the end of the Era of the founding
    fathers

5
Expanding Democracy
  • John Q. Adams was in his second year as president
  • He was ineffective
  • This was due to Andrew Jackson

6
Tensions between Adams and Jackson
  • In the election of 1824, Andrew Jackson won the
    popular vote, but did not have a majority of
    electoral votessound familiar?
  • The decision went to Congress
  • Henry Clay convinced those who voted for him to
    vote for Adams, and Adams then named Clay Sec. of
    State
  • Jacksons followers called this the corrupt
    bargain

7
  • Jackson leaves the Republican Party, and forms
    the Democratic-Republican Party (forerunner of
    the Democratic Party)
  • During Adams presidency, many states expanded
    voting rights
  • This helped Jackson in 1828

8
Jacksons New Style
  • Jackson appealed to the common man
  • Won in a landslide
  • People flooded to Washington to celebrate
  • Destroy the White House in the party

9
The Spoils System
  • Jackson announced that all of his appointees
    would serve no more than 4 year terms
  • Replaced many positions with his people
  • Many became his advisors
  • They were known as the kitchen cabinet because
    they were said to have come in through the
    kitchen window

10
Removal of Native Americans
  • People had one of two views
  • Move the Native Americans away
  • Absorb them into white culture
  • All Natives moved west except for the five
    civilized tribes in the southeast
  • Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek, and Chickasaw
  • Jackson had other plans

11
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12
Indian Removal Act of 1830
  • Jackson pushes through the Indian Removal Act of
    1830
  • Provided funds to buy out Native land and
    relocate them west
  • U.S. forcible removed the ones who resisted

13
The Cherokee
  • The Cherokee take the state of Georgia to court
  • Court wont rule b/c they say the Cherokee have
    no standing
  • Finally get recognized
  • Supreme Court rules in favor of the Cherokee
  • Jackson John Marshall has made his decision
    now let him enforce it

14
Trail of Tears
  • Government recognizes small minority of Cherokee
    who want to move as the true representatives, and
    sign a treaty
  • The Cherokee forcibly removed in 1838
  • ¼ of the Natives die in route to Oklahoma
  • Known as the Trail of Tears

15
(No Transcript)
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