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Concepts of Print


Some students enter school already possessing a knowledge of how print and text ... Language Arts Standard 2 (Concepts of Print) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Concepts of Print

Concepts of Print
  • The Oft Assumed and Seldom Taught Key to Early
    Reading Growth

Concepts of Print?
  • What does a person need to know about print in
    order to be a successful reader?

Print Awareness
  • That print carries the message
  • An awareness of print in the everyday environment
    (Reutzel et al., 2003).
  • An emerging understanding of the concepts about
    how printed language works.
  • General knowledge of print and book concepts

Print Concepts
  • That print is read from left to right with return
  • What a letter is (how letters and numbers differ)
  • What a word is
  • What a sentence is
  • That there are spaces between words
  • The function of capital letters and punctuation
  • That oral language can be written and then read

Book Concepts
  • That a book is for reading
  • The function and location of a books front,
    back, top, and bottom
  • How to turn the pages properly
  • Where to begin reading
  • The functions of print and pictures
  • Title, author, and illustrator

Print Concepts Research Base
  • There is an interactive relationship between a
    beginning readers development of concept of word
    and phonemic awareness (Morris, Bloodgood, Lomax,
    Perney, 2003).

Print Concepts Research Base
  • Some students enter school already possessing a
    knowledge of how print and text works, while
    others do not (Yaden Templeton, 1986).

Print Concepts Research Base
  • Many young children have limited access to text
    and learning opportunities around books (Neuman,
    1999 Neuman Celano, 2001).

Print Concepts Research Base
  • Concepts of print knowledge plays a critical role
    in early reading development (Hiebert, Pearson,
    Taylor, Richardson, Paris, 1998).

Print Concepts Research Base
  • Learning concepts of print early on influences
    childrens language development, phonemic
    awareness, phonics, word reading, and reading/
    writing development (Morris, 1993 Roberts,

Print Concepts Research Base
  • How important is print awareness to early reading
  • Johns (1980) found that beginning kindergarten
    print awareness was highly predictive of
    end-of-year, first-grade reading achievement.
  • The NRP Report ranked print awareness among the
    best predictors of early reading achievement.

Hiebert et al. (1998) contended that as a result
of these and other findings, teachers,
administrators, curriculum developers, and
publishers need to focus on developing and
assessing print concepts among all young learners.
Language Arts Standard 2 (Concepts of Print)
Students develop an understanding of how printed
language works.
In what ways can administrators help with
Concepts of Print skills development in the
References and Bibliography
  • Hiebert, E. H., Pearson, P. D., Taylor, B.,
    Richardson, V., Paris, S. G. (1998). Every
    child a reader. Ann Arbor, MI Center for the
    Improvement of Early Reading Achievement.
  • Johns, J. L. (1980). First graders concepts
    about print. Reading Research Quarterly, 15,
  • Morris, D. (1993). The relationship between
    childrens concept of word in text and phoneme
    awareness in learning to read A longitudinal
    Study. Research in the Teaching of English,
    27(2), 133-154.
  • Morris, D., Bloodgood, J. W., Lomax, R. G.,
    Perney, J. (2003). Developmental steps in
    learning to read A longitudinal study in
    kindergarten and first grade. Reading Research
    Quarterly, 38(3), 302-329.
  • Neuman, S. B. (1999). The importance of classroom
    libraries Research monograph. New York
    Scholastic, Inc.
  • Neuman, S. B., Celano, D. (2001). Access to
    print in low-income and middle-income
    communities An ecological study of four
    neighborhoods. Reading Research Quarterly, 36(1),
  • Reutzel, D. R., Fawson, P.C., Young, J.R.,
    Morrison, T. G., Wilcox, B. (2003). Reading
    Environmental Print The Role of Concepts of
    Print in Discriminating Young Readers Responses.
    Reading Psychology 24(2), 123-162.
  • Roberts, B. (1992). The evolution of the young
    childs concept of word as a unit of spoken and
    written language. Reading Research Quarterly,
    27(2), 124-138.
  • Yaden, D. B., Jr., Templeton S. (Eds.).(1986).
    Reading research in metalinguistic awareness A
    classification of finding according to focus and
    methodology. Portsmouth, NH Heinemann
    Educational Books.