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Science Fair Projects

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Grades K-2: Emphasis is on providing initial instruction in the Science Project processes. ... Completion of individual science projects in class. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Science Fair Projects


1
Science Fair Projects
  • 2011-2012

2
School Districts Requirements
  • Grades K-2 Emphasis is on providing initial
    instruction in the Science Project processes.
    Doing at least one Whole Class Science Project
    is required.
  • Grades 3-6Emphasis is two-fold
  • Teaching the Science Project processes in greater
    depth.
  • Completion of individual science projects in
    class.

3
Teacher Approval of Projects
  • Teachers should approve and help develop project
    questions early in the process. They will
    consider safety, student ability, content
    complexity, availability of resources, and
    appropriateness.
  • If the project is initially disapproved, they
    will explain why and guide the student to a more
    suitable project on the same topic, if possible.
  • Avoid projects that are beyond the students
    understanding. We want to see that the child
    completed the project with your help not vice
    versa.

4
Guidelines
  • Students are NOT allowed to do projects that are
    clearly or potentially dangerous.
  • No firearms, knives, or other items that could be
    considered as weapons. This includes paintball
    guns.
  • Projects involving testing with controlled
    substances, alcohol, tobacco, etcare not
    allowed.
  • The use of any potentially dangerous chemicals,
    devices, and activities require direct
    supervision by a Designated Supervisor.

5
Guidelines
  • Projects involving microbial experimentation
    should only be done with expert supervision.
  • This includes, but is not limited to, projects
    involving blood, growing mold, bacteria , fungi,
    etc
  • Samples should NOT be collected from the
    environment.
  • Instead, all samples should be obtained from a
    science supplier/ company.
  • Students and parents must fill out and sign a
    BSL-1 Checklist, Qualified Scientist Form, and
    Designated Supervisor Form. (obtain from
    teacher)
  • NO project without the appropriate forms will be
    accepted.

6
Forms
  • Elementary Science Project Research Plan and
    Approval Form (MANDATORY FOR ALL)
  • Qualified Scientist Form
  • This is a medical doctor, nurse, veterinarian, or
    someone with relevant science credentials
  • Designated Supervisor Form
  • Must be trained by the Qualified Scientist if
    he/she is not able to directly supervise
    experimentation
  • BSL-1 Checklist Form
  • If doing microbial experimentation

7
Guidelines
  • Projects involving invertebrates (worms,
    daphnia, fruit flies, snails, insects, etc) must
    have a clear purpose that has scientific
    significance. No form needed.
  • Invertebrates must be treated humanely.

8
Guidelines
  • Projects involving non-human vertebrates
    (including embryos, eggs, tadpoles, etc) are
    held to a higher standard.
  • Vertebrates must be treated humanely.
  • A project with a mortality rate of 30 or greater
    is not permitted even if the deaths were
    unintentional or accidental.
  • If you are changing their environment, then you
    must have a Qualified Scientist Form and a
    Designated Supervisor Form.

9
So what kind of a project is required?
  • Allowable Projects Experimental type projects
    that use the scientific method with a testable
    question.
  • Ex. How Does caffeine affect the growth rate of
    roses?
  • Projects Not Allowed
  • Research projects
    (What is a hurricane?)
  • Models
    (a paper mache' volcano).
  • As fun and educational as they may be, these do
    not involve testing!

10
Science Project Categories
  • Physical Projects related to the physical
    sciences such as physics, chemistry and astronomy
    that deal primarily with non-living materials.

11
Science Project Categories
  • Biological Projects that deal with the vital
    processes of living organisms and how these
    processes are affected as a result of
    manipulating a variable. No animals may be
    harmed intentionally OR accidentally.

12
Science Project Categories
  • Environmental Projects dealing with humans
    relationship with the earth and humans effect on
    the earth. The student should show clearly the
    connection between humans and their environment
    both in the written and oral presentation.

2 main types how humans affect the environment,
and how the environment affects humans.
Very tough to do, but very easy to win if done
right!
13
Project Overview
Question
  • Two preferred formats
  • How does ______ affect the ______ of _______?
  • What are the effects of ____ on the ____ of____?

14
Project Overview
Variables
  • Independent Variable The variable you are
    testing.
  • Dependent Variable The variable that you will
    record and measure. Its changes depend on the
    independent variable.
  • Control Variable All aspects of the experiment
    that remain constant (unchanged).
  • How Does Caffeine Affect the Growth Rate of
    Roses?
  • What is the Effect of Coke on the Decay of
    Teeth?

15
Project Overview
Research
  • After Question, before Hypothesis
  • Become an expert on your topic
  • Internet, reference books, professionals, etc
  • Include in Daily Log
  • 5th/6th grade required Bibliography
  • http//www.easybib.com/

16
Project Overview
Hypothesis
  • A hypothesis is a statement about what you think
    will happen in the experiment. It is stated in a
    positive manner. Avoid statements like I think
    and I predict. The hypothesis should be in the
    form of If ___, then___. Examples
  • If I measure the bouncing height of a new
    basketball with three different pressures, then
    the ball with the highest pressure will bounce
    10 higher.
  • If I feed my dog four different dog foods, then
    he will like Alpo the best.
  • If I survey all students in my kindergarten class
    about their favorite color gummy bear, then most
    students will choose green.

