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Reproductive Ethics

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What do we do with non-implanted embryos? ... Octuplets? Nonuplets? Is there an upper limit on the age of the mother? 55? 60? 65? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reproductive Ethics


1
Reproductive Ethics
2
Reproductive Ethics
  • New Reproductive Technologies
  • In vitro fertilization/Artificial insemination,
    etc., etc.
  • Types of Parenthood
  • Genetic Mother
  • Genetic Father
  • Gestational Mother
  • Nurturing Mother
  • Nurturing Father
  • No longer need A, C, and D to be the same woman
  • Which one is the "real" parent?

3
Reproductive Ethics
How far should we control our own
reproduction? Cloning Genetic altering of cloned
material Sperm/egg "catalogues" What do we do
with non-implanted embryos? Can sperm be
harvested post-mortem and used for reproduction?
4
Reproductive Ethics the New Reproductive
Technologies
  • Issues
  • Parenthood who's the "real" parent?
  • Surrogate Parenthood
  • Should it be allowed?
  • If allowed, what are the conditions for a
    surrogate parenthood contract?
  • Right of first refusal
  • Health of Gestational Mother
  • What if there are defects? Who's responsible

5
Reproductive Ethics the New Reproductive
Technologies
  • Surrogate Parenthood (cont.)
  • Does the surrogate mother have rights to the
    child post partum?
  • The status of the surrogate mother is dependant
    on her role, e.g. provider of the womb, provider
    of the egg(s)
  • Cases Baby M and Mary Beth Whitehead

6
Reproductive Ethics the New Reproductive
Technologies
  • Cloning
  • For Ideal candidate for transplantsReplacing
    lost childrenSelecting traits
  • Against Against Nature or GodNon-natural means
    of reproductionReduces genetic
    diversityProduces "designer children"

7
Reproductive Ethics the New Reproductive
Technologies
  • Cloning (cont.)
  • Related Issue Genetic altering of cloned
    material
  • Possible problem "age" of clone

Other issues status of first cloned
cellsstatus of mature human clone
8
Reproductive Ethics the New Reproductive
Technologies
  • Sperm/Egg "Catalogues"
  • What do we do with non-implanted embryos?
  • What is the moral status of being from fertilized
    egg to embryo to birth?
  • Should there be research on embryos?
  • Does it have the right to be implanted, to
    thrive, to not be harmed?
  • Should frozen embryos be thought of as property?
    Davis case

9
Reproductive Ethics the New Reproductive
Technologies
  • Can sperm be harvested post-mortem and used for
    reproduction?
  • At what point does the number of children born at
    one time become unacceptable? Septuplets?
    Octuplets? Nonuplets?
  • Is there an upper limit on the age of the mother?
    55? 60? 65?
  • Are there unacceptable reasons for having
    children, e.g. Ayala case?

10
Abortion
1) When does personhood begin? Personhood Has
the right to life Has the right to develop
Has the right not to be harmed
  • Some answers
  • At conception
  • When electrical activity begins
  • At "quickening"
  • At viability the end of the 2nd trimester (24
    weeks)
  • Usually means national viability," not needing
    elaborate technical support

11
Abortion
Currently, babies can be saved after about 21
weeks, 1000-1500 grams
  • What kind of question is "when does personhood
    begin?"
  • A scientific question
  • A religious or philosophical question
  • Whenever personhood begins, does anything
    override it?
  • Harm to the mother?
  • A woman's right to control her own body?
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