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Painters: more than 800 recognized in the country, most are self-taught, working full-time, and using a variety of styles

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Title: Painters: more than 800 recognized in the country, most are self-taught, working full-time, and using a variety of styles


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Painters more than 800 recognized in the
country, most are self-taught, working full-time,
and using a variety of styles Primitive art
encouraged by DeWitt Peters an artist teacher
from the U.S. Philome Obin founding father of
this movement, Hector Hyppolite a poor voodoo
priest was the greatest painter of the movement
found by DeWitt Mural Painting started in 1949
by Selden Rodman an American poet art critic
church murals Wilson Bigauds Miracle at Cana
in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity
Literature comes from the anger directed against
the white masters of the colonial past
Jacques Roumain poet, novelist, ethnologist
Jean Price-Mars innovator who supported the
concept of Negritude or pride in being black and
in the African heritage Leon Laleau poetry
prose Louis Diaquoi journalist poet fostered
the literary group Les Griots whose material
comes from voodoo
Women Virgine Sampeur, Ida Faubert, Lucie
Archin-Lay, Marie Chauvet Sculpture Odilon
Duperier carved masks and figures Jasmin
Joseph- terracotta sculptures Georges Liataud
Murat Vriere sheet iron sculpture Roger
Francois dried roots
3
Primitive art
4
Painters Do not have a uniform Dominican
style Costumbrismo Realism / Dominican customs
and themes Guillo Perez, Gilberto Hernandez
Ortega, Ada Balcacer, Abelardo Urdaneta Literature
Bartolome de Las Casas colonial period
Historia de Las Indias
Romantic Period influenced by France through the
19th century Realism Modernism Postumismo
Poesia de sopresa Manuel de Jesus Galvan nobel
savage idealized in Enriquillo
Salome Urena de Heriquez patriotic poetry
Gaston Fernando Deligne modernist
Domingo Moreno Jimenes
Postumismo Hector
Inchaustegui Cabral Poesia de sopresa
Juan Bosch former president

Julia Alvarez modern life of Dom-Yorks
5
Ballet Highly regarded. The National Ballet
Company ranks as one of the worlds most
talented. Also Camaguey Ballet and Cuban
National Dance
Alicia Alonso most
prominent ballet personality Poster Art 1965
1975 Golden Age of the Poster Challenging
political ideas demonstrated in posters combined
pop art, minimalism, and surrealism mix of
Afro-American, Indo-American, Euro-American Che
Guevara publicly rejected the Soviet Unions
stifling of art, many posters are painted of him
Painting
Wilfredo Lam
post-World War II surrealist, Afro-Cuban themes
La Jungle Manuel Mendive Afro-Cuban themes
Untitled
Raul Martinez introduced pop art The Island
Literature
Government encouraged
Cubans to read books with revolutionary or
equality themes