17
Project Overview
Materials
  • The materials section is a detailed list of
    everything used in the experiment. Include what,
    how much, and what kind of things used. They are
    typically measured in metrics.
  • Non-Example
  • Water
  • Flower pots
  • Seeds
  • Dirt
  • Example
  • 5 liters of rain water
  • Six 4 cm. clay pots
  • 12 bush bean seeds
  • 10 liters of potting soil

18
Project Overview
Procedure
  • The procedure is a listing of steps that must be
    done to complete the experiment. It does not
    only say what should be done, but HOW it should
    be done.
  • It should be much like a recipe.

19
Project Overview
Analyzing the Results
  • Results include both data and observations.
  • Look at measurements recorded in the Data Section
    of the Daily Log.
  • Think about the data and observations and decide
    what those results mean.
  • Try to use mathematical calculations such as
    mean, median, mode, and range.
  • Construct graphs or tables that will show results
    clearly.

20
Project Overview
Writing the Conclusion
  • Look at the data. The conclusion can be written
    in two paragraphs.
  • Did the data support the hypothesis? If not, why
    do you think it did not? What would be done
    differently the next time?
  • Do not worry about negative results, or results
    that come out differently than expected. Just
    explain why you think you got those results. If
    the results turned out as expected, explain why
    you think it turned out this way.

21
Project Overview
Writing the Summary
  • The summary is a wrap-up of the entire project.
    It should be very comprehensive and complete. It
    can be written in 5 paragraphs.
  • See Science Project Handbook (turquoise booklet)
    for examples and step by step instructions on how
    to write a summary.

22
Project Overview
Writing the Summary
  • Paragraph 1 Tell what the question was and why
    you chose this topic.
  • My problem is _______? I decided on this
    project because_______. I started asking
    questions and found out that_____________

23
Project Overview
Writing the Summary
  • Paragraph 2 Tell the hypothesis and explain why
    you thought this would happen.
  • My hypothesis was ____________. I thought this
    would be true because_________.

24
Project Overview
Writing the Summary
  • Paragraph 3 Tell how you tested the hypothesis.
    Do not tell the step-by-step procedures, just
    explain the experiment. Tell how many times you
    repeated the tests. Mention the variables you
    controlled to make sure the testing was fair.
    Describe the difference between the control group
    and experimental group.
  • I tested my hypothesis by ________________. To
    make sure the experiment was fair, I _________.

25
Project Overview
Writing the Summary
  • Paragraph 4 Tell about your results. Include
    some of the most important data such as totals
    and averages of measurements. You should also
    mention one or two of your most important or
    unusual observations.
  • While doing my science project, I observed that
    _______. Also _______. Another interesting
    thing that happened was _______.

26
Project Overview
Writing the Summary
  • Paragraph 5 Tell about your conclusions. Say
    whether or not the data supported the evidence.
    Tell about the most important thing you learned.
    Tell how people in general (or scientists) might
    apply this information to everyday life. If you
    could do this project over again, what would you
    do different?.
  • My data (did or did not) support my hypothesis.
    The most important thing I learned was ____. My
    results show _____. This information can be used
    by _____. If I were to do this project over
    again, I would _____.

27
Science Project Display Board
Hypothesis
Results
Problem (Title) The question that asks what you
want to find out
  • Materials
  • _____
  • _____
  • _____

Conclusion I found out that ______
Research/Data pictures, charts, graphs or drawings
Procedure 1. _____ 2. _____ 3.______
Summary My project was ______
28
References
  • DiscoverySchool.com
  • http//school.discovery.com/sciencefaircentral/
  • Discovery Channels guide to projects. Includes
    project ideas, questions answers, tip sheets,
    and a Parents-Get Involved section.
  • All Science Fair Projects
  • http//www.all-science-fair-projects.com/
  • Browse ideas by topic or grade level. You can
    also search if you know your topic. Be sure to
    look at the grade level of the project.
  • United States Department of Agriculture
  • http//www.ars.usda.gov/is/kids/fair/ideasframe.ht
    m
  • Agricultural project ideas dealing with
    Chemistry, Botany, Environmental Science,
    Nutrition, Microbiology, and Zoology.

29
References
  • Bug Info
  • http//www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmnh/buginfo/scifai
    r.htm
  • Projects related to insects.
  • Charts and Graphs
  • http//nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createagraph/
  • ?You can always use a search engine with the
    topic science project ideas. Be sure to find
    an appropriate project, not one that is just
    copied off of the internet.

30
Important Dates
  • November 9, 2011 Science Fair Workshop
  • November 16, 2011 Science Fair Workshop
  • December 2011 ALL Science Projects Completed
  • December 14, 2011 Westside Science Fair Judging

31
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