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Concepts of Print

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Some students enter school already possessing a knowledge of how print and text ... Language Arts Standard 2 (Concepts of Print) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Concepts of Print


1
Concepts of Print
  • The Oft Assumed and Seldom Taught Key to Early
    Reading Growth

2
Concepts of Print?
  • What does a person need to know about print in
    order to be a successful reader?

3
Print Awareness
  • That print carries the message
  • An awareness of print in the everyday environment
    (Reutzel et al., 2003).
  • An emerging understanding of the concepts about
    how printed language works.
  • General knowledge of print and book concepts

4
Print Concepts
  • That print is read from left to right with return
    sweep
  • What a letter is (how letters and numbers differ)
  • What a word is
  • What a sentence is
  • That there are spaces between words
  • The function of capital letters and punctuation
    marks
  • That oral language can be written and then read

5
Book Concepts
  • That a book is for reading
  • The function and location of a books front,
    back, top, and bottom
  • How to turn the pages properly
  • Where to begin reading
  • The functions of print and pictures
  • Title, author, and illustrator

6
Print Concepts Research Base
  • There is an interactive relationship between a
    beginning readers development of concept of word
    and phonemic awareness (Morris, Bloodgood, Lomax,
    Perney, 2003).

7
Print Concepts Research Base
  • Some students enter school already possessing a
    knowledge of how print and text works, while
    others do not (Yaden Templeton, 1986).

8
Print Concepts Research Base
  • Many young children have limited access to text
    and learning opportunities around books (Neuman,
    1999 Neuman Celano, 2001).

9
Print Concepts Research Base
  • Concepts of print knowledge plays a critical role
    in early reading development (Hiebert, Pearson,
    Taylor, Richardson, Paris, 1998).

10
Print Concepts Research Base
  • Learning concepts of print early on influences
    childrens language development, phonemic
    awareness, phonics, word reading, and reading/
    writing development (Morris, 1993 Roberts,
    1992).

11
Print Concepts Research Base
  • How important is print awareness to early reading
    achievement?
  • Johns (1980) found that beginning kindergarten
    print awareness was highly predictive of
    end-of-year, first-grade reading achievement.
  • The NRP Report ranked print awareness among the
    best predictors of early reading achievement.

12
Hiebert et al. (1998) contended that as a result
of these and other findings, teachers,
administrators, curriculum developers, and
publishers need to focus on developing and
assessing print concepts among all young learners.
13
Language Arts Standard 2 (Concepts of Print)
Students develop an understanding of how printed
language works.
14
In what ways can administrators help with
Concepts of Print skills development in the
schools?
15
References and Bibliography
  • Hiebert, E. H., Pearson, P. D., Taylor, B.,
    Richardson, V., Paris, S. G. (1998). Every
    child a reader. Ann Arbor, MI Center for the
    Improvement of Early Reading Achievement.
  • Johns, J. L. (1980). First graders concepts
    about print. Reading Research Quarterly, 15,
    529-549.
  • Morris, D. (1993). The relationship between
    childrens concept of word in text and phoneme
    awareness in learning to read A longitudinal
    Study. Research in the Teaching of English,
    27(2), 133-154.
  • Morris, D., Bloodgood, J. W., Lomax, R. G.,
    Perney, J. (2003). Developmental steps in
    learning to read A longitudinal study in
    kindergarten and first grade. Reading Research
    Quarterly, 38(3), 302-329.
  • Neuman, S. B. (1999). The importance of classroom
    libraries Research monograph. New York
    Scholastic, Inc.
  • Neuman, S. B., Celano, D. (2001). Access to
    print in low-income and middle-income
    communities An ecological study of four
    neighborhoods. Reading Research Quarterly, 36(1),
    8-26.
  • Reutzel, D. R., Fawson, P.C., Young, J.R.,
    Morrison, T. G., Wilcox, B. (2003). Reading
    Environmental Print The Role of Concepts of
    Print in Discriminating Young Readers Responses.
    Reading Psychology 24(2), 123-162.
  • Roberts, B. (1992). The evolution of the young
    childs concept of word as a unit of spoken and
    written language. Reading Research Quarterly,
    27(2), 124-138.
  • Yaden, D. B., Jr., Templeton S. (Eds.).(1986).
    Reading research in metalinguistic awareness A
    classification of finding according to focus and
    methodology. Portsmouth, NH Heinemann
    Educational Books.
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