Cirilo Villaverde Cecilia Valdes
Others
Alejo Carpentier, Jose Lezama Lima, Luis Rogelio
political thrillers
6
Painters Independence Movement
1950s-60s Philip Lewis formed the group Soul
to Art There have not been many formal means to
develop and support artists
Literature Was written in Standard English now a
movement to write in the standard language of
creole English Zee Edgell Beka Lamb, In Times
Like These, The Festival of SanJoaquin
7
Painters Eduardo Kingman Camilio Egas, have
indigenous backgrounds and have used indigenous
subjects to portray suffering and
oppression. Oswaldo Guayasamin most
controversial and best known, his works portray
social or political protest but often with rather
ugly depictions of indigenous people. One portion
of his mural in the Congress building in Quito
shows a skeleton wearing a helmet that says the
letters CIA, meaning the U.S. Central
Intelligence Agency. This
created a huge argument. The U. AS. Ambassador
called for the letters to be painted out, and
there was a discussion about cutting aid to
Ecuador, but in the end the painting remained.
8
Literature Mario Vargas Llosa novelist born in
1936 is one of the most famous Peruvians of
recent times. He studied at San Marcos Univesity
in Lima. His themes are based on his life in
Peru. Conversation in the Cathedral is his most
well known work. In 1990 he tried to become
elected President of Peru. After being defeated
he left to be in Spain.
Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa is so many
things he is best described as a modern-day
Renaissance man. Politician, playwright, art,
film and literature critic and essayist, he is
perhaps best known as one of a handful of
novelists that have brought contemporary Latin
American literature to the forefront
internationally.
9
Sculptor Jose Belloni enormous images of work
animals Jose Luis Zorilla de San Martin images
of local things people Painters 19th century
Pedro Figari also vice-president in
1904 painted landscapes and
everyday life Joaquin Torres Garcia
constructivism abstract art that used
materials such as glass and
metal Painters contemporary Carlos Paez Vilaro
painted a
mural The Roots of Peace on the walls of the
Pan American Union tunnel in Washington, D.C.in
1960
Jose Belloni
10
Painters Leonor Fini Born in Buenos Aires in
1907 of an Italian mother and Argentinian father
whom she never knew, Drawing was an important
part of her life and her extraordinary
draughtsmanship is marked by rapid, vibrant,
sharply incisive strokes of a fine pen. Leonor
was a born story-teller, both in conversation and
in the many tales, memoir-fragments, prose-poems
and three "novels" that she wrote beginning in
the early seventies. Jose Maria
Villafuerte paints in the style, vintage
racecars, born in 1954 in Buenos Aires
http//www.villafuerte.com.ar/obras.htm
Influences in dance and song come from Native
American, Spanish, Gaucho folk music, Portenos.
Classical composers Alberto Williams
and Carlos Lopez Buchardo Pato a
national game orginally from the gauchos
(dangerous then)
Literature Jorge Luis Borges world famous
short stories are strange and written in magical
realism, influential
11
Poets 2 Nobel Prize winners for
literature Gabriela Mistral a school teacher
who wrote lyric poetry about lost love and
everyday country people
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945
"for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful
emotions, has made her name a symbol of the
idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin
American world"
Gabriela Mistral (pen-name of Lucila Godoy y
Alcayaga) Chile b. 1889d. 1957
12
Gabriela Mistral Banquet Speech
(Translation) Gabriela Mistral's speech at the
Nobel Banquet at the City Hall in Stockholm,
December 10, 1945Today Sweden turns toward a
distant Latin American country to honour it in
the person of one of the many exponents of its
culture. It would have pleased the cosmopolitan
spirit of Alfred Nobel to extend the scope of his
protectorate of civilization by including within
its radius the southern hemisphere of the
American continent. As a daughter of Chilean
democracy, I am moved to have before me a
representative of the Swedish democratic
tradition, a tradition whose originality consists
in perpetually renewing itself within the
framework of the most valuable creations of
society. The admirable work of freeing a
tradition from deadwood while conserving intact
the core of the old virtues, the acceptance of
the present and the anticipation of the future,
these are what we call Sweden, and these
achievements are an honour to Europe and an
inspiring example for the American
continent.The daughter of a new people, I
salute the spiritual pioneers of Sweden, by whom
I have been helped more than once. I recall its
men of science who have enriched its national
body and mind. I remember the legion of
professors and teachers who show the foreigner
unquestionably exemplary schools, and I look with
trusting love to those other members of the
Swedish people farmers, craftsmen, and
workers.At this moment, by an undeserved stroke
of fortune, I am the direct voice of the poets of
my race and the indirect voice for the noble
Spanish and Portuguese tongues. Both rejoice to
have been invited to this festival of Nordic life
with its tradition of centuries of folklore and
poetry.May God preserve this exemplary nation,
its heritage and its creations, its efforts to
conserve the imponderables of the past and to
cross the present with the confidence of maritime
people who overcome every challenge.My
homeland, represented here today by our learned
Minister Gajardo, respects and loves Sweden, and
it has sent me here to accept the special honour
you have awarded to it. Chile will treasure your
generosity among her purest memories.
13
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1971
"for a poetry that with the action of an
elemental force brings alive a continent's
destiny and dreams"
Pablo Neruda (pen-name of Neftalí Ricardo Reyes
Basoalto) Chile b. 1904d. 1973
a committed Communist, wrote about hunger,
poverty, and the plight of factory
workers http//nobelprize.org/literature/laureates
/1971/neruda-lecture.html
14
http//nobelprize.org/literature/laureates/1971/ne
ruda-diploma.html
Pablo Neruda Nobel Diploma
Artist Gunnar BrusewitzCalligrapher
Kerstin Anckers
15
Painters Largely unknown outside of
Mexico Mexican Muralist Diego Rivera Others
Jose Fors, Manuel Gonzalez Serrano, Alicia Rahon,
Ricardo Martinez, Jose Orozco Indigenous
Indian style continues to be the backbone on
contemporary Mexican art
Literature Carlos Fuentes contemporary writer
The Death of Artemio Cruz and Where the Air is
Clear Octavia Paz a writer and poet The
Labyrinth of Solitude Life and Thought in Mexico

