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Science Module: Biology

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Science Module: Biology. Prepared by. PIs Dr. Molly ... This lesson will increase your knowledge of concepts covered in the following TEKS for biology: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Science Module: Biology


1
Science Module Biology
Prepared by PIs Dr. Molly Weinburgh Dr. Ray
Drenner Texas Christian University School of
Education College of Science and
Education Institute of Mathematics, Science
Technology Education Funded by Texas Higher
Education Coordinating Board Texas Education
Agency
2
This lesson will increase your knowledge of
concepts covered in the following TEKS for
biology
3.b Evaluate promotional claims that relate to
biological issues 3.c Evaluate impact of
research on scientific thought, society, and the
environment. 3.d Describe the connection
between biology and future careers
3
Contemporary Issues in Biology

Updated 2009
4
Overview of Lesson
  • Why are we here?
  • Goals of the course
  • Syllabus and grading system
  • Scientific methodology and publication

5
Why are we here?
  • You...
  • Me...

6
Overview of Lesson
  • Why are we here?
  • Goals of the course
  • Syllabus and grading system
  • Scientific methodology and publication

7
Goals of Course
  • Introduce you to some of the major contemporary
    issues in biology and the underlying biological
    concepts and scientific principles
  • Familiarize you with the use of the web to
    inquire about biological issues
  • Prepare you to be a more informed citizen and
    voter
  • Help you be a better parent, spouse, friend or
    child tending a sick parent

8
In slide show mode, use the hot link below to
download a copy of the cover of Time Magazine on
Estrogen.
TIME Magazine Cover Estrogen - Jun. 26, 1995
9
Breast Cancer
TIME Magazine Cover Breast Cancer - Feb. 18, 2002
10
Prostate Cancer
TIME Magazine Cover Norman Schwarzkopf - Apr. 1,
1996
11
Stem Cells
TIME Magazine Cover Scientist James Thomson -
Aug. 20, 2001
12
DNA
TIME Magazine Cover DNA Turns 50 - Feb. 17, 2003
13
Cloning
TIME Magazine Cover Human Cloning - Feb. 19, 2001
14
Heart Disease
TIME Magazine Cover Women and Heart Disease -
Apr. 28, 2003
15
Diabetes
TIME Magazine Cover Diabetes Are You at Risk? -
Dec. 8, 2003
16
E. coli
TIME Magazine Cover E. Coli - Aug. 3, 1998
17
Killer Microbes
TIME Magazine Cover Killer Microbes - Sep. 12,
1994
18
AIDS
TIME Magazine Cover AIDS in Africa - Feb. 12,
2001
19
Alzheimers
TIME Magazine Cover New Science of Alzheimer's
Disease - Jul. 17, 2000
20
Drug Addiction
TIME Magazine Cover How We Get Addicted - May.
5, 1997
21
Arthritis
TIME Magazine Cover Arthritis - Dec. 9, 2002
22
Origin of Life
TIME Magazine Cover How Life Began - Oct. 11,
1993
23
Human Evolution
TIME Magazine Cover How Man Evolved - Aug. 23,
1999
24
Ozone Hole
TIME Magazine Cover Vanishing Ozone - Feb. 17,
1992
25
Global Warming
TIME Magazine Cover Global Warming - Apr. 9, 2001
26
Overview of Lesson
  • Why are we here?
  • Goals of the course
  • Syllabus and grading system
  • Scientific methodology and publication

27
You will want to put your own syllabus here
28
Readings for Lessons and Labs
  • From popular press (Time Magazine, U.S. News
    World Report, Newsweek) or health-related web
    sites
  • At the start of each lesson, there will be a
    lesson quiz on the days reading and the previous
    lesson

29
Example Daily Quiz Question
  • Which of the following statements is most FALSE?
  • A. Infection with HIV causes an increase in
    helper T cells, leading to death.
  • B. HIV is transmitted by both homosexual and
    heterosexual activity.
  • C. Currently, there are no drugs that totally
    eliminate HIV from the body.
  • HIV has killed more people in Africa than any
    other continent.
  • If none of the above statements are false, select
    E.

30
Labs and Activities
Wet labs and computer activities are used to
enhance lessons A quiz will be given at the end
of each lab or activity Material covered in labs
and activities will be included on exams
31
Overview of Lesson
  • Why are we here?
  • Goals of the course
  • Syllabus and grading system
  • Scientific methodologies and publication

32
Advances in Biological Knowledge
Immunology
Anatomy
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Knowledge
Ecology
Evolution
The unknown is greater than the known
Year 1950
33
Advances in Biological Knowledge
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Immunology
Anatomy
Knowledge
The unknown Is still greater than the known
Ecology
Evolution
Today
34
Scientific Methodologies
Observation Hypotheses Tests of
hypotheses Results
35
Two-group experimental design
Identity the variable which will test the
hypothesis
CONTROL GROUP
EXPERIMENTAL GROUP
The variable being tested
The variable being tested
is absent
is present
Record results
Record results
Compare and analyze the test results
Report on experimental design, test results, and
conclusions drawn from results
Based on C. Starrs Biology Concepts and
Applications, Brooks/Cole, Thomson Learning
36
Science advances by disproof Platt, J. (1964)
Science
37
Scientific Methodologies
World knowledge in scientific
journals Publication
Rejection Peer
review Submission of paper to scientific
journal
Observation Hypotheses Tests of
hypotheses Results
38
Results become a part of the general knowledge
only after they are published in a scientific
journal
39
Question Why can you have confidence in the
popular press and professional web sites?
Answer Because the information is based on
scientific methodology and scientific journals,
not pseudo-science
40
Scientific Methodologies
Reputable Popular Press
World knowledge in scientific
journals Publication
Rejection Peer
review Submission of paper to scientific
journal
Observation Hypotheses Tests of
hypotheses Results
41
Beware of pseudo-science (a system of ideas or
misconceptions erroneously regarded as science)
42
Based on The Sun, January, 1993
43
Based on Texas Highways, May 1999
44
Next Lesson Menopause and Hormone Replacement
Therapy
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