In 1990 first
local-born Mexican to receive the Nobel prize in
literature
16
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1990
"for impassioned writing with wide horizons,
characterized by sensuous intelligence and
humanistic integrity"
Octavio Paz Mexico b. 1914d. 1998
17
Octavio Paz - Nobel Diploma
Artist Bo LarssonCalligrapher Annika
Rücker
18
Painters

Jose Campeche 1752-1809 religious oil paintings
/ few survive
Francisco Oller y Cesterro 1833-1917 went to
France / Impressionist movement El
Velorio mourning for the death of a young child
Paved way for
artists to use Puert Rico as themes for their
paintings Miguel Pou and Ramon Frade

After World War II

Lorenzo Homar, J.A. Torres
Martino, Rafael Tufino founded
Center for Puerto Rican Art
Silkscreen printing, woodcut and linocut
techniques Antonio
Martorell pop artist / playing cards with
political cartoons, designing an undergrond
shopping center (Ondergraun) Last
30 years Mrna Baez, Ivette Cabrera, Consuelo
Gotay
Literature
1890s first novels
Manuel Zeno Gandia / La Charca political novel
20th Century Enrique Lagurre
wrote about Puerto Rican society Rene Marques
most famous / The Ox Cart faming family moving
to New York and struggling with their new lives
19
Notable developments in last 200 years After
independence the first national arts institutions
established creating the first music
conservatory, a symphony orchestra, and an
academy of art. Most often the theme is
political. Notable painters of 20th century


Jose Mejia Vides portrays small town life in
his paintings. Vivid and simple style. Julia
Diaz female painter whose work has exhibited all
over the world Fernando Llort
founded an art school in La Palma Poetry since
19th century
Juan Jose Canas Gavidia wrote nostalgically about
El Salvadors lakes and volcanoes while living
abroad.
Salazar Arrue, pen
name Salarrue was a novelist, short story writer,
and painter. His story Cuentos de Barro marks the
beginning of the modern Central
American short story genre. Exiles due to
politics Roque Dalton (executed) Clandestine
Poems Manlio Argueta One
Day of Life and Cuzcatlan (Costa Rica) Claribel
Alegria 15 books in 11 languages (Spain)
20
Group of New Sensibility Late 1920s (Later
called casitas) Francisco Zunigo sculptor
Maternidad
Teodorico Quiros painter El Porton Rojo
Others
Manuel de la Cruz, Enrique Echandi, Faust
Pacheco, Margarita Bertheau, Luisa Gonzales de
Saenz Today Isidro Con Wong (began as a poor
farmer painting with his fingers), Leonel
Gonzalez, Roberto Lizano
Literature CostumbrismoLocal color that
depicts life of the campesinos in campesino
dialect Joaquin Garcia Monge journalist
teacher
Reperatorio Americano and El Moto
Aquileo J. Echeverria National Poet
Concherias Today Alberto Canas journalist,
essayist, novelist, Alfonso Chase prose writer,
and Carmen Naranjo
21
Painters Jose Miguel Gomez 18th century,
believed to have been the founder of fine arts in
Honduras with his religious paintings 1920s
Arturo Lopez Rodezno founded National School of
Arts and Crafts Dilber Padilla vibrant colors,
especially red Cruz Bermudez Garifuna painter,
paints endangered species to publicize their
dilemma
Literature Authors started work as newspaper
journalists, not many local magazines. Few young
adult and childrens books are written.
Jose Cicilio del Valle, Rafael Heliodoro Valle,
Jose Trinidad Reyes, Ramon Rosa, Juan Molina,
Marcos Reyes, Rafael H. Valle Lucila Gamero de
Medina a woman who wrote the first Honduran
novel to be published when she was 20 years old
in 1893
22
Painters Spanish influenced for many years,
until 19th century used baroque Juan M. Cedeno,
Roberto Lewis, Rogelio Sinan, Jose G. Mora Shelia
Lichacz honors ancient cultures of Panama,
Infinity Literature Basilio de Oviedo, Antonio
de Herrara, Pedro de Angleria colonial
period Victor de la Guardia wrote the first
play at the start of the 18th century
After independence from Spain in the 19th century
Political era Ramon Valdes,
Ricardo Miro wrote with political themes
Political Figures as well as literary
figures Ricardo Alfaro former president Jose de
Jesus Martinez General Torrijoss closeset aid
23
Mayans Most of the art that is discussed about
Guatemala is the history of Mayan art. It is
found works of stone,textiles and literature.
Literature 2 Nobel Prize Winners Miguel Angel
Asturias 1967 inventor of magical realism,
South American literature characterized by this
fusion of the real and the surreal Legends of
Guatemal, The President, Men of Maize
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1967
"for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted
in the national traits and traditions of Indian
peoples of Latin America"
Miguel Angel Asturias Guatemala b. 1899d. 1974
http//nobelprize.org/nobel/stamps/1985.html
24
http//nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1992/tum-sym
p.html
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1992
"in recognition of her work for social justice
and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on
respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"
Rigoberta Menchú Tum Guatemala b. 1959
Over the years, Rigoberta Menchú has become
widely known as a leading advocate of Indian
rights and ethno-cultural reconciliation, not
only in Guatemala but in the Western Hemisphere
generally, and her work has earned her several
international awards.
25
Literature Ruben Dario poet, Leader of the
Modernist movement that freed traditional Latin
American writing from European reules Daniel
Ortega former president, poet Joaquin Pasos
poet and member of Literary Vanguard established
1927 Pablo Antonio Cuadra author and
dramatist Ernesto Cardenal poet priest,
minister of culture
Sergio Ramirez short stories novelist Hernan
Robleto poets Mario Sanchez and Santiago
Arguello Artists
Genaro Amador Lira sculptor Asilia Guillen
painter, Las Isletas
26
Painters Sculptors Alejandro Otero Jesus
Soto are both of the 20th century and work with
Kinetic art forms or moving sculpture Carlos Raul
Villaneuba - architect
27
Artists Alejandro Obregon regarded by many as
the father of modern painting in Colombia. His
images are mainly of animals, birds, plants,
which reflect his environment also he is known
for his semiabstract landscapes inspired by the
coast
Fernando Botero paints recognizable round
figures it is said the people in his paintings
are always fat. Many of the scenes he paints are
form everyday contemporary life in Colombia and
Latin America. At times he includes a wry look at
military and political figures. He is also a
sculptor, these can be seen in parks and squares
in Colombia, U.S., and Europe.
28
Literature Gabriel Garcia Marquez
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1982
"for his novels and short stories, in which the
fantastic and the realistic are combined in a
richly composed world of imagination, reflecting
a continent's life and conflicts"
Gabriel García Márquez Colombia b. 1928
Gabriel García Márquez was born in 1928 in the
small town of Aracataca, situated in a tropical
region of northern Colombia, between the
mountains and the Caribbean Sea. He grew up with
his maternal grandparent - his grandfather was a
pensioned colonel from the civil war at the
beginning of the century. He went to a Jesuit
college and began to read law, but his studies
were soon broken off for his work as a
journalist. In 1954 he was sent to Rome on an
assignment for his newspaper, and since then he
has mostly lived abroad - in Paris, New York,
Barcelona and Mexico - in a more or less
compulsory exile. Besides his large output of
fiction he has written screenplays and has
continued to work as a journalist.
29
Oscar Niemeyer architect National Congress,
Planalto Palace, Supreme Court, Metropolitan
Cathedral in Brasilia Roberto Burle Marx garden
designs Copacabana Beach Candido Portinari
20th century artist murals and canvas depicting
social themes Jorge Amado early themes focused
on poor but good people of the lower classes and
evil men of power. His later stories are
sophisticated and humorous
Soccer Pele Peles real name is Edson Arantes
do Nascimento, first played soccer for Brazin in
1957 when he was sixteen, and he represented his
country in four World Cup Tournaments. Once in
Nigeria, opposing sides in the Viafra Civil War
agreed to stop fighting for forty-eight hours so
they could watch him play. There are more than
20,000 teams in the country.